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Unpacking the discursive and social links in BBC, CNN and Al-Jazeera's Middle East reporting
Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsforskning. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, ISSN 1751-9411, E-ISSN 1751-942X, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 11-29Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

To understand the language of journalism in relation to the moments of why and how news is differently structured and patterned, English online stories tackling the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, issued by the BBC, CNN and Al-Jazeera, were critically analysed following Fowler and Fairclough's seminal texts. The results of the findings were discussed in interviews with the editors of the three international networks in order to see what links these linguistic features have with the interviewees' social assumptions, ideologies and economic conditions. The article finds first that the discourse within the news pyramid is composed of four major layers: quoting, paraphrasing, background and comment. Second, it demonstrates that there are marked differences in the discourse structures and layers that the three networks employ in the production of the news stories they issue in English. Third, Al-Jazeera English exhibits marked differences in the discursive features and their social implications at the four layers of discourse to report the conflict when compared with both the BBC and CNN. Fourth, the article shows that the differences in linguistic patterns largely reflect and respond to each network's social and political assumptions and practices as well as economic conditions.

 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2007. Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 11-29
Nyckelord [en]
BBC, CNN, Al-Jazeera, Palestine, Israel, critical discourse analysis, online news
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-7214DOI: 10.1386/jammr.1.1.11_1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-7214DiVA, id: diva2:128210
Tillgänglig från: 2008-12-15 Skapad: 2008-12-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-14Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Strategies of power in multilingual global broadcasters: How the BBC, CNN and Aljazeera shape their Middle East news discourse
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Strategies of power in multilingual global broadcasters: How the BBC, CNN and Aljazeera shape their Middle East news discourse
2008 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

 

This study deals with the Middle East reporting of three gigantic media companies which together are largely responsible for refining and shaping our views of events in the world. The informational and communicative arm of these giants – Aljazeera, the BBC and CNN – is unprecedented in the history of human communication. The BBC, for example, broadcasts in 33 languages and has an army of nearly 10,000 journalists. In only one decade Aljazeera has turned into the kind of media whose power policy and decision makers can hardly ignore. The recent addition of an English language satellite channel has turned the network into a global media player. CNN, the world’s first 24-hour news satellite channel, has services in 12 languages and several English editions covering the four corners of the world.

But the study is not about Aljazeera, the BBC or CNN as new phenomena in world media and communication. Its purpose, approach, data and analysis focus mainly on their Middle East reporting and specifically how they represent the voices involved in the conflict in Iraq and the ongoing struggle between the Palestinians and Israelis. The investigation is mainly concerned with the language of hard news discourse and how the broadcasters intentionally or otherwise produce and reproduce certain linguistic items and patterns to interpret both the discursive and social worlds of the events they carry.

The study comprises five papers all published in international journals dealing with issues of critical discourse analysis. Together, the papers highlight the significant role power holders have in shaping the discourse of their institutions. They provide a new theoretical framework to arrive at the discursive patterns and social assumptions to uncover how the strings of power help refine and shape these patterns and assumptions relying on a variety of sources and empirical data besides textual material. The ultimate aim is to increase awareness and consciousness among both reporters and audiences of how discursive choices are made and the social relationships of power behind them are enacted.

The picture painted in the five papers is not a happy one for readers who have long taken the ‘neutrality’ and ‘objectivity’ of the BBC, CNN and Aljazeera for granted. A vital role of a critical analyst is to help readers first to become conscious of how the more powerful in the society work to control our lives through their discourse and that we cannot be emancipated unless we can recognize how and why they do that. It will be rather shocking for many readers to realize that the language we read and listen to is mostly what the broadcasters intentionally have selected to shape the world of both conflicts their own way and not the way the observers (journalists) want it to be or we as audiences expect it to be.

 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Jönköping: Jönköping University Press, 2008. s. 25
Serie
Dissertation. School of Education and Communication, ISSN 1652-7933 ; 3
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-7217 (URN)978-91-628-7632-6 (ISBN)
Disputation
2009-01-23, Högskolan för Lärande och Kommunikation, 09:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2008-12-16 Skapad: 2008-12-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-12-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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Barkho, Leon

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HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsforskningIHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC)
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Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskapÖvrig annan samhällsvetenskap

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