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Disability under Communism in Eastern Europe. What we know and what we don’t know
Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Lärandepraktiker i och utanför skolan (LPS), Plats, Identitet, Lärande (PIL).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8756-732x
2019 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

During the last decades, historical research on disability has been primarily conducted in Western Europe and North America. Consequently, disability history still focuses on Western attitudes towards disability. Perspectives on disabilities outside the West have recently broadened our understanding but remain scarce. Using the examples of the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and the GDR, this paper seeks to provide an overview of disability policies under communism. It addresses the question whether the communist ideology provides a common denominator for studying disability in Eastern Europe. Communist states in Eastern Europe were never a homogenous entity. Additionally, certain trajectories in disability policies reflect global trends that go beyond socialism. Nevertheless, there was a specific theme that lay at the core of the communist world view, namely the glorification of physical labour and working class heroes. Labour played a crucial role for disability policies since communist regimes strove for moulding productive workers and “useful” citizens. At the same time these policies resulted in a discrepancy between official proclamations and social reality of disabled persons. This paper argues that the function and appearance of disabled persons’ bodies, challenged the very core of the communist work ethic.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2019.
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46274OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-46274DiVA, id: diva2:1352943
Konferens
Experiences of Dis/ability from the Late Middle Ages to the Mid-Twentieth Century 22 – 23 August 2019, Tampere University, Finland
Tillgänglig från: 2019-09-20 Skapad: 2019-09-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-09-20Bibliografiskt granskad

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Dinu, Radu Harald

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Totalt: 1437 träffar
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