Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Publications (10 of 20) Show all publications
Pomarlan, M., Hedblom, M. M. & Porzel, R. (2023). Curiously exploring affordance spaces of a pouring task. Expert systems (Print), 40(6), Article ID e13213.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Curiously exploring affordance spaces of a pouring task
2023 (English)In: Expert systems (Print), ISSN 0266-4720, E-ISSN 1468-0394, Vol. 40, no 6, article id e13213Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Human beings and other biological agents appear driven by curiosity to explore the affordances of their environments. Such exploration is its own reward – children have fun when playing – but it probably also serves the practical purpose of learning theories with which to predict outcomes of actions. Cognitive robots however have yet to match the performance of human beings at learning and reusing manipulation skills. In this paper, we implement a method that emulates the curiosity drive and uses it as a heuristic to guide (simulated) exploration of a particular task – pouring liquids. The result of this exploration is a collection of symbolic rules linking qualitative descriptions of object arrangements and the pouring action with qualitative descriptions of likely outcomes. The manner in which qualitative descriptions of object arrangements and actions are converted to numerical descriptions for the purpose of simulation parametrization is via probability distributions, which themselves are adjusted in the process of simulated exploration. This allows the grounding of the symbolic descriptions to attempt to adapt itself to the task. The resulting symbolic rules form a theory that, together with the probability distributions that ground it in numerical parametrizations, is intended to be used to predict qualitative outcomes or select manners of pouring towards achieving a goal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
affordances, cognitive robotics, curiosity driven learning
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-59139 (URN)10.1111/exsy.13213 (DOI)000897822500001 ()2-s2.0-85144100802 (Scopus ID)HOA;intsam;848110 (Local ID)HOA;intsam;848110 (Archive number)HOA;intsam;848110 (OAI)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020
Available from: 2022-12-13 Created: 2022-12-13 Last updated: 2023-09-04Bibliographically approved
Aussenac-Gilles, N., Hahmann, T., Galton, A. & Hedblom, M. M. (Eds.). (2023). Formal ontology in information systems: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference (FOIS 2023). Paper presented at 13th International Conference On Formal Ontology In Information Systems (FOIS 2023), July 17-20, 2023 (Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada) and September 18-20, 2023 (online). Amsterdam: IOS Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Formal ontology in information systems: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference (FOIS 2023)
2023 (English)Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

FOIS is the flagship conference of the International Association for Ontology and its Applications, a non-profit organization which promotes interdisciplinary research and international collaboration at the intersection of philosophical ontology, linguistics, logic, cognitive science, and computer science.

This book presents the papers delivered at FOIS 2023, the 13th edition of the Formal Ontology in Information Systems conference. The event was held as a sequentially-hybrid event, face-to-face in Sherbrooke, Canada, from 17 to 20 July 2023, and online from 18 to 20 September 2023. In total, 62 articles from 19 different countries were submitted, out of which 25 were accepted for inclusion in the conference and for publication; corresponding to an acceptance rate of 40 percent.

The contributions are separated into the book’s three sections: (1) Foundational ontological issues; (2) Methodological issues around the development, alignment, verification and use of ontologies; and (3) Domain ontologies and ontology-based applications. In these sections, ontological aspects from a wide variety of fields are covered, primarily from various engineering domains including cybersecurity, manufacturing, petroleum engineering, and robotics, but also extending to the humanities, social sciences, medicine, and dentistry. A noticeable trend among the contributions in this edition of the conference is the recognition that improving the tools to analyze, align, and improve ontologies is of paramount importance in continuing to advance the field of formal ontology.

The book will be of interest to all formal and applied ontology researchers, and to those who use formal ontologies and information systems as part of their work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2023. p. 381
Series
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, ISSN 0922-6389, E-ISSN 1879-8314 ; 377
National Category
Computer Sciences Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63172 (URN)978-1-64368-468-0 (ISBN)978-1-64368-469-7 (ISBN)
Conference
13th International Conference On Formal Ontology In Information Systems (FOIS 2023), July 17-20, 2023 (Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada) and September 18-20, 2023 (online)
Available from: 2024-01-03 Created: 2024-01-03 Last updated: 2024-01-03Bibliographically approved
Hedblom, M. M. & Kutz, O. (Eds.). (2023). ISD7 2023, The Seventh Image Schema Day: Proceedings of the Seventh Image Schema Day, co-located with The 20th International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (KR 2023). Paper presented at Seventh Image Schema Day, co-located with The 20th International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (KR 2023), Rhodes, Greece, September 2-4, 2023. CEUR-WS, 3140
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ISD7 2023, The Seventh Image Schema Day: Proceedings of the Seventh Image Schema Day, co-located with The 20th International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (KR 2023)
2023 (English)Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CEUR-WS, 2023
Series
CEUR Workshop Proceedings, ISSN 1613-0073 ; 3511
National Category
Robotics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62803 (URN)
Conference
Seventh Image Schema Day, co-located with The 20th International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (KR 2023), Rhodes, Greece, September 2-4, 2023
Available from: 2023-10-30 Created: 2023-10-30 Last updated: 2023-10-30Bibliographically approved
Mossakowski, T., Hedblom, M. M., Neuhaus, F., Arboleda, S. A. & Raake, A. (2023). Using the Diagrammatic Image Schema Language for Joint Human-Machine Cognition. In: K.-U. Sattler (Ed.), Engineering for a Changing World: Proceedings; 60th ISC, Ilmenau Scientific Colloquium, Technische Universität Ilmenau, September 04-08, 2023. Paper presented at 60th ISC, Ilmenau Scientific Colloquium, Technische Universität Ilmenau, Germany, 4-8 September 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using the Diagrammatic Image Schema Language for Joint Human-Machine Cognition
Show others...
2023 (English)In: Engineering for a Changing World: Proceedings; 60th ISC, Ilmenau Scientific Colloquium, Technische Universität Ilmenau, September 04-08, 2023 / [ed] K.-U. Sattler, 2023Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62918 (URN)10.22032/dbt.58917 (DOI)
Conference
60th ISC, Ilmenau Scientific Colloquium, Technische Universität Ilmenau, Germany, 4-8 September 2023
Available from: 2023-11-23 Created: 2023-11-23 Last updated: 2023-11-23Bibliographically approved
Hedblom, M. M. (2023). When Push Comes to Shove: A Formal Analysis of the Conceptual Primitives in Pushing. In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings: . Paper presented at Seventh Image Schema Day, co-located with The 20th International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (KR 2023), Rhodes, Greece, September 2-4, 2023. CEUR-WS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>When Push Comes to Shove: A Formal Analysis of the Conceptual Primitives in Pushing
2023 (English)In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings, CEUR-WS , 2023Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Image schemas have been proposed to be the conceptual building blocks that constitute the semantic skeleton for concepts, events and narratives. Learned from embodied experiences, they encompass abstract information in notions such as Containment, Source_Path_Goal and Scale. The theory originated from cognitive linguistics as a means to explain the vast prevalence of embodied metaphors and spatial language. However, it has become a valid contribution in many areas investigating the nature of thought. For formal analysis of image schemas, the abstract and undetermined notions in the image schemas require precise and concrete representations. To deal with this, the image schemas can be decomposed into different types of conceptual primitives. By adding or removing these primitives, the schematic narrative changes in subtle but essential ways. To demonstrate the power of using a methodology that isolates these primitives, this paper presents a formal analysis of the transfer of forces and motion by looking at the semantic differences in a selected number of synonyms for ‘pushing’. The analysis is done using the visualisation tool The Diagrammatic Image Schema Language and the notions are formalised using The Image Schema Logic.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CEUR-WS, 2023
Series
CEUR Workshop Proceedings, E-ISSN 1613-0073 ; 3511
Keywords
Image schemas, Conceptual primitives, Prototype theory, Cognitive modelling, Formalisation
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62805 (URN)
Conference
Seventh Image Schema Day, co-located with The 20th International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (KR 2023), Rhodes, Greece, September 2-4, 2023
Available from: 2023-10-30 Created: 2023-10-30 Last updated: 2023-10-30Bibliographically approved
Dhanabalachandran, K., Hedblom, M. M. & Beetz, M. (2022). A balancing act: Ordering algorithm and image-schematic action descriptors for stacking objects by household robots. In: T. P. Sales, M. Hedblom & H. Tan (Ed.), Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2022, Episode VIII: The Svear Sommar of Ontology: . Paper presented at The Eighth Joint Ontology Workshops (JOWO22), RobOntics: 3rd International Workshop on Ontologies for Autonomous Robotics Jönköping, Sweden, August 15-19, 2022. CEUR-WS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A balancing act: Ordering algorithm and image-schematic action descriptors for stacking objects by household robots
2022 (English)In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2022, Episode VIII: The Svear Sommar of Ontology / [ed] T. P. Sales, M. Hedblom & H. Tan, CEUR-WS , 2022Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Optimising object order in stacking problems remains a hard problem for cognitive robotics research. In this paper, we continue our work on using the spatiotemporal relationships called image schemas to represent affordance spaces founded on object properties. Based on object properties, we introduce a stacking-order algorithm and describe the action descriptors using an image-schematic event segmentation format by describing a small subset using the Image Schema Logic ISL𝐹𝑂𝐿.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CEUR-WS, 2022
Series
CEUR Workshop Proceedings, E-ISSN 1613-0073
Keywords
object stacking, cognitive robotics, affordances, algorithms, action representation
National Category
Computer Sciences Robotics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-58716 (URN)2-s2.0-85141377614 (Scopus ID)
Conference
The Eighth Joint Ontology Workshops (JOWO22), RobOntics: 3rd International Workshop on Ontologies for Autonomous Robotics Jönköping, Sweden, August 15-19, 2022
Available from: 2022-10-26 Created: 2022-10-26 Last updated: 2022-11-24Bibliographically approved
Righetti, G., Porello, D., Troquard, N., Kutz, O., Hedblom, M. M. & Galliani, P. (2022). Asymmetric Hybrids: Dialogues for Computational Concept Combination (Extended Abstract). In: Luc De Raedt (Ed.), Proceedings of the Thirty-First International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-22): Sister Conferences Best Papers Track. Paper presented at 31st International Joint Conference On Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-22), 23-29 July, 2022, Vienna, Austria (pp. 5329-5333).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Asymmetric Hybrids: Dialogues for Computational Concept Combination (Extended Abstract)
Show others...
2022 (English)In: Proceedings of the Thirty-First International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-22): Sister Conferences Best Papers Track / [ed] Luc De Raedt, 2022, p. 5329-5333Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

When considering two concepts in terms of extensional logic, their combination will often be trivial, returning an empty extension. Consider e.g. “a Fish Vehicle”, i.e., “a Vehicle which is also a Fish”. Still, people use sophisticated strategies to produce new, non-empty concepts. All these strategies involve the human ability to mend the conflicting attributes of the input concepts and to create new properties of the combination. We focus in particular on the case where a Head concept has superior ‘asymmetric’ control over steering the resulting combination (or hybridisation) with a Modifier concept. Specifically, we propose a dialogical model of the cognitive and logical mechanics of this asymmetric form of hybridisation. Its implementation is then evaluated using a combination of example ontologies.

Keywords
Concept Combination, Hybridisation, Axiom Weakening, Dialogues, Compositionality
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-58023 (URN)10.24963/ijcai.2022/745 (DOI)2-s2.0-85137921649 (Scopus ID)978-1-956792-00-3 (ISBN)
Conference
31st International Joint Conference On Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-22), 23-29 July, 2022, Vienna, Austria
Note

This is an extended abstract of a paper that won the FOIS Best Paper Award at the 12th International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS 2021). 

Available from: 2022-07-22 Created: 2022-07-22 Last updated: 2022-10-03Bibliographically approved
Höffner, S., Porzel, R., Hedblom, M. M., Pomarlan, M., Cangalovic, V. S., Pfau, J., . . . Malaka, R. (2022). Deep understanding of everyday activity commands for household robots. Semantic Web, 13(5), 895-909
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deep understanding of everyday activity commands for household robots
Show others...
2022 (English)In: Semantic Web, ISSN 1570-0844, E-ISSN 2210-4968, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 895-909Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Going from natural language directions to fully specified executable plans for household robots involves a challenging variety of reasoning steps. In this paper, a processing pipeline to tackle these steps for natural language directions is proposed and implemented. It uses the ontological Socio-physical Model of Activities (SOMA) as a common interface between its components. The pipeline includes a natural language parser and a module for natural language grounding. Several reasoning steps formulate simulation plans, in which robot actions are guided by data gathered using human computation. As a last step, the pipeline simulates the given natural language direction inside a virtual environment. The major advantage of employing an overarching ontological framework is that its asserted facts can be stored alongside the semantics of directions, contextual knowledge, and annotated activity models in one central knowledge base. This allows for a unified and efficient knowledge retrieval across all pipeline components, providing flexibility and reasoning capabilities as symbolic knowledge is combined with annotated sub-symbolic models.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2022
Keywords
Natural language understanding, Simulation, Grounding, Everyday activities, SOMA, Robotics
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-56674 (URN)10.3233/SW-222973 (DOI)000843947700004 ()2-s2.0-85139118871 (Scopus ID)GOA;intsam;1662511 (Local ID)GOA;intsam;1662511 (Archive number)GOA;intsam;1662511 (OAI)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 951846
Available from: 2022-05-31 Created: 2022-05-31 Last updated: 2022-10-18Bibliographically approved
Dhanabalachandran, K., Hedblom, M. M. & Beetz, M. (2022). Getting on top of things: Towards intelligent robotic object stacking through image-schematic reasoning. In: M. M. Hedblom & O. Kutz (Ed.), Proceedings of the Sixth Image Schema Day 2022: Jönköping, Sweden, March 24-25th, 2022. Paper presented at Sixth Image Schema Day 2022, Jönköping, Sweden, March 24-25th, 2022. CEUR-WS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Getting on top of things: Towards intelligent robotic object stacking through image-schematic reasoning
2022 (English)In: Proceedings of the Sixth Image Schema Day 2022: Jönköping, Sweden, March 24-25th, 2022 / [ed] M. M. Hedblom & O. Kutz, CEUR-WS , 2022Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this extended abstract, we present initial work on intelligent object stacking by household robots using a symbolic approach grounded in image schema research. Image schemas represent spatiotemporal relationships that capture objects’ affordances and dispositions. Therefore, they offer the first step to ground semantic information in symbolic descriptions. We hypothesise that for a robot to successfully stack objects of different dispositions, these relationships can be used to more intelligently identify both task constraints and relevant event segments. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CEUR-WS, 2022
Series
CEUR Workshop Proceedings, E-ISSN 1613-0073 ; 3140
Keywords
image schemas, object stacking, cognitive robotics, commonsense reasoning, embodied cognition
National Category
Robotics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-56672 (URN)2-s2.0-85131256722 (Scopus ID)
Conference
Sixth Image Schema Day 2022, Jönköping, Sweden, March 24-25th, 2022
Available from: 2022-05-31 Created: 2022-05-31 Last updated: 2022-06-14Bibliographically approved
Hedblom, M. M. & Kutz, O. (Eds.). (2022). ISD6 The Image Schema Day 2022. Paper presented at Proceedings of the Sixth Image Schema Day 2022: Jönköping, Sweden, March 24-25th, 2022. CEUR-WS, 3140
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ISD6 The Image Schema Day 2022
2022 (English)Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CEUR-WS, 2022
Series
CEUR Workshop Proceedings, ISSN 1613-0073 ; 3140
National Category
Robotics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-57168 (URN)2-s2.0-85131256376 (Scopus ID)
Conference
Proceedings of the Sixth Image Schema Day 2022: Jönköping, Sweden, March 24-25th, 2022
Available from: 2022-06-14 Created: 2022-06-14 Last updated: 2022-06-14Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8308-8906

Search in DiVA

Show all publications