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Håkansson, Carita
Publications (10 of 19) Show all publications
Håkansson, C., Milevi, S., Eek, F., Oudin, A. & Wagman, P. (2019). Occupational balance, work and life satisfaction in working cohabiting parents in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 47(3), 366-374
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational balance, work and life satisfaction in working cohabiting parents in Sweden
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2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 366-374Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Occupational balance is the experience of having the right amount and right variation between work, domestic work, leisure, rest, and sleep. There is limited knowledge about which factors predict parents’ combined occupational balance, and if the combined occupational balance is associated with work and life satisfaction.

Aim: The first aim was to explore whether domestic work and childcare at baseline predicted combined occupational balance at follow-up among working cohabiting parents. The second aim was to explore associations between different combinations of occupational balance, and work and life satisfaction at follow-up.

Method: A sample of 139 cohabiting parents responded to a questionnaire. Cohabiting parents can experience their occupational balance differently, and in the present study their experiences were divided into high and low after the median. The parents’ balance was then combined in terms of high-high, high-low and low-low. Associations between childcare, domestic work, work and life satisfaction, and combined occupational balance were analysed with multinomial logistic regression analyses.

Results: Satisfaction with the division of domestic work predicted a high-high occupational balance in parent couples. Associations were found between high-high as well as high-low combined occupational balance and life satisfaction, and between high-high occupational balance and work satisfaction.

Conclusions: It seems important for both parents in a couple to experience satisfaction with the division of domestic work to experience high occupational balance as well as work and life satisfaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Childcare, cohabiting couples, domestic work, work-life balance, article, child care, cohabiting person, controlled study, follow up, human, human experiment, job satisfaction, life satisfaction, questionnaire, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43342 (URN)10.1177/1403494819828870 (DOI)000466373100011 ()30813858 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85062466930 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-15 Created: 2019-03-15 Last updated: 2019-05-29
Uhrmann, L., Hovengen, I., Wagman, P., Håkansson, C. & Bonsaksen, T. (2019). The Norwegian Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-N)–development and pilot study. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 26(7), 546-551
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Norwegian Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-N)–development and pilot study
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2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 26, no 7, p. 546-551Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The concept occupational balance has been linked with health and well-being, and it is therefore viewed as an important concept for occupational therapy practice, theory and research. To operationalize and measure occupational balance, the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) was developed in Sweden. To date, no Norwegian translations of the OBQ exists.

Aim: To describe the process of developing a Norwegian version of the 11-items Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-N) and to evaluate its feasibility and face validity.

Methods: The development process followed a predetermined series of steps, including forward and back translation and cognitive interviews with a pilot sample.

Results: The pilot study sample (n = 8) varied with respect to age, gender and education level. There was high level of agreement between the participants with regard to their understanding of the content of the items. Three of the items were slightly modified in terms of words and phrasing.

Conclusion: The OBQ11-N was developed according to established translation guidelines and appears to be feasible and have good face validity.

Significance: The OBQ11-N may prove useful for assessing occupational balance and associated factors in Norwegian population groups. However, more research is needed to establish the Norwegian version of the questionnaire as psychometrically valid. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Assessment, instrument development, occupational balance, occupational therapy, translation, adult, article, clinical article, education, face validity, feasibility study, female, gender, human, human experiment, interview, male, Norwegian (citizen), pilot study, practice guideline, questionnaire
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42337 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2018.1523458 (DOI)000466812000008 ()30422027 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85057553748 (Scopus ID);HHJADULTIS (Local ID);HHJADULTIS (Archive number);HHJADULTIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2019-05-29Bibliographically approved
Håkansson, C. & Wagman, P. (2018). Aktivitetsbalans : ett fokus för hälsofrämjande arbetsterapi (2:a uppl.ed.). In: Ulla Kroksmark (Ed.), Hälsa och aktivitet i vardagen: ur ett arbetsterapeutiskt perspektiv. Nacka: Förbundet Sveriges Arbetsterapeuter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Aktivitetsbalans : ett fokus för hälsofrämjande arbetsterapi
2018 (Swedish)In: Hälsa och aktivitet i vardagen: ur ett arbetsterapeutiskt perspektiv / [ed] Ulla Kroksmark, Nacka: Förbundet Sveriges Arbetsterapeuter , 2018, 2:a uppl.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nacka: Förbundet Sveriges Arbetsterapeuter, 2018 Edition: 2:a uppl.
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41599 (URN)
Available from: 2018-09-26 Created: 2018-09-26 Last updated: 2018-09-26Bibliographically approved
Ottenvall Hammar, I. & Håkansson, C. (2013). The importance for daily occupations of perceiving good health: Perceptions among women with rheumatic diseases. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 20(2), 82-92
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The importance for daily occupations of perceiving good health: Perceptions among women with rheumatic diseases
2013 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 82-92Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this phenomenographic study was to identify and characterise what women with the diagnoses Rheumatoid Arthritis and Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis consider important in the occupational performance of daily occupations to experience health regardless of their disease. Nine women, 42-65 years old participated in the study. By using a phenomenographic method with semi-structured questions the main category “Being able to be as active as possible in daily occupations” emerged. It was important for the participants to perform personally meaningful occupations to experience health. The participants found it especially important to be able to perform self-care and homemaking. The participants could experience health despite suffering from a chronic disease by using assistive devices, adjusting their daily occupations according to their level of physical function and strength and getting support from other individuals. By having access to a variety of treatments the participants could maintain or increase their level och performance of daily occupations. Though being deficient in physical function, the participants were able to achieve maximum of occupational performance by adjusting the occupation component and the environment component.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2013
Keywords
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, meaningful occupation, occupational performance, occupational therapy, rheumatoid arthritis
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-13774 (URN)10.3109/11038128.2012.699978 (DOI)000315357700002 ()22784433 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84874354258 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2010-11-11 Created: 2010-11-11 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved
Argentzell, E., Håkansson, C. & Eklund, M. (2012). Experience of meaning in everyday occupations among unemployed people with severe mental illness. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 19(1), 49-58
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experience of meaning in everyday occupations among unemployed people with severe mental illness
2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 49-58Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. Knowledge about how people with severe mental illness find meaning in non-work occupations is important in order to develop programmes of meaningful daily occupations for this group.

Purpose. To examine the meaning daily occupations may bring to those who are severely mentally ill and unemployed.

Methods. Twelve unemployed people with severe mental illness were interviewed regarding their experience of meaning in daily occupations.

Findings. Meaning was experienced in a balance between occupations that helped the informants control their mental illness. Themes of meaning were: feeling competent and being socially engaged, having routines and being productive, being creative and seeking knowledge, and taking care of body and mind. Substitutes for paid work were found in occupations such as taking care of the household or being productive at a day centre.

Implications. People with severe mental illness should be allowed to play an active role in their rehabilitation process, using the occupational therapist for forming daily routines, creating a balance between work-like and restful occupations, finding occupations that meet one’s skills and training social behaviour. Besides, work-related occupations should be emphasized in the rehabilitation.

Keywords
occupational value, occupational meaning, mental health
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-9689 (URN)10.3109/11038128.2010.540038 (DOI)000298295700008 ()21171830 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2010-01-22 Created: 2009-07-07 Last updated: 2018-09-14Bibliographically approved
Sandqvist, G., Hesselstrand, R., Scheja, A. & Håkansson, C. (2012). Managing work life with systemic sclerosis. Rheumatology, 51(2), 319-323
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing work life with systemic sclerosis
2012 (English)In: Rheumatology, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 319-323Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. To explore how individuals with systemic sclerosis (SSc) manage their work life.

Methods. We conducted four focus group interviews which included 17 patients. The interviews were tape recorded and transcribed verbatim. The transcribed texts were analysed according to thematic content analysis. Relevant statements, that generated preliminary categories, were identified after which, themes and underlying sub-themes were generated.

 Results. Four themes emerged:  adaptation, strategy, communication and attitude. Flexible working hours, workplace and work assignments corresponding to the individuals’ recourses, were the most important adaptation requirements for SSc patients. Reluctance to disclose their illness was the most prominent reason for not requesting adaptations. Strategies to facilitate working at home, such as receiving assistance with household chores as well as buying in cleaning services were easy to realize and saved energy for meaningful activities. The participants tried to prioritize meaningful activities rather than spending energy on unnecessary activities both at work and outside of work. Fatigue influenced activities at work but mostly outside of work and to manage their working life the participants were dependent of having time for recovery, above all rest.

Conclusion. The ability to develop adaptations and strategies, to a great extent, depends on the individual’s understanding and acceptance of their disease, awareness and respect for their own needs for meaningful activities and an ability to communicate this at work and outside of work. As health professionals we should enhance the confidence of persons with SSc to strengthen their ability to bring about the necessary dialogue.

Keywords
work, systemic sclerosis, adaptation, workplace, daily life activities
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-13777 (URN)10.1093/rheumatology/ker324 (DOI)000299415600018 ()
Available from: 2010-11-12 Created: 2010-11-12 Last updated: 2018-09-14Bibliographically approved
Wagman, P., Björklund, A. & Håkansson, C. (2012). Occupational balance as used in occupational therapy: A concept analysis. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 19(4), 322-327
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational balance as used in occupational therapy: A concept analysis
2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 322-327Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Occupational balance is a frequently used concept in occupational therapy, but it is complex and differences in content exist. Further knowledge would be valuable for scholars, practitioners, and measurement development. Concept analysis is a way to clarify concepts. The present concept analysis used Walker and Avant's procedure for analysing the concept of occupational balance, with 43 articles included in the analysis. The results showed that occupational balance can be defined as the individual's perception of having the right amount of occupations and the right variation between occupations. Three perspectives of occupational balance were identified: in relation to occupational areas, in relation to occupations with different characteristics, and in relation to time use. The knowledge gained may guide the use of the concept, and some suggestions are made for its use and for further research.

Keywords
concept analysis, concept development, occupational balance
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-14696 (URN)10.3109/11038128.2011.596219 (DOI)000305704400003 ()21780985 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84862886958 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2011-02-24 Created: 2011-02-24 Last updated: 2018-10-22Bibliographically approved
Wagman, P., Håkansson, C., Matuska, K., Björklund, A. & Falkmer, T. (2012). Validating the model of lifestyle balance on a working Swedish population. Journal of Occupational Science, 19(2), 106-114
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Validating the model of lifestyle balance on a working Swedish population
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2012 (English)In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 106-114Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An analysis of data from a previously conducted grounded theory study exploring perceptions of life balance among 19 working adults without recent long term sick leave was carried out. The aim of this secondary analysis was to use these perceptions of life balance to validate the Model of Lifestyle Balance proposed by Matuska and Christiansen. For the validation, a matrix was used. The results showed that Matuska and Christiansen's five need-based dimensions were represented by the participants’ perceptions of life balance, but also an additional aspect not included in the model. The participants stressed healthy habits in relation to sleep, exercise and eating, and good relationships as important for life balance. Furthermore, it was described as important to perceive sufficient challenge and meaningfulness in their occupations and to organize time and energy. Finally, the participants stressed financial security as important for life balance. These findings provide additional evidence of the validity of the Model of Lifestyle Balance, a model that appears to be useful in occupational science.

Keywords
Everyday life, Health promotion, Occupational balance, Qualitative methods, Well-being
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-13610 (URN)10.1080/14427591.2011.575760 (DOI)2-s2.0-84860364656 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2010-10-23 Created: 2010-10-23 Last updated: 2018-10-22Bibliographically approved
Wagman, P., Håkansson, C., Jacobsson, C., Falkmer, T. & Björklund, A. (2012). What is considered important for life balance? Similarities and differences among some working adults. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 19(4), 377-384
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What is considered important for life balance? Similarities and differences among some working adults
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2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 377-384Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Life balance seems subjective, health related, and multidimensional. However, the concept is complex. Exploring what people themselves consider more or less important for their life balance and whether this differs between people would develop new knowledge. Q methodology was chosen for the present study, in which 32 working men and women without recent long-term sick leave participated. They sorted 42 statements regarding life balance according to their importance for each participant's life balance. The analysis resulted in four different viewpoints concerning life balance. All four viewpoints considered good relationships with those closest to them, as well as knowing that these people were doing well, as important. Each viewpoint also showed a unique orientation towards what was considered important for life balance: occupational balance (viewpoint 1), self-actualization (viewpoint 2), self-awareness (viewpoint 3), and reciprocal relationships (viewpoint 4). The results. showed support for life balance as being a subjective, multidimensional, and health-related phenomenon. The results demonstrated the importance of relationships for life balance and heterogeneity in what people considered important for their own life balance.

Keywords
Q methodology, self-reported health, subjectivity, Sweden, Western socio cultural perspective
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-14697 (URN)10.3109/11038128.2011.645552 (DOI)000305704400009 ()22250769 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84862839435 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2011-02-24 Created: 2011-02-24 Last updated: 2018-08-30Bibliographically approved
Håkansson, C., Björkelund, C. & Eklund, M. (2011). Associations between women's subjective perceptions of daily occupations and life satisfaction, and the role of perceived control. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 58(6), 397-404
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Associations between women's subjective perceptions of daily occupations and life satisfaction, and the role of perceived control
2011 (English)In: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, ISSN 0045-0766, E-ISSN 1440-1630, Vol. 58, no 6, p. 397-404Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND/AIM:

More knowledge is needed about the role of perceived control in the associations between different perceptions of daily occupations and positive health outcomes. The aim was to explore the associations between different subjective perceptions of daily occupations, in terms of occupational balance, occupational meaning, occupational value and satisfaction with occupations, and life satisfaction, and the role of perceived control in those associations.

METHODS:

A questionnaire including questions about perceptions of daily occupations, perceived control and life satisfaction were answered by a random sample of 488 middle-aged Swedish women. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to test the associations between perceptions of daily occupations and life satisfaction, and the role of perceived control.

RESULTS:

After adjustments for perceived control women who perceived a high level of satisfaction with work and leisure, occupational balance, occupational meaning and occupational value perceived greater life satisfaction than the other women. Perceived control was not significant in the model.

CONCLUSIONS:

It seems that occupational balance and occupational meaning were pivotal for the women's life satisfaction, but satisfaction with work and leisure, as well as perceived occupational value, was also of importance. The assumption that perceived control would have a role in the association between perceptions of occupations and life satisfaction was not confirmed.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY:

The results indicate that occupational therapists need to focus on occupational balance, occupational meaning, occupational value and satisfaction with work and leisure to promote positive health outcomes, in terms of life satisfaction, when working with middle-aged female clients.

National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-16057 (URN)10.1111/j.1440-1630.2011.00976.x (DOI)
Available from: 2011-09-15 Created: 2011-09-15 Last updated: 2018-12-18Bibliographically approved
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