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Jacobsson, Brittmarie
Publications (10 of 16) Show all publications
Jacobsson, B., Ho, T. T., Chuong, H. N. & Hugoson, A. (2015). Sociodemographic conditions, knowledge of dental diseases, dental care, and dietary habits. Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 75(4), 308-316
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sociodemographic conditions, knowledge of dental diseases, dental care, and dietary habits
2015 (English)In: Journal of Public Health Dentistry, ISSN 0022-4006, E-ISSN 1752-7325, Vol. 75, no 4, p. 308-316Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

This study's aim was to present data on the sociodemographic conditions, knowledge of dental diseases, dental care, and dietary habits among children aged 3, 5, 10, and 15 years in Da Nang, Vietnam.

Methods

A cross-sectional epidemiological questionnaire study was conducted in a population of 840 children randomly selected by their year and month of birth (January to July), including 210 individuals in each age group. A self-reported questionnaire was completed by the parents of 3- and 5-year-olds, and a modified questionnaire was given to 10- and 15-year-olds to complete by themselves.

Results

Mass media constituted the main source of oral healthcare information. Parents assisted with tooth brushing in 86 percent of 3-year-olds and 71 percent of 5-year-olds. Fluoride toothpaste was used by 44-78 percent of children, with no clear age-related trend. Within the past year, 60 percent of 3- and 5-year-olds, 20 percent of 10-year-olds, and 49 percent of 15-year-olds reported they had not visited a dental professional. Sweets were consumed between principal meals by 70-80 percent of children. Milk with sugar was regularly consumed by 71 percent of 3-year-olds and 91 percent of 5-year-olds.

Conclusions

Children showed frequent sugar consumption and insufficient frequency of brushing their teeth with fluoride toothpaste. Food-based dietary guidelines should play a significant role in nutrition and oral health. It is especially important that oral health prevention programs reach preschool children before they establish unhealthy dietary habits. Parental education about oral health and access to oral healthcare services are also needed to improve children's oral health.

Keywords
oral hygiene; food habits; dental care; preventive dentistry
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-26723 (URN)10.1111/jphd.12101 (DOI)000368435900008 ()25973927 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84929428503 (Scopus ID)HHJOralIS (Local ID)HHJOralIS (Archive number)HHJOralIS (OAI)
Available from: 2015-05-25 Created: 2015-05-25 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Jacobsson, B., Thanh, H. T., Chuong, H. N. & Hugoson, A. (2014). Oral health of children and adolescents in Da Nang. Oral Hygiene & Health, 2(4), 1-6
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Oral health of children and adolescents in Da Nang
2014 (English)In: Oral Hygiene & Health, ISSN 2332-0672, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 1-6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This is a cross-sectional epidemiological study comprising 840 randomly selected children in the age groups of 3, 5, 10 and 15 year-olds. All children were clinically examined for number of teeth, dental caries, dental fillings, plaque, gingivitis and probing pocket depth. Dental care and dietary habits were collected using a self-reported questionnaire. Among 3 and 5 year olds, 98% suffered from dental caries, compared to 91% of 10 and 15 year olds. The mean (SD) of decayed (initial and manifest) and filled tooth surfaces (dfs/DFS) in the different age groups was: 18.2 (14.1), 23.0 (15.4), 5.1 (4.2) and 6.9 (6.0), respectively. There was an average of ~ 30% in all age groups with plaque and gingivitis. Consuming milk with sugar more than 2–3 times a week (3 and 5 year olds) and eating sweets between principal meals twice a day (in 10 and 15 year olds) were statistically significant with caries prevalence. It is concluded that dental caries and gingivitis are significant public health problems among children in Da Nang, Vietnam.

Keywords
Child dentistry; Epidemiology; Public health dentistry
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-24864 (URN)10.4172/2332-0702.1000145 (DOI)HHJÖvrigtIS (Local ID)HHJÖvrigtIS (Archive number)HHJÖvrigtIS (OAI)
Available from: 2014-10-08 Created: 2014-10-08 Last updated: 2015-02-04Bibliographically approved
Jacobsson, B. (2013). On Oral Health in Young Individuals with a Focus on Sweden and Vietnam: A Cultural Perspective. (Doctoral dissertation). Jönköping: School of Health Sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On Oral Health in Young Individuals with a Focus on Sweden and Vietnam: A Cultural Perspective
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Oral hälsa hos unga individer med fokus på Sverige och Vietnam : Ett kulturellt perspektiv
Abstract [en]

AIM: The overall aim of this thesis was to study culture as an oral health determinant for dental caries and gingivitis in children living in Jönköping, Sweden, in relation to children living in Da Nang, Vietnam.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 1993 and 2003, cross-sectional studies with clinical examinations and questionnaires were performed in Jönköping, Sweden, with a random sample of 130 children from each of four age groups; 3, 5, 10 and 15 years. The final study sample comprised 739 children, 154 (21%) with two foreign-born parents and 585 (79%) with two Swedish-born parents (Paper I). In 2000, all 15-year-olds (n=143) at one school in Jönköping, Sweden, were asked to participate in a questionnaire study connected to clinical data. The final sample comprised 117 individuals, 51 (44%) with foreign-born parents and 66 (56%) with Swedish-born parents (Paper II). In 2008, a cross-sectional study with clinical examinations and questionnaires was performed in Da Nang, Vietnam with 840 randomly selected children, 210 in each of four age groups; 3, 5, 10 and 15 years. The final sample comprised 745 individuals (Papers III and IV).

RESULTS: In 2003, the mean number of decayed (initial and manifest) and filled tooth surfaces was significantly higher in all age groups in children with foreign-born parents compared with children with Swedish-born parents. The gap between children with foreign-born parents and Swedish-born parents increased over the ten-year period from 1993 to 2003. The odds ratio of dental caries development among 10- and 15-year-old children with foreign-born-parents was more than six times higher than for their counterparts with Swedish-born parents (Paper I). Fifteen-year-olds born in Sweden of foreignborn parents and those who had immigrated before one year of age had a caries prevalence similar to 15-year-olds with Swedish-born parents, whereas the caries prevalence in children who had immigrated to Sweden after 7 years of age was 2-3 times higher (Paper II). Among the 3- and 5-year-olds in Vietnam, 98% suffered from dental caries, compared with 91% of 10- and 15-year-olds (Paper IV). The distribution of the most frequent values of decayed and filled primary tooth surfaces (dfs) in 5-year-olds was 16–20, and of decayed and filled permanent tooth surfaces (DFS) in 15-year-olds was 1–5. The maximum dfs was 76–80, and significant numbers of children had dfs between 20 and 50. The percentage of tooth sites with plaque and gingivitis was higher for children in all age groups with foreign-born parents compared with children with Swedish-born parents, except among the 15-year-olds in 2003. In Vietnam, the prevalence of plaque and gingivitis was high in all age groups, especially in 10- and 15-year-olds. Fifteen-yearolds in Sweden with foreign-born parents had a higher intake of snack products between principal meals compared with 15-year-olds with Swedish-born parents (Paper II). In Sweden, most children in all age groups brushed their teeth themselves or with help from their parents twice or more than twice a day (Paper I). Among 3- and 5-year-olds in Vietnam, about half of the parents reported that their children brushed their teeth themselves or with help from parents twice or more than twice a day (Paper III). All 3-year-olds and 99% of 5-year-olds in Sweden brushed their teeth with fluoride toothpaste (Paper I). Among 15-year-olds in Sweden with foreign-born parents, 88% reported that they brushed their teeth with fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day compared with 98% of 15-year-olds with Swedish-born parents (Paper II). In Vietnam, 44–78% of the children used fluoride toothpaste for toothbrushing and 51% consumed sweets between principal meals at least once a day (Paper III). Sweetened milk was the most common source of this sugar intake for the 3- and 5-year-olds (Paper III).

CONCLUSIONS: Culture is an important oral health determinant for dental caries and gingivitis in children. There is an urgent need to improve oral health care promotion and preventive programmes for children with foreign-born parents in Sweden, but also a great need for such programmes for children in Vietnam.

Abstract [sv]

SYFTE: Det övergripande syftet med denna avhandling var att studera kultur som en oral bestämningsfaktor för karies och gingivit hos barn boende i Jönköping, Sverige, i relation till barn boende i Da Nang, Vietnam.

MATERIAL OCH METOD: Under 1993 och 2003 utfördes två epidemiologiska tvärsnittsstudier i Jönköping med ett slumpmässigt urval av individer i åldersgrupperna 3, 5, 10 och 15 år. Samtliga individers orala hälsa undersöktes kliniskt och röntgenologiskt. Barnen, eller deras föräldrar, svarade även på ett frågeformulär avseende sociodemografi, attityder till och kunskaper om tänder samt munhälsovanor. Totalt omfattade studien 739 barn och ungdomar, 154 med två utrikes födda föräldrar och 585 med två svenskfödda föräldrar (Paper I). I en annan studie inbjöds 143 15-åringar på en kommunal skola i Jönköping att delta (Paper II). Av dessa deltog 117 personer; 51 med två utrikes födda föräldrar och 66 med två svenskfödda föräldrar. Alla ungdomar intervjuades med hjälp av ett strukturerat frågeformulär där kostfrågor förtydligades med visualisering, dvs exempel på förpackningar och varor. Information om karies (DFS) samlades in från journaler från Folktandvården, Landstinget i Jönköpings län. Under 2008 genomfördes en epidemiologisk tvärsnittsstudie i Da Nang, Vietnam med 840 slumpmässigt utvalda barn, 210 individer i åldersgrupperna 3, 5, 10 och 15 år, där det slutliga urvalet omfattade 745 individer. Samtliga individers orala hälsa undersöktes kliniskt. Barnen, eller deras föräldrar, svarade även på ett frågeformulär avseende sociodemografi, attityder till och kunskaper om tänder samt munhälsovanor (Papers III och IV)

RESULTAT: År 2003 var antalet karierade och fyllda tandytor (dfs/DFS) statistiskt signifikant högre i alla åldersgrupper hos svenska barn med två utrikes födda föräldrar jämfört med barn med två svenskfödda föräldrar och klyftan mellan barn med utländsk bakgrund och barn med svensk bakgrund ökade under tioårsperioden 1993-2003. Risken för att utsättas för karies bland 10- och 15-åringar med utländsk bakgrund var mer än sex gånger högre jämfört med 15-åringar med svensk bakgrund (Paper I). Femtonåringar födda i Sverige med två utrikes födda föräldrar som hade kommit till Sverige före ett års ålder, hade en kariesprevalens som liknade den hos 15-åringar med svenskfödda föräldrar, medan barn som hade invandrat till Sverige efter sju år ålder hade en 2-3 gånger högre kariesprevalens (Paper II). Bland 3- och 5-åringar i Vietnam hade 98 % karies, hos 10- och 15-åringar var motsvarande siffra 91 % (Paper IV). De mest frekventa värdena av antalet kariesskadade och fyllda tandytor på primära tänder hos barn i 5-års-ålder var 16-20, och de mest frekventa värdena av kariesskadade och fyllda tandytor på permanenta tänder hos barn i åldern 15 år var 1-5. De maximala värdena av kariesskadade och fyllda primära tandytor var 76-80, och det fanns ett stort antal barn med mellan 20 och 50 skadade och fyllda primära tandytor. Procentandelen tandytor med plack och gingivit var numeriskt högre i alla åldersgrupper i Sverige hos barn med utländsk bakgrund jämfört med barn med svensk bakgrund, utom mellan 15-åringar år 2003. I Vietnam var förekomsten av plack och gingivit mycket hög i alla åldersgrupper och i synnerhet hos 10- och 15-åringar. I Sverige borstade de flesta av barnen i alla åldersgrupper sina tänder själva eller med hjälp av sina föräldrar två eller mer än två gånger per dag (Paper I). Bland 3- och 5-åringar i Vietnam rapporterade ungefär hälften av föräldrarna att barnen borstade tänderna själva eller med hjälp av föräldrar två eller mer än två gånger per dag (Paper III). Alla 3-åringar och 99 % av 5-åringar i Sverige borstade tänderna med fluortandkräm (Paper I). Bland 15-åringar med utländsk bakgrund uppgav 88 % att de borstade tänderna med fluortandkräm minst två gånger om dagen jämfört med 98 % av 15-åringarna med svensk bakgrund (Paper II). I Vietnam borstade 44 %-78 % av barnen tänderna med fluortandkräm (Paper III). Femtonåringar i Sverige med utländsk bakgrund hade ett högre intag av sötsaker mellan huvudmåltider jämfört med ungdomar med svensk bakgrund (Paper II). I Vietnam konsumerade 51 % av barnen sötsaker mellan huvudmåltiderna minst en gång om dagen. Sötad mjölk var den vanligaste källan till detta sockerintag för 3- och 5-åringar (Paper III).

SLUTSATSER: Kultur är en viktig bestämningsfaktor för karies och gingivit hos barn. Det finns ett överhängande behov av att förbättra promotion och preventionsprogram avseende oral hälsa bland barn i Sverige med utrikes födda föräldrar men också ett stort behov för barnen i Vietnam.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: School of Health Sciences, 2013. p. 98
Series
Hälsohögskolans avhandlingsserie, ISSN 1654-3602 ; 47
Keywords
Child dentistry, dental caries, diet, epidemiology, gingivitis, immigrant, barntandvård, epidemiologi, gingivit, invandrare, karies, kost
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-22550 (URN)978-91-85835-46-1 (ISBN)
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-11-07 Created: 2013-11-07 Last updated: 2013-11-07Bibliographically approved
Jacobsson, B. (2011). On oral health in young individuals with foreign and Swedish backgrounds. (Licentiate dissertation). Jönköping: School of Health Sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On oral health in young individuals with foreign and Swedish backgrounds
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, children and adolescents with two foreign-born parents constitute 17% of all children in the Swedish population.

AIMS: The aims of this thesiswere to collect knowledge of the prevalence of gingivitis, caries and caries associated variables, in the 3-, 5-, 10- and 15-year age groups with two foreign born parents compared with their counterparts with Swedish-born parents in a ten-year perspective (Study I). To investigate the prevalence of caries and caries-associated variables in 15-year-olds in relation to foreign backgrounds and to examine differences in the prevalence of caries in adolescents with foreign backgrounds according to their length of residence in Sweden (StudyII).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 1993 and 2003, cross-sectional studies with random samples of individuals in the age groups of 3, 5, 10 and 15 years were performed in Jönköping, Sweden. The oral health status of all individuals was examined clinically and radiographically. The children or their parents also answered a questionnaire about their attitudes to, and knowledge of, teeth and oral health care habits. The final study sample comprised 739 children and adolescents, 154 with two foreign-born parents (F cohort) and 585 with two Swedish-born parents (S cohort) (Study I). In Study II, all 15-year-olds(n=143) at one school in the city of Jönköping were asked to participate in the study. The final sample comprised 117 individuals, 51 with foreign-born parents and 66 with Swedish-born parents. All the individuals were interviewed using a structured questionnaire with visualisation e.g. food packages, sweets and snacks. Information about DFS was collected from case records at the Public Dental Service.

RESULTS: In both 1993 and 2003, more 3- and 5-yearolds in the S cohort were caries free compared with the F cohort. In 1993, dfs was higher among 3- and 5-year-olds in the F cohort (p<0.01) compared with the S cohort. In 2003, dfs/DFS was statistically significantly higher in all age groups among children and adolescents in the F cohort compared with the S cohort. In 2003, the odds ratio of being exposed to dental caries among 10- and 15-year-olds in the F cohort, adjusted for gender and age, was more than six times higher (OR=6.3, 95% CI:2.51-15.61; p<0.001) compared with the S cohort (Study I). Fifteen-year-olds born in Sweden with foreign-born parents, or who had arrived before one year of age, had a caries prevalence similar to that of adolescents with Swedish-born parents, whereas children who had immigrated to Sweden after seven years of age had a caries prevalence that was two to three times higher (p <0.06) (Study II). Both in 1993 and 2003, the mean of the percentage of tooth sites with plaque and gingivitis was numerically higher in all age groups in individuals with foreign backgrounds compared with Swedish background, except between the 15-year-olds (Study I).

CONCLUSIONS: The decrease in caries prevalence, in a ten-year perspective, was less among children and adolescents with foreign-born parents compared with children and adolescents with Swedish-born parents. In 2003, there was statistically significantly more caries in all age groups among children and adolescents with foreign-born parents compared with children and adolescents with Swedish-born parents. Children who immigrated to Sweden at age seven or later had a two to three times higher caries prevalence compared with their Swedish counterparts. The odds ratio for being exposed to dental caries was almost six times higher for 10- and 15-year olds with foreign-born parents compared with their Swedish counterparts. The intake of carbohydrate-rich food was higher among 15-year olds with foreign backgrounds compared to those with Swedish background. There is an obvious need to improve the promotion of oral health care programmes among children and adolescents with foreign-born parents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: School of Health Sciences, 2011. p. 75
Series
Hälsohögskolans avhandlingsserie, ISSN 1654-3602 ; 22
Keywords
dental caries, diet, epidemiology, foreign background, gingivitis, immigrant
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-19287 (URN)9789185835218 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-08-29 Created: 2012-08-29 Last updated: 2012-08-29Bibliographically approved
Jacobsson, B., Koch, G., Magnusson, T. & Hugoson, A. (2011). Oral Health in young individuals with foreign and Swedish backgrounds - a ten-year perspective. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry, 12(3), 151-158
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Oral Health in young individuals with foreign and Swedish backgrounds - a ten-year perspective
2011 (English)In: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry, ISSN 1818-6300, E-ISSN 1996-9805, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 151-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM:

To investigate oral health status and coherent determinants in children with foreign backgrounds compared with children with a Swedish background, during a ten year period.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

In 1993 and 2003, cross-sectional studies with random samples of individuals in the age groups 3, 5, 10 and 15 years were performed in Jönköping, Sweden. All the individuals were personally invited to a clinical and radiographic examination of their oral health status. They were also asked about their attitudes to and knowledge of teeth and oral health care habits. The final study sample comprised 739 children and adolescents, 154 with a foreign background (F cohort) and 585 with a Swedish background (S cohort).

RESULTS:

In both 1993 and 2003, more 3- and 5 year olds in the S cohort were caries-free compared with the F cohort. In 1993, dfs was higher among 3- and 5 year olds in the F cohort (p<0.01) compared with the S cohort. In 2003, dfs/DFS was statistically significantly higher in all age groups among children and adolescents in the F cohort compared with the S cohort. When it came to proximal tooth surfaces, the percentages of individuals who were caries-free, with initial carious lesions, with manifest carious lesions and with restorations among 10-year-olds in the F cohort were 55%, 23%, 4% and 18% in 1993. The corresponding figures for the S cohort were 69%, 20%, 6% and 5% respectively. In 2003, the values for the F cohort were 54%, 29%, 4% and 13% compared with 82%, 12%, 1% and 5% in the S cohort. In 2003, the odds of being exposed to dental caries among 10- and 15-yearolds in the F cohort, adjusted for gender and age, were more than six times higher (OR=6.3, 95% CI:2.51-15.61; p<0.001) compared with the S cohort.

CONCLUSIONS:

There has been a decline in caries prevalence between 1993 and 2003 in all age groups apart from 3-year-olds. However, the improvement in dfs/DFS was greater in the S cohort compared with the F cohort in all age groups. The difference between the F and S cohorts in terms of dfs/ DFS was larger in 2003 compared with 10 years earlier. In 2003, the odds ratio for being exposed to dental caries was almost six times higher for 10- and 15-year-olds with two foreign-born parents compared with their Swedish counterparts.

National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-15900 (URN)21640060 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2011-08-25 Created: 2011-08-23 Last updated: 2019-02-19Bibliographically approved
Jacobsson, B., Koch, G., Magnusson, T. & Hugoson, A. (2010). Oral health and coherent determinants in children and adolescents with foreign background compared to Swedish youth. In: Marjolijn Hovius (Ed.), Oral health - new concepts for the new millenium: Glasgow 1/3 July 2010. Paper presented at ISDH Conference 2010, Glasgow.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Oral health and coherent determinants in children and adolescents with foreign background compared to Swedish youth
2010 (English)In: Oral health - new concepts for the new millenium: Glasgow 1/3 July 2010 / [ed] Marjolijn Hovius, 2010Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate oral health status and coherent determinants in children and adolescents with foreign background compared to children with Swedish background. Methods: In 1993 and 2003 cross-sectional studies with random samples of individuals in the age groups 3-,5-,10- and 15-years were performed in Jönköping, Sweden. All individuals were personally invited to a clinical and radiographic examination of oral health status. They were also asked about their attitudes and knowledge about teeth and oral health care habits. The final study cohort comprised 739 children and adolescents, 154 with Foreign background (F-cohort) and 585 with Swedish background (S-cohort). Results: Both in 1993 and 2003 more 3- and 5-year-olds in the S-cohort were caries-free compared to the F-cohort. In 1993 dfs/DFS was higher among 3- and 5-year-olds in the F-cohort (p=0.01). In 2003 dfs/DFS was significantly higher in all age groups in the F-cohort compared to the S-cohort. The cumulative percentage of proximal caries-free, initial and manifest lesions and restorations among 10-year-olds in the F-cohort were in 1993 55%, 23%, 4% and 18%. The corresponding figures for the S-cohort were 69%, 20%, 6% and 5%, respectively. In 2003 figures in the F-cohort were 54%, 29%, 4% and 13% compared to 82%, 12%, 1% and 5% in the S-cohort (p=0.037). Among males with foreign background and lived in families with low education, the odds was four times higher (OR=4.0 +95%CI; 2.2-7.2) to be exposed to dental caries, then among their Swedish counterparts. Conclusions: There had been a decline in caries prevalence between 1993 and 2003 in all age-groups except among the 3-year-olds. However the improvement of dfs/DFS was stronger in the S-cohort in all age-groups and the gap between the F- and S-cohorts was considerable larger in 2003 compared to 10 years earlier.

Keywords
community paediatric dentistry, caries, oral health, foreign background
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-14187 (URN)
Conference
ISDH Conference 2010, Glasgow
Available from: 2011-01-07 Created: 2011-01-03 Last updated: 2011-01-07Bibliographically approved
Lindmark, L., Jacobsson, B., Larsson, A.-B., Müller, G., Andersson, P., Mårtensson, C., . . . Sundberg, N. (2009). Klinisk slutexamination i tandhygienistprogrammet vid fyra lärosäten. Karlstad: NSHU : Myndigheten för nätverk och samarbete inom högre utbildning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Klinisk slutexamination i tandhygienistprogrammet vid fyra lärosäten
Show others...
2009 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Den legitimerade tandhygienisten har en nyckelroll inom promotion och prevention i svensk tandvård. I arbetet som tandhygienist krävs att kunna arbeta självständigt och ta väl underbyggda beslut för att ge en god och säker vård. Syftet med projektet var att utveckla, pröva och utvärdera en modell för klinisk slutexamination utifrån de krav som ställs för att arbeta som legitimerad tandhygienist. Projektarbetet resulterade i en modell bestående av en teoretisk och en klinisk examination. Den teoretiska examinationen består av ett fiktivt patientfall medan den kliniska examinationen omfattar en realistisk patientsituation där studenten omhändertar och behandlar en patient. Den framtagna modellens styrka är att samtliga studenter vid de olika lärosätena examineras kliniskt efter samma bedömningsgrunder vilket borgar för en god och jämförbar kvalitet.

Abstract [en]

The registered dental hygienist has a key role in promotion and prevention within Swedish dental care. Working as a dental hygienist requires an ability to work independently and make well-grounded decisions in order to give good and sure care. The aim of the project was to develop, test and evaluate a model for clinical final examinations based on the requirements for working as a registered dental hygienist. The project resulted in a model consisting of a theoretical and a clinical examination. The theoretical part consists of a fictitious patient case while the clinical part comprises a realistic patient situation in which the student takes charge of a patient and gives treatment. The strength of the new model lies in the fact that all students at different universities and colleges have to take clinical examinations according to the same assessment criteria, which ensures good and comparable quality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: NSHU : Myndigheten för nätverk och samarbete inom högre utbildning, 2009. p. 12
Keywords
clinical examination, Dental hygienist, Dental hygienist programme, education, klinisk examination, tandhygienist, tandhygienistprogram, utbildning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-10752 (URN)
Projects
NSHU (Myndighet för närverk och samarbete inom högre utbildning)
Available from: 2009-11-02 Created: 2009-11-02 Last updated: 2010-03-24Bibliographically approved
Stenström, U., Einarson, S., Jacobsson, B., Lindmark, U., Wenander, A. & Hugoson, A. (2009). The importance of psychological factors in the maintenance of oral health: a study of Swedish university students. Oral health & preventive dentistry, 7(3), 225-33
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The importance of psychological factors in the maintenance of oral health: a study of Swedish university students
Show others...
2009 (English)In: Oral health & preventive dentistry, ISSN 1602-1622, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 225-33Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of the traditional multidimensional health locus of control (MHLC) scale, a corresponding dental health locus of control (DHLC) scale and dental health values (DHVs) regarding students' dental health before and after a video programme that presented information about dental diseases and instructions on oral hygiene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 217 university students participated in this study. Before the video programme was presented, assessments were made of MHLC, DHLC and DHVs. Plaque and gingival indices were obtained in a clinical examination conducted before (plaque index [PLI] 1 and gingival index [GI] 1) and 10 weeks after (PLI 2 and GI 2) the presentation of the programme. RESULTS: The percentage of tooth surfaces exhibiting plaque and of sites involving gingivitis decreased and was statistically significant between baseline and re-examination for both males and females. The females exhibited statistically significant better PLI 1 and GI 1 values and stronger DHVs than males. Also, better GI 1 values were found to be statistically significant and related to stronger DHVs for females. A stronger trust in the dental health personnel regarding the dental health was related to more gingivitis at the initial examination (GI 1). For males, stronger internal DHLC was related to more plaque at the final examination (PLI 2). CONCLUSION: The only psychological scales that showed some relationship to the measures of dental health were DHLC and DHVs. Gender was the strongest related variable to dental health.

National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-10603 (URN)000280926000003 ()19780429 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2019-02-19Bibliographically approved
Jacobsson, B., Hugoson, A. & Ho Thi, T. (2008). Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour about dental diseases and dental care habits in adolescents in Jönköping, Sweden and in Da Nang, Vietnam. In: Knowledge, attitude and behaviour in oral health care among 10-15 year olds in Jönköping, Sweden and DaNang, Vietnam: .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour about dental diseases and dental care habits in adolescents in Jönköping, Sweden and in Da Nang, Vietnam
2008 (English)In: Knowledge, attitude and behaviour in oral health care among 10-15 year olds in Jönköping, Sweden and DaNang, Vietnam, 2008Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article was to present data about oral hygiene and knowledge about dental diseases and dental care habits in 10-15 year olds in Jönköping, Sweden and 10-11 year-olds in Da Nang, Vietnam in 2003. Methods A random sample of 206 individuals 10 and 15 year olds, from the City of Jönköping and 369 individuals from the City of Da Nang, were asked about their attitudes towards and knowledge of teeth and dental care habits. Results In Jönköping 9% answered that gingivitis is the same as inflammation of the gum. In Da Nang study 40% knew about early sign of gingivitis (easily gum bleeding).  67% in Jönköping answered that bacteria and sugar cause the acid that gives caries. In Da Nang 47% could answer correctly the cause of dental caries. The percentage of children who brush their teeth twice a day was the same, around 80 %, in both studies. In Jönköping 100% of the children used fluoride toothpaste. In Da Nang 73 % always used Fluoride toothpaste and 14 % did not know if the toothpaste they used contained Fluoride or not.

National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-7175 (URN)
Note
Scientific Conference on the occasion of the 45th Foundation Anneversary Ceremony Ministry of Health, Nationel Technical College No II, Da Nang, Vietnam Available from: 2008-12-11 Created: 2008-12-11 Last updated: 2009-02-25Bibliographically approved
Jacobsson, B. (2008). Research to develop system for oral health among children in Vietnam: a cross sectional study between Sweden and Vietnam (Da Nang). In: Making Health care Sustainable and Affordable: .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Research to develop system for oral health among children in Vietnam: a cross sectional study between Sweden and Vietnam (Da Nang)
2008 (English)In: Making Health care Sustainable and Affordable, 2008Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-7176 (URN)
Note
Swedish Health Care Delegation Vietnam November 11-14, 2008. Swecare, Exportrådet, Ministry of Health and Social Affairs, Sweden, Embassy of Sweden, HanoiAvailable from: 2008-12-12 Created: 2008-12-11 Last updated: 2009-02-25Bibliographically approved
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