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Publications (10 of 21) Show all publications
Klaesson, J. & Öner, Ö. (2020). Ethnic enclaves and segregation—self-employment and employment patterns among forced migrants. Small Business Economics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethnic enclaves and segregation—self-employment and employment patterns among forced migrants
2020 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The relevance of residential segregation and ethnic enclaves for labor market sorting of immigrants has been investigated by a large body of literature. Previous literature presents competing arguments and mixed results for the effects of segregation and ethnic concentration on various labor market outcomes. The geographical size of the area at which segregation and/or ethnic concentration is measured, however, is left to empirical work to determine. We argue that ethnic concentration and segregation should not be used interchangeably, and more importantly, the geographical area at which they are measured relates directly to different mechanisms. We use a probabilistic approach to identify the likelihood that an immigrant is employed or a self-employed entrepreneur in the year 2005 with respect to residential segregation and ethnic concentration at the level of the neighborhood, municipality, and local labor market level jointly. We study three groups of immigrants that accentuate the differences between forced and pulled migrants: (i) the first 15 member states of European Union (referred to as EU 15) and the Nordic countries, (ii) the Balkan countries, and (iii) countries in the Middle East. We find that ethnic enclaves, proxied by ethnic concentration at varying levels, indicate mixed results for the different immigrant groups we study, both for their employment and entrepreneurship probability, whereas residential segregation has a more uniformly distributed result where its relationship to any of the two labor market outcomes is almost always negative or insignificant.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020
Keywords
Ethnic enclaves, Immigrant entrepreneurship, Local labor market, Push entrepreneurship, Segregation
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47731 (URN)10.1007/s11187-019-00313-y (DOI)2-s2.0-85078260872 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-02-05 Created: 2020-02-05 Last updated: 2020-02-05
Abreu, M., Öner, Ö., Brouwer, A. & van Leeuwen, E. (2019). Well-being effects of self-employment: A spatial inquiry. Journal of Business Venturing, 34(4), 589-607
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Well-being effects of self-employment: A spatial inquiry
2019 (English)In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 589-607Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Our paper presents an empirical analysis of entrepreneurial well-being using a large-scale longitudinal household survey from the UK that tracks almost 50,000 individuals across seven waves over the period 2009–2017, as well as a number of exploratory case studies. We contribute to the existing literature by investigating how entrepreneurial well-being varies across locations along the urban-rural continuum, and across wealthy-deprived neighbourhoods. We use a Coarsened Exact Matching (CEM) approach to compare the well-being outcomes of individuals who switch into self-employment from waged employment, and show that entrepreneurial well-being, in the form of job satisfaction, is significantly higher for those living in semi-urban locations, relative to those living in urban and rural locations. We argue that semi-urban locations provide an optimal combination of ease of doing business and quality of life. Our results also show that individuals in wealthy neighbourhoods who switch into self-employment experience higher job satisfaction than otherwise comparable individuals living in materially deprived neighbourhoods, although the latter experience greater levels of life satisfaction following the switch. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, Neighbourhood effects, Self-employment, Urban-rural, Well-being
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47815 (URN)10.1016/j.jbusvent.2018.11.001 (DOI)000470948800002 ()2-s2.0-85056711301 (Scopus ID);IHHCEnSEIS (Local ID);IHHCEnSEIS (Archive number);IHHCEnSEIS (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-18 Created: 2020-02-18 Last updated: 2020-02-18Bibliographically approved
Öner, Ö. (2018). Retail Productivity: The effects of market size and regional hierarchy. Papers in regional science (Print), 97(3), 711-736
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Retail Productivity: The effects of market size and regional hierarchy
2018 (English)In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 97, no 3, p. 711-736Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How important is regional hierarchy for retailers’ productivity? This paper investigates the determinants of independent retailers’ productivity in Sweden between 2002 and 2008 with respect to market size and regional hierarchy. Using an accessible market potential approach, the impact of the potential demand in close proximity, and in the region is investigated separately for stores in central and peripheral retail markets. The findings suggest that the market size in close proximity has a higher impact on the productivity of stores located in central markets, whereas the market potential in the region has similar productivity returns for both stores in central markets and stores in non-central markets.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
National Category
Economic Geography Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23750 (URN)10.1111/pirs.12268 (DOI)000441754500012 ()2-s2.0-85002962094 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-05-05 Created: 2014-05-05 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Klaesson, J., Lopez, E. & Öner, Ö. (2018). Who works longer - and why?: Regional and individual characteristics in the timing of retirement. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, 109(3), 350-370
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Who works longer - and why?: Regional and individual characteristics in the timing of retirement
2018 (English)In: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 109, no 3, p. 350-370Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Who works longer - and why? This paper investigates the characteristics of people that stay longer in the workforce, even beyond the time they are eligible to retire. In our regional analysis, we use an 11-year balanced panel of 290 Swedish regions. In the individual analysis, we use a large individual level panel to apply Cox proportional hazard estimates on 'risk' of entering retirement. Our results show a large gender difference: women tend to retire earlier than men. Between employees and entrepreneurs, entrepreneurs retire later. People in larger regions tend to retire later. Higher house prices, and the share of small firms in a region correlate with a lower likelihood of retirement. The local tax rate and the share of blue-collar workers in a region is significantly related to lower retirement age. A high average wage, commuting intensity, and high human capital in a region is associated with later retirement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Keywords
Ageing, Regional and individual factors, Timing of retirement
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38329 (URN)10.1111/tesg.12295 (DOI)000434986700003 ()2-s2.0-85038243383 (Scopus ID)IHHCEnSEIS (Local ID)IHHCEnSEIS (Archive number)IHHCEnSEIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-01-02 Created: 2018-01-02 Last updated: 2018-07-05Bibliographically approved
Backman, M., Klaesson, J. & Öner, Ö. (2017). Innovation in the hospitality industry: Firm or location?. Tourism Economics, 23(8), 1591-1614
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation in the hospitality industry: Firm or location?
2017 (English)In: Tourism Economics, ISSN 1354-8166, E-ISSN 2044-0375, Vol. 23, no 8, p. 1591-1614Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The hospitality industry is a rapidly growing revenue generator in many countries and is becoming economically important for generating employment and for integrating of immigrants into the labor market. As an industry where firms face fierce competition, it is important for the firms to maintain their competitiveness by distinguishing themselves from others through continuous improvements and innovations. In this article, we investigate the determinants of innovation in the hospitality industry by analyzing survey data gathered from over 900 firms in Sweden. In the analysis, we differentiate between firm-specific and location-specific features. We conclude that the most important characteristics that explain innovation lie within the firm itself, not the location. These results provide important insights regarding firm- versus location-placed innovation policies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
firm characteristics, hospitality industry, innovation, location characteristics
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38037 (URN)10.1177/1354816617715159 (DOI)000415841700005 ()2-s2.0-85034609430 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-12-05 Created: 2017-12-05 Last updated: 2017-12-27Bibliographically approved
Backman, M., Klaesson, J. & Öner, Ö. (2017). Innovationer inom besöksnäringen. Besöksnäringens Forsknings och Utvecklingsfond (BFUF)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovationer inom besöksnäringen
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Besöksnäringens Forsknings och Utvecklingsfond (BFUF), 2017
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38547 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-15 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved
Öner, Ö. & Klaesson, J. (2017). Location of leisure: the New Economic Geography of leisure services. Leisure Studies, 36(2), 203-219
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Location of leisure: the New Economic Geography of leisure services
2017 (English)In: Leisure Studies, ISSN 0261-4367, E-ISSN 1466-4496, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 203-219Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Understanding more about the geographic location of leisure services is an important quest for research. For a long time now in developed economies, almost all employment growth is occurring within the service sector. In this sector, leisure services are fast growers. This means that the location of these services is important for economic growth and for employment opportunities of local market areas. Regional policy-makers time and again highlight these sectors as future engines of growth. This paper investigates the role of local demand in determining the availability and the scale of various types of leisure services. The analysis is motivated by observed regularities that indicate large and persistent interregional differences in the location and growth of leisure services. Based on a New Economic Geography framework, we investigate the role of local and regional demand for the size of leisure services in geographically separate markets in Sweden. We use data for 290 Swedish municipalities for the period 2002–2013 and run year-municipality fixed-effects regressions. Our main findings suggest a strong dependency on local demand, and less on the demand originating from other regions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017
Keywords
hospitality, leisure services, market potential, New Economic Geography, tourism
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34219 (URN)10.1080/02614367.2016.1246588 (DOI)000396850000006 ()2-s2.0-84992499013 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The R&D Fund of the Swedish Tourism & Hospitality Industry (BFUF)
Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08 Last updated: 2018-07-03Bibliographically approved
Öner, Ö. (2017). Retail City: The Relationship between Place Attractiveness and Accessibility to Shops. Spatial Economic Analysis, 12(1), 72-91
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Retail City: The Relationship between Place Attractiveness and Accessibility to Shops
2017 (English)In: Spatial Economic Analysis, ISSN 1742-1772, E-ISSN 1742-1780, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 72-91Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Retail city: the relationship between place attractiveness and accessibility to shops. Spatial Economic Analysis. This paper explores the role of retailers as an urban amenity. Using data for Swedish rural and city municipalities for 2002–08, ‘accessibility-to-shops’ measures are constructed for the shops in the municipalities and the hosting regions separately to examine the relationship between consumption possibilities and place attractiveness in a spatial continuum. Place attractiveness is proxied by a Q ratio for Swedish housing investment based on Tobin’s Q. Access to stores within municipal market boundaries is found to be relevant for the place attractiveness of city municipalities, whereas no such relationship is evident for rural municipalities.

Abstract [zh]

零售城市:地方吸引力与商店可及性之间的关联性。 Spatial Economic Analysis. 本文探讨零售业作為城市设施的角色。本文运用瑞典乡村和城市行政区自2002年至2008年的数据,分别建构在行政区和其所座落的区域中的商店之 “商店可及性” 方法,检视空间连续区中的消费可能性和地方吸引力之间的关联性。地方吸引力由根据托宾Q比率的瑞典住宅投资Q比率进行代理。研究发现,行政区市场边界中的商店可及性,与城市行政区的地方吸引力有关,而乡村行政区中则未发现此一关联性.

Abstract [fr]

Une ville de détail: le rapport entre l’attractivité d’un endroit et l’accessibilité aux magasins. Spatial Economic Analysis. Cet article cherche à examiner le rôle que jouent les détaillants comme équipement urbain. Employant des données auprès des municipalités rurales et urbaines en Suède pour la période allant de 2002 jusqu’à 2008, on construit séparément des mesures de ‘l’accessibilité aux magasins’ pour les magasins situés dans les municipalités et dans les régions d’accueil afin d’examiner le rapport entre les possibilités de consommation et l’attractivité d’un endroit le long d’un continuum spatial. L’attractivité d’un endroit est représentée par un ratio Q pour l’investissement dans le logement en Suède basé sur le Q de Tobin. Il s’avère que l’accès aux magasins au sein des limites des marchés municipaux a un rapport avec l’attractivité des municipalités urbaines, tandis qu’il n’existe aucun rapport quant aux municipalités rurales.

Abstract [es]

Ciudad minorista: la relación entre el atractivo del lugar y la accesibilidad a los comercios. Spatial Economic Analysis. En este artículo se analiza el papel de los minoristas como amenidad urbana. A partir de datos de municipios rurales y urbanos de Suecia entre 2002 y 2008, se realizan por separado mediciones sobre la ‘accesibilidad de las tiendas’ para los comercios de los municipios y las regiones anfitrionas para examinar la relación entre las posibilidades de consumo y el atractivo del lugar en un entorno espacial. El atractivo del lugar está representado por un cociente Q para la inversión sueca en vivienda basada en la Q de Tobin. Se observa que el acceso a los comercios dentro de los límites de los mercados municipales es relevante al atractivo del lugar de los municipios urbanos, mientras que esta relación no es evidente en los municipios rurales.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
housing, urban amenities, retail, Q theory, regional hierarchy, 住宅, 城市设施, 零售, Q理论, 区域阶层, logement, équipements urbains, commerce de détail, théorie du Q, hiérarchie régionale, vivienda, amenidades urbanas, minorista, teoría de Q, jerarquía regional
National Category
Business Administration Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23751 (URN)10.1080/17421772.2017.1265663 (DOI)000395034000005 ()2-s2.0-85009478218 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-05-05 Created: 2014-05-05 Last updated: 2018-02-08Bibliographically approved
Öner, Ö. & Klaesson, J. (2016). Does ethnic enclaves foster immigrant entrepreneurship? The Swedish experience. In: : . Paper presented at The 19th Uddevalla Symposium on "Geography, Open Innovation, Diversity and Entrepreneurship" June 30th to July 2nd, 2016, London, UK.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does ethnic enclaves foster immigrant entrepreneurship? The Swedish experience
2016 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34728 (URN)
Conference
The 19th Uddevalla Symposium on "Geography, Open Innovation, Diversity and Entrepreneurship" June 30th to July 2nd, 2016, London, UK
Available from: 2017-01-17 Created: 2017-01-17 Last updated: 2018-07-03
Holgersson, T., Nordström, L. & Öner, Ö. (2016). On regression modelling with dummy variables versus separate regressions per group: comment on Holgersson et al.. Journal of Applied Statistics, 43(8), 1564-1565
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On regression modelling with dummy variables versus separate regressions per group: comment on Holgersson et al.
2016 (English)In: Journal of Applied Statistics, ISSN 0266-4763, E-ISSN 1360-0532, Vol. 43, no 8, p. 1564-1565Article in journal (Other academic) Published
National Category
Probability Theory and Statistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-29088 (URN)10.1080/02664763.2015.1092711 (DOI)000368584400006 ()2-s2.0-84945205542 (Scopus ID)
Note

Rejoinder on Holgersson et al., Journal of Applied Statistics, DOI: 10.1080/02664763.2015.1092711

Available from: 2016-01-14 Created: 2016-01-14 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Organisations
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/onerozge@gmail.com

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