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Publications (10 of 76) Show all publications
Tingberg, K., Khoo, E. & Olsson, T. M. (2024). Children who disclose physical abuse: A retrospective cross-sectional study of Swedish social workers’ assessments of risk, need, and decisions on service. Nordic Social Work Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children who disclose physical abuse: A retrospective cross-sectional study of Swedish social workers’ assessments of risk, need, and decisions on service
2024 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

One of the challenges facing child welfare services (CWS) in Sweden is offering equal services to all children in need of protection and support. International research has suggested that unequal access to CWS exists but in Sweden the research evidence is weaker. This retrospective cross-sectional study of child welfare investigations focuses on the extent to which differences exist in social workers’ assessment of risk, need and decisions on services for children suspected of exposure to physical violence by a parent, which cannot be explained by the individual child’s documented risk exposure. A random sample of reports during the period 2018–2020 was drawn from seven CWS offices. Frequencies for background characteristics were obtained and comparisons between groups were performed using Chi2 and t-test. We carry out statistical analyses of the relationship between child and family characteristics and social workers’ determination of risk, need, and decision on services. We also investigate the relationship between documented risk factors and social workers’ determination of risk, need, and decision on services. Our study did not find any clear evidence of unequal provision of services based on child or family characteristics. Results indicate that cumulative risk and marital status appear to be the main determining factors for assessments of risk, need and decision on services. However, after adjusting for several background factors, the main explanatory variables underlying decisions on services are accumulated risk and economic stress. Although we must interpret these findings with caution, these results are in line with previous studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2024
Keywords
Child welfare service, inequality, Integrated Children’s System/BBIC
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63788 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2024.2319091 (DOI)001171748400001 ()2-s2.0-85186175203 (Scopus ID)HOA;;941151 (Local ID)HOA;;941151 (Archive number)HOA;;941151 (OAI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2024-03-11 Created: 2024-03-11 Last updated: 2024-03-19
Skoog, T., Bergström, M., Karlsson, M. & Olsson, T. M. (2024). Study protocol for leaving care: A comparison study of implementation, change mechanisms and effectiveness of transition services for youth. PLOS ONE, 19(2), Article ID e0293952.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Study protocol for leaving care: A comparison study of implementation, change mechanisms and effectiveness of transition services for youth
2024 (English)In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 19, no 2, article id e0293952Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction Youth placed in out-of-home care is a large and highly vulnerable group at high risk of negative developmental outcomes. Given the size and extent of negative developmental outcomes for youth placed in out-of-home care, interventions to help this vulnerable group navigate successfully towards independent living and promote wellbeing across a spectrum of outcome areas are needed. To date, there is a lack of such interventions, particularly in Sweden. Importing interventions from other societies and cultures is associated with difficulties. The aim of the research project is to implement, test, and evaluate interventions that have been recently developed in Swedish practice to close this gap. Methods The project has an ambitious and complex data collection and analysis strategy using qualitative, quantitative, and multiple information methods (hybrid effectiveness-implementation study) over the course of two years. Both the implementation and effectiveness of the interventions will be evaluated. The recently developed My Choice-My Way! leaving care program for youth aged 15+ will be the primary focus of the project and will be compared to usual services. Conclusions The project has the potential to offer novel insights into how society can promote wellbeing across a spectrum of outcome areas for the high-risk group of youth transitioning from out-of-home care to independent living. As such, the project will have important implications for both research and practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2024
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63614 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0293952 (DOI)001164302700013 ()38329996 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85184588688 (Scopus ID)GOA;;938306 (Local ID)GOA;;938306 (Archive number)GOA;;938306 (OAI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2021-01352
Available from: 2024-02-19 Created: 2024-02-19 Last updated: 2024-04-15Bibliographically approved
Olsson, T. M., von Thiele Schwarz, U., Hasson, H., Vira, E. G. & Sundell, K. (2023). Adapted, Adopted, and Novel Interventions: A Whole-Population Meta-Analytic Replication of Intervention Effects. Research on social work practice
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adapted, Adopted, and Novel Interventions: A Whole-Population Meta-Analytic Replication of Intervention Effects
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2023 (English)In: Research on social work practice, ISSN 1049-7315, E-ISSN 1552-7581Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background

A challenge to implementation is management of the adaptation-fidelity dilemma or the balance between adopting an intervention with fidelity while assuring fit when transferred between contexts. A prior meta-analysis found that adapted interventions produce larger effects than novel and adopted interventions. This study attempts to replicate and expand previous findings.

Methods

Meta-analysis was used to compare effects across a whole-population of Swedish outcome studies. Main and subcategories are explored.

Results

The 523 studies included adapted (22%), adopted (33%), and novel (45%) interventions. The largest effect was found for adapted followed by novel and adopted interventions. Interventions in the mental health setting showed the highest effects, followed by somatic healthcare and social services.

Conclusions

These results replicate and expand earlier findings. Results were stable across settings with the exception of social services. Consistent with a growing body of evidence results suggest that context is important when transferring interventions across settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
Fidelity, cultural adaptation, prevention, efficacy, effectiveness, evidence-based
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63010 (URN)10.1177/10497315231218646 (DOI)001168779500001 ()2-s2.0-85178891104 (Scopus ID)HOA;;63010 (Local ID)HOA;;63010 (Archive number)HOA;;63010 (OAI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2019-01737; 2018-01315Swedish Research Council, 2016-01261
Available from: 2023-12-07 Created: 2023-12-07 Last updated: 2024-03-08
Olsson, T. M., Kapetanovic, S., Hollertz, K., Starke, M. & Skoog, T. (2023). Advancing Social Intervention Research Through Program Theory Reconstruction. Research on social work practice, 33(6), 642-655
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Advancing Social Intervention Research Through Program Theory Reconstruction
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2023 (English)In: Research on social work practice, ISSN 1049-7315, E-ISSN 1552-7581, Vol. 33, no 6, p. 642-655Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Program theory reconstruction is an often-overlooked aspect of social intervention research. In this paper, we argue that intervention research benefits if the research design is informed by the specific intervention's program theory (i.e., the idea of how the intervention is supposed to lead to the intended outcomes). The purpose of this paper is to offer a comprehensive and accessible guide to program theory reconstruction in research on social interventions and to provide arguments as to how program theory reconstruction can be used to benefit intervention studies. First, we summarize what program theory is and its role in intervention research. Second, we provide a direct ?how-to? for researchers, practitioners, and students who may be unfamiliar with the methods of program theory reconstruction but are interested in undertaking a program theory reconstruction. Finally, we conclude with how program theory reconstruction can benefit intervention research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
program theory reconstruction, logic model, program evaluation, program development, intervention
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-59345 (URN)10.1177/10497315221149976 (DOI)000908687400001 ()2-s2.0-85146092693 (Scopus ID)HOA;;852316 (Local ID)HOA;;852316 (Archive number)HOA;;852316 (OAI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2018–01324, 2020–05–20
Available from: 2023-01-09 Created: 2023-01-09 Last updated: 2023-08-29Bibliographically approved
Olsson, T. M., Bergström, M. & Andrée Löfholm, C. (2023). Att erbjuda rätt insatser – professionella och organisatoriska val. In: T. Forkby, S. Enell & J. Thulin (Ed.), Prevention med barn och unga: teori och praktik för socialt och pedagogiskt arbete (pp. 237-256). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att erbjuda rätt insatser – professionella och organisatoriska val
2023 (Swedish)In: Prevention med barn och unga: teori och praktik för socialt och pedagogiskt arbete / [ed] T. Forkby, S. Enell & J. Thulin, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023, p. 237-256Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62270 (URN)9789144159720 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-08-23 Created: 2023-08-23 Last updated: 2023-08-23Bibliographically approved
Turner, R., Vira, E. G., Bergström, M. & Olsson, T. M. (2023). Cultural Adaptation of Interventions and the a Priori Assessment of Intervention Fit: Exploring Measurement Invariance for American and Swedish Youth Leaving Care. Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, 20(3), 306-322
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultural Adaptation of Interventions and the a Priori Assessment of Intervention Fit: Exploring Measurement Invariance for American and Swedish Youth Leaving Care
2023 (English)In: Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, ISSN 1543-3714, E-ISSN 1543-3722, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 306-322Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: There is a growing literature on the importance of cultural adaptation of research-supported social work interventions. Few studies have however offered systematic methods for the a priori assessment of intervention fit in a new context. The current study explores the use of measurement invariance analyses to help identify whether key theoretical constructs in an intervention’s theory of change may fit differently in a new context.

Methods: We draw on data on 13 measures of key constructs in an intervention for youth leaving out-of-home care designed and trialed in the US context (N = 295; 53.1% girls, mean age 17.3) compared to Swedish adolescents (N = 104; 41% girls, mean age 17.5).

Results: In general, the results found all the measures to be invariant between US and Swedish samples.

Discussion: The original intervention (US) is likely to have a good fit in the new (Swedish) context in terms of the measurement and functionality of its key constructs. There are, however, some indications that certain aspects of the original key constructs may function differently in the Swedish context, highlighting a need to review either measurement or intervention design. A broader conclusion is that measurement invariance can provide a useful tool for research-supported social work practice, namely the systematic a priori assessment of the transferability of an intervention’s theory of change. Some limitations and methodological issues are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
adolescent, article, child, controlled study, female, home care, human, major clinical study, psychometry, social work practice, Swedish citizen, theoretical study, cross-cultural, intervention fit, intervention transfer, Measurement invariance, outcome measures, psychometrics, self-determination model
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-59343 (URN)10.1080/26408066.2022.2159602 (DOI)000905265600001 ()2-s2.0-85145479799 (Scopus ID)HOA;;852261 (Local ID)HOA;;852261 (Archive number)HOA;;852261 (OAI)
Funder
Stiftelsen Allmänna Barnhuset, 2018-06Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2020-01287
Available from: 2023-01-09 Created: 2023-01-09 Last updated: 2023-09-04Bibliographically approved
Bergström, M., Sundell, K., Olsson, T. M., Leander, L. & Åström, T. (2023). Interventions in child welfare: A Swedish inventory. Child & Family Social Work, 28(1), 117-124
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interventions in child welfare: A Swedish inventory
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2023 (English)In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 117-124Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Swedish child welfare, there are no mandatory guidelines on what interventions to use. Local authorities are able to set their own criteria for implementing or designing interventions. We carried out a survey to identify interventions in use in Children's Social Services and Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Care in Sweden. A total of 102 interventions were stated to have been in use, with between 31 and 45 different interventions for each of the four different child welfare populations. Of the 102 interventions, 56 were designed outside Sweden and later imported. Only 27 interventions were supported with some kind of research evidence. About half of the interventions targeted the child. Possible implications for practice and research are discussed. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
child and adolescent psychiatric care, child welfare system, children's social services, interventions, adolescent, article, case report, child, child welfare, clinical article, female, human, male, mental health care, practice guideline, social work, Sweden, Swedish citizen
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-58917 (URN)10.1111/cfs.12946 (DOI)000823284300001 ()2-s2.0-85133785440 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-11-17 Created: 2022-11-17 Last updated: 2023-05-16Bibliographically approved
Olsson, T. M. & Skoog, T. (2023). Introduction to Research on Social Work Practice Special Issue: Program Theory in Social Interventions Developed in Practice Settings. Research on social work practice, 33(6), 631-633
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction to Research on Social Work Practice Special Issue: Program Theory in Social Interventions Developed in Practice Settings
2023 (English)In: Research on social work practice, ISSN 1049-7315, E-ISSN 1552-7581, Vol. 33, no 6, p. 631-633Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Solving individual, group, or societal problems through social intervention in practice settings is a complex task. The extent to which this end is achieved depends heavily on the effectiveness of the change strategies in use. Increased understanding of how these change strategies work to impact outcomes is at the forefront of the science of social intervention. In this special issue, we have gathered a collection of seven articles that present central issues related to program theory in social interventions developed in practice setting. Our goal is to advance the knowledge of how an understanding of theory in practice can advance social intervention research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
program theory, intervention research, practice based research
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-59441 (URN)10.1177/10497315231153121 (DOI)000922431800001 ()2-s2.0-85147418964 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-01-26 Created: 2023-01-26 Last updated: 2023-09-06Bibliographically approved
Clausén Gull, I., Kapetanovic, S., Norman, Å., Ferrer-Wreder, L., Olsson, T. M. & Eninger, L. (2023). Neighborhood conditions in a Swedish context: Two studies of reliability and validity of virtual systematic social observation using Google Street View. Frontiers in Psychology, 14, Article ID 1020742.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neighborhood conditions in a Swedish context: Two studies of reliability and validity of virtual systematic social observation using Google Street View
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2023 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 14, article id 1020742Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: The goal of these studies was to investigate the reliability and validity of virtual systematic social observation (virtual SSO) using Google Street View in a Swedish neighborhood context.

Methods: This was accomplished in two studies. Study 1 focused on interrater reliability and construct validity, comparing ratings conducted in-person to those done using Google Street View, across 24 study sites within four postal code areas. Study 2 focused on criterion validity of virtual SSO in terms of neighborhoods with low versus high income levels, including 133 study sites within 22 postal code areas in a large Swedish city. In both studies, assessment of the neighborhood context was conducted at each study site, using a protocol adapted to a Swedish context.

Results: Scales for Physical Decay, Neighborhood Dangerousness, and Physical Disorder were found to be reliable, with adequate interrater reliability, high consistency across methods, and high internal consistency. In Study 2, significantly higher levels of observed Physical Decay, Neighborhood Dangerousness, and signs of garbage or litter were observed in postal codes areas (site data was aggregated to postal code level) with lower as compared to higher income levels.

Discussion: We concluded that the scales within the virtual SSO with Google Street View protocol that were developed in this series of studies represents a reliable and valid measure of several key neighborhood contextual features. Implications for understanding the complex person-context interactions central to many theories of positive development among youth were discussed in relation to the study findings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2023
Keywords
contextual resources, neighborhoods, developmental assets, child and youth development, observational method, systematic social observation, Google street view
National Category
Psychology Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-59528 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1020742 (DOI)000929112600001 ()36777218 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85147745035 (Scopus ID)GOA;;858700 (Local ID)GOA;;858700 (Archive number)GOA;;858700 (OAI)
Available from: 2023-01-27 Created: 2023-01-27 Last updated: 2023-03-09Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M., Skoog, T., Bergström, M. & Olsson, T. M. (2023). Optimizing prevention infrastructures through the co-production of social services for youth transitioning from out-of-home care to independent living in Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at 14th EUSPR Conference and Members' Meeting, Optimizing Prevention Infrastructures, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, October 4-6, 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Optimizing prevention infrastructures through the co-production of social services for youth transitioning from out-of-home care to independent living in Sweden
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62675 (URN)
Conference
14th EUSPR Conference and Members' Meeting, Optimizing Prevention Infrastructures, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, October 4-6, 2023
Available from: 2023-10-17 Created: 2023-10-17 Last updated: 2023-10-17Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7351-9140

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