Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 43) Show all publications
Heshmati, A. & Nilsson, P. (Eds.). (2019). Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries. Singapore: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries
2019 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This book addresses poverty and well-being, equity, and efficiency in selected African countries. The chapters focus on three main topics: studies in the measurement and analysis of wellbeing and vulnerability to poverty, women's empowerment, and the dynamics and determinants of income and efficiency among smallholders. The chapters in the first section examine poverty, well-being, and vulnerability to poverty, as well as social exclusion, with a focus on households in Ethiopia, Rwanda, and Tanzania. They highlight the need to consider multidimensional measures of well-being and vulnerability to poverty, the need to address the distribution of vulnerability across different segments of the population, as well as the importance of developing public policies aimed at poverty reduction and promoting the well-being of the poor. The next section deals with issues related to women’s empowerment, including a multidimensional case study of women’s empowerment in Ghana and women’s access to microfinance services in Ethiopia. The final section focuses on dynamics and determinants of income and efficiency among farm households in Ethiopia and Uganda.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: Springer, 2019
Series
Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being, ISSN 2364-107X
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42429 (URN)978-3-030-11419-0 (ISBN)978-3-030-11418-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-04 Created: 2019-01-04 Last updated: 2019-01-04Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, P., Backman, M., Bjerke, L. & Maniriho, A. (2019). One cow per poor family: Effects on the growth of consumption and crop production. World Development, 114, 1-12
Open this publication in new window or tab >>One cow per poor family: Effects on the growth of consumption and crop production
2019 (English)In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 114, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study estimates the effects of the one cow policy on per capita consumption and the value of per hectare crop production in Rwanda using a random sample of households observed twice (2010 and 2014). A model that accounts for heterogeneity across households and the selection bias and placement effect associated with the policy is estimated. Findings show that receiving a cow has a positive effect on crop production indicating that the cattle has enabled households to become more productive on the farm. Results point to the importance of household's knowledge and experience of rearing livestock for the outcome of receiving a cow.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
CEM, Consumption, Crop production, Girinka, Rwanda, Bos
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41827 (URN)10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.09.024 (DOI)000453497900001 ()2-s2.0-85054236038 (Scopus ID)IHHCEnSEIS (Local ID)IHHCEnSEIS (Archive number)IHHCEnSEIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-10-12 Created: 2018-10-12 Last updated: 2019-01-04Bibliographically approved
Maniriho, A. & Nilsson, P. (2018). Determinants of livelihood diversification among Rwandan households: The role of education, ICT and urbanization. In: A. Heshmati (Ed.), Rwanda Handbook of Economic and Social Policy: Volume 1 (pp. 377-395). Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determinants of livelihood diversification among Rwandan households: The role of education, ICT and urbanization
2018 (English)In: Rwanda Handbook of Economic and Social Policy: Volume 1 / [ed] A. Heshmati, Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School , 2018, p. 377-395Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Rural households in many different contexts have been found to diversify their income sources allowing them to spread their risks and to smoothen consumption. Generating diversified incomes for a majority of the rural poor is an essential component of a successful rural development strategy. This paper identifies the determinants of income diversification among Rwandan households using unique panel data obtained from the Integrated Households Living Conditions Surveys of 2011 and 2014. It applies a binary logit panel model to a representative sample of 3,839 households across Rwanda controlling for latent household specific factors. It also conducts a Hausman test the results of which show that the random effect estimates were more efficient than fixed effect estimates (Chi2=20.73 and Prob>Chi2=0.1891). The results reveal that education, access to ICT and urban areas were among the most important factors that influenced livelihood diversification given that p <0.05. We also found that other measures of household specific factors were important (for example, the age and gender of the household head along with asset endowments). From these results, it is recommended that professional training, internet access through phones and wireless and urbanization should be enhanced so as to enable households to diversify their sources of income and thus improve food security for their family members.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, 2018
Series
JIBS Research Reports, ISSN 1403-0462 ; 2017-2
Keywords
Non-farm income, livelihood diversification, random effects logistic regression, Rwanda
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38518 (URN)978-91-86345-78-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-01-15 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved
Heshmati, A., Rashidghalam, M. & Nilsson, P. (2018). Measurement and analysis of multidimensional well-being in Rwanda. In: A. Heshmati (Ed.), Rwanda Handbook of Economic and Social Policy: Volume 1 (pp. 291-325). Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measurement and analysis of multidimensional well-being in Rwanda
2018 (English)In: Rwanda Handbook of Economic and Social Policy: Volume 1 / [ed] A. Heshmati, Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School , 2018, p. 291-325Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The well-being of families and their children is given high priority in development goals. Children’s well-being in Africa is important since the growing number of children is the greatest resource of this continent. Rwanda was one of the first countries that ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The country, despite its very low GDP per capita, also has one of the best child well-being indicators in Africa. In the recent past the country has also had two important achievements: protection of children by establishing the National Commission for Children and launching a Strategy for National Child Care Reform. The measures aim to protect children’s rights and integrate children into families that are supported to provide needed care to them. These achievements are largely the result of strong laws and policies many of which have been developed with support from UNICEF. Investments in children’s well-being will help in addressing many persistent difficulties that society may have to face in the future. What happens during the early years is of crucial importance for every child’s development. This period offers great opportunities, but children are also vulnerable to negative influences. The objective of this research is to estimate multidimensional well-being of children and their families in Rwanda. The aim is to compute an overall well-being index decomposed into its underlying main components. The households are ranked by the level of well-being and by various household and community characteristics. The results shed light on the state and changes in the well-being of children and their families in Rwanda indicating which provinces and districts offer relatively better conditions for them. This can serve as a model for public policies aimed at improving general well-being in the country.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, 2018
Series
JIBS Research Reports, ISSN 1403-0462 ; 2017-2
Keywords
Well-being; multidimensional index; sustainable development; Rwanda
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38517 (URN)978-91-86345-78-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-01-15 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved
Johansson, M., Nilsson, P. & Westlund, H. (2018). Migration and ageing in expanding and shrinking European Regions. In: R. R. Stough, K. Kourtit, P. Nijkamp, & U. Blien (Ed.), Modelling aging and migration effects on spatial labor markets: (pp. 107-131). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Migration and ageing in expanding and shrinking European Regions
2018 (English)In: Modelling aging and migration effects on spatial labor markets / [ed] R. R. Stough, K. Kourtit, P. Nijkamp, & U. Blien, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 107-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Europe is in a phase of vast transition regarded both from a demographic and economic-structural point of view. Studies have shown that demographic development differs a lot when comparing urban regions with more sparsely populated peripheral regions. These diverging patterns are shown to be especially strong in the northern and eastern parts of Europe where a redistribution of people contributes to a concentration process to the metropolitan or big city areas as well as to shrinkage and depopulating of rural and peripheral areas. This paper empirically addresses these differing demographic development paths by analyzing the influence of key underlying demographic factors on population change across European regions. For the stated purpose the paper applies typologies based on both economic and demographic structure and a cross-regional regression model. The economic-structural typology developed within the ESPON/EDORA-project is used to describe and analyze economic-structural factors and a typology based on demographic characteristics that classify regions as either shrinking or expanding in terms of population is used in the empirical assessment. Findings indicate that age structure is of importance with regard to population changes and there exists an east-west divide between the growing west and declining east where the declining sectors are more frequent. It is also shown that large and densely populated regions have better preconditions for growth and fewer risks for shrinking than small and sparsely populated ones. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018
Series
Advances in Spatial Science, ISSN 1430-9602, E-ISSN 2197-9375
Keywords
Ageing, Density and size-effects, East-west divide, Economic-structural factors, Human capital, Migration, Shrinkage, Typologies
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42437 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-68563-2_7 (DOI)2-s2.0-85059031922 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-68562-5 (ISBN)978-3-319-68563-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, P. (2018). Spatial spillovers and households’ involvement in the non-farm sector: evidence from rural Rwanda. Regional studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Spatial spillovers and households’ involvement in the non-farm sector: evidence from rural Rwanda
2018 (English)In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper tests for external effects of local economic activity on non-farm income using survey data from Rwanda. The empirical analysis uses a random sample of 8071 households and a multilevel model to mitigate correlations between individual outcomes and geographical variables. Findings show a positive association between a higher initial local diversity of economic activity and non-farm earnings. Results also point to the importance of access to markets and services indicating that an important part of a household’s capacity to earn non-farm income is associated with factors that are external to the household.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
industry diversity, multilevel, non-farm, Rwanda, spatial spillovers
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41264 (URN)10.1080/00343404.2018.1482415 (DOI)XYZ ()2-s2.0-85049659721 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-08-28 Created: 2018-08-28 Last updated: 2018-08-28
Backman, M. & Nilsson, P. (2018). The role of cultural heritage in attracting skilled individuals. Journal of Cultural Economics, 42(1), 111-138
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of cultural heritage in attracting skilled individuals
2018 (English)In: Journal of Cultural Economics, ISSN 0885-2545, E-ISSN 1573-6997, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 111-138Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to examine the role played by built heritages and cultural environments, alongside other locational factors, in explaining the growth of human capital in Sweden. We distinguish between urban, natural and cultural qualities as different sources of regional attractiveness and estimate their influence on the observed growth of individuals with at least three years of higher education during 2001–2010. Neighborhood-level data are used, and unobserved heterogeneity and spatial dependencies are modeled by employing random effects estimations and an instrumental variable approach. Our findings indicate that the local supply of built heritages and cultural environments explain a significant part of human capital growth in Sweden. Results suggest that these types of cultural heritages are important place-based resources with a potential to contribute to improved regional attractiveness and growth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Built heritages, Human capital, Regional growth, Multilevel
National Category
Economics Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34099 (URN)10.1007/s10824-016-9289-2 (DOI)000423143100007 ()2-s2.0-84997218159 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-11-28 Created: 2016-11-28 Last updated: 2018-02-13Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, P. (2018). The role of land use consolidation in improving crop yields among farm households in Rwanda. Journal of Development Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of land use consolidation in improving crop yields among farm households in Rwanda
2018 (English)In: Journal of Development Studies, ISSN 0022-0388, E-ISSN 1743-9140Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Relative to other developing regions, the role of land consolidation in increasing crop yields is poorly understood in sub-Saharan Africa. This paper examines the role of land use consolidation on agricultural productivity among smallholder farmers in Rwanda. Household-level data are used to estimate a fixed-effects model with matched control groups to mitigate selection bias. The study finds a positive association between land use consolidation and crop yields, but only among farm households with landholdings greater than one hectare, which is well above the average farm size in Rwanda. Findings also point to the importance of non-organic fertilisers and irrigation as there appear to be significant benefits associated with further increases in their use among the consolidated farms. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41758 (URN)10.1080/00220388.2018.1520217 (DOI)2-s2.0-85053522390 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-10-03 Created: 2018-10-03 Last updated: 2018-11-01
Nilsson, P. (2017). Are valuations of place-based amenities driven by scale?. Housing Studies, 32(4), 449-469
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are valuations of place-based amenities driven by scale?
2017 (English)In: Housing Studies, ISSN 0267-3037, E-ISSN 1466-1810, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 449-469Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Amenities play an important role in explaining regional attractiveness as they increase the competition between places and the demand for housing. This paper contributes to the literature on valuations of place-based amenities by estimating hedonic prices for a differentiated set of amenities, and by examining the link between urban density and amenity valuations. The empirical analysis is based on a sample of 8319 single-family home sales observed during the period 2001–2011. Results show that amenities are valued differently depending on their size, the relationship between size and distance and neighbourhood characteristics. Differentiating among a set of nature- and culture based amenities shows that it is profoundly the value of proximity to open space that vary with neighbourhood density. Results are robust when testing for non-constant implicit prices over different time periods and novel to the literature on valuation of open spaces using the hedonic price model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Hedonic pricing, place-based amenities, spatial and temporal heterogeneity
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-32275 (URN)10.1080/02673037.2016.1219330 (DOI)000398538500004 ()2-s2.0-84983528086 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-11-15 Created: 2016-11-15 Last updated: 2017-07-12Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, P. (2017). Assessing the role of land use consolidation for consumption growth in Rwanda. Stockholm: The Royal Institute of technology, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing the role of land use consolidation for consumption growth in Rwanda
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper studies the effects of land use consolidation on consumption growth of farm households in Rwanda. Data on 1 920 households, observed in two time periods, are used to estimate a first-differenced model using an instrumental variables estimator, which allow the analysis to account for selection bias and placement effects. Results show no significant effect of land use consolidation on consumption growth and the results are robust to changes in model specification and estimation method. Rather, the results point to the importance of factors such as education, rural infrastructure and market linkages in the consumption growth process. These results highlight the need to consider that alternative public investments, that reduce households’ transaction costs, may be better able to target rural farmers that operate under conditions such as land scarcity, high population pressure and high risk linked to rapidly changing climate conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: The Royal Institute of technology, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS), 2017. p. 23
Series
CESIS Electronic Working Paper Series ; 455
Keywords
land consolidation; consumption; Rwanda; first-difference
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38492 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-13 Created: 2018-01-13 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5664-3115

Search in DiVA

Show all publications