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Zehra, Khizran
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Zehra, K. & Nordqvist, M. (2015). Informal Entrepreneurship and Dynamic Governance Mechanisms: Role of Entrepreneurial Resourcefulness. In: John Humphreys (Ed.), Academy of Management Proceedings, January 2015 (Meeting Abstract Supplement) 16786, 2015: . Paper presented at Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Vancouver, August 7-11, 2015..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Informal Entrepreneurship and Dynamic Governance Mechanisms: Role of Entrepreneurial Resourcefulness
2015 (English)In: Academy of Management Proceedings, January 2015 (Meeting Abstract Supplement) 16786, 2015 / [ed] John Humphreys, 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Drawing on perspective of real governance this paper examines the informal and formal governance mechanisms of small informal-semi formal entrepreneurial firms. Empirically this study has been conducted in Pakistan and sample firms have been drawn from event planning industry. They are mostly young and small informal or semi-formal firms and have strongly emerged against core competition contributed by traditional hotel and catering industry. Findings improved our understanding of everyday governance i.e. real governance and elaborated the concept of entrepreneurial resourcefulness in un-favored institutionalized environment. As we found resourcefulness perspective be supportive in the process of generation and evolution of governance patterns.

Keywords
Contextualized Entrepreneurship, Formal and Informal Governance Mechanisms, Informal Economy
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-29193 (URN)
Conference
Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Vancouver, August 7-11, 2015.
Available from: 2016-01-25 Created: 2016-01-25 Last updated: 2016-11-15Bibliographically approved
Zehra, K. & Achtenhagen, L. (2011). Tracking gender in entrepreneurial development processes in Pakistan. In: : . Paper presented at 56th Annual ICSB World Conference: Back to the future, changes in perspectives of global entrepreneurship and innovation, Stockholm, June 15-18, 2011..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tracking gender in entrepreneurial development processes in Pakistan
2011 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The main purpose of this paper is to critically assess the context and policy environment for the recent development of women’s entrepreneurship in Pakistan. The paper highlights the fact that Pakistani women have been the passive recipients of various opportunities and programmes related to welfare and development, e.g. related to skill training, but the political commitment needed for achieving a fundamental change of the role of women in society is only slowly emerging. The Pakistani system has traditionally favoured large companies rather than SMEs and entrepreneurs, which has resulted in an economic contribution which is only slowly accelerating. Though there are some positive trends for empowering women entrepreneurs, the gender gap actually appears to be increasing in Pakistan.

Keywords
entrepreneurial development, Pakistan, entrepreneurship
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-29195 (URN)
Conference
56th Annual ICSB World Conference: Back to the future, changes in perspectives of global entrepreneurship and innovation, Stockholm, June 15-18, 2011.
Available from: 2016-01-25 Created: 2016-01-25 Last updated: 2016-01-25Bibliographically approved
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