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Waldkirch, Matthias
Publications (10 of 11) Show all publications
Waldkirch, M. (2018). From professional interactions to relational work: Investigating relationships around non-family CEOs in family firms. (Doctoral dissertation). Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From professional interactions to relational work: Investigating relationships around non-family CEOs in family firms
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Relationships constitute a central and significant part of our lives and form the very foundation on which organizations are built. They provide meaning to work, create connections, and ultimately shape organizations. This dissertation adds to the growing literature on workplace relationships by studying the chief executive officer (CEO) in an organizational form that is inherently built on relationships: the family firm. Focusing on the introduction of a non-family CEO in a family firm, this dissertation investigates the meaning of relationships for non-family CEOs, the work they perform, and the organizations they reside in. It builds on a diverse set of relational perspectives and uses conceptual approaches and in-depth longitudinal case research.

The first paper reviews, organizes and extends the literature on non-family CEOs by using gap-spotting and assumption-challenging. The second paper outlines how relationships in the triad between a non-family CEO and members of the current and next generation family owners influence whether a CEO stays or leaves the family firm. The third paper investigates how family firms adopt professional practices and outlines four modes of professionalization, showing how family firms‘ overprofessionalize’. The fourth paper follows a CEO succession and reorganization in a family firm over 16 months and investigates how contesting processes of job design and crafting change and create job systems.

This dissertation contributes by introducing relational work as a core aspect of a CEO’s work, by extending our knowledge about non-family CEOs in family firms and by challenging the understanding of professionalization in family firms. It also contributes to practice by providing guidelines for structuring relations between family owners and (prospective) non-family CEOs.

Abstract [sv]

Relationer är en central och betydande del av våra liv och utgör själva grunden i organisationers uppbyggnad. De ger mening åt vårt arbete, skapar kontakter och formar organisationer. Denna avhandling bidrar till den växande litteraturen om arbetsplatsrelationer genom att studera verkställande direktör (VD) i en organisationsform som i sig bygger på relationer: familjeföretag. Med fokus på extern VD i familjeföretag undersöker denna avhandling betydelsen av relationer för externa VD:ar, det arbete de utför och de organisationer de verkar i. Den bygger på ett flertal relationella teoretiska perspektiv och använder konceptuella ansatser och djupgående longitudinella fallstudier.

Den första artikeln går igenom, organiserar och utvecklar litteraturen om externa VD:ar genom att identifiera gap och ifrågasätta förgivettagna antaganden. Den andra artikeln beskriver hur triadrelationerna mellan en extern VD och medlemmarna i den nuvarande och nästa generations ägarfamilj påverkar huruvida en VD stannar i eller lämnar familjeföretaget. Den tredje artikeln följer en professionaliseringsprocess över 10 år och visar hur familjeföretag överprofessionaliserar. Den fjärde artikeln följer en VD:s uppdrag och omorganisation i ett familjeföretag under 16 månader och undersöker hur jobb designas, skapas och ifrågasätts samt hur ett nytt jobbsystem växer fram.

Denna avhandling bidrar genom att introducera relationsarbete som en kärnaspekt av VD:s arbete genom att utöka vår kunskap om ledare i familjeföretag och genom att utmana förståelsen för professionalisering i familjeföretag. Den bidrar också till praktiker genom att ge riktlinjer för hur relationer mellan familjeägare och (potentiella) externa VD:ar kan struktureras.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, 2018. p. 81
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 126
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41621 (URN)978-91-86345-88-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-10-19, B1014, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-09-27 Created: 2018-09-27 Last updated: 2018-09-27Bibliographically approved
Brumana, M., Minola, T., Waldkirch, M. & Nordqvist, M. (2018). Investigating resource exchanges in internal corporate venturing: Decision framing, risk and consequences for venture autonomy. In: : . Paper presented at The International Family Enterprise Research Academy (IFERA), Zwolle, The Netherlands, 3rd – 6th July 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigating resource exchanges in internal corporate venturing: Decision framing, risk and consequences for venture autonomy
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42478 (URN)
Conference
The International Family Enterprise Research Academy (IFERA), Zwolle, The Netherlands, 3rd – 6th July 2018
Available from: 2019-01-09 Created: 2019-01-09 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved
Waldkirch, M. (2018). What we do in the shadows: The formality of informal organizing. In: 78th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2018, Academy of Management , 2018, Vol. 1: . Paper presented at 78th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2018, Chicago, Ill., United States, 10 - 14 August 2018. Academy of Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What we do in the shadows: The formality of informal organizing
2018 (English)In: 78th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2018, Academy of Management , 2018, Vol. 1, Academy of Management , 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Formal and informal structures shape organizations and the interaction of actors within.Surprisingly, just recently organizational theorists have started focusing on studying the interplayof both structures. However, most studies focus on how formal influence informal structures,viewing formal changes as clear. Building on a 16-month case study of a reorganization and CEOsuccession in a family-owned company, the study investigates the interplay of formal and informalstructures. I find that informal structures can, in times of weak formal structures, partly substitutetasks of the formal organization through processes of encapsulation and rerouting, creating atemporal ‘shadow organization’. The study thus contributes to the literature on organizing andorganizational design by showing how informal structures can shape formal organizing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy of Management, 2018
Series
Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings, ISSN 2151-6561
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42477 (URN)10.5465/AMBPP.2018.18245abstract (DOI)
Conference
78th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2018, Chicago, Ill., United States, 10 - 14 August 2018
Available from: 2019-01-09 Created: 2019-01-09 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved
Waldkirch, M. & Nordqvist, M. (2017). Finding benevolence in family firms: The case of stewardship theory. In: Franz Kellermanns, Frank Hoy (Ed.), The Routledge companion to family business: (pp. 401-414). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Finding benevolence in family firms: The case of stewardship theory
2017 (English)In: The Routledge companion to family business / [ed] Franz Kellermanns, Frank Hoy, New York: Routledge, 2017, p. 401-414Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2017
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34276 (URN)000399599000020 ()2-s2.0-85027376466 (Scopus ID)9781138919112 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-12-12 Created: 2016-12-12 Last updated: 2017-12-20Bibliographically approved
Waldkirch, M., Melin, L. & Nordqvist, M. (2017). When the cure turns counterproductive: Parallel professionalization in family firms. In: 2017 Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2017: . Paper presented at 77th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2017; Atlanta; United States; 4 - 8 August 2017 (pp. 1-6). Academy of Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>When the cure turns counterproductive: Parallel professionalization in family firms
2017 (English)In: 2017 Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2017, Academy of Management , 2017, p. 1-6Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Pressures to professionalize family firms increasingly encompass ownership practices. Relying on a 10-year single-case study, we show how the parallel professionalization of business and family governance interact over time and how conflicts of norms, introduced through professional practices, affect family and business. We thus cast an ambivalent picture of professionalization. © 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy of Management, 2017
Keywords
Family firms, Professional practices
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41074 (URN)10.5465/ambpp.2017.50 (DOI)2-s2.0-85046469930 (Scopus ID)
Conference
77th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2017; Atlanta; United States; 4 - 8 August 2017
Available from: 2018-07-27 Created: 2018-07-27 Last updated: 2018-07-30Bibliographically approved
Nordqvist, M., Melin, L., Waldkirch, M. & Kumeto, G. (2015). Introducing theoretical perspectives on family business. In: Mattias Nordqvist, Leif Melin, Matthias Waldkirch and Gershon Kumeto (Ed.), Theoretical Perspectives on Family Businesses: (pp. 1-17). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introducing theoretical perspectives on family business
2015 (English)In: Theoretical Perspectives on Family Businesses / [ed] Mattias Nordqvist, Leif Melin, Matthias Waldkirch and Gershon Kumeto, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 1-17Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

As the field of family business has grown immensely over the last couple of decades, a multitude of theories from different fields has been introduced. However, there are surprisingly few attempts to provide an overview of theories that may be of particular interest for the family business scholar. Thus, this introduction chapter gives a critical overview of theoretical perspectives, before taking a closer look at the use of theories in family business studies. Regarding the current state of the family business field, the authors argue for putting more effort in building theory from family business research as well as a stronger emphasis on ‘giving back’ to theories borrowed from other fields. Lastly, the chapter describes the development of the book and introduces the 13 chapters and their contributions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015
Keywords
business and management, entrepreneurship, family business, organisational behaviour, organisation studies
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-28273 (URN)10.4337/9781783479665.00008 (DOI)9781783479658 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-11-05 Created: 2015-11-05 Last updated: 2017-04-21Bibliographically approved
Waldkirch, M. (2015). Social identity theory and the family business. In: Mattias Nordqvist, Leif Melin, Matthias Waldkirch and Gershon Kumeto (Ed.), Theoretical Perspectives on Family Businesses: (pp. 137-155). Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social identity theory and the family business
2015 (English)In: Theoretical Perspectives on Family Businesses / [ed] Mattias Nordqvist, Leif Melin, Matthias Waldkirch and Gershon Kumeto, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 137-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Social identity theory has given one of the most compelling answers to the question ‘who am I’ by linking identity to membership in social groups. After its adoption to organisational studies, where it has been used to understand, explain and forecast group behaviour, social identity theory has recently been adapted to family business research. After shortly briefly introducing social identity theory and its development, the chapter reviews how the theory has been used in family business research. As social identity theory in family business research has not been used to its fullest potential, the chapter then outlines several ways through which new insights into issues such as succession, non-family management and ownership could be created. In the conclusion, the chapter suggests a possible methodology for capturing social identity processes and proposes how family business research could offer new insights into social identity

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015
Keywords
social identity, identity boundaries, prototyping, self-categorizsation, non-family management, ownership
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-29156 (URN)10.4337/9781783479665.00015 (DOI)2-s2.0-84949178554 (Scopus ID)9781783479658 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-01-21 Created: 2016-01-21 Last updated: 2016-12-15Bibliographically approved
Nordqvist, M., Melin, L., Waldkirch, M. & Kumeto, G. (Eds.). (2015). Theoretical perspectives on family businesses. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Theoretical perspectives on family businesses
2015 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Family business has become an increasingly studied field over the last decade and forms one of the fastest growing research areas today. The uniqueness of family businesses is the interaction between two systems; the family and the business systems, leading to specific characteristics that we rarely see in other types of businesses. In order to understand the interaction between the family and the business systems, researchers have adopted a diverse range of theories from different fields. The contributors provide a thorough discussion of thirteen theoretical perspectives that have been used in family business research to a varying degree. Each chapter introduces a theory, demonstrates its previous application in family business research and offers compelling ideas for future research that could contribute to both the family business field and the original theory behind it. This book aims to spark new insights for researchers and PhD students in the field of family business, and is also a good introduction for researchers who are new to the field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015. p. 296
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-28272 (URN)10.4337/9781783479665 (DOI)2-s2.0-84940750658 (Scopus ID)9781783479658 (ISBN)9781783479665 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-11-05 Created: 2015-11-05 Last updated: 2017-04-21Bibliographically approved
Waldkirch, M.Investigating the impact of non-family CEOs: A review and agenda for future research.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigating the impact of non-family CEOs: A review and agenda for future research
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

As the field of family business matures, research has focused on actors outside the owner family. The most important non-family member a family firm can hire is arguably a non-family CEO. Given the limited pool of family members, family firms regularly hire such actors, but our knowledge of them is fragmented. Using a systematic literature review, this article collects, organizes and structures current knowledge on the impact of non-family CEOs in family firms. I then propose a research agenda by engaging in ‘gapspotting’ and ‘assumption-challenging’, first outlining gaps in the existing literatures and proposing research questions to fill them, then identifying and problematizing three underlying assumptions in the literature. Finally, I develop alternatives to stimulate new research about non-family CEOs.

National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41618 (URN)
Note

An earlier version of this paper has been presented at the 11th EIASM Workshop on Family Management Research 2015 in Lyon, France, and at the 1st International Family Business Research Forum 2015 in Witten/Herdecke, Germany, under the title “The Role of Non-Family Managers and CEOs in Family Firms: A Critical Review”.

Available from: 2018-09-27 Created: 2018-09-27 Last updated: 2018-09-27
Waldkirch, M.Pulled apart but held together: Job system change as a contestation process.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pulled apart but held together: Job system change as a contestation process
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

One of the most prevalent elements shaping organizations is that of jobs and the systems they form. Building on the literature on job design, job crafting and their interplay, I investigate how job systems change during a reorganization. The findings show that job systems change through a contestation process between designing and crafting that undermines the existing job system while unintentionally creating a framework for an emerging job system. The emergent system stabilizes as employees increasingly accomplish work through that system. The article contributes to the literature on work design by investigating the interplay between job design and crafting and by outlining the consequences of crafting for job systems. The article further contributes to the understanding of the actors involved in job design and crafting, and it adds to the growing literature investigating the interplay of formal and informal structures.

National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41620 (URN)
Note

An earlier version of this paper has been presented at the 33rd EGOS Colloquium 2017 in Copenhagen, Denmark, under the title “It’s all about love and hate, and how to balance them”: Navigating ambivalence in the process of CEO succession” and at the 78th Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2018 in Chicago, USA, under the title “What We Do in the Shadows: Unpacking the Interplay of Formal and Informal Structures”.

Available from: 2018-09-27 Created: 2018-09-27 Last updated: 2018-09-27
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