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Fransson, A., Björklund Carlstedt, A. & Gustafsson, S. (2023). Older adults' occupations in heat waves: A scoping review. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 30(7), 1000-1015
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Older adults' occupations in heat waves: A scoping review
2023 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 30, no 7, p. 1000-1015Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Heat waves impact the health of older adults, and occupations are important for health. An overview of research focussed on older adults' occupations in heat waves can be useful for occupational therapy practice.

Objective

To identify what the literature shows about older adults' experience and performance of, and participation in, occupations in heat waves.Material and methodThis scoping review included a literature search in five academic databases, four databases for grey literature, and a manual search. Literature in English regarding older adults 60+ and their occupations in heat waves were eligible.

Findings

Twelve studies were included. Findings showed that older adults adapt their occupations using bodily, environmental, and social interaction strategies and by changing their daily routines. Personal, environmental, social, and economic factors facilitate and maintain occupations in heat waves.

Conclusion

Older adults adapt their occupations in heat waves and different factors impact how they can be adapted. Future research is needed to explore how older adults experience their occupations in heat waves, and to deepen the knowledge about their heat-adaptive strategies.

Significance

The findings support the role of occupational therapists in the design and practice of interventions managing the impact of heat waves in daily life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Activities of daily living, aged, climate change, elderly, extreme heat, occupational science, occupational therapy
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62170 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2023.2231165 (DOI)001022985100001 ()37402383 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85164516880 (Scopus ID)HOA;;897179 (Local ID)HOA;;897179 (Archive number)HOA;;897179 (OAI)
Available from: 2023-08-16 Created: 2023-08-16 Last updated: 2024-01-15Bibliographically approved
Mac Innes, H., Dunér, A., Gustafsson, S. & Lindahl, L. (2023). Older migrants' perceptions of places to meet: Insights for social work practice. PLOS ONE, 18(11), Article ID e0292730.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Older migrants' perceptions of places to meet: Insights for social work practice
2023 (English)In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 18, no 11, article id e0292730Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to explore the experiences of older migrants' (70+) access to and participation in different meeting places. Qualitative interviews were conducted with participants originating from Finland and four countries in the Western Balkans: Bosnia- Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia. The participants used everyday places in the neighborhood, which were not primarily meant to be meeting places, to create and uphold social contacts. These meeting places contributed to experiences of community and trust. Both everyday meeting places and organized meeting places were used to establish and develop relationships that could result in an exchange of both practical and emotional support. Perceptions of "not belonging", limited proficiency in Swedish, and a strained financial situation created barriers to accessing some meeting places. The results of this study demonstrate the significance of meeting places that are not purposefully aimed at older people in general or older people from a specific country.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2023
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62948 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0292730 (DOI)38015900 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85178500111 (Scopus ID)GOA;;918018 (Local ID)GOA;;918018 (Archive number)GOA;;918018 (OAI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2013-02300
Available from: 2023-11-29 Created: 2023-11-29 Last updated: 2023-12-11Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, S. & Hörder, H. (2022). The ICECAP-O measure. In: H. Falk Erhag, U. Lagerlöf Nilsson, T. Rydberg Sterner & I. Skoog (Ed.), A Multidisciplinary Approach to Capability in Age and Ageing: . Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The ICECAP-O measure
2022 (English)In: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Capability in Age and Ageing / [ed] H. Falk Erhag, U. Lagerlöf Nilsson, T. Rydberg Sterner & I. Skoog, Cham: Springer, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter presents the ICECAP-O, a measure of capability tailored for older people. It briefly presents the original version of the ICECAP-O. In addition, it describes the work that has been done concerning the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the ICECAP-O to the Swedish context. Finally, the chapter contains arguments for the use of the Swedish version of the ICECAP-O in health and social care, and in the evaluation of interventions and longitudinal research studies where older people’s capabilities are a focus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2022
Series
International Perspectives on Aging, ISSN 2197-5841 ; 31
Keywords
Measure, Well-being, Quality of life, ICECAP-O, Geriatric assessment, Capability, Ageing
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-54504 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-78063-0_3 (DOI)978-3-030-78062-3 (ISBN)978-3-030-78065-4 (ISBN)978-3-030-78063-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-09-05 Created: 2021-09-05 Last updated: 2022-01-17Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, S. (2021). Evaluation of an Interactive Showroom to Increase Knowledge about Welfare Technology and its Potential in Municipal Care Settings. In: : . Paper presented at 2nd COTEC-ENOTHE Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, September 15-18, 2021.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of an Interactive Showroom to Increase Knowledge about Welfare Technology and its Potential in Municipal Care Settings
2021 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background: Welfare Technology (WT) can contribute to occupational justice. The implementation of WT products and services therefore needs to be promoted in order to benefit end-users.

Objective: To evaluate an interactive showroom of WT.

Material and method: Municipal employees (n=217) filled in a questionnaire before and after they visited an interactive showroom of WT - an occupational therapist-led group intervention

Findings: The number of participants confirming WT’s potential to contribute to municipal operation areas increased in seven out of eight areas after their visits (p<0.05). A statistically significant increase was also found regarding knowledge of and confidence in WT, and its potential value. Fifty-six percent indicated they had no plan for a follow-up after their visit.

Conclusion: A visit to the interactive showroom increased the perceived knowledge and appreciated value of WT. The perception of the possibility of implementing WT in various municipal operation areas also increased, which may contribute to the pursuit of occupational justice.

Keywords
Health Sciences, Implementation, Welfare Technology
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-54796 (URN)
Conference
2nd COTEC-ENOTHE Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, September 15-18, 2021
Available from: 2021-10-04 Created: 2021-10-04 Last updated: 2021-10-04Bibliographically approved
Johannesson, J., Gustafsson, S., Slinde, F. & Rothenberg, E. (2021). Exploring meal frequency and vegetable intake among immigrants 70 years or older in Sweden: Secondary analysis of data from the Promoting Aging Migrants Capabilities study. Journal of Ethnic Foods, 8(1), Article ID 39.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring meal frequency and vegetable intake among immigrants 70 years or older in Sweden: Secondary analysis of data from the Promoting Aging Migrants Capabilities study
2021 (English)In: Journal of Ethnic Foods, ISSN 2352-6181, E-ISSN 2352-619X, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 39Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Earlier research regarding immigrants has shown that lifestyle and environmental factors are of importance for the risk of developing certain diseases. Food habits are one of these factors. As there is little research concerning immigrants and food habits, the aim of the present paper was to explore food habits operationalised as meal frequency and vegetable intake among a group of older immigrants in Sweden. Specifically, the following questions were explored: changes in food habits when migrating, missing food from the native country, gender differences in food habits and association between food habits and self-rated health and well-being.

Method

A total of 131 persons from the health-promoting study “Promoting Aging Migrants’ Capabilities” (PAMC) conducted in Gothenburg, Sweden, 2011–2014, were included in this exploratory secondary analysis of questionnaire data. Participants were 70 years or older, cognitively intact, and living in ordinary housing. They had all migrated to Sweden from Finland or the Western Balkan Region (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia). Descriptive statistics as well as binary logistic regression were used to answer the research questions.

Results

Forty-eight percent of the participants in PAMC reported that they had changed their food habits when migrating, and 17% considered that they missed certain foods from their native country. Most of the participants migrated to Sweden more than 20 years ago. There was a significant difference in self-rated health in favour of the male participants (p = 0.02), but food habits, operationalised as meal frequency and vegetable intake, were not associated with self-rated health or life satisfaction.

Conclusion

Men rated their health as better than women did, but food habits operationalised as meal frequency or vegetable intake, were not associated with self-rated health or life satisfaction. Results from this secondary analysis were affected by methodological shortcomings. Further studies to understand the role of food habits in relation to health in a migration context are desired.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2021
Keywords
Older adults; Immigrants; Meal frequency; Vegetable intake; Self-rated health; Life satisfaction; Exploratory study; Secondary analysis
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55275 (URN)10.1186/s42779-021-00115-2 (DOI)2-s2.0-85121011224 (Scopus ID)POA;;782651 (Local ID)POA;;782651 (Archive number)POA;;782651 (OAI)
Funder
Vårdal Foundation
Available from: 2021-12-10 Created: 2021-12-10 Last updated: 2022-06-22Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, S. & Sandsjö, L. (2020). Evaluation of an interactive showroom to increase general knowledge about welfare technology and its potential in municipal care settings. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 27(8), 591-600
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of an interactive showroom to increase general knowledge about welfare technology and its potential in municipal care settings
2020 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 27, no 8, p. 591-600Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Welfare Technology (WT) can promote participation in activity. Thus, initiatives to support the implementation of WT products and services in municipality care settings needs to be developed and evaluated to benefit end-users. Objective: To evaluate an interactive showroom of WT. Material and method: Municipal employees (n = 217) filled in a questionnaire before and after they visited an interactive showroom of WT. Findings: The number of participants confirming WT’s potential to contribute to municipal operation areas increased in seven out of eight areas after their visits (p < 0.05). A statistically significant increase was also found regarding general knowledge of and confidence in WT and its potential value. Conclusion: A visit to the interactive showroom increased the perceived general knowledge and appreciated value of WT. The perception of the possibility of implementing WT in various municipal operation areas also increased, which may contribute to the implementation of WT in municipal care settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Keywords
Assistive technology, occupational justice, occupational therapy, older adult, persons with disabilities, technological development, technology transfer, adult, aged, attitude to health, education, female, human, male, middle aged, occupational therapist, organization and management, psychology, public hospital, questionnaire, social welfare, very elderly, young adult, Aged, 80 and over, Digital Technology, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Hospitals, Municipal, Humans, Occupational Therapists, Surveys and Questionnaires
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-54440 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2020.1751876 (DOI)000560541000001 ()32289232 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85083883356 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-09-02 Created: 2021-09-02 Last updated: 2021-09-05Bibliographically approved
Berglund, H., Gustafsson, S., Ottenvall Hammar, I., Faronbi, J. & Dahlin-Ivanoff, S. (2019). Effect of a care process programme on frail older people’s life satisfaction. Nursing Open, 6(3), 1097-1104
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of a care process programme on frail older people’s life satisfaction
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 1097-1104Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of a full-scale implementation of a care process programme on life satisfaction among frail older people, as compared with those receiving usual care. Design: The study includes participants from a full-scale care process programme (N = 77) and participants from a historical control group (N = 66). The care process programme establishes a comprehensive continuum of care through components including case management, interprofessional teamwork and care-planning meetings in the older people's own homes. Methods: Questionnaires were used and data were collected at baseline, with follow-ups at three, six and 12 months. Results: The implementation of the full-scale care process programme had a positive effect on life satisfaction among frail older people. From 6-month–12-month follow-ups, a higher proportion of participants in the care process programme had positive life satisfaction outcomes, as compared with the historical control group. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Keywords
continuum of care, frail older adults, life satisfaction, outcome study, adult, article, case management, controlled study, female, human, human experiment, major clinical study, male, questionnaire, teamwork
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-54442 (URN)10.1002/nop2.300 (DOI)000476917700049 ()31367435 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85069785222 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-09-02 Created: 2021-09-02 Last updated: 2021-09-05Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, S. & Sandsjö, L. (2019). Implementing Welfare Technology in the municipality - Evaluation of an interactive showroom. In: : . Paper presented at MIRAI, Tokyo, Japan (Workshop), 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementing Welfare Technology in the municipality - Evaluation of an interactive showroom
2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Keywords
Health Sciences, Implementation, Welfare Technology
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-54414 (URN)
Conference
MIRAI, Tokyo, Japan (Workshop), 2019
Available from: 2021-09-02 Created: 2021-09-02 Last updated: 2021-09-05Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, S. (2019). Life filming – en ny metod för att delaktiggöra äldre personer i utformningen av en åldersvänlig stadsmiljö. In: : . Paper presented at Arbetsterapiforum, Stockholm, 2 april 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Life filming – en ny metod för att delaktiggöra äldre personer i utformningen av en åldersvänlig stadsmiljö
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Möjligheten att påverka utformningen av sin lokala miljö är särskilt viktig för äldre personer eftersom åldersrelaterade problem, i kombination med en mindre stödjande miljö, kan förhindra utförandet av meningsfulla aktiviteter. Det är oklart hur man bäst går tillväga för att delaktiggöra äldre personer i utformningen av deras lokala miljö. Digitala verktyg kan vara en möjlig metod att främja delaktighet. Life filming genom att använda surfplatta användes som metod i ett WHO-projekt där målet var att förbättra åldersvänligheten i stadsmiljön. Syfte: Att beskriva Life filming som metod för att delaktiggöra äldre personer i utformningen av deras lokala miljö. Material och metod: En beskrivande fallstudie. Data samlades in genom observationer, samtal och nedskrivna erfarenheter samt sammanställdes genom tematisk analys. Deltagarna i WHO-projektet har validerat resultaten. Resultat: Analysen resulterade i fem teman vilka beskriver centrala aspekter av Life filmning i det givna sammanhanget: Förankring av begreppet delaktighet, Praktisk tillämpning av Life filming, Filmen som produkt, Att göra verklig skillnad och En identitet som kapabel äldre person. Slutsats: Life filming gynnade delaktighet i WHO-projektet, både som en process och ett resultat. Metoden hade fördelar på flera nivåer: för personen själv, för äldre personer som grupp och för kommunen/samhället. Life filming kan utgöra ett användbart digitalt verktyg i praktiken när delaktighet för äldre personer i utformningen av deras lokala miljö eftersträvas.

Keywords
Arbetsterapi, Occupational Therapy, Delaktighet, äldre personer, närmiljö, teknisk utveckling, fallstudie
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-54416 (URN)
Conference
Arbetsterapiforum, Stockholm, 2 april 2019
Available from: 2021-09-02 Created: 2021-09-02 Last updated: 2021-09-05Bibliographically approved
Johannesson, J., Rothenberg, E., Gustafsson, S. & Slinde, F. (2019). Meal frequency and vegetable intake does not predict the development of frailty in older adults. Nutrition and Health, 25(1), 21-28
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Meal frequency and vegetable intake does not predict the development of frailty in older adults
2019 (English)In: Nutrition and Health, ISSN 0260-1060, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 21-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Frailty is considered highly prevalent among the aging population. Fruit and vegetable intake is associated with positive health outcomes across the life-span; however, the relationship with health benefits among older adults has received little attention. Aim: The aim was to examine if a relationship exists between meal frequency or frequency of vegetable intake and the development of frailty in a population of older adults. Methods: A total of 371 individuals, 80 years or older, from the study ‘Elderly Persons in the Risk Zone’ were included. Data was collected in the participants’ home by face-to-face interviews up to 24 months after the intervention. Baseline data were calculated using Chi2-test; statistical significance was accepted at the 5% level. Binary logistic regression was used for the relationship between meal frequency or vegetable intake and frailty. Results: Mean meal frequency was 4.2 ± 0.9 meals per day; women seem to have a somewhat higher meal frequency than men (p=0.02); 57% of the participants had vegetables with at least one meal per day. No significant relationship was found between meal frequency or vegetable intake and frailty at 12 or 24 months follow-ups. Conclusions: Among this group of older adults (80+), meal frequency was slightly higher among women than men, and just over half of the participants had vegetables with at least one meal a day. The risk of developing frailty was not associated with meal frequency or vegetable intake. The questions in this study were meant as indicators for healthy food habits. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Aged 80 and older, community dwelling, frailty, meal frequency, vegetable intake, diet, feeding behavior, female, frail elderly, human, male, meal, risk factor, sex factor, statistical model, vegetable, very elderly, Aged, 80 and over, Humans, Logistic Models, Meals, Risk Factors, Sex Factors, Vegetables
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-54443 (URN)10.1177/0260106018815224 (DOI)2-s2.0-85058563293 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-09-02 Created: 2021-09-02 Last updated: 2021-09-05Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2036-3613

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