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Children with Intellectual Disabilities and Their Perceived Participation in Everyday Life Activities: A descriptive study conducted in Addis Abeba, Ethiopia
Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för rehabilitering.
2016 (engelsk)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgaveAlternativ tittel
Barn med intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar och deras upplevda delaktighet i dagliga aktiviteter : En deskriptiv studie genomförd i Addis Ababa, Etiopien (svensk)
Abstract [en]

Background: Children with intellectual disabilities living in developing countries are vulnerable to participation restrictions. Few studies have been made regarding their own perspectives. Aim: To describe how children in a low income country aged 13-17 with an intellectual disability perceive their participation in everyday life activities. Method: This bachelor thesis was conducted as a descriptive study and had a quantitative approach. Participants were collected through a non-probability, goal-oriented consecutive sampling. Data were collected by using “Picture my Participation”, an instrument designed as a structured interview with quantitative questions. The data were analyzed with IBM SPSS Statistics 21. Tables and diagrams were made in Microsoft Excel 2013. Result: The activity that the children participated in most frequently was “Daily routines at home for personal care (dressing, choosing clothing, hair care, brushing teeth)”. The activity that most children prioritized as most important, and they were most involved in was “Organised leisure activities”. “Services and policies” and “Social environment” were the factors seen as “Facilitators” to participation, whereas “Family attitudes” was seen as a “Barrier” to participation. Conclusion: The children perceived their participation in the prioritized activities as high and experienced few barriers in the context of participation.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Barn med intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar som lever i utvecklingsländer är sårbara för delaktighetsinskränkningar. Få studier har gjorts som rör deras perspektiv. Syfte: Att beskriva hur barn i ett låginkomstland mellan 13-17 år med en intellektuell funktionsnedsättning upplever sin delaktighet i dagliga aktiviteter. Metod: Kandidatuppsatsen genomfördes som en deskriptiv studie med en kvantitativ ansats. Deltagare samlades in genom ett icke-slumpmässigt-, målinriktat konsekutivt urval. Data samlades in med “Picture my Participation”, ett instrument designat som en strukturerad intervju med kvantitativa frågor. Data analyserades i IBM SPSS Statistics 21. Tabeller samt diagram gjordes i Microsoft Excel 2013. Resultat: Aktiviteten som barnen deltog mest frekvent i var “Daily routines at home for personal care (dressing, choosing clothing, hair care, brushing teeth)”. Aktiviteten som flest barn prioriterade som viktigast, och var mest involverade i var “Organised leisure activities”. “Services and policies” och “Social environment” var faktorer som sågs som “Facilitators” till delaktighet, medan “Family attitudes” sågs som en “Barrier” till delaktighet. Slutsats: Barnen upplevde en hög delaktighet i de prioriterade aktiviteterna och upplevde få barriärer i relation till delaktighet.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2016. , s. 47
Emneord [en]
Adolescents, Disabilities, Low income country, Occupational therapy, Picture my Participation
Emneord [sv]
Arbetsterapi, Funktionsnedsättning, Låginkomstland, Picture my Participation, Ungdomar
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30425ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20160034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-30425DiVA, id: diva2:935150
Fag / kurs
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Veileder
Examiner
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-06-15 Laget: 2016-06-10 Sist oppdatert: 2016-06-15bibliografisk kontrollert

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