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Magnusson, Tomas
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 10) Show all publications
Gnauck, M., Magnusson, T. & Ekberg, E. (2017). Knowledge and competence in temporomandibular disorders among Swedish general dental practitioners and dental hygienists. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 75(6), 429-436
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowledge and competence in temporomandibular disorders among Swedish general dental practitioners and dental hygienists
2017 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, Vol. 75, no 6, p. 429-436Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to investigate knowledge and competence in temporomandibular disorders (TMD) among dentists and dental hygienists working in the public dental service (PDS) in Sweden.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The study population comprised all general dentists (n = 110) and dental hygienists (n = 80) working in the PDS in two Swedish counties: Kronoberg (K) and Blekinge (B). The participants filled out a questionnaire comprised of 15 questions.

RESULTS:

The results of these questions are presented. The overall response rate for the general dentists was 87%, while the rate for the dental hygienists was 71%. Statistically significant differences between the general dentists in the two counties were found regarding the following: education in the field of TMD over the last 5 years (K: 37%, B: 73%), evaluation of occlusion when examining patients with suspected TMD ('always': K: 61%, B: 82%), and a desire for consultation of the OFP (orofacial pain)/TMD specialist by telephone (K: 71%, B: 44%). Regarding the dental hygienists, there was a statistically significant difference concerning the use of the treatment modality 'reassurance' (K: 41%, B: 7%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The majority of the dental care providers in both counties - irrespective of professional category - had a positive attitude towards patients with TMD. Knowledge and competence in the field are sparse and require postgraduate education. There is a great need of an OFP/TMD specialist for more complicated patients and a need to implement updated knowledge and competence in the PDS in these two counties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Orofacial pain; competencies; knowledge; specialist; temporomandibular joint disorder
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-36046 (URN)10.1080/00016357.2017.1331373 (DOI)000405394200007 ()28554268 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85019766822 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-06-13 Created: 2017-06-13 Last updated: 2017-09-13Bibliographically approved
Magnusson, C., Nilsson, M. & Magnusson, T. (2012). Degenerative changes of the temporomandibular joint. Relationship to ethnicity, sex and occlusal supporting zones based on a skull material. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 70(3), 207-212
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Degenerative changes of the temporomandibular joint. Relationship to ethnicity, sex and occlusal supporting zones based on a skull material
2012 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 70, no 3, p. 207-212Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. The first aim of this study was to examine a contemporary human skull material for possible ethnic differences in respect of degenerative changes in the temporomandibular joints (TMJs). A second aim was to see if there was any correlation between such changes and occlusal support in any of the two groups and, if so, if this correlation was sex-related. Materials and methods: The material consisted of 129 Caucasian skulls and 76 skulls from Afro-Americans. Ninety-four of the Caucasian skulls came from males (73%) and the corresponding figure for the Afro-Americans was 40 (53%). Their mean age at death was 46 years (range: 19–89 years) and 37 years (range: 18–70 years), respectively. Results. Dental status was in general poor and 13% of the Afro-Americans and 26% of the Caucasians were edentulous. Form and surface changes of the TMJs were more common in the present material compared to most previous studies. No differences could be found between the two ethnic groups in respect of degenerative joint changes in the TMJs. In men, no correlation of clinical relevance could be found between severity of joint changes and occlusal support. However, in both Caucasian and Afro-American women, such a correlation was obvious, especially in higher age. Conclusions. The present findings give no evidence for any differences in the prevalence of degenerative changes in the TMJs in Caucasians and Afro-Americans. The strong correlation found between such changes and occlusal support in women but not in men might be explained by hormonal differences.

Keywords
ethnicity, human skulls, osteoarthrosis, TMJ
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-16984 (URN)10.3109/00016357.2011.629628 (DOI)000302916000006 ()
Available from: 2012-01-02 Created: 2012-01-02 Last updated: 2019-02-19Bibliographically approved
Magnusson, T. & Guimaraes, A. S. (2012). Is orthodontic treatment a risk factor for temporomandibular disorders?. Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics, 17(2), 97-103
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is orthodontic treatment a risk factor for temporomandibular disorders?
2012 (English)In: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics, ISSN 2176-9451, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 97-103Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: The possibility that orthodontic treatment in childhood might be a risk factor for the development of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) later in life has been an issue of great controversy in dental literature.

OBJECTIVE: To determine a possible negative or positive correlation between orthodontic treatment and TMD by presenting the results and conclusions from a number of key-papers dealing with this subject.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: According to current knowledge, there is no scientific evidence to support that orthodontic treatment is a risk factor for the development of TMD. On the other hand, there is some evidence to support that a proper orthodontic treatment performed in childhood might have a positive effect upon the functional status of the masticatory system later in life.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-19153 (URN)10.1590/S2176-94512012000200018 (DOI)HHJÖvrigtIS (Local ID)HHJÖvrigtIS (Archive number)HHJÖvrigtIS (OAI)
Available from: 2012-08-13 Created: 2012-08-13 Last updated: 2015-10-14Bibliographically approved
Anastassaki Köhler, A., Hugoson, A. & Magnusson, T. (2012). Prevalence of symptoms indicative of temporomandibular disorders in adults: cross-sectional epidemiological investigations covering two decades. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 70(3), 213-223
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prevalence of symptoms indicative of temporomandibular disorders in adults: cross-sectional epidemiological investigations covering two decades
2012 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 70, no 3, p. 213-223Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives. The aims were (1) to study possible secular trends in the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms in adults and (2) to analyse possible associations between TMD symptoms and background factors. Materials and methods. The investigation has a repeated cross-sectional design. Three independent, randomly selected samples of 100 individuals in the age groups of 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 and 70 years, a total of 1704 subjects, participated in the Jönköping studies in 1983, 1993 and 2003. All the subjects were evaluated using a questionnaire and a structured interview relating to the presence of TMD symptoms. Associations between symptoms and the Anamnestic Dysfunction Index (Ai) as dependent variables and each of the independent variables, age group, gender, reported bruxism, trauma (1983), self-perceived health impairment and the year of investigation were analysed in binary logistic regression models. Results. The prevalence of the separate symptoms, apart from for TMJ clicking, did not vary to any statistically significant degree between the different examination years. However, the prevalence of recurrent headache in 20-year-old subjects rose remarkably in 2003 and an increase in the Ai I and Ai II for the whole population was observed during the 20-year period. Reported bruxism, which increased during the study period, and self-perceived health impairment were associated with most of the TMD symptoms and the Ai. Conclusions. An increase in the prevalence of TMD symptoms expressed as Anamnestic Dysfunction Index I and II has been noted over a 20-year period.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-16986 (URN)10.3109/00016357.2011.634832 (DOI)22126531 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2012-01-02 Created: 2012-01-02 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
Magnusson, C. & Magnusson, T. (2012). Size and form of the human temporomandibular joint in African-Americans and Caucasians. Cranio, 30(2), 110-113
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Size and form of the human temporomandibular joint in African-Americans and Caucasians
2012 (English)In: Cranio, ISSN 0886-9634, E-ISSN 2151-0903, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 110-113Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine contemporary human skull material for possible differences between Caucasians and African-Americans in respect to size and form of the temporomandibular condyles. The material consisted of a total of 129 Caucasian skulls (94 males and 35 females) and 76 African-American skulls (40 males and 36 females). Their mean age at death was 46 years for the Caucasians (range: 19-89 years) and 37 years for the African-Americans (range: 18-70 years). The mediolateral and anteroposterior dimensions of the 410 condyles were measured, and the condylar form was estimated using both anterior and superior views. No statistically significant differences could be found between Caucasians and African-Americans for any of the recorded variables. In conclusion, the present results lend no support for the existence of ethnic differences between the two groups examined in respect of temporomandibular joint size and form. It is likely that other factors such as evolution, overall cranial size, dietary differences, and genetic factors, irrespective of ethnicity, can explain the differences found in different skull samples.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-17993 (URN)000302586800008 ()22606854 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2012-04-26 Created: 2012-04-26 Last updated: 2019-02-19Bibliographically approved
Lindfors, E., Helkimo, M. & Magnusson, T. (2011). Patients' adherence to hard acrylic interocclusal appliance treatment in general dental practice in Sweden. Swedish Dental Journal, 35(3), 133-142
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patients' adherence to hard acrylic interocclusal appliance treatment in general dental practice in Sweden
2011 (English)In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 133-142Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aims of the present study were to investigate patient adherence to treatment with hard acrylic interocclusal appliance in general dentistry in Sweden and to see if some general factors could predict patient adherence or non-adherence. During the period January - May 2009 a postal questionnaire was sent to all adult patients (≥20 years of age) that had received a hard acrylic interocclusal appliance from the public dental health service in the County of Uppsala during 2007 (n=388). The same questionnaire was also sent to all adult patients that had received a hard acrylic interocclusal appliance at a specialist clinic during the same year (n=69). The response rate in general dental practice was 71 % and at the specialist clinic the response rate was 91 %. In general dental practice, 97 % of the hard acrylic interocclusal appliances were stabilisation appliances. At the specialist clinic other types of interocclusal appliances was used to a greater extent. A vast majority of patients in both general dental practice and at the specialist clinic experienced that the interocclusal appliance had a positive treatment effect. In general dental practice, 73% of the patients still used their interocclusal appliances 1 1/2-2 years after they had received them. The corresponding figure at the specialist clinic was 54%. The main reasons for not using the interocclusal appliance, besides disappearance/reduction of TMD symptoms, were different kinds of comfort problems. From the results of this study it is concluded that the patient adherence to hard acrylic stabilisation appliances made in general dental practice in Sweden is good. It can also be concluded that a perceived good treatment effect, as well as treatment of more long-term conditions, predicted a better patient adherence to hard acrylic stabilisation appliances. More studies concerning factors affecting patient adherence in TMD therapy are warranted.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-16696 (URN)000297003100004 ()
Available from: 2011-11-14 Created: 2011-11-14 Last updated: 2019-02-19Bibliographically approved
Göthe-Mundt, A., Helkimo, M. & Magnusson, T. (2011). Sleeping position and reported quality of sleep: A comparison between subjects demanding treatment for temporomandibular disorders and controls. Swedish Dental Journal, 35(4), 187-193
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sleeping position and reported quality of sleep: A comparison between subjects demanding treatment for temporomandibular disorders and controls
2011 (English)In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 187-193Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-16987 (URN)000299908400003 ()
Available from: 2012-01-02 Created: 2012-01-02 Last updated: 2019-02-19Bibliographically approved
Rosa, V., Yasuda, M. Y., Guimares, A., Magnusson, C. & Magnusson, T. (2010). Correlation between macroscopic findings and CT images in human temporomandibular joints.. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 38, 14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Correlation between macroscopic findings and CT images in human temporomandibular joints.
Show others...
2010 (English)In: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, ISSN 0305-182X, E-ISSN 1365-2842, Vol. 38, p. 14-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-13915 (URN)
Available from: 2010-12-09 Created: 2010-12-09 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, G. & Magnusson, T. (2001). Starke progressive Abnutzung der Zahnhartsubstanz. Ein Fallbeispiel zur Behandlung temporomandibulärer Funktionsstörunen in der Praxis. Die Quintessenz, 52, 169-170
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Starke progressive Abnutzung der Zahnhartsubstanz. Ein Fallbeispiel zur Behandlung temporomandibulärer Funktionsstörunen in der Praxis
2001 (German)In: Die Quintessenz, ISSN 0033-6580, Vol. 52, p. 169-170Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-13715 (URN)
Available from: 2010-11-05 Created: 2010-11-05 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, G. & Magnusson, T. (2000). Management of Temporomandibular Disorders in the General Practice. Quintessence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Management of Temporomandibular Disorders in the General Practice
2000 (English)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Quintessence, 2000. p. 192
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-13732 (URN)
Available from: 2010-11-08 Created: 2010-11-08Bibliographically approved
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