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Publications (10 of 21) Show all publications
Harring, N., Ndwiga, M., Nordén, A. & Slunge, D. (2024). Public acceptability of policy instruments for reducing fossil fuel consumption in East Africa. Climate Policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Public acceptability of policy instruments for reducing fossil fuel consumption in East Africa
2024 (English)In: Climate Policy, ISSN 1469-3062, E-ISSN 1752-7457Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In recent decades, there has been increasing research interest in individuals’ support of and resistance to climate and environmental policy instruments. However, there is an empirical bias in the literature, as few studies have been conducted in low-income countries. Based on a survey with 4,766 respondents we identify the level of public acceptability for climate policy instruments and their determinants in East Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda). While our sample is not fully representative of the East-African population, we capture highly educated individuals in urban areas, who are likely to have a large influence on policy processes. In line with previous studies in other contexts, we find that higher education and climate change concern are linked to the acceptability of policies aimed at reducing fossil fuel consumption. Specifying how the revenue from a climate tax or subsidy removal would be used, almost doubled the support for these policy instruments. In contrast to earlier studies, we find that investments in social programmes, not environmental programmes, was the revenue specification that increased the acceptability the most. One possible explanation would be that in a context where poverty is more prevalent, social issues are more salient to people. We also find weak associations between trust in government and the acceptability of climate policy instruments in East Africa and large heterogeneity across the five focal East African countries. Besides establishing an empirical foundation for future research on climate policy support in East Africa, the study provides essential policy insights: Investing in education and improved information, contributing to increased awareness and understanding of climate concerns, can potentially increase support for climate policy proposals also in the East African context. Earmarking revenues from climate policy instruments for social programmes may also significantly boost support. However, as our study is not fully representative of the population in the five countries and relies on stated preferences, which may be subject to different biases, the results should be interpreted with caution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2024
Keywords
acceptability, Africa, climate policy, Pigouvian taxes, public support, revenue recycling
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63401 (URN)10.1080/14693062.2024.2302319 (DOI)2-s2.0-85182445996 (Scopus ID)HOA;intsam;930172 (Local ID)HOA;intsam;930172 (Archive number)HOA;intsam;930172 (OAI)
Funder
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Available from: 2024-01-23 Created: 2024-01-23 Last updated: 2024-01-23
Dame, G., Babirye, D., Korir, H., Shumbusho, J. d., Ngacha, M., Uwijuru, M. C., . . . Maniragaba, A. (2023). Forest loss: What is needed to reduce deforestation?. In: A. Nordén et al. (Ed.), Policy instruments for an Inclusive Green Economy: Experiences from the East African region on policy instruments to reduce the use of fossil fuels, plastic pollution, and forest loss (pp. 24-31). Gothenburg: Environment for Development (EfD)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Forest loss: What is needed to reduce deforestation?
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2023 (English)In: Policy instruments for an Inclusive Green Economy: Experiences from the East African region on policy instruments to reduce the use of fossil fuels, plastic pollution, and forest loss / [ed] A. Nordén et al., Gothenburg: Environment for Development (EfD) , 2023, p. 24-31Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Forest loss is a common problem in all five East African countries – Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Uganda. This is mainly because forest is a mean of livelihood and a source of income in all countries. Deforestation and forest degradation are accelerated by the need for charcoal, fuelwood, timber production, and unregulated logging. In addition, the competition for land, mainly agricultur all and and urbanization are also contributing to deforestation in these countries. However, the rate of forest loss differs across the five countries. For instance, the annual rate of forest loss in Ethiopia is about 0.54% whereas it is about 1.95% in Uganda. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Environment for Development (EfD), 2023
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63402 (URN)978-91-987472-8-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2024-01-23 Created: 2024-01-23 Last updated: 2024-01-23Bibliographically approved
Nordén, A., Knaggård Wendt, E., Heikensten, E., Skandevall, L., Karlsson, J., Waxin, L., . . . Söderén, Å. (2023). Vem äger företagen?: En kartläggning av kvinnors ägande av svenska företag. Stockholm: Ownershift
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vem äger företagen?: En kartläggning av kvinnors ägande av svenska företag
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2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Från inledningen: I den här rapporten tar vi ett unikt grepp kring kvinnors och mäns ägande av företag i Sverige. Att äga ett företag ger ägaren makt över företaget. Det skapar förutsättningar att ta beslut som är anpassade till dem själva. Att äga ett företag ger också en möjlighet att ta ut inkomst för näringsverksamhet eller utdelning. Vilket innebär skattemässiga fördelar.

Den genomsnittliga kvinnan som kan och vill äga företag ska ha samma förutsättningar att göra det som den genomsnittliga mannen. Så är det inte idag. De ojämlikheter som finns i ägandet tyder på strukturella hinder som kan kopplas till flera faktorer som uppväxt, utbildning, nätverk, diskriminering och tillgångtill kapital.

Sett från ett bredare perspektiv handlar ägande om att skapa förutsättningar för ett bättre samhälle. Ett diversifierat ägande av företag gör det enklare att skapa produkter och tjänster för alla. Det handlar om att öka förmågan att lösa komplexa problem och att skapa nya innovationer.

I denna rapport studerar vi ägande av företag och jämför framförallt kvinnor och män. Vi utökar analysen för att försöka fånga en del av den heterogenitet som finns inom dessa grupper och tittar på ålder samt om företagsägaren eller hens föräldrar är födda i Sverige eller inte.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Ownershift, 2023. p. 49
National Category
Economics Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63410 (URN)
Available from: 2024-01-24 Created: 2024-01-24 Last updated: 2024-01-24Bibliographically approved
Anino, M., Nsereko, M., Hordofa, M., Kiprono, J., Mukandahiro, O., Kibindu, M., . . . Nordén, A. (2022). The forest sector: How can we promote more sustainable forest management?. In: Policy instruments for an inclusive green economy: Lessons learned from a joint cross-country workshop in the East Africa region (pp. 26-31). Gothenburg: Environment for Development, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The forest sector: How can we promote more sustainable forest management?
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2022 (English)In: Policy instruments for an inclusive green economy: Lessons learned from a joint cross-country workshop in the East Africa region, Gothenburg: Environment for Development, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg , 2022, p. 26-31Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Environment for Development, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, 2022
National Category
Economics Forest Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-56265 (URN)
Note

On cover: Inclusive Green Economy in Practice.

Available from: 2022-04-25 Created: 2022-04-25 Last updated: 2022-04-25Bibliographically approved
Nordén, A., Heikensten, E., Dujeancourt, E. & Bengtsson, S. (2022). Ägande i nöd och lust: En kartläggning av ägande i våra kärleksrelationer. Ownershift
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ägande i nöd och lust: En kartläggning av ägande i våra kärleksrelationer
2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Från inledningen: I den här rapporten undersöker vi hur skillnaden mellan kvinnors och mäns ägande av fastigheter förändras i samband med att äktenskap ingås eller avslutas. För att göra detta använder vi oss av individdata från Statistiska Centralbyrån (SCB) och fastighetstaxeringsregistret. Vi börjar med att titta på hur fördelningen av ägande av fastighetsvärde 2019 är fördelat mellan män och kvinnor som befinner sig i en kärleksrelation, för olikkönade samboskap och äktenskap samt för samkönade äktenskap och partnerskap. Därefter tittar vi på hur fastighetsägande förändras för de kvinnor och män som ingår eller avslutar ett äktenskap under 2018.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ownershift, 2022. p. 53
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-56264 (URN)
Available from: 2022-04-25 Created: 2022-04-25 Last updated: 2023-02-20Bibliographically approved
Kahsay, G. A., Nordén, A. & Bulte, E. (2021). Women participation in formal decision-making: Empirical evidence from participatory forest management in Ethiopia. Global Environmental Change, 70, Article ID 102363.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women participation in formal decision-making: Empirical evidence from participatory forest management in Ethiopia
2021 (English)In: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 70, article id 102363Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Amid growing emphasis on community-based approaches to natural resource management, there are concerns about the lack of women participation in communal decision-making. We analyze the association between participation of women in decision-making of forest user groups in Ethiopia and several forest management outcomes. We combine longitudinal survey, administrative and forest inventory data and find that participation of women in executive committees (i.e., formal decision-making) is associated with greater forest benefits, and an improved (perceived and actual) condition of the forest. Alternatively, the association between women participation in group-level meetings and outcomes is not robust. This implies that women participation in formal decision-making is required to reach forest conservation and livelihood gains.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021
Keywords
Participatory forest management, Women decision-making, Forest user groups, Women participation, Women leadership
National Category
Economics Forest Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-54374 (URN)10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2021.102363 (DOI)000704267800007 ()2-s2.0-85114054354 (Scopus ID)HOA;intsam;761608 (Local ID)HOA;intsam;761608 (Archive number)HOA;intsam;761608 (OAI)
Available from: 2021-08-31 Created: 2021-08-31 Last updated: 2021-10-21Bibliographically approved
Villalobos, L., Coria, J. & Nordén, A. (2018). Has forest certification reduced forest degradation in Sweden?. Land Economics, 94(2), 220-238
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Has forest certification reduced forest degradation in Sweden?
2018 (English)In: Land Economics, ISSN 0023-7639, E-ISSN 1543-8325, Vol. 94, no 2, p. 220-238Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper estimates the effects of certification of nonindustrial private forest owners on forest degradation in Sweden-one of the countries with the largest total area of certified forests. We rely on official forest inventory data, information on certification status, and impact evaluation methods to identify the causal effect of certification on three key environmental outcomes. We find that certification has not halted forest degradation in that it has not improved any of the environmental outcomes. Moreover, for forest certification to have an effect, the standards should be tightened and the monitoring and enforcement of forest certification schemes strengthened.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Wisconsin Press, 2018
Keywords
certification, environmental degradation, environmental monitoring, forest inventory, forest management, Sweden
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41574 (URN)10.3368/le.94.2.220 (DOI)000431854600005 ()2-s2.0-85046768774 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-25 Created: 2018-09-25 Last updated: 2024-01-12Bibliographically approved
Andersson, T., Lindén, L. & Nordén, A. (Eds.). (2018). Integration solutions report: From knowledge to action for the sustainable development goals. Paper presented at WCERE 2018, 6th World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists, Gothenburg Sweden, 25-29 June 2018. SDSN Northern Europe
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integration solutions report: From knowledge to action for the sustainable development goals
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SDSN Northern Europe, 2018. p. 59
Series
Publication ; 2018:1
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-56269 (URN)
Conference
WCERE 2018, 6th World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists, Gothenburg Sweden, 25-29 June 2018
Available from: 2022-04-25 Created: 2022-04-25 Last updated: 2022-04-25Bibliographically approved
Kasimir, Å., He, H., Coria, J. & Nordén, A. (2018). Land use of drained peatlands: Greenhouse gas fluxes, plant production, and economics. Global Change Biology, 24(8), 3302-3316
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Land use of drained peatlands: Greenhouse gas fluxes, plant production, and economics
2018 (English)In: Global Change Biology, ISSN 1354-1013, E-ISSN 1365-2486, Vol. 24, no 8, p. 3302-3316Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Drained peatlands are hotspots for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which could be mitigated by rewetting and land use change. We performed an ecological/economic analysis of rewetting drained fertile peatlands in a hemiboreal climate using different land use strategies over 80 years. Vegetation, soil processes, and total GHG emissions were modeled using the CoupModel for four scenarios: (1) business as usual—Norway spruce with average soil water table of −40 cm; (2) willow with groundwater at −20 cm; (3) reed canary grass with groundwater at −10 cm; and (4) a fully rewetted peatland. The predictions were based on previous model calibrations with several high-resolution datasets consisting of water, heat, carbon, and nitrogen cycling. Spruce growth was calibrated by tree-ring data that extended the time period covered. The GHG balance of four scenarios, including vegetation and soil, were 4.7, 7.1, 9.1, and 6.2 Mg CO2eq ha−1 year−1, respectively. The total soil emissions (including litter and peat respiration CO2 + N2O + CH4) were 33.1, 19.3, 15.3, and 11.0 Mg CO2eq ha−1 year−1, respectively, of which the peat loss contributed 35%, 24%, and 7% of the soil emissions for the three drained scenarios, respectively. No peat was lost for the wet peatland. It was also found that draining increases vegetation growth, but not as drastically as peat respiration does. The cost–benefit analysis (CBA) is sensitive to time frame, discount rate, and carbon price. Our results indicate that the net benefit was greater with a somewhat higher soil water table and when the peatland was vegetated with willow and reed canary grass (Scenarios 2 and 3). We conclude that saving peat and avoiding methane release using fairly wet conditions can significantly reduce GHG emissions, and that this strategy should be considered for land use planning and policy-making. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Keywords
CH 4, CO 2, cost–benefit analysis, CoupModel, N2O, Norway spruce, reed canary grass, soil water table depth, willow, angiosperm, carbon dioxide, cost-benefit analysis, economic analysis, evergreen tree, grass, greenhouse gas, land use change, methane, nitrous oxide, peatland, soil water, water table, Phalaris arundinacea, Picea, Picea abies, Salix
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41573 (URN)10.1111/gcb.13931 (DOI)000437284700006 ()2-s2.0-85032958645 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-25 Created: 2018-09-25 Last updated: 2020-09-11Bibliographically approved
Nordén, A. (Ed.). (2018). WCERE 2018: Supply and Demand of Environmental Economic Policy Advice: Pre-Conference Report. Paper presented at WCERE 2018, 6th World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists, Gothenburg Sweden, 25-29 June 2018. SDSN Northern Europe
Open this publication in new window or tab >>WCERE 2018: Supply and Demand of Environmental Economic Policy Advice: Pre-Conference Report
2018 (English)Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SDSN Northern Europe, 2018. p. 41
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-56268 (URN)
Conference
WCERE 2018, 6th World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists, Gothenburg Sweden, 25-29 June 2018
Available from: 2022-04-25 Created: 2022-04-25 Last updated: 2022-04-25Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8965-1501

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