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Welter, Friederike
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Publications (10 of 280) Show all publications
Coleman, S., Henry, C., Orser, B., Foss, L. & Welter, F. (2018). Policy Support for Women Entrepreneurs’ Access to Financial Capital: Evidence from Canada, Germany, Ireland, Norway, and the United States. Journal of small business management (Print)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policy Support for Women Entrepreneurs’ Access to Financial Capital: Evidence from Canada, Germany, Ireland, Norway, and the United States
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2018 (English)In: Journal of small business management (Print), ISSN 0047-2778, E-ISSN 1540-627XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This cross-country study documents policies and practices designed to increase women entrepreneurs’ access to financial capital in Canada, Germany, Ireland, Norway, and the United States. Drawing on feminist theory, we examine assumptions of policy alongside the eligibility criteria, rules and regulations of practices. Our findings reveal that four of the five country policies examined were predicated on a neo-liberal perspective that positions women entrepreneurs as economic assets. We offer insights into opportunities for modernizing policies and practices in ways that will enhance the legitimacy of a more diverse array of women entrepreneurs and increase their access to financial capital. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45906 (URN)10.1111/jsbm.12473 (DOI)2-s2.0-85055281632 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-09-12 Created: 2019-09-12 Last updated: 2019-09-16
Achtenhagen, L., Haag, K. & Welter, F. (2017). The role of gender in family-business research: A systematic review of the literature. In: Vanessa Ratten, Leo-Paul Dana, Veland Ramadani (Ed.), Women entrepreneurship in family business: (pp. 16-45). Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of gender in family-business research: A systematic review of the literature
2017 (English)In: Women entrepreneurship in family business / [ed] Vanessa Ratten, Leo-Paul Dana, Veland Ramadani, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, p. 16-45Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2017
Series
Routledge Frontiers of Business Management ; 15
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37047 (URN)10.4324/9781315098531 (DOI)000459344900002 ()2-s2.0-85049460576 (Scopus ID)9781138298613 (ISBN)9781315098531 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-08-29 Created: 2017-08-29 Last updated: 2019-03-20Bibliographically approved
Coleman, S., Henry, C., Orser, B., Foss, L. & Welter, F. (2017). Women’s Enterprise Financial Policies and Programs: A Comparative Analysis of Canada, Germany, Ireland, Norway and the U.S. In: : . Paper presented at Diana International Research Conference, Kaufmann Foundation, Kansas City, Missouri, USA, 1-3 October, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women’s Enterprise Financial Policies and Programs: A Comparative Analysis of Canada, Germany, Ireland, Norway and the U.S
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2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46262 (URN)
Conference
Diana International Research Conference, Kaufmann Foundation, Kansas City, Missouri, USA, 1-3 October, 2017
Available from: 2019-09-19 Created: 2019-09-19 Last updated: 2019-09-19Bibliographically approved
Henry, C., Orser, B., Coleman, S., Foss, L., Welter, F., Ahl, H., . . . Yousafzai, S. (2017). Women’s entrepreneurship policy: A 13-nation cross-country comparison. In: atiana S. Manolova, Candida G. Brush, Linda F. Edelman, Alicia Robb & Friederike Welter (Ed.), Entrepreneurial ecosystems and growth of women's entrepreneurship: A comparative analysis (pp. 244-278). Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women’s entrepreneurship policy: A 13-nation cross-country comparison
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2017 (English)In: Entrepreneurial ecosystems and growth of women's entrepreneurship: A comparative analysis / [ed] atiana S. Manolova, Candida G. Brush, Linda F. Edelman, Alicia Robb & Friederike Welter, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, p. 244-278Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Public policy is a key element within the entrepreneurial ecosystem in that policy has the potential to shape venture creation behavior and entrepreneurial outcomes. In response to studies documenting a gender gap in entrepreneurial activity, government attention to women’s entrepreneurship has increased in the past two decades. Nevertheless, there are few cross-cultural studies to inform policy development. This 13-nation study draws on gender and institutional theory to report on the status of female-focused SME/entrepreneurship policies and to ask: How - and to what extent - do women’s entrepreneurship policies differ among countries? A common methodological approach is used to identify gaps in the policy-practice nexus, highlighting countries where policy is weak but practice is strong and vice versa. Recommendations for future research are advanced. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45908 (URN)10.4337/9781785364624.00018 (DOI)2-s2.0-85040680321 (Scopus ID)9781785364624 (ISBN)9781785364617 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-09-13 Created: 2019-09-13 Last updated: 2019-09-16Bibliographically approved
Sauka, A. & Welter, F. (2014). Determinants of Business Insolvencies During Economic Growth and Recession in Latvia. Journal of Baltic Studies, 45(3), 375-396
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determinants of Business Insolvencies During Economic Growth and Recession in Latvia
2014 (English)In: Journal of Baltic Studies, ISSN 0162-9778, E-ISSN 1751-7877, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 375-396Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Considering the importance of context in exploring the entrepreneurship phenomenon, this explorative paper addresses patterns of business insolvencies during economic growth as compared to the economic recession within the context of an advanced transition economy. Empirically, the paper draws on 15 face-to-face interviews with insolvency administrators in Latvia conducted in 2007, and a repeated survey of the same respondents conducted in 2009. Our findings suggest that apart from reasons influencing business insolvency in well-established market economies, such as company size and age, education, previous management experience and access to finance, specific environmental factors play an important role in determining companies’ insolvency within a transition setting. These include, but are not limited to, illegal and unethical forms of behavior. Findings also reveal some important aspects of the nature of entrepreneurial behavior as influenced by the changes within the context.

Keywords
business insolvency, Latvia, economic growth, recession
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23187 (URN)10.1080/01629778.2013.848372 (DOI)000341645800005 ()2-s2.0-84887581575 (Scopus ID)IHHESOLIS (Local ID)IHHESOLIS (Archive number)IHHESOLIS (OAI)
Available from: 2014-01-22 Created: 2014-01-22 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Smallbone, D., Welter, F. & Ateljevic, J. (2014). Entrepreneurship in emerging market economies: Contemporary issues and perspectives. International Small Business Journal, 32(2), 113-116
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship in emerging market economies: Contemporary issues and perspectives
2014 (English)In: International Small Business Journal, ISSN 0266-2426, E-ISSN 1741-2870, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 113-116Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Entrepreneurship increasingly is becoming a global phenomenon, although its nature, extent and contribution to economic development varies according to the context in which it occurs. However, most of the conceptual development in the field of entrepreneurship has occurred in, or assumed, mature market conditions. This short introduction critically evaluates why we need to study other contexts such as emerging markets, and outlines the topics of the articles in the special issue.

Keywords
context, entrepreneurship, emerging market economies, small business, transition economies
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23188 (URN)10.1177/0266242613511479 (DOI)000331549000001 ()2-s2.0-84894271308 (Scopus ID)IHHESOLIS (Local ID)IHHESOLIS (Archive number)IHHESOLIS (OAI)
Available from: 2014-01-22 Created: 2014-01-22 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Xheneti, M., Smallbone, D. & Welter, F. (2013). EU enlargement effects on cross-border informal entrepreneurial activities. European Urban and Regional Studies, 20(3), 314-328
Open this publication in new window or tab >>EU enlargement effects on cross-border informal entrepreneurial activities
2013 (English)In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 314-328Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Borderlands, as spaces of various forms of entrepreneurial activities, offer rich examples of informal entrepreneurial activities that depend on the border location to be developed and sustained. Although the socioeconomic contributions of informal activities have been widely acknowledged, little research has been conducted on the ways that enlargement of the European Union (EU), by affecting the openness/closedness of borders, affected the nature and extent of cross-border informal entrepreneurial activities (IEAs). Recognizing the heterogeneity of border regions, in terms of formal and social institutional structures, linguistics and ethnicity, the paper offers a nuanced and extended understanding of the difference the geography of borders, broadly defined, makes to the diversity and persistence/disappearance of cross-border IEAs since EU enlargement. Using qualitative data from interviews collected with households involved in cross-border IEAs in several EU border regions, the paper indicates that cross-border IEAs have a time dimension, reflected in the pre- and post-enlargement changes to the intensity of these activities, as well as a regional dimension, reflected in various dichotomies such as impoverished/affluent, socioculturally proximate/distant and hard/soft borders, reflected in the forms, enablers and constraints of such activities. The paper illustrates how the spatial, economic, institutional and sociocultural characteristics of a context overlap, dominate or recede at different points in time to facilitate/inhibit different forms of entrepreneurial behaviour and to encourage the involvement of, or empower, different groups of people. Thus, context, in all its dimensions, remains an important factor for spatial and temporal explanations of cross-border IEAs as particular forms of entrepreneurial activity.

Keywords
border, borderland, EU enlargement, informal cross-border activities, regional development
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-14874 (URN)10.1177/0969776411434849 (DOI)2-s2.0-84879201349 (Scopus ID)IHHESOLIS (Local ID)IHHESOLIS (Archive number)IHHESOLIS (OAI)
Available from: 2012-01-19 Created: 2011-04-20 Last updated: 2019-02-21Bibliographically approved
Welter, F. & Xheneti, M. (2013). Reenacting Contextual Boundaries-Entrepreneurial Resourcefulness in Challenging Environments. In: A. Corbett & J. Katz (Ed.), Entrepreneurial Resourcefulness: Competing With Constraints: (pp. 149-183). Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reenacting Contextual Boundaries-Entrepreneurial Resourcefulness in Challenging Environments
2013 (English)In: Entrepreneurial Resourcefulness: Competing With Constraints / [ed] A. Corbett & J. Katz, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2013, p. 149-183Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter, we advance an understanding of entrepreneurial resourcefulness in relation to context by focusing on challenging and sometimes outright hostile environments and the way they shape, and are shaped by, entrepreneurial resourcefulness. Drawing on selective evidence from several projects in post-socialist countries in both Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia and other published research covering these countries, we argue for contextualized conceptualizations of resourcefulness. More specifically we emphasize that temporal, historical, socio-spatial, and institutional contexts are antecedents and boundaries for entrepreneurial behavior, while at the same time allowing for human agency. This is visible in individuals’ actions to negotiate, reenact, and cross these boundaries, and as a result, intentionally or inadvertently contributing to changing contexts. We suggest that resourcefulness is a dynamic concept encompassing multiple practices, which change over time, and it results from a close interplay of multiple contexts with entrepreneurial behavior. We also propose that from a theoretical point of view, resourcefulness not only needs to be contextualized, but it also needs to be explored together with its contextual outcomes – the value it creates and adds at different levels of society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2013
Series
Advances in Entrepreneurship, Firm Emergence and Growth ; 15
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23186 (URN)10.1108/S1074-7540(2013)0000015009 (DOI)978-1-78190-018-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-01-22 Created: 2014-01-22 Last updated: 2014-02-12Bibliographically approved
Welter, F. (2012). All you need is trust? A critical review of the trust and entrepreneurship literature. International Small Business Journal, 30(3), 193-212
Open this publication in new window or tab >>All you need is trust? A critical review of the trust and entrepreneurship literature
2012 (English)In: International Small Business Journal, ISSN 0266-2426, E-ISSN 1741-2870, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 193-212Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article critically reviews the literature pertaining to trust and entrepreneurship, highlighting the diversity and complexity of this construct. In addition, the interdependency of trust with context, as well as its dual nature in relation to control and as a sanctioning mechanism, is explored. Trust can be both a dispositional and a behavioural outcome; ‘genuine’ (personal) trust, sanctions and control coexist and co-evolve within and across different contexts. Trust influences entrepreneurship, not always positively, but entrepreneurial behaviour also has an impact on levels of personal and institutional trust. Future studies of trust and entrepreneurship need to acknowledge the bright and dark sides of trust, its duality and the different contexts in which it occurs. Ultimately, we need to develop a far more critical analysis of the importance and role of trust in the context of entrepreneurship.

Keywords
context, entrepreneurship, trust, trust duality, trust process
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-17775 (URN)10.1177/0266242612439588 (DOI)2-s2.0-84859294143 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2012-03-11 Created: 2012-03-11 Last updated: 2019-02-21Bibliographically approved
Rogut, A. & Welter, F. (2012). Cross-border cooperation within an enlarged Europe: Görlitz-Zgorzelec. In: David Smallbone, Friederike Welter and Mirela Xheneti (Ed.), Cross-border Entrepreneurship and Economic Development in Europe's Border Regions: (pp. 67-88). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cross-border cooperation within an enlarged Europe: Görlitz-Zgorzelec
2012 (English)In: Cross-border Entrepreneurship and Economic Development in Europe's Border Regions / [ed] David Smallbone, Friederike Welter and Mirela Xheneti, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 67-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-20218 (URN)10.4337/9781781952160.00013 (DOI)000335638800004 ()9781848447684 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-01-11 Created: 2013-01-11 Last updated: 2015-07-03Bibliographically approved
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