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Publications (10 of 137) Show all publications
Criaco, G. & Naldi, L. (2024). A chip off the old block: Founders' prior experience and the geographic diversification of export sales in international new ventures. Journal of Business Venturing, 39(1), Article ID 106343.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A chip off the old block: Founders' prior experience and the geographic diversification of export sales in international new ventures
2024 (English)In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 39, no 1, article id 106343Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Integrating the cognition literature in entrepreneurship and strategy with the career imprinting literature, we propose that the geographic diversification of export sales in international new ventures (INVs) resembles that of their founders' most recent (geographically diversified) employer because founders bear a repertoire of the ‘logics of action’ from their employers regarding how to diversify geographically. We then propose two boundary conditions that influence the relationship between the geographic diversification of export sales of founders' most recent employers and that of their INVs: length of exposure and time since last exposure to their most recent geographically diversified employer. We test these hypotheses using longitudinal data on a sample of 3420 INVs. Our findings broadly support our theoretical propositions except for the moderating role of founders' length of exposure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024
Keywords
Cognition, Export sales, Founder career imprinting, Geographic diversification, International entrepreneurship, International experience, International new ventures
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62483 (URN)10.1016/j.jbusvent.2023.106343 (DOI)001080614000001 ()2-s2.0-85170412607 (Scopus ID)HOA;intsam;905110 (Local ID)HOA;intsam;905110 (Archive number)HOA;intsam;905110 (OAI)
Available from: 2023-09-19 Created: 2023-09-19 Last updated: 2023-10-27Bibliographically approved
Genedy, M. A., Hellerstedt, K., Naldi, L. & Wiklund, J. (2024). Growing pains in scale-ups: How scaling affects new venture employee burnout and job satisfaction. Journal of Business Venturing, 39(2), Article ID 106367.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Growing pains in scale-ups: How scaling affects new venture employee burnout and job satisfaction
2024 (English)In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 39, no 2, article id 106367Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although academic interest in organizational scaling is growing, extant research has focused primarily on the antecedents and processes, neglecting how employees experience scaling. Drawing on the scale-up, firm growth, and well-being literature, we take an employee perspective to examine the impact of scaling on employee burnout and job satisfaction. Using a sample of 10,908 new venture employees in Sweden, we show that scaling is positively associated with employee burnout, and negatively with job satisfaction. We also show that the link between scaling, burnout, and job satisfaction depends on whether the employee is in a managerial position or has prior new venture experience.

Keywords
New venture scaling, Scale-up, Employee burnout, Employee job satisfaction
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62997 (URN)10.1016/j.jbusvent.2023.106367 (DOI)2-s2.0-85177857195 (Scopus ID)HOA;intsam;62997 (Local ID)HOA;intsam;62997 (Archive number)HOA;intsam;62997 (OAI)
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Available from: 2023-12-05 Created: 2023-12-05 Last updated: 2023-12-11Bibliographically approved
Kuiken, A., Naldi, L. & Genedy, M. A. (2024). Keeping One’s Options Open: Intermittent Exporting, Family Control, and Foreign Background. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Keeping One’s Options Open: Intermittent Exporting, Family Control, and Foreign Background
2024 (English)In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Intermittent exporting (repeatedly exiting and reentering foreign markets) is often associated with the initial stages of internationalization. However, some small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), including family firms, pursue an intermittent exporting strategy beyond the initial stages. Drawing on a refinement of the behavioral agency model (BAM) and real options reasoning, we theorize that a high level of family involvement in SMEs is positively associated with intermittent exporting. We also argue that this relationship is moderated by Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) and board members with a foreign background. We test our hypotheses using a unique longitudinal dataset of Swedish SMEs in the manufacturing and retail industries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2024
Keywords
family involvement, foreign background, intermittent exporting, real options reasoning, socioemotional wealth
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63624 (URN)10.1177/10422587231226113 (DOI)001155390200001 ()2-s2.0-85184170954 (Scopus ID)HOA;intsam;938355 (Local ID)HOA;intsam;938355 (Archive number)HOA;intsam;938355 (OAI)
Available from: 2024-02-19 Created: 2024-02-19 Last updated: 2024-02-19
Yang, T., Kacperczyk, A. (. & Naldi, L. (2024). The Motherhood Wage Penalty and Female Entrepreneurship. Organization science (Providence, R.I.), 35(1), 27-51
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Motherhood Wage Penalty and Female Entrepreneurship
2024 (English)In: Organization science (Providence, R.I.), ISSN 1047-7039, E-ISSN 1526-5455, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 27-51Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The need to resolve work-family conflict has long been considered a central motive for women's pursuit of entrepreneurship. In this paper, we propose and empirically uncover a novel mechanism driving female entrepreneurship: reduced earnings opportunities in wage employment due to motherhood status. Combining insights from career mobility research and the motherhood penalty literature, we propose that women who become mothers will disproportionately launch a new business to reduce the motherhood penalty they would otherwise incur in wage work due to employer discrimination. We further predict that this tendency to launch a new venture will be more pronounced for women who occupy high-paying or managerial positions, given the higher opportunity cost of staying in wage work and the higher potential payoffs from entrepreneurship that accrue mothers occupying such positions. Using matched employer-employee data from Sweden that distinguish new-venture founding from self-employment, we find support for our arguments. Overall, this study sheds light on the two antecedents of female entrepreneurship and contributes to a more thorough understanding of what motivates women to pursue irregular and atypical careers, such as entrepreneurship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), 2024
Keywords
motherhood wage penalty, entrepreneurship, career mobility, self-employment, venture creation, gender inequality
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-60003 (URN)10.1287/orsc.2023.1657 (DOI)000934680400001 ()2-s2.0-85183982422 (Scopus ID);intsam;1744922 (Local ID);intsam;1744922 (Archive number);intsam;1744922 (OAI)
Available from: 2023-03-21 Created: 2023-03-21 Last updated: 2024-02-20Bibliographically approved
Cestino-Castilla, J., Naldi, L. & Ots, M. (2023). External enablers in existing organizations: Emergence, novelty, and persistence of entrepreneurial initiatives. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 17(2), 335-371
Open this publication in new window or tab >>External enablers in existing organizations: Emergence, novelty, and persistence of entrepreneurial initiatives
2023 (English)In: Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, ISSN 1932-4391, E-ISSN 1932-443X, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 335-371Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research Summary: There is growing consensus that exogenous environmental changes can affect entrepreneurship. The external enabler framework, which provides the structures and terminology to analyze these enabling effects, has typically focused on new venture creation. In an attempt to extend the external enabler framework to corporate entrepreneurship and innovation, our longitudinal multiple-case study explores how environmental changes enable entrepreneurial initiatives in existing organizations. Our findings contribute to the external enabler framework, corporate entrepreneurship, and innovation literature by identifying new conceptual tools to understand the enabling effect of environmental change for the emergence, novelty, and persistence of entrepreneurial initiatives in existing organizations.

Managerial Summary: We studied how the Covid-19 pandemic enabled the initiation and continuation of entrepreneurial activities. Our study of eight small US-based news companies shows that some entrepreneurial initiatives emerged as these organizations redirected their course of action toward new initiatives enabled by the changes in the external environment. Notably, the entrepreneurial initiatives that were new-to-the-industry originated from ideas that were already available in some form within the organization but were not in use until the pandemic gave them a second life. Furthermore, the continuation of these initiatives depended on the persistence of the changes in the environment and on the low maintenance requirements of these initiatives in terms of time, effort, and resources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
entrepreneurial initiatives, existing organizations, external enablers, novelty, persistence
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-60059 (URN)10.1002/sej.1458 (DOI)000952616200001 ()2-s2.0-85150768337 (Scopus ID)HOA;;873455 (Local ID)HOA;;873455 (Archive number)HOA;;873455 (OAI)
Available from: 2023-04-03 Created: 2023-04-03 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Markowska, M., Ahl, H. & Naldi, L. (2023). Fix the structures, not the women: The case for norm critical entrepreneurship education. In: A. C. Corbett, L. D. Marino & G. A. Alsos (Ed.), The age of entrepreneurship education research: Evolution and future (pp. 51-63). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fix the structures, not the women: The case for norm critical entrepreneurship education
2023 (English)In: The age of entrepreneurship education research: Evolution and future / [ed] A. C. Corbett, L. D. Marino & G. A. Alsos, Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2023, p. 51-63Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter, the authors argue that entrepreneurship education (EE) as currently conceived, does little to eradicate gender inequality – rather, its focus on the individual and its neglect of structural impediments and measures tend to reinforce this inequality. The authors discuss why this happens and suggest ways forward. The authors believe the most positive action would be to employ legislation and public policy to change gendered structures and practices which would lead to changes in gendered norms. However, the relationship between norms and structures is mutual. Structural change can only be achieved if existing norms are questioned and this should be the first step toward changing discriminatory structures. The authors argue that in this context EE must include norm critical education. The authors provide some practical examples related to the context of EE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2023
Series
Advances in Entrepreneurship, Firm Emergence and Growth ; 23
Keywords
Entrepreneurship education; gender norms; norm critical education; gendered structures; women entrepreneurs; gender inequality
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-60134 (URN)10.1108/S1074-754020230000023004 (DOI)978-1-83753-057-1 (ISBN)978-1-83753-056-4 (ISBN)978-1-83753-058-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-04-12 Created: 2023-04-12 Last updated: 2023-04-12Bibliographically approved
Backman, M., Hagen, J., Kekezi, O., Naldi, L. & Wallin, T. (2023). In the Eye of the Storm: Entrepreneurs and Well-Being During the COVID-19 Crisis. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, 47(3), 751-787
Open this publication in new window or tab >>In the Eye of the Storm: Entrepreneurs and Well-Being During the COVID-19 Crisis
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2023 (English)In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 751-787Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the well-being of entrepreneurs. We surveyed a representative sample of Swedish entrepreneurs and wage employees at different stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey data, combined with register data, show that the COVID-19 outbreak has a negative effect on the well-being of entrepreneurs in terms of increased perceived stress. However, this negative effect is weaker for entrepreneurs who feel younger than their chronological age and entrepreneurs who are geographically distant from the epicenter of the crisis. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
crisis, entrepreneurs, location, subjective age, well-being
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55494 (URN)10.1177/10422587211057028 (DOI)000731000100001 ()2-s2.0-85121421450 (Scopus ID)HOA;;1625914 (Local ID)HOA;;1625914 (Archive number)HOA;;1625914 (OAI)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, MMW 2018.0049
Available from: 2022-01-10 Created: 2022-01-10 Last updated: 2023-05-16Bibliographically approved
Wu, Z., Naldi, L., Wennberg, K. & Uman, T. (2023). Learning from Their Daughters: Family Exposure to Gender Disparity and Female Representation in Male-Led Ventures. Management science
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning from Their Daughters: Family Exposure to Gender Disparity and Female Representation in Male-Led Ventures
2023 (English)In: Management science, ISSN 0025-1909, E-ISSN 1526-5501Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

We build on recent studies on daughter-to-father influence to explore how male founders’ fatherhood of daughters impacts female representation in their ventures. We find that, conditional on the total number of children, fathering an additional daughter versus a son is associated with a 4% (11%) increase in female director (employee) representation. This daughter-to-father effect gradually matures as daughters grow up and socialize in schools and workplaces, and it increases as daughters age, suggesting that male founders vicariously learn from their daughters about the constraints women face throughout the daughters’ life cycles. Heterogeneity analyses (regarding founder cohort, divorce status, and social class), combined with qualitative evidence, further substantiate the plausibility of vicarious learning as a potential yet understudied mechanism underlying daughter effects. In addition, daughter effects on employee recruitment are concentrated in microbusinesses (number of employees is ≤10) where the founder is close in decision authority to all employees. These findings add important nuances to our understanding of daughter effects in organizational contexts and extend theory of gender homophily in organizations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), 2023
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-59192 (URN)10.1287/mnsc.2023.4727 (DOI)000954113200001 ()
Available from: 2022-12-19 Created: 2022-12-19 Last updated: 2023-04-06
Chirico, F., Naldi, L., Hitt, M. A., Sieger, P., Sirmon, D. G. & Xu, K. (2023). Orchestrating resources with suppliers for product innovation. The Journal of product innovation management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Orchestrating resources with suppliers for product innovation
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2023 (English)In: The Journal of product innovation management, ISSN 0737-6782, E-ISSN 1540-5885Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

How orchestrating external, supplier-provided resources affects product innovation is an important question. While product innovation is essential to achieve a competitive advantage, it is costly as it requires significant investments. It thus puts a severe strain on firm resources, which is particularly critical for resource-scarce small–medium enterprises (SMEs). Therefore, these firms must combine their own resources with those of external parties, particularly suppliers, to enhance their product innovation. However, knowledge about how orchestrating these resources affects product innovation is limited, because empirical studies on resource orchestration have largely focused on firm-internal resources; furthermore, there is ambiguity regarding the extent to which drawing on external resources is beneficial. In addition, the conditions that affect the resource orchestration–product innovation relationship remain unexplored. Therefore, we focus on supplier logistics integration (SLI), an important resource orchestration action referring to the orchestration of external, supplier-provided resources; we draw on the resource orchestration framework and the related work on organizational rigidity to theorize that there is an inverted U-shaped relationship between SLI and product innovation. Additionally, we suggest that learning orientation and environmental dynamism mitigate rigidities associated with high levels of SLI and thus facilitate the translation of SLI into product innovation. Testing our hypotheses with data from Swedish SMEs supports our theorizing and provides important contributions. Most importantly, we extend the resource orchestration framework to include the focus on external, supplier-provided resources, thereby advancing our knowledge and understanding of resource orchestration for product innovation in SMEs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62600 (URN)10.1111/jpim.12703 (DOI)001087049700001 ()2-s2.0-85174489251 (Scopus ID)HOA;intsam;1802442 (Local ID)HOA;intsam;1802442 (Archive number)HOA;intsam;1802442 (OAI)
Available from: 2023-10-04 Created: 2023-10-04 Last updated: 2024-02-12
Wixe, S., Nilsson, P., Naldi, L. & Westlund, H. (2023). The role of collaboration and external knowledge for innovation in small food firms. The annals of regional science, 70, 135-155
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of collaboration and external knowledge for innovation in small food firms
2023 (English)In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 70, p. 135-155Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we use unique purpose-built survey data to show that small food firms are more innovative when externally engaged. To capture this, we apply a broad classification of innovative activities, including new products, processes, markets, organization, and distribution channels, and examine them against types of external interactions. The analysis, an ordered logit estimation, controls for heterogeneity across firms as well as geographic conditions. The results demonstrate a positive relationship between external interaction and firm innovation, though there are differences across types of external engagement and innovation activities. Product innovation benefits from knowledge from extra-regional firms, while several of the other forms of innovation show a positive relationship with support from regional and municipality boards. Additionally, firm collaboration regarding transports and sales enhances most types of innovation, but there are few relationships of benefit with research-intensive organizations. We conclude that, to be effective, innovation strategies of both the firms themselves and policymakers need to consider local context, access to intra- and extra-regional knowledge sources, and what types of innovation activities the firms are engaged in.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55088 (URN)10.1007/s00168-021-01087-6 (DOI)000715692600002 ()2-s2.0-85118651455 (Scopus ID)HOA;;777230 (Local ID)HOA;;777230 (Archive number)HOA;;777230 (OAI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2013–276
Available from: 2021-11-16 Created: 2021-11-16 Last updated: 2023-02-21Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0691-2740

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