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Pittino, D., Chirico, F., Henssen, B. & Broekaert, W. (2019). Does increased generational involvement foster business growth? The moderating roles of family involvement in ownership and management. European Management Review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does increased generational involvement foster business growth? The moderating roles of family involvement in ownership and management
2019 (English)In: European Management Review, ISSN 1740-4754, E-ISSN 1740-4762Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Building upon the upper echelon perspective, we examine the effect of generationalinvolvement in management on various measures of business growth and consider differentlevels of family participation. Specifically, we argue that generational involvement and theparticipation of family actors in ownership and management foster cognitive diversity at theTMT level, which may ultimately positively or negatively impact family business growth. Ourtheory, which is tested using a longitudinal sample of unlisted Belgian family firms, contributesprimarily to the literature related to the determinants of family firm growth, which, to date, haspaid limited attention to the combined effect of different family involvement factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Keywords
family firms; generational involvement; growth; ownership; top management team
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45688 (URN)10.1111/emre.12366 (DOI)000492384800001 ()2-s2.0-85074593707 (Scopus ID);IHHCeFEOIS (Local ID);IHHCeFEOIS (Archive number);IHHCeFEOIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2019-11-14
Caccamo, M., Pittino, D. & Chirico, F. (2019). Family firm density and likelihood of failure: An ecological perspective. In: S. Memili & C. Dibrell (Ed.), The Palgrave handbook of heterogeneity among family firms: (pp. 821-846). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Family firm density and likelihood of failure: An ecological perspective
2019 (English)In: The Palgrave handbook of heterogeneity among family firms / [ed] S. Memili & C. Dibrell, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 821-846Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter aims at establishing a link between family business research and regional science. Drawing from the density dependence model from organizational ecology and embeddedness theory, we develop four testable propositions to inquire about the effect of the emergence of family firms’ agglomerations in the territory on firms’ survival.

We theorize that increased family firm density reduces the likelihood of firm failure and this effect is (a) higher for family firms than for non-family firms, (b) lower in urban than in rural areas, and (c) higher in fine-grained variable environments than in stable environments. Contributions and future research implications are detailed in the concluding section.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
Keywords
Density dependence; Embeddedness; Failure; Family business
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42854 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-77676-7_30 (DOI)2-s2.0-85063807063 (Scopus ID)9783319776750 (ISBN)9783319776767 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-04 Created: 2019-02-04 Last updated: 2019-05-03Bibliographically approved
Migotto, S., Garlatti Costa, G., Ambrosi, E., Pittino, D., Bortoluzzi, G. & Palese, A. (2019). Gender issues in physician-nurse collaboration in healthcare teams: Findings from a cross-sectional study.. Journal of Nursing Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender issues in physician-nurse collaboration in healthcare teams: Findings from a cross-sectional study.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

AIMS: The aims of the study were (a) to assess whether the proportion of female nurses and female physicians in a given unit influences the attitude of collaboration between nurses and physicians as reported by nurses, and (b) to examine how these two dimensions interact to influence attitudes towards cooperation.

BACKGROUND: Available studies have documented that gender influences the collaboration between physicians and nurses, but no have explored the influence of specific combinations-such as a high proportion of female nurses and a high proportion of female physicians.

METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 700 nurses working in 36 hospital units in Italy. The validated Italian version of the Jefferson Scale of Attitudes towards Physician-Nurse Collaboration was used. A three stages hierarchical linear regression was performed by entering: (a) the control variables at the individual and at the unit levels, (b) the proportion of female nurses and physicians and (c) the two-way interaction.

RESULTS: A total of 430 nurses participated; the average Jefferson Scale of Attitudes towards Physician-Nurse Collaboration total score was 48.64 ± 5.27. At the second and third stages of the hierarchical linear regression model (explaining 12.8% and 14.1% of the Jefferson Scale of Attitudes towards Physician-Nurse Collaboration variance, respectively), having more female RNs as staff (model two: ß = 0.61, p =< .1; model three: ß = 0.69, p =< .05) was significantly associated with higher Jefferson Scale of Attitudes towards Physician-Nurse Collaboration scores; differently, higher physician-nurse ratios (model two: ß = -4.09, p =< .05; model three: ß = -4.54, p =< .01), and more female physicians (model two: ß = -1.06, p =< .05; model three: ß = -1.29, p =< .01) were associated with lower Jefferson Scale of Attitudes towards Physician-Nurse Collaboration scores.

CONCLUSION: There is a decreased collaboration as reported by nurses when predominantly male nursing teams interact with teams with more female physicians. However, in units lead by female physicians, having more female members among the nursing team, ensures increased attitudes of collaboration as reported by nurses.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: With the increasing proportion of female physicians and male nurses, unit mangers should be prepared to manage their influence on interprofessional cooperation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Keywords
attitude towards collaboration, gender, healthcare teams, nurse-physician collaboration, team composition
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Nursing Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46738 (URN)10.1111/jonm.12872 (DOI)000489468800001 ()31529750 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85073996355 (Scopus ID);IHHCeFEOIS (Local ID);IHHCeFEOIS (Archive number);IHHCeFEOIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-10-29 Created: 2019-10-29 Last updated: 2019-11-19
Palese, A., Gnech, D., Pittino, D., Capretta, F., Cossalter, O., Tonet, S., . . . Grosso, S. (2019). Non-nursing tasks as experienced by nursing students: Findings from a phenomenological interpretative study. Nurse Education Today, 76, 234-241
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Non-nursing tasks as experienced by nursing students: Findings from a phenomenological interpretative study
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2019 (English)In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 76, p. 234-241Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: During their clinical learning experience, students are exposed to the nursing profession as a powerful structural reality, experiencing the so-called professional socialisation, a process recognised as the basis of professional identity. Inside this process, students progressively acknowledge their professional identity as being composed of several competencies and, among these, also non-nursing tasks.

OBJECTIVES: To explore non-nursing tasks in the context of nursing students' clinical learning experiences.

DESIGN: An interpretative phenomenological study design was performed and carried out in 2016. The COnsolidated criteria for REporting Qualitative (COREQ) research principles were used in reporting study methods and findings.

SETTING: Two Italian Bachelor of Nursing degree programmes located in Northern Italy.

PARTICIPANTS: Students attending their nursing programmes who a) had successfully passed one or more theoretical examinations; b) had one or more clinical learning experiences in varied contexts (e.g. hospital, community); c) were attending the 1st, 2nd or 3rd year, and d) were willing to participate, were interviewed with an open-ended, face-to-face, audio-recorded interview.

METHODS: A thematic analysis was performed.

RESULTS: Participating students (n = 18) were between 20 and 25 years old and were attending the 1st to the 3rd (and final) academic year. Non-nursing tasks were experienced by them according to three main themes: a) "Being out of the scope of the learning experience," b) "Being forced by external and internal forces," and c) "Dealing with mixed outcomes by looking for a compromise." All students have reported learning to perform non-nursing tasks by shadowing clinical nurses and also practising these tasks by themselves. Internal and external forces prompted students to perform non-nursing tasks, which were recognised as having positive, negative, and neutral effects on themselves and on their learning outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS: Non-nursing tasks are acquired since the beginning of the clinical experience, thus shaping the nursing students' professional identity. At the undergraduate nursing level, strategies should be implemented to prevent the phenomena that a) threaten the acquisition of more complex nursing competences expected by patients and society, and b) shape future generations to be flexible and to perform different tasks, included those below their role.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Education, Interpretative phenomenology, Non-nursing tasks, Nursing education, Nursing students
National Category
Learning Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43364 (URN)10.1016/j.nedt.2019.02.005 (DOI)000464479800034 ()30849668 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85062273495 (Scopus ID);IHHCeFEOIS (Local ID);IHHCeFEOIS (Archive number);IHHCeFEOIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-03-21 Created: 2019-03-21 Last updated: 2019-05-08Bibliographically approved
Baù, M., Chirico, F., Pittino, D., Backman, M. & Klaesson, J. (2019). Roots to grow: Family firms and local embeddedness in rural and urban contexts. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, 43(2), 360-385
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Roots to grow: Family firms and local embeddedness in rural and urban contexts
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2019 (English)In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 360-385Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study analyzes the nexus among business growth, ownership structure, and local embeddedness—that is, the involvement of economic actors in a geographically bound social structure—in rural and urban contexts. This work combines regional economics with studies on family business and firm growth and uses a coarsened matched sample of privately held Swedish firms. The findings indicate that family firms benefit more than nonfamily firms from local embeddedness and as such they achieve higher levels of growth and that this effect is more pronounced in rural areas. Research implications are shared in the Conclusion section.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
business growth, local embeddedness, urban–rural contexts, family firms
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39334 (URN)10.1177/1042258718796089 (DOI)000458813400011 ()2-s2.0-85064328951 (Scopus ID)PP JIBS 2019 (Local ID)PP JIBS 2019 (Archive number)PP JIBS 2019 (OAI)
Available from: 2018-05-02 Created: 2018-05-02 Last updated: 2019-09-26Bibliographically approved
Sanchez-Famoso, V., Pittino, D., Chirico, F., Maseda, A. & Iturralde, T. (2019). Social capital and innovation in family firms: The moderating roles of family control and generational involvement. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 35(3), Article ID 101043.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social capital and innovation in family firms: The moderating roles of family control and generational involvement
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2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 35, no 3, article id 101043Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Drawing on the social capital literature, we examine whether the co-existence of distinct yetinteracting social groups, namely family and non-family members, creates the conditions forincreased family firm innovation. In particular, we theorize that family and non-family socialcapital have a joint positive effect on family firm innovation and this joint effect is stronger thanthe single effects of family and non-family social capital. In addition, we predict that while familycontrol has a positive moderating effect, generational involvement has a negative moderatingeffect on the above-mentioned relationship. With supportive empirical results, our research makesimportant contributions to the existing literature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Family firm, social capital, family control, generational involvement, innovation
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43110 (URN)10.1016/j.scaman.2019.02.002 (DOI)000482873300010 ()2-s2.0-85064151233 (Scopus ID)PP JIBS 2019 embargo 24;IHHCeFEOIS (Local ID)PP JIBS 2019 embargo 24;IHHCeFEOIS (Archive number)PP JIBS 2019 embargo 24;IHHCeFEOIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-02-20 Created: 2019-02-20 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Pittino, D., Visintin, F. & Lauto, G. (2018). Fly Away From the Nest?: A Configurational Analysis of Family Embeddedness and Individual Attributes in the Entrepreneurial Entry Decision by Next-Generation Members. Family Business Review, 31(3), 271-294
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fly Away From the Nest?: A Configurational Analysis of Family Embeddedness and Individual Attributes in the Entrepreneurial Entry Decision by Next-Generation Members
2018 (English)In: Family Business Review, ISSN 0894-4865, E-ISSN 1741-6248, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 271-294Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to determine how family embeddedness conditions combine with the goals and attributes of individuals with a family business background to engender to two patterns of entrepreneurship: succession in the family business and foundation of a new venture. Our empirical study is conducted using 169 cases of entrepreneurs operating in Italy. Inductively building on the configurations derived from the analysis, we suggest a series of theoretical propositions focusing on family embeddedness, individual attributes, and entrepreneurial paths of next-generation family business members.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
entrepreneurship, family embeddedness, fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis, new venture creation, strategy, succession, transgenerational entrepreneurship
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40021 (URN)10.1177/0894486518773867 (DOI)000441534800002 ()2-s2.0-85047431061 (Scopus ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Local ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Archive number)IHHÖvrigtIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-06-08 Created: 2018-06-08 Last updated: 2018-09-14Bibliographically approved
Pittino, D., Martínez, A. B., Chirico, F. & Galván, R. S. (2018). Psychological ownership, knowledge sharing and entrepreneurial orientation in family firms: The moderating role of governance heterogeneity. Journal of Business Research, 84, 312-326
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychological ownership, knowledge sharing and entrepreneurial orientation in family firms: The moderating role of governance heterogeneity
2018 (English)In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 84, p. 312-326Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adopting a stewardship perspective and relying on a sample of 93 Spanish family firms, we emphasize the importance of psychological ownership as a primary determinant of entrepreneurial orientation in terms of proactiveness, innovativeness and risk taking. We also suggest that the relationship between psychological ownership and entrepreneurial orientation is mediated by knowledge sharing. Finally, we assess the potential moderating roles of heterogenous governance conditions in terms of the generation in control, generational involvement and family involvement in the top management team with regard to the relationship between psychological ownership and knowledge sharing. Research and managerial implications are shared in the concluding section.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
family firms’ heterogeneity, entrepreneurial orientation, psychological ownership, knowledge sharing, stewardship
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37382 (URN)10.1016/j.jbusres.2017.08.014 (DOI)000427811100028 ()2-s2.0-85028696247 (Scopus ID)IHHCeFEOIS (Local ID)IHHCeFEOIS (Archive number)IHHCeFEOIS (OAI)
Available from: 2017-09-21 Created: 2017-09-21 Last updated: 2018-07-17Bibliographically approved
Pittino, D., Visintin, F. & Lauto, G. (2017). A configurational analysis of the antecedents of entrepreneurial orientation. European Management Journal, 35(2), 224-237
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A configurational analysis of the antecedents of entrepreneurial orientation
2017 (English)In: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 224-237Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Entrepreneurial orientation is widely acknowledged as a strong predictor of firm performance. It is therefore critical to understand the factors and conditions that nurture it. In this paper, we investigate what configurations of motivations and personality traits trigger entrepreneurial orientation in three strategic leadership situations: successor of a family business, family-oriented founder, non-family founder. Strategic leaders in these situations are differently exposed to the opportunities and constraints to pursue entrepreneurial posture, because of the influence of family embeddedness and organizational resistance. We apply Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis to a sample of 257 Italian SME owner/managers. We identify 12 coherent configurations of internal and external motivations, and personality traits that are all conducive to entrepreneurial orientation. These configurations are consistent with features of the family and organization environments in which the entrepreneurial action takes place; furthermore, in each strategic leadership situation, different configurations of attributes lead to entrepreneurial orientation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Entrepreneurial orientation, Equifinality, Family embeddedness, Fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis, SMEs, Strategic leadership
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34271 (URN)10.1016/j.emj.2016.07.003 (DOI)000399855300010 ()2-s2.0-84997769519 (Scopus ID)IHHCeFEOIS (Local ID)IHHCeFEOIS (Archive number)IHHCeFEOIS (OAI)
Available from: 2016-12-12 Created: 2016-12-12 Last updated: 2017-05-18Bibliographically approved
Pittino, D., Visintin, F. & Mazzurana, P. A. (2017). Alliance governance in entrepreneurial firms: the influence of family control and organizational size. In: Jonas Gabrielsson (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Corporate Governance and Entrepreneurship: (pp. 227-247). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Alliance governance in entrepreneurial firms: the influence of family control and organizational size
2017 (English)In: Handbook of Research on Corporate Governance and Entrepreneurship / [ed] Jonas Gabrielsson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, p. 227-247Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017
Series
Research Handbooks in Business and Management series
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37677 (URN)10.4337/9781782545569.00017 (DOI)9781782545552 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-10-19 Created: 2017-10-19 Last updated: 2018-09-05Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8203-4655

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