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Nilholm, Claes
Publications (10 of 72) Show all publications
Lindqvist, G. & Nilholm, C. (2014). Promoting inclusion? ‘Inclusive’ and effective head teachers’ descriptions of their work. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 29(1), 74-90
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Promoting inclusion? ‘Inclusive’ and effective head teachers’ descriptions of their work
2014 (English)In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 74-90Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the reported interview study from Sweden is to contribute to our understanding of how head teachers can promote inclusive practices. Five head teachers were selected from a larger sample of head teachers working in compulsory schools (6–16) according to specific criteria in order to obtain head teachers who work effectively and express inclusive values relative to a relational perspective. The interviews were semi-structured, and a thematic analysis was performed. Head teachers’ strategies were in focus. The theoretical point of departure is critical pragmatism. Overall the five head teachers reported similar strategies. The head teachers describe the importance of educational leadership through observation and participation in activities in the classrooms. They advocate flexibility in the solutions provided for students in need of special support preferring solutions carried out in the regular classroom by the class/subject teacher. Head teachers see special educational needs coordinators (SENCOs) as important partners in their work towards more inclusive practices. Head teachers express the importance of consensus among their staff. They seem to welcome government’s increasing demands and steering concerning how head teachers should manage their schools. Finally, it is discussed whether the head teachers can be said to work ‘inclusively’ and, more generally, the methodological challenges researchers must confront in studies concerning ‘inclusive’ education.

Keywords
head teachers, inclusion, successful schools, leadership, strategies, methodological challenges
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-22581 (URN)10.1080/08856257.2013.849845 (DOI)000343600000006 ()
Available from: 2013-11-18 Created: 2013-11-18 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Lindqvist, G. & Nilholm, C. (2013). Making schools inclusive? Educational leaders' views on how to work with children in need of special support. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 17(1), 95-110
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making schools inclusive? Educational leaders' views on how to work with children in need of special support
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Inclusive Education, ISSN 1360-3116, E-ISSN 1464-5173, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 95-110Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Educational leaders have a comprehensive responsibility for how preschools and schools work with children in need of special educational support. The aim of this research is to study how educational leaders (a) explain why children have problems in schools, (b) consider how preschools/schools should help children in need of special support and (c) the role they believe that Special Educational Needs Coordinators (SENCOs) should have in such work. Educational leaders (N = 45) working in preschools and regular compulsory schools in a Swedish municipality responded (100%) to a questionnaire. According to the results of this study, this group seems to view difficulties in schools as being caused primarily by individual shortcomings. Educational leaders often advocate solutions that are closely linked to the work of special educators. The educational leaders believe SENCOs should work with supervising staff and focus on documentation and evaluations. Preschool leaders attribute children's need of special support to teachers more often than their colleagues in compulsory schools.

Keywords
educational leaders, inclusive education, compulsory schools, preschools, special needs, views
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-22579 (URN)10.1080/13603116.2011.580466 (DOI)000314152900007 ()
Available from: 2013-11-18 Created: 2013-11-18 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Falkmer, M., Granlund, M., Nilholm, C. & Falkmer, T. (2012). From my perspective - Perceived participation in mainstream schools in students with autism spectrum conditions. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 15(3), 191-201
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From my perspective - Perceived participation in mainstream schools in students with autism spectrum conditions
2012 (English)In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423, E-ISSN 1751-8431, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 191-201Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To examine perceived participation in students with ASC and their classmates in mainstream schools and to investigate correlations between activities the students wanted to do and actually participated in.

Methods: Twenty-two students with ASC and their 382 classmates responded to a 46-item questionnaire regarding perceived participation in mainstream schools.

Results: On 57% of the items, students with ASC perceived lower participation than their classmates. These results emphasize the importance of knowledge about students’ perceived participation. However, positive correlations between what the students wanted to do and actually did indicate that students with ASC may be participating to the extent that they wanted.

Conclusion: Students with ASC perceived lower overall participation in mainstream school than their classmates. The correlations between “I want to” and “I do” statements in students with ASC indicated that aspects of autonomy are important to incorporate when studying, and interpreting, self-rated participation in mainstream schools.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2012
Keywords
education, elementary school, inclusion, integration, survey
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-20067 (URN)10.3109/17518423.2012.671382 (DOI)000304094500004 ()
Available from: 2012-12-06 Created: 2012-12-06 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
Cameron, D. L., Nilholm, C. & Persson, B. (2012). School district administrators' perspectives on special education policy and practice in Norway and Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, 14(3), 212-231
Open this publication in new window or tab >>School district administrators' perspectives on special education policy and practice in Norway and Sweden
2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 212-231Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine special education policy and practice from the perspective of school district administrators in Norway and Sweden. Administrators from 266 Norwegian and 262 Swedish municipalities completed a survey concerning: (a) reasons children need special education, (b) common and desired organizational solutions, and (c) the influence of policy on practice. Despite a number of clear differences, findings suggest that Swedish and Norwegian administrators share similar attitudes regarding the provision of special education support. It appears that in both countries inclusive practices are seen as the ideal, yet, Norwegian administrators appear to have a stronger preference for categorical or segregated solutions. However, this finding must be viewed in light of current practices in each country. In particular, we take into consideration data indicating that 17% of Swedish students receive special educational support, as compared to approximately 6% in Norway.

Keywords
special education, inclusion, Norway, Sweden
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-20201 (URN)10.1080/15017419.2011.558241 (DOI)HLKCHILDIS (Local ID)HLKCHILDIS (Archive number)HLKCHILDIS (OAI)
Available from: 2013-01-08 Created: 2013-01-08 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Lindqvist, G., Nilholm, C., Almqvist, L. & Wetso, G.-M. (2011). Different agendas? The views of different occupational groups on special needs education. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 26(2), 143-157
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Different agendas? The views of different occupational groups on special needs education
2011 (English)In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 143-157Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present paper is to investigate how different occupational groups explain why children have problems in school, how they believe schools should help these children and the role they believe that special educational needs coordinators (SENCOs) should have in such work. A questionnaire was distributed to all teaching and support staff in a Swedish municipality (N=1297). As a result, 938 persons (72.5%) answered the questionnaire. The answers given by (a) preschool teachers (b) teacher assistants (c) SENCOs (d) special teachers (e) class teachers and (f) subject teachers were compared. Several interesting patterns emerged from the data indicating that the occupational groups to a large extent have different ideas concerning how the school should work with children in need of special support. The SENCOs were, for example, the only group that believed that they should be involved in school development. The outcome of the study is discussed in relation to the notion of inclusive education.

Keywords
special needs, inclusive education, occupational groups, views, collaboration, professional roles
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-13784 (URN)10.1080/08856257.2011.563604 (DOI)
Available from: 2010-11-12 Created: 2010-11-12 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Göransson, K., Nilholm, C. & Karlsson, K. (2011). Inclusive education in Sweden? A critical analysis. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 15(5), 541-555
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inclusive education in Sweden? A critical analysis
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Inclusive Education, ISSN 1360-3116, E-ISSN 1464-5173, Vol. 15, no 5, p. 541-555Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

When it comes to pupils in need of special support and pupils with disabilities, Sweden's compulsory school system is sometimes considered a one-track system. This article analyses and critically discusses current policy and practices at various levels of Sweden's compulsory school system for these pupils. The analysis traces three themes at the national and municipal levels: (1) values and goals; (2) organisation and placement of pupils; and (3) importance of categories in obtaining support. A rather complex picture emerges from this analysis. Several conclusions are made: (1) state policies leave a lot of room for interpretation at the municipal and school levels, and this results in an extensive variation; (2) Swedish state policy is not as inclusive as is often stated; (3) celebration of difference seems to be hard to achieve; (4) learning goals can be a double-edged sword with regard to inclusion; and (5) most pupils appear to enjoy participation in school, and in an international perspective, Swedish classrooms seem to be largely democratic.

Keywords
inclusive practices, inclusive policy, special needs education, education system, inclusion, educational goals
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-13782 (URN)10.1080/13603110903165141 (DOI)000299935500005 ()
Projects
I demokratins marginaler - ett projekt om barn i problematiska skolsituationer
Available from: 2010-11-12 Created: 2010-11-12 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Eriksson Gustavsson, A.-L., Göransson, K. & Nilholm, C. (2011). Inledning. In: Anna-Lena Eriksson Gustavsson, Kerstin Göransson, Claes Nilholm (Ed.), Specialpedagogisk verksamhet i grundskolan: (pp. 13-32). Lund: Studentlitteratur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inledning
2011 (Swedish)In: Specialpedagogisk verksamhet i grundskolan / [ed] Anna-Lena Eriksson Gustavsson, Kerstin Göransson, Claes Nilholm, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2011, p. 13-32Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2011
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-14208 (URN)978-91-44-06890-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-01-05 Created: 2011-01-05 Last updated: 2016-02-02Bibliographically approved
Eriksson-Gustavsson, A.-L., Göransson, K. & Nilholm, C. (Eds.). (2011). Specialpedagogisk verksamhet i grundskolan. Studentlitteratur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Specialpedagogisk verksamhet i grundskolan
2011 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Studentlitteratur, 2011. p. 176
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-14207 (URN)978-91-44-06890-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-01-05 Created: 2011-01-05 Last updated: 2012-11-15Bibliographically approved
Nilholm, C. & Alm, B. (2010). An inclusive classroom? A case study of inclusiveness, teacher strategies, and children's experiences. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 25(3), 239-252
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An inclusive classroom? A case study of inclusiveness, teacher strategies, and children's experiences
2010 (English)In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 239-252Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A case study of what appears to be an inclusive classroom in Sweden is reported. The group of children in the class studied was very heterogeneous: five of the 15 children had a disability diagnosis at the time of the study. One aim of the study was to develop a methodology which can be used in order to investigate in what sense classrooms are 'inclusive', especially as regards the point of view of the pupils. It is argued that an explicit definition of characteristics of inclusive classrooms and clear-cut methods to study those characteristics are necessary prerequisites in order to reach valid conclusions concerning what teaching strategies are central to inclusive processes. The data consist of interviews with the teachers and children involved, sociograms, a questionnaire answered by the children, notes from participant observations and poetry by the children. The analyses suggest that the classroom seems to be inclusive, although it is emphasised that this is not an all-or-none phenomenon, especially children's experiences are complex phenomena. It is argued that the teachers try to create a learning community where differences are valued. Six teacher strategies emerged from the data.

Keywords
inclusion, classroom, case study, disability, teacher strategies, ADHD, Asperger, experience
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-13783 (URN)10.1080/08856257.2010.492933 (DOI)
Available from: 2010-11-12 Created: 2010-11-12 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Nilholm, C. & Evaldsson, A.-C. (2010). Är eleven orsak till sina egna svårigheter i skolan?: om  ”I demokratins marginaler – ett projekt om barn i problematiska skolsituationer”. In: RESULTATDIALOG 2010: . Vetenskapsrådet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Är eleven orsak till sina egna svårigheter i skolan?: om  ”I demokratins marginaler – ett projekt om barn i problematiska skolsituationer”
2010 (Swedish)In: RESULTATDIALOG 2010, Vetenskapsrådet , 2010, , p. 7Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Vetenskapsrådet, 2010. p. 7
Series
Vetenskapsrådets rapportserie, ISSN 1651-7350 ; 15:2010
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-14210 (URN)
Available from: 2011-01-05 Created: 2011-01-05 Last updated: 2014-01-08Bibliographically approved
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