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Publications (10 of 23) Show all publications
Duggan, E. C., Piccinin, A. M., Clouston, S., Koval, A. V., Robitaille, A., Zammit, A. R., . . . Hofer, S. M. (2019). A multi-study coordinated meta-analysis of pulmonary function and cognition in aging. The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A multi-study coordinated meta-analysis of pulmonary function and cognition in aging
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2019 (English)In: The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences, ISSN 1079-5006, E-ISSN 1758-535XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Substantial research is dedicated to understanding the aging-related dynamics among individual differences in level, change, and variation across physical and cognitive abilities. Evaluating replicability and synthesizing these findings has been limited by differences in measurements and samples, and by study design and statistical analyses confounding between-person differences with within-person changes. In this paper, we conducted a coordinated analysis and summary meta-analysis of new results on the aging-related dynamics linking pulmonary function and cognitive performance.

METHODS: We performed coordinated analysis of bivariate growth models in data from 20,586 participants across eight longitudinal studies to examine individual differences in baseline level, rate of change, and occasion-specific variability in pulmonary and cognitive functioning. Results were summarized using meta-analysis.

RESULTS: We found consistent but weak baseline and longitudinal associations in levels of pulmonary and cognitive functioning, but no associations in occasion-specific variability.

CONCLUSIONS: Results provide limited evidence for a consistent link between simultaneous changes in pulmonary and cognitive function in a normal aging population. Further research is required to understand patterns of onset of decline and differences in rates of change within and across physical and cognitive functioning domains, both within-individuals and across countries and birth cohorts. Coordinated analysis provides an efficient and rigorous approach for replicating and comparing results across independent longitudinal studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2019
Keywords
cognition, cognitive aging, longitudinal analysis, normative aging, pulmonary
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43627 (URN)10.1093/gerona/glz057 (DOI)30825374 (PubMedID);HHJARNIS (Local ID);HHJARNIS (Archive number);HHJARNIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-05-09
Finkel, D. & Ernsth-Bravell, M. (2019). Age changes in lung function precede and contribute to subsequent age changes in motor function and cognition. In: : . Paper presented at International Conference of Psychological Science, 7-9 March 2019, Paris, France.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Age changes in lung function precede and contribute to subsequent age changes in motor function and cognition
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43624 (URN)
Conference
International Conference of Psychological Science, 7-9 March 2019, Paris, France
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Finkel, D. & Schwartz, E. (2019). Diversity of day-to-day emotional experiences and social interactions. In: : . Paper presented at International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, 23rd – 25th May 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diversity of day-to-day emotional experiences and social interactions
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43752 (URN)
Conference
International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, 23rd – 25th May 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden
Available from: 2019-05-22 Created: 2019-05-22 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved
Jylhävä, J., Raymond, E., Reynolds, C., Finkel, D., Ericsson, M., Dahl Aslan, A. K., . . . Pedersen, N. (2019). Drivers of frailty from adulthood into old age: Results from a 27-year longitudinal population-based study in Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, 23rd – 25th May 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Drivers of frailty from adulthood into old age: Results from a 27-year longitudinal population-based study in Sweden
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43737 (URN)
Conference
International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, 23rd – 25th May 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden
Available from: 2019-05-22 Created: 2019-05-22 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved
Finkel, D., Emery, C. F., Gatz, M. & Dahl Aslan, A. K. (2019). Evidence of bi-directional associations between depressive symptoms and body mass among older adults. In: : . Paper presented at The annual meeting of the Swedish Society of Epidemiology, Stockholm, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evidence of bi-directional associations between depressive symptoms and body mass among older adults
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43626 (URN)
Conference
The annual meeting of the Swedish Society of Epidemiology, Stockholm, Sweden
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-05-09
Emery, C. F., Finkel, D., Gatz, M. & Dahl Aslan, A. K. (2019). Evidence of bi-directional associations between depressive symptoms and body mass among older adults. The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evidence of bi-directional associations between depressive symptoms and body mass among older adults
2019 (English)In: The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences, ISSN 1079-5014, E-ISSN 1758-5368Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: Body fat, measured with body mass index (BMI), and obesity are associated with depressive symptoms. Among younger adults there is stronger evidence of obesity leading to depressive symptoms than of depressive symptoms leading to obesity, but the temporal relationship is unknown among older adults. This study utilized dual-change-score models (DCSMs) to determine the directional relationship between body mass and depressive symptoms among older adults.

METHOD: Participants (n=1743) from the Swedish Twin Registry (baseline age range 50-96 years) completed at least one assessment of BMI (nurse measurement of height and weight) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CESD). More than half the sample completed three or more assessments, scheduled at intervals of 2-4 years. DCSMs modeled the relationship of BMI and CESD across age, both independently and as part of bivariate relationships.

RESULTS: Depressive symptoms contributed to subsequent changes in BMI after age 70, while BMI contributed to subsequent changes in depressive symptoms after age 82. Thus, there is a reciprocal relationship that may change with age. The effect was more pronounced for women.

DISCUSSION: The association of BMI and depressive symptoms is bi-directional among older adults, and it appears to be affected by both age and sex.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2019
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43457 (URN)10.1093/geronb/gbz022 (DOI)30843043 (PubMedID);HHJARNIS (Local ID);HHJARNIS (Archive number);HHJARNIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-04-11 Created: 2019-04-11 Last updated: 2019-04-11
Finkel, D., Sternäng, O., Jylhävä, J., Bai, G. & Pedersen, N. L. (2019). Functional Aging Index Complements Frailty in Prediction of Entry into Care and Mortality.. The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences, Article ID glz155.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Functional Aging Index Complements Frailty in Prediction of Entry into Care and Mortality.
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2019 (English)In: The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences, ISSN 1079-5006, E-ISSN 1758-535X, article id glz155Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The aim was to develop a functional aging index (FAI) that taps four body systems: sensory (vision and hearing), pulmonary, strength (grip strength), and movement/balance (gait speed) and to test the predictive value of FAI for entry into care and mortality.

METHOD: Growth curve models and cox regression models were applied to data from 1695 individuals from three Swedish longitudinal studies of aging. Participants were aged 45 to 93 at intake and data from up to 8 follow-up waves were available.

RESULTS: The rate of change in FAI was twice as fast after age 75 as before, women demonstrated higher mean FAI, but no sex differences in rates of change with chronological age were identified. FAI predicted entry into care and mortality, even when chronological age and a frailty index were included in the models. Hazard ratios indicated FAI was a more important predictor of entry into care for men than women; whereas it was a stronger predictor of mortality for men than women.

CONCLUSIONS: Measures of biological aging and functional aging differ in their predictive value for entry into care and mortality for men and women, suggesting that both are necessary for a complete picture of the aging process across genders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2019
Keywords
gender, latent growth curve, survival analysis
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44783 (URN)10.1093/gerona/glz155 (DOI)31222213 (PubMedID);HHJARNIS (Local ID);HHJARNIS (Archive number);HHJARNIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-06-24 Created: 2019-06-24 Last updated: 2019-06-24
Finkel, D. (2019). Genetic and Environmental Influences on Functional Ability in the Second Half of Life. In: : . Paper presented at International Congress “Social Adaptation, Assistance, and Elderly Health in Present-Day Society,” 10-13 April 2019, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Genetic and Environmental Influences on Functional Ability in the Second Half of Life
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43625 (URN)
Conference
International Congress “Social Adaptation, Assistance, and Elderly Health in Present-Day Society,” 10-13 April 2019, St. Petersburg, Russia
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Johansson, L., Ernsth-Bravell, M. & Finkel, D. (2019). Health and social care in the most ill older persons. In: : . Paper presented at International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, 23rd – 25th May 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health and social care in the most ill older persons
2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43785 (URN)
Conference
International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, 23rd – 25th May 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden
Available from: 2019-05-27 Created: 2019-05-27 Last updated: 2019-06-12Bibliographically approved
Nyman, R. & Finkel, D. (2019). Living urban or rural in late adulthood ... What is important and what is the difference? . In: : . Paper presented at International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, 23rd – 25th May 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Living urban or rural in late adulthood ... What is important and what is the difference?
2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43777 (URN)
Conference
International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, 23rd – 25th May 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden
Available from: 2019-05-27 Created: 2019-05-27 Last updated: 2019-05-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2346-2470

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