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Publications (10 of 52) Show all publications
Wixe, S., Nilsson, P., Naldi, L. & Westlund, H. (2023). The role of collaboration and external knowledge for innovation in small food firms. The annals of regional science, 70, 135-155
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of collaboration and external knowledge for innovation in small food firms
2023 (English)In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 70, p. 135-155Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we use unique purpose-built survey data to show that small food firms are more innovative when externally engaged. To capture this, we apply a broad classification of innovative activities, including new products, processes, markets, organization, and distribution channels, and examine them against types of external interactions. The analysis, an ordered logit estimation, controls for heterogeneity across firms as well as geographic conditions. The results demonstrate a positive relationship between external interaction and firm innovation, though there are differences across types of external engagement and innovation activities. Product innovation benefits from knowledge from extra-regional firms, while several of the other forms of innovation show a positive relationship with support from regional and municipality boards. Additionally, firm collaboration regarding transports and sales enhances most types of innovation, but there are few relationships of benefit with research-intensive organizations. We conclude that, to be effective, innovation strategies of both the firms themselves and policymakers need to consider local context, access to intra- and extra-regional knowledge sources, and what types of innovation activities the firms are engaged in.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55088 (URN)10.1007/s00168-021-01087-6 (DOI)000715692600002 ()2-s2.0-85118651455 (Scopus ID)HOA;;777230 (Local ID)HOA;;777230 (Archive number)HOA;;777230 (OAI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2013–276
Available from: 2021-11-16 Created: 2021-11-16 Last updated: 2023-02-21Bibliographically approved
Westlund, H. & Nilsson, P. (2022). Agriculture's transformation and land-use change in a post-urban world: A case study of the Stockholm region. Journal of Rural Studies, 93, 345-358
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agriculture's transformation and land-use change in a post-urban world: A case study of the Stockholm region
2022 (English)In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 93, p. 345-358Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to address the hypotheses of complete urbanization and the post urban world with an emphasis on the agricultural sector. The paper studies spatial and temporal changes in land-use and agricultural activities in one rapidly growing metropolitan region, the Stockholm region. We explore the number and size of agricultural firms, changes in their main activity and trends of diversification and land prices for various types of land and location, all in a disaggregated spatial dimension. The results contribute to a deeper understanding of agriculture's function in metropolitan regions and shed new light on the possibilities of the agricultural sector to transform in a world where the traditional urban-rural relations are ceasing to exist.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45534 (URN)10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.07.002 (DOI)000812293300005 ()2-s2.0-85069668668 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-12 Created: 2019-08-12 Last updated: 2022-07-22Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, P. & Wixe, S. (2022). Assessing long-term effects of CAP investment support on indicators of farm performance. European Review of Agricultural Economics, 49(4), 760-795
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing long-term effects of CAP investment support on indicators of farm performance
2022 (English)In: European Review of Agricultural Economics, ISSN 0165-1587, E-ISSN 1464-3618, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 760-795Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study of Swedish farms from 2007 to 2016, we estimate the effects of investment support from the Common Agricultural Policy on indicators of farm performance, focusing on long-term effects. To isolate the impact and alleviate problems of selection bias, we employ a counterfactual empirical design using Coarsened Exact Matching and dynamic panel fixed-effects estimations. The average treatment effect on the treated estimates show a positive and significant long-term improvement of farm performance with regard to productivity and turnover. However, the results indicate significant time lags between investments and accumulated observable effects, as we find most short-term effects of the subsidy to be insignificant.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2022
Keywords
CAP investment support, farm performance, long-term effects, Sweden, Q12, Q18, D24
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55984 (URN)10.1093/erae/jbab038 (DOI)000756396900001 ()2-s2.0-85136196248 (Scopus ID)HOA;;798593 (Local ID)HOA;;798593 (Archive number)HOA;;798593 (OAI)
Available from: 2022-03-04 Created: 2022-03-04 Last updated: 2022-09-05Bibliographically approved
Naldi, L., Nilsson, P., Westlund, H. & Wixe, S. (2021). Amenities and new firm formation in rural areas. Journal of Rural Studies, 85, 32-42
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Amenities and new firm formation in rural areas
2021 (English)In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 85, p. 32-42Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Building on the neo-endogenous rural development model and the resource-based view of the firm, this paper investigates the role of place-based amenities for new firm formation. Empirically, we employ a full-population dataset encompassing new firms in Sweden from 2009 to 2016, combined with geocoded datasets with the spatial distribution of nature- and culture-based amenities. The results show that local amenities are indeed important factors in determining the rate of new firm formation. Estimating the model across urban and rural neighborhoods show that amenities are relatively more important in explaining new firm formation in rural areas as compared to urban. As such, our study contributes to the literature on diversification of the economies of rural areas by pointing at the important role that place-based amenities may play for an entrepreneurially-driven development of less developed and/or rural areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021
Keywords
Rural entrepreneurship, Amenities, Neo-endogenous development, Resource-based view, Smart specialization
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-52804 (URN)10.1016/j.jrurstud.2021.05.023 (DOI)000659788600004 ()2-s2.0-85107291739 (Scopus ID)HOA;;52804 (Local ID)HOA;;52804 (Archive number)HOA;;52804 (OAI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2013–276, 2014-01170
Available from: 2021-06-07 Created: 2021-06-07 Last updated: 2021-07-15Bibliographically approved
Westlund, H., Nilsson, P., Wixe, S. & Naldi, L. (2021). Case studies on innovation and entrepreneurship in rural areas from Sweden: Jönköping County and Jämtland County. In: A. Torre, S. Corsi, M. Steiner, F. Wallet, H. Westlund (Ed.), Smart Development for Rural Areas: (pp. 134-152). Taylor & Francis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Case studies on innovation and entrepreneurship in rural areas from Sweden: Jönköping County and Jämtland County
2021 (English)In: Smart Development for Rural Areas / [ed] A. Torre, S. Corsi, M. Steiner, F. Wallet, H. Westlund, Taylor & Francis, 2021, p. 134-152Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter aims to contribute to the research on innovation, entrepreneurship and their determinants by investigating these issues in two Swedish regions - Jonkoping County and Jamtland. Jonkoping County is representative for a rural and peri-urban area, with a central location in Sweden. Firm innovativeness is an important dimension of entrepreneurship and is regarded as playing a vital role for firm growth, including for firms located in rural areas. The ability of firms to renew themselves is becoming increasingly important from the perspective of firm survival and growth. The county has a strong entrepreneurial and small firm tradition in the manufacturing sector. The town of Gnosjo is famous for its “entrepreneurial spirit” and flexible small firms that both compete and cooperate. The county has a strong entrepreneurial and small firm tradition in manufacturing. Interesting regional differences emerge when looking at the factors that can facilitate innovation, i.e. firm size and human capital characteristics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2021
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-51103 (URN)10.4324/9780429354670-9 (DOI)2-s2.0-85096278565 (Scopus ID)9781000066999 (ISBN)9780367374792 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-12-02 Created: 2020-12-02 Last updated: 2020-12-02Bibliographically approved
Backman, M., Nilsson, P. & Nilsson, H. (2021). Karriärvägar inom partihandeln: Forskningsrapport 2021:1. Handelsrådet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Karriärvägar inom partihandeln: Forskningsrapport 2021:1
2021 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Handelsrådet, 2021. p. 49
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-54480 (URN)9789186508715 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Retail and Wholesale Development Council
Available from: 2021-09-02 Created: 2021-09-02 Last updated: 2021-09-02Bibliographically approved
Wixe, S., Naldi, L., Nilsson, P., Westlund, H., Filippi, M., Galliano, D., . . . Steiner, M. (2021). On smart business in rural areas: Entrepreneurship, innovation and their determinants. In: A. Torre, S. Corsi, M. Steiner, F. Wallet, H. Westlund (Ed.), Smart Development for Rural Areas: (pp. 31-50). Taylor & Francis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On smart business in rural areas: Entrepreneurship, innovation and their determinants
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2021 (English)In: Smart Development for Rural Areas / [ed] A. Torre, S. Corsi, M. Steiner, F. Wallet, H. Westlund, Taylor & Francis, 2021, p. 31-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The ability of firms and regions to renew themselves is becoming increasingly important from the perspective of survival and competitiveness. Renewal, technological change, or innovation is also commonly perceived as the main driver of economic growth, which implies that innovation is important from both a micro- and a macro perspective. Following Schumpeter, innovation should be regarded as a broad concept that incorporates not only new products, but also e.g. new production processes and new ways of doing business. This chapter focuses on the determinants of entrepreneurship and innovation in rural regions. The specific determinants for innovation and entrepreneurship can be broadly defined in three groups; knowledge, diversity and amenities. External knowledge in terms of collaboration with other firms and access to a diverse, but related, knowledge base provides potential determinants for innovation, as well as entrepreneurship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2021
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-51104 (URN)10.4324/9780429354670-3 (DOI)2-s2.0-85096270015 (Scopus ID)9781000066999 (ISBN)9780367374792 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-12-02 Created: 2020-12-02 Last updated: 2020-12-02Bibliographically approved
Heshmati, A. & Nilsson, P. (Eds.). (2019). Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries. Singapore: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries
2019 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This book addresses poverty and well-being, equity, and efficiency in selected African countries. The chapters focus on three main topics: studies in the measurement and analysis of wellbeing and vulnerability to poverty, women's empowerment, and the dynamics and determinants of income and efficiency among smallholders. The chapters in the first section examine poverty, well-being, and vulnerability to poverty, as well as social exclusion, with a focus on households in Ethiopia, Rwanda, and Tanzania. They highlight the need to consider multidimensional measures of well-being and vulnerability to poverty, the need to address the distribution of vulnerability across different segments of the population, as well as the importance of developing public policies aimed at poverty reduction and promoting the well-being of the poor. The next section deals with issues related to women’s empowerment, including a multidimensional case study of women’s empowerment in Ghana and women’s access to microfinance services in Ethiopia. The final section focuses on dynamics and determinants of income and efficiency among farm households in Ethiopia and Uganda.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: Springer, 2019
Series
Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being, ISSN 2364-107X
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42429 (URN)978-3-030-11419-0 (ISBN)978-3-030-11418-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-04 Created: 2019-01-04 Last updated: 2019-01-04Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, P. & Heshmati, A. (2019). Introduction and Summary. In: Pia Nilsson & Almas Heshmati (Ed.), Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries: (pp. 1-8). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction and Summary
2019 (English)In: Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries / [ed] Pia Nilsson & Almas Heshmati, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 1-8Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This volume is a collection of studies on poverty and well-being, vulnerability to poverty, women’s empowerment and smallholders’ efficiency in selected African countries. It has a collection of 12 empirical studies that have an overall focus on poverty, well-being and vulnerability to poverty and includes contributions by 19 authors. The studies aim at increasing our knowledge about the factors that influence poverty and well-being. This is important as it can help alleviate many of the persistent challenges observed across Africa. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Economic studies in inequality, social exclusion and well-being, E-ISSN 2364-107X
National Category
Economics Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44090 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-11419-0_1 (DOI)000490284900001 ()2-s2.0-85065304389 (Scopus ID)9783030114190 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-05 Created: 2019-06-05 Last updated: 2020-01-27Bibliographically approved
Heshmati, A., Rashidghalam, M. & Nilsson, P. (2019). Measurement and Analysis of Multidimensional Well-Being in Rwanda. In: Pia Nilsson & Almas Heshmati (Ed.), Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries: (pp. 37-68). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measurement and Analysis of Multidimensional Well-Being in Rwanda
2019 (English)In: Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries / [ed] Pia Nilsson & Almas Heshmati, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 37-68Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The well-being of families and their children is given high priority in development goals. Children’s well-being in Africa is important since the growing number of children is the greatest resource of this continent. Rwanda was one of the first countries that ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The country, despite its very low GDP per capita, also has one of the best child well-being indicators in Africa. In the recent past the country has also had two important achievements: protection of children by establishing the National Commission for Children and launching a Strategy for National Child Care Reform. The measures aim to protect children’s rights and integrate children into families that are supported to provide needed care to them. These achievements are largely the result of strong laws and policies many of which have been developed with support from UNICEF. Investments in children’s well-being will help in addressing many persistent difficulties that society may have to face in the future. What happens during the early years is of crucial importance for every child’s development. This period offers great opportunities, but children are also vulnerable to negative influences. The objective of this research is to estimate multidimensional well-being of children and their families in Rwanda. The aim is to compute an overall well-being index decomposed into its underlying main components. The households are ranked by the level of well-being and by various household and community characteristics. The results shed light on the state and changes in the well-being of children and their families in Rwanda indicating which provinces and districts offer relatively better conditions for them. This can serve as a model for public policies aimed at improving general well-being in the country. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Economic studies in inequality, social exclusion and well-being, E-ISSN 2364-107X
Keywords
Multidimensional index, Rwanda, Sustainable development, Well-being
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44103 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-11419-0_3 (DOI)000490284900003 ()2-s2.0-85065298093 (Scopus ID)9783030114190 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-05 Created: 2019-06-05 Last updated: 2020-01-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5664-3115

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