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Publications (6 of 6) Show all publications
Persdotter, B. & Kalin, T. (2023). Att upptäcka och ge stöd till barn som riskerar att fara illa. In: T. Forkby, S. Enell & J. Thulin (Ed.), Prevention med barn och unga: teori och praktik för socialt och pedagogiskt arbete (pp. 197-214). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att upptäcka och ge stöd till barn som riskerar att fara illa
2023 (Swedish)In: Prevention med barn och unga: teori och praktik för socialt och pedagogiskt arbete / [ed] T. Forkby, S. Enell & J. Thulin, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023, p. 197-214Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62254 (URN)9789144159720 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-08-23 Created: 2023-08-23 Last updated: 2023-08-23Bibliographically approved
Kalin, T., Ahlgren, T. & Persdotter, B. (2022). Gender disparities in child welfare services' assessments of referrals. Findings from Sweden. International Journal of Child Abuse & Neglect, 134, Article ID 105918.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender disparities in child welfare services' assessments of referrals. Findings from Sweden
2022 (English)In: International Journal of Child Abuse & Neglect, ISSN 0145-2134, E-ISSN 1873-7757, Vol. 134, article id 105918Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Many children referred to the child welfare services are not screened in for further investigation. Factors related to intake decisions have been found on several levels. Many studies, however, lack information about the children's own experiences of child maltreatment and/or behavioral problems. Objective: To examine case factors relating to decision to investigate referrals to the child welfare services in Sweden. Participants and setting: Data are used from a prospective longitudinal multisource program (LoRDYA) in Sweden studying two cohorts of adolescent children in four municipalities (n = 1884). Methods: By linking annual self-rating data with registry data from the child welfare services, data are analyzed through latent-class analysis and Poisson regression. Results: Most children who are self-rated severely exposed to maltreatment and/or behavioral problems are never investigated by the child welfare services (74.2 %). Referrals concerning girls are more likely to be investigated than referrals concerning boys (crudeAME = 0.09 p = ***). For girls, prior referrals (adjAME = 0.16, p = ***), household poverty (adjAME = 0.09, p = *) and any form of self-rated severe exposure to maltreatment and/or behavioral problems (adjAME = 0.14, p = ***) increased the chance of a decision to investigate. For boys, prior referrals (adjAME = 0.24, p = ***) increased the chance of a decision to investigate, while achieved age (adjAME = −0.03, p = *), and being referred on suspicions of neglect and behavioral problems (adjAME = −0.15, p = **) decreased the chance of a decision to investigate. Conclusions: Child welfare services assess referrals on boys and girls differently, which may explain why boys have in crude numbers a decreased chance of decisions to investigate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022
Keywords
Behavioral problems, Child welfare services, Decision-making, Investigation, Maltreatment, Screening
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-58692 (URN)10.1016/j.chiabu.2022.105918 (DOI)000878629700016 ()36244208 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85139725372 (Scopus ID)HOA;;839049 (Local ID)HOA;;839049 (Archive number)HOA;;839049 (OAI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2019-00280, 2019-10-01
Available from: 2022-10-25 Created: 2022-10-25 Last updated: 2022-11-17Bibliographically approved
Kalin, T., Persdotter, B., Ahlgren, T. & Gerdner, A. (2022). How do child welfare referrals in Sweden match children's self-reporting of severe exposure?. Child & Family Social Work, 27(2), 100-111
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How do child welfare referrals in Sweden match children's self-reporting of severe exposure?
2022 (English)In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 100-111Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Child welfare services (CWS) rely on referrals from professionals and civilians to address maltreatment and behavioural problems. To our knowledge, no prior study explored to what extent children who self-reported severe exposure to maltreatment or behavioural problems are referred to the CWS. This study is based on two data sets on a Swedish community sample of 1884 children: (i) self-reports in four waves during adolescence, including indicators of severe exposure, and (ii) a retrospective systematic review of all children's CWS records at age 18. According to self-reports, 445 matched one or more indicators of severe exposure. In total, 389 children of the total sample were referred, but only 169 of the self-reported severely exposed. Severely exposed children were more likely to be referred than other children, adjusting for several background factors. Children who did not experience severe exposure but lived in single-parent families, teenage parent families, poor families or immigrant families were more likely to be referred to CWS than other children. The findings are discussed from a children's rights perspective and inequity in relation to social work practice. In conclusion, although the referral rates are high, many children who are severely exposed to child maltreatment and behavioural problems remain undetected.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2022
Keywords
behavioural problems, child maltreatment, child welfare services, children's rights, inequity in referral, self-report
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-52496 (URN)10.1111/cfs.12856 (DOI)000652452500001 ()2-s2.0-85106211978 (Scopus ID)HOA;;52496 (Local ID)HOA;;52496 (Archive number)HOA;;52496 (OAI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2019-00280, 2019-10-01
Available from: 2021-05-21 Created: 2021-05-21 Last updated: 2022-04-08Bibliographically approved
Hagborg, J. M., Kalin, T. & Gerdner, A. (2022). The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF) used with adolescents - methodological report from clinical and community samples. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, 15, 1199-1213
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF) used with adolescents - methodological report from clinical and community samples
2022 (English)In: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, ISSN 1936-1521, E-ISSN 1936-153X, Vol. 15, p. 1199-1213Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF) is a widely used retrospective screening tool for childhood maltreatment in adults. Its properties are less known in adolescents. The objective was to investigate acceptability and psychometric properties when used in adolescents.

Method

A community sample of adolescents (n=1885) in four waves (from 13 or 14 to 17 years old) and a clinical sample (n=74, mean age 18), both from Sweden, were used to assess acceptability and different aspects of validity and reliability.

Results

The CTQ-SF was found to be well-accepted. As expected, the community sample scored lower than the clinical sample on all maltreatment-scales and showed stability over-time. In the community sample, internal consistencies were substantial or excellent for all scales except Physical neglect, and in the clinical sample this was found for all scales. One-year test-retest consistencies of subscales were substantial or almost perfect, and for all scales, they increased from early to mid-adolescence. Directed inconsistencies on item level decreased from early to mid-adolescence. Convergent validity was shown in relation to scales on family climate, parental relations, and emotional health also from early adolescence. Discriminant analyses showed more moderate discriminatory ability although almost seven times better than by-chance.

Conclusions

The CTQ is well accepted and can be trusted to provide consistent and valid self-reports from the age of 14 on childhood maltreatment. Some caution is advised when used with younger adolescents, since the test-retest stability is then weaker, and the interpretation of the M/D scale is more ambiguous.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022
Keywords
Childhood maltreatment, Adolescent screening, Acceptability, Reliability, Validity, Norm data
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-56210 (URN)10.1007/s40653-022-00443-8 (DOI)000776053200001 ()36439669 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85127387193 (Scopus ID)HOA;;807107 (Local ID)HOA;;807107 (Archive number)HOA;;807107 (OAI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 259-2012-25Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareVinnovaSwedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2022-04-14 Created: 2022-04-14 Last updated: 2022-12-18Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, S. & Kalin, T. (2021). Marknadsorienteringen och välfärdssystemens legitimitet. In: M. Dahlstedt, S. Gruber, M. Herz & P. Lalander (Ed.), Socialt arbete - rörelse, motstånd, förändring: (pp. 165-186). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Marknadsorienteringen och välfärdssystemens legitimitet
2021 (Swedish)In: Socialt arbete - rörelse, motstånd, förändring / [ed] M. Dahlstedt, S. Gruber, M. Herz & P. Lalander, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2021, p. 165-186Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2021
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55634 (URN)9789144143163 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-01-20 Created: 2022-01-20 Last updated: 2022-01-20Bibliographically approved
Ahlgren, T., Kalin, T. & Gerdner, A. (2021). Self-rated child maltreatment, behavioural problems, and contacts with welfare and police authorities–longitudinal community data [Barns självrapporterade övergrepp, försummelse och beteendeproblem samt kontakter med anmälningsskyldiga verksamheter – baserat på en longitudinell befolkningsstudie]. European Journal of Social Work, 24(4), 642-656
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-rated child maltreatment, behavioural problems, and contacts with welfare and police authorities–longitudinal community data [Barns självrapporterade övergrepp, försummelse och beteendeproblem samt kontakter med anmälningsskyldiga verksamheter – baserat på en longitudinell befolkningsstudie]
2021 (English)In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 642-656Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines how children report abuse, neglect and behavioural problems and what authorities they claim to have had contact with that are legally mandated to report to the Child Welfare Services, e.g. health services and police. It draws data from a longitudinal research programme, LoRDIA, in which four data collections followed adolescents’ development from 12 to 15 years (n = 1884). A total of 61 indicators of self-reported child abuse, neglect and behavioural problems were constructed to identify children with severe exposure so that each indicator would have prompted referral. The main finding is that 445 (25.3%) of the study population reported severe exposure of this magnitude. Among these self-reported severely exposed children (SSE), boys reported higher rates of child neglect and of overall behavioural problems, specifically criminal and other socially destructive behaviour. Poverty and living in single-parent households significantly increase the risk of abuse, neglect, and behavioural problems. Increased risk of neglect and criminal behaviour were found for children studying Swedish as second language. The SSE children more than other children report contact with all authorities with mandatory reporting. Odds ratios of contact were higher in the case of behavioural problems compared to the odds ratios for abuse and neglect.

Abstract [sv]

Denna studie undersöker hur barn rapporterar övergrepp, försummelse och beteendeproblem samt vilka verksamheter de uppger att de har haft kontakt med, vilka enligt lag är skyldiga att anmäla sin oro till den sociala barnavården, t.ex. hälso- och sjukvård samt polis. Studien är baserad på ett longitudinellt forskningsprogram, LoRDIA, som genom fyra datainsamlingar följde ungdomars utveckling från 12 till 15 års ålder (n = 1884). Totalt 61 indikatorer för barns självrapporterade övergrepp, försummelse samt utsatthet genom beteendeproblem konstruerades för att identifiera barn med allvarlig utsatthet i den grad att varje indikator skulle ha lett till en orosanmälan. Det huvudsakliga fyndet är att 445 (25,3%) av studiepopulationen rapporterade allvarlig utsatthet i denna grad. Bland dessa barn med självrapporterad allvarlig utsatthet (SSE) rapporterade fler pojkar än flickor försummelse och beteendeproblem, särskilt kriminellt och annat socialt nedbrytande beteende. Att leva i fattigdom och att bo med en ensamstående förälder ökar avsevärt risken för övergrepp, försummelse och beteendeproblem. Ökad risk för försummelse och kriminellt beteende konstaterades också för barn som studerar svenska som andra språk. Dessa allvarligt utsatta barn uppger, mer än andra barn, kontakt med anmälningsskyldiga myndigheter. Mest kontakt har de barn som uppger allvarlig utsatthet genom beteendeproblem jämfört med dem som uppger allvarlig utsatthet genom övergrepp och försummelse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2021
Keywords
behavioural problems, Child maltreatment, detection, self-rated, severely exposed, Bristande omsorg; beteendeproblem; självskattning; allvarligt utsatta; upptäckt
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-52070 (URN)10.1080/13691457.2021.1896996 (DOI)000627626900001 ()2-s2.0-85102521246 (Scopus ID)HOA;;730429 (Local ID)HOA;;730429 (Archive number)HOA;;730429 (OAI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 259-2012-25Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 259-2012-25Vinnova, 259-2012-25Swedish Research Council Formas, 259-2012-25
Available from: 2021-03-22 Created: 2021-03-22 Last updated: 2021-12-13Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6956-8337

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