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Preconditions to industrial development in the Kurdistan Region
Department of Food and Resource Economics, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Anam-dong, Seongbuk-gu, East Building, Room #217, Seoul 136-713, South Korea, and Soran University, Soran, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7902-4683
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Perspectives on Kurdistan's Economy and Society in Transition / [ed] Heshmati, A., Dilani, A., Baban, S.M.J., New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2012, s. 305-326Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

This study investigates a number of factors currently vital to development within the Kurdistan Region. These include: the labor market, a mismatch of education and demand for labor, the economic development plan and policy, capacity building for post conflict reconstructions, inflow of foreign direct investment (FDI), the industrial development model and a macroeconomic policy of the region. All of the above factors are considered preconditions for industrial development of the Kurdistan Region. This study points to a number of limitations in the current development approach. The use of macroeconomics and sector-specific policies and indicators to measure performance and structure of the regional economy is lacking in Kurdistan due to the lack of an internally formulated economic plan, basic national account and statistics. All these are necessary conditions for regional planning and its implementation. Also, the taxation system is either outdated or nonexistent. The Regional Government relies heavily on oil and gas revenues. The introduction of a new taxation system, combined with diversification of the sources of revenue, will reduce government dependency on oil revenues. The banking system is characterized by a low level of savings, volume of credits and limited inter-bank relationships. The Regional Central Bank needs to initiate policies to develop credit channels that promote entry, survival and growth of small and medium size enterprises. Irregularities in the flow of revenues, high dependency on hostile neighbors, and shortage of production factors may cause shocks and instability in the economy. A policy of enhanced self-sufficiency based on close cooperation between government, as well as university and business sector should be given a high priority at this stage. ©2012 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved.

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New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2012. s. 305-326
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-24517Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84892285712ISBN: 9781622579341 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-24517DiVA, id: diva2:743199
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-09-03 Laget: 2014-09-01 Sist oppdatert: 2016-01-14bibliografisk kontrollert

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