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The severity and nature of motor impairment in Asperger's syndrome: A comparison with Specific Developmental Disorder of Motor Function
Newcomen Centre, Guy's Hospital, London, United Kingdom.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1129-8071
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2002 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, ISSN 0021-9630, E-ISSN 1469-7610, Vol. 43, nr 5, s. 655-668Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:

The aims of this study were to measure objectively the extent and severity of motor impairment in children with Asperger's syndrome and to determine whether the motor difficulties experienced by such children differed in any way from those classified as having a Specific Developmental Disorder of Motor Function (SDD-MF). Criteria derived from ICD 10-R were used to identify 11 children with Asperger's syndrome and a matched group of 9 children with a Specific Developmental Disorder of Motor Function. Children in both groups were required to have a verbal IQ of 80 or greater on the WISC IIIR.

Method:

The Autism Diagnostic Interview (Revised; Lord, Rutter, & LeCouteur, 1994) was used to identify features of AS in the first group and to exclude them in the latter. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children (Henderson & Sugden, 1992) provided a standardised test of motor impairment. A Gesture Test based on that by Cermak, Coster, and Drake (1980) was used to assess the child's ability to mime the use of familiar tools and to imitate meaningless sequences of movements.

Results:

All the children with Asperger's syndrome turned out to meet our criterion for a diagnosis of motor impairment, five of the six most severely motor impaired children in the whole study being from this group. Performance of the Asperger group was also slightly poorer on the Gesture Test. The profile of performance on each test was examined in detail but no evidence of group differences in the pattern of impairment was found.

Conclusions:

This study is consistent with others suggesting a high prevalence of clumsiness in Asperger's syndrome. Our findings also attest to the widespread prevalence of motor impairment in developmental disorders and the problems such co-morbidity poses for attempts to posit discrete and functionally coherent impairments underlying distinct syndromes.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2002. Vol. 43, nr 5, s. 655-668
Nyckelord [en]
Asperger's syndrome, Classification, Developmental coordination disorder, Gesture, Motor coordination, Specific developmental disorder of motor function, article, Asperger syndrome, body movement, child, clinical article, clinical feature, comorbidity, controlled study, developmental disorder, disease severity, health care personnel, human, intelligence quotient, male, motor dysfunction, motor performance, neuropsychological test, occupational therapist, pediatrician, physiotherapist, prevalence, psychologist, school, school child, scoring system, verbal communication, comparative study, differential diagnosis, female, intelligence test, personality test, psychological aspect, psychomotor disorder, Developmental Disabilities, Diagnosis, Differential, Gestures, Humans, Intelligence Tests, Neuropsychological Tests, Personality Assessment, Psychomotor Disorders
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Psykiatri
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37476DOI: 10.1111/1469-7610.00054ISI: 000176357400010PubMedID: 12120861Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0036633106OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-37476DiVA, id: diva2:1146051
Tillgänglig från: 2017-10-02 Skapad: 2017-10-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-02Bibliografiskt granskad

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