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Introducing a New Technology: The Location and Diffusion Process of ICT
Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Nationalekonomi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4560-1905
(engelsk)Manuskript (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This paper studies the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector in Sweden during its development boom from 1990 - 2000, with a focus on locationand diffusion, using Stockholm and Jönköping as reference leader and follower region. The location and diffusion pattern of firms within the sector is analyzed, based on a telephone interview survey. According to theory, new, non-standardized techniques are frequently initiated and promoted in leader regions. In order to leave space for new activities, standardized and maturing techniques must gradually beremoved from the leading region to follower regions. Also, non-standardized ICT products and ICT services are assumed to be distance sensitive; that is, there is a need for close contacts between buyer and seller for production and consumption, increasing the importance of the nearby local market. The results show that the ICT industry was introduced earlier and faster in the Stockholm region. There was a significant difference in the software/hardware ratio between the regions, and Stockholm had a significantly larger share of its production within the ICT service sector. The Stockholm firms also had considerably more spin-offs and multi establishments.

Emneord [en]
Location, Diffusion, Technology
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-6866OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-6866DiVA, id: diva2:127247
Tilgjengelig fra: 2008-12-04 Laget: 2008-12-03 Sist oppdatert: 2015-11-10bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. The Wealth of Urban Regions: On the Location of Creative Individuals and Firms
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Wealth of Urban Regions: On the Location of Creative Individuals and Firms
2008 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This doctoral thesis consists of four individual chapters and an introduction to the thesis. The common feature of the four separate chapters is their focus on the location patterns of creative individuals and firms, the inter-relation between those actors and the regional development and how those actors in the end shape the wealth of urban regions.

The first chapter deals with what happens after a new technology is introduced with a focus on the geographical location and distribution.  The assumption is that new, non-standardized techniques frequently are initiated and promoted in large urban regions. In order to leave space for new activities, standardized and maturing techniques must gradually be moved to medium and small sized regions.

The second chapter analyzes the occupational distribution within Swedish industries, on the basis of characteristics of the individuals they employ. This chapter focuses especially on how to best identify so-called creative industries. It also examines the location patterns of the different types of industries.

The third chapter focuses on the role of different types of talent, as well as on factors that shape the distribution of talent across regions. A main theme is the role of universities, tolerance and service diversity. The chapter also examines the economic effect from those factors in combination with talent and technology.

The last essay investigates the relationship between tolerance and openness on one hand, and regional housing values on the other. It argues that artists, bohemians and gays affect housing values through two kinds of mechanisms: an aesthetic-amenity premium and a tolerance or open culture premium.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Jönköping: Jönköping International Business School, 2008. s. 184
Serie
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 53
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-6690 (URN)91-89164-92-X (ISBN)
Disputas
2008-11-14, B1014, Sparbanksaulan, JIBS, Jönköping, 10:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2008-12-04 Laget: 2008-11-05 Sist oppdatert: 2015-11-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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