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Publications (10 of 22) Show all publications
Eklund, J. & Pettersson, L. (2017). Högskola i otakt. Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Högskola i otakt
2017 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Sverige har aldrig haft så många högutbildade i arbetskraften som idag, men arbetsmarknaden fungerar allt sämre. Frågan är vilka ekonomiska utfall högskoleexpansionen har bidragit till.

Slutsatser är att högre utbildning i Sverige inte främjar ekonomisk utveckling och välfärd. Det som bestämmer studenternas val och lärosätenas utformning av utbildningar anpassas inte efter behoven på arbetsmarknaden.

Utbildning är kostnadsfri för studerande och finansieras via skatteuttag, samtidigt som utbildningspremien och den privatekonomiska avkastningen, tillhör världens lägsta.

Detta bidrar inte till att lösa matchningsproblem på arbetsmarknaden. Istället finns en risk att utbildning ses som konsumtion snarare än investering i kunskap.

Resultatet riskerar bli en högskola som går i otakt med det omgivande samhället och framförallt näringslivet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2017. p. 144
National Category
Economics Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37877 (URN)978-91-7504-322-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-14 Created: 2017-11-14 Last updated: 2017-11-14Bibliographically approved
Wixe, S. & Pettersson, L. (2016). Segregation and individual employment: A longitudinal study of neighborhood effects. In: : . Paper presented at 19th Uddevalla Symposium on "Geography, Open Innovation, Diversity and Entrepreneurship", London, United Kingdom, during 30th June – 2nd July, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Segregation and individual employment: A longitudinal study of neighborhood effects
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we test whether individuals who live in more-segregated neighborhoods have a lower propensity to be employed. We apply an individual fixed effects strategy in order to reduce issues of self-selection and individual heterogeneity. This is possible due to access to full population micro-data, which allows us to follow the same group of individuals between 1990 and 2011. The results show that individuals who live in segregated neighborhoods are less likely to be employed, primarily in metropolitan regions. This effect is mainly driven by males with foreign background. However, it is not spatial separation per se that causes the negative effect on employment but rather the distress of segregated neighborhoods. This indicates that these neighborhoods provide fewer opportunities for labor market integration, which is particularly challenging for already disadvantaged individuals. The results thus have a strong bearing on policy concerning both integration and urban planning.

Keywords
segregation, employment, neighborhood effects, social interaction
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34881 (URN)
Conference
19th Uddevalla Symposium on "Geography, Open Innovation, Diversity and Entrepreneurship", London, United Kingdom, during 30th June – 2nd July, 2016
Available from: 2017-01-25 Created: 2017-01-25 Last updated: 2017-01-25Bibliographically approved
Johansson, S. & Pettersson, L. (2014). Small-scale food production and location of gourmet restaurants in rural Sweden. Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Small-scale food production and location of gourmet restaurants in rural Sweden
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study explore the location pattern of gourmet restaurants in Sweden by using information about restaurant quality from the White Guide. The purpose of the paper is to analyze which factors that influence the location pattern of gourmet restaurants, with particular focus on the influence of small-scale food producers. This variable can be expected to be of substantial importance in creating comparative advantages related to geographical location. Econometric estimates of a zero-inflated Poisson regression show that the number of small-scale food producers in a location significantly increases the number of gourmet restaurants in locations with non-zero count. Moreover, factors related to the demand side, such as market size and tourism significantly increases the number of gourmet restaurants in a municipality once the probability of a non-zero count is accounted for. The tourism sector appears to be of particular strong importance in rural areas where the size of the permanently residing population is insufficient for creating business opportunities for restaurateurs striving for the upper quality segment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. p. 19
Series
CESIS Working Paper Series ; 382
Keywords
Culinary markets, restaurants, small-scale food production, tourism, regional development, innovation systems, agglomeration economies
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-29381 (URN)
Available from: 2016-02-12 Created: 2016-02-12 Last updated: 2016-02-12Bibliographically approved
Hacker, S. R., Klaesson, J., Pettersson, L. & Sjölander, P. (2013). Regional economic concentration and growth. In: Johan Klaesson, Börje Johansson, Charlie Karlsson (Ed.), Metropolitan regions: Knowledge infrastructures of the global economy (pp. 117-139). Berlin: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regional economic concentration and growth
2013 (English)In: Metropolitan regions: Knowledge infrastructures of the global economy / [ed] Johan Klaesson, Börje Johansson, Charlie Karlsson, Berlin: Springer, 2013, p. 117-139Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The regional relationships between agglomeration and economic growth are expected to be different in different types of regions. In the literature of the new economic geography it is common to stress the importance of access to cities with agglomeration of economic activities in the form of firms and households in order to be able to explain regional growth. However, it is also well known that many rural areas are performing fairly well in terms of employment and economic opportunities.

The purpose of the present research is to analyze if concentration of population drives economic growth or if it is the other way around. A second question is if this relationship between concentration of population and growth is different in different types of regions.

In order to shed light on these two questions the economic performance of three types of Swedish regions (metropolitan-, cities- and rural regions) is related to changes in population densities.

In the empirical analysis the Shannon index is used in the measurement of regional concentration. By considering the effect of previous levels of the Shannon index on average wages we extract information on how regional concentration affects regional economic growth (expressed as growth in average wages). In the empirical analysis we employ a VAR Granger causality approach on regional Swedish yearly data from 1987 to 2006. From this analysis we are able to conclude that there are strong empirical indications that geographic agglomeration of population unidirectionally drives economic growth in metropolitan- and city regions. Concerning the rural regions no such indication is found in either direction. This is a fairly strong indication that urban regions are more dependent on economies of agglomeration compared to rural areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: Springer, 2013
Series
Advances in Spatial Science, ISSN 1430-9602
Keywords
Agglomeration economies, Productivity, Regions, Granger causality, Sweden
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-22909 (URN)10.1007/978-3-642-32141-2_6 (DOI)978-3-642-32140-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-12-30 Created: 2013-12-30 Last updated: 2018-07-03Bibliographically approved
Wixe, S. & Pettersson, L. (2013). The impact of ethnicity and segregation on labor market outcomes. In: : . Paper presented at ERSA 53rd Congress, "Regional Integration: Europe, the Mediterranean and the World Economy", 27-31 August 2013, Palermo, Italy.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of ethnicity and segregation on labor market outcomes
2013 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34885 (URN)
Conference
ERSA 53rd Congress, "Regional Integration: Europe, the Mediterranean and the World Economy", 27-31 August 2013, Palermo, Italy
Available from: 2017-01-25 Created: 2017-01-25 Last updated: 2017-01-25Bibliographically approved
Bjerke, L., Johansson, S. & Pettersson, L. (2012). Arbete och liv på landsbygden: Landsbygdens förutsättningar i kunskapsekonomin. Jönköping: Jordbruksverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arbete och liv på landsbygden: Landsbygdens förutsättningar i kunskapsekonomin
2012 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Ett hållbart samhälle bygger på att resurser används på ett effektivt sätt. En effektiv ekonomi bygger på att olika typer av verksamheter utförs på de platser där de kan utföras på ett effektivt sätt. Vissa platser har bättre förutsättningar för att skapa ekonomiskt välstånd. Både teoretisk och empirisk forskning visar att produktivitet, förnyelse och tillväxt gynnas av den täthet och mångfald som finns i befolkningstäta områden. Detta gäller inte minst för kunskapsintensiva verksamheter, vilka tenderar att koncentreras till urbana miljöer. Syftet med denna studie är att ge en översikt över vilka utvecklingsvägar som finns för landsbygden i en ekonomi som i växande grad koncentreras till kunskapsintensiva verksamheter.

Denna studie belyser det faktum att landsbygden, trots urbaniseringskrafter, är en fördelaktig plats för verksamheter som är direkt beroende av fasta naturtillgångar som återfinns utanför urbana miljöer. Landsbygden är således en fördelaktig plats för att bedriva råvaruproduktion, tillverkningsindustri samt för många företag som är inriktade på exportmarknader. Även den småskaliga livsmedelsindustrin och delar av besöksnäringen drar nytta av landsbygdens specifika resurser. Det är främst inom besöksnäring, rekreation och småskalig förädling som man kan se en potential för sysselsättningstillväxt på landsbygden, eftersom stora delar av den storskaliga industriproduktionen fortgående ersätter arbetskraft med kapital och därmed visar på en svag tillväxt i sysselsättning.

Både småskalig livsmedelsförädling och besöksnäring är växande branscher i flera landsbygdskommuner, inte minst i fjällvärlden och i kustområdena. Man ser emellertid också att det finns många platser i Götalands och Svealands inland som har en stark livsmedelsproduktion (både storskalig och småskalig) och dessutom har en attraktiv miljö för friluftsliv och därtill kopplad besöksnäring.

Avgörande för möjligheterna till ekonomisk tillväxt på landsbygden är att miljön är attraktiv. Viktigt för att skapa en attraktiv miljö är att landskapet är varierat, och för detta förutsätts i många avseenden ett aktivt jordbruk. Jordbruksproduktion är nödvändig för att hålla marken öppen och bidrar till en stor artrikedom och bevarade natur- och kulturmiljöer. Att odlingslandskapet bevaras torde vara av stor vikt för landsbygdens långsiktigt positiva utveckling.

En annan förutsättning för att en plats ska visa på en långsiktigt positiv utveckling är att det finns en lokal marknad med stark köpkraft. Denna studie visar att en kommun behöver ha ett lokalt tätortscentrum med minst ca 25 000 invånare för att den förväntade befolkningsutvecklingen ska vara positiv. Närhet till grannkommuner med större tätortscentra inom avstånd som upplevs som pendlingsbara, kan kompensera avsaknaden av egen större tätort.

Avsaknad av en köpstark lokalbefolkning kan också kompenseras av en stark besöksnäring, vilken temporärt flyttar den inhemska köpkraften från storstadsregionerna till landsbygden. Ytterligare köpkraft kan också komma från utländska besökare. Det tycks finnas ett ömsesidigt positivt samband mellan besöksnäring och uppkomst av småskaliga lokala produkter i vissa delar av landet. Många sådana produkter har en direkt koppling till det lokala jordbruket, vilket påtalar jordbrukets roll för en levande landsbygd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jordbruksverket, 2012. p. 37
Series
Rapport, ISSN 1102-3007 ; 2012:19
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-29398 (URN)SJV-R-12/19-SE (ISRN)
Available from: 2016-02-15 Created: 2016-02-15 Last updated: 2016-02-15Bibliographically approved
Mellander, C., Pettersson, L. & Öner, Ö. (2011). Culture City. Journal of Town and City Management, 2(3), 246-262
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Culture City
2011 (English)In: Journal of Town and City Management, ISSN 1756-9538, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 246-262Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Culture and creativity have been seen as catalysts for social change, urban diversity and revitalisation of neighbourhoods by thinkers such as Richard Florida and Charles Landry. The creative and cultural sectors are also viewed as essential parts of urban economies, both as factors attracting population and as a dynamic part of the economy with strong growth. This means that these sectors stimulate economic growth in cities in several ways. From descriptive statistics one knows that occupation in the creative and cultural sectors is spatially concentrated in large metropolitan regions. This observation, and other theoretical arguments, stress that the performance and growth of these sectors should be assumed to be dependent on agglomeration economies. In this analysis, the authors examine the relationship between spatial distribution and growth of occupation, in a sample of people working in the creative and cultural sectors, in relation to growth in cities in Sweden. One interesting finding from the empirical analysis is that, when the authors analyse differences between the core and peripheral parts of functional regions, they find that there are no real signs of significant differences between them. In particular, they find that in the peripheral municipalities (suburbs) that surround the core municipalities, the occupation in the creative and cultural sectors is more correlated to population growth in these municipalities than proximity to creative and cultural occupation in the core parts of the functional regions. From a policy perspective, this means that investments in culture not only matter for the biggest cities and city centres, but also for the medium and smaller-sized regions, as well as the suburbs.

Keywords
culture, regional development, city size, growth
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-17493 (URN)
Available from: 2012-01-30 Created: 2012-01-30 Last updated: 2015-11-10Bibliographically approved
Pettersson, L., Widell, L. M. & Sjölander, P. (2011). Do startups in the agricultural sector generate employment in the rest of the economy?: An arellano-bond dynamic panel study. In: Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Hans Westlund, Hayeong Jeong (Ed.), Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 6: (pp. 255-273). MARG
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do startups in the agricultural sector generate employment in the rest of the economy?: An arellano-bond dynamic panel study
2011 (English)In: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 6 / [ed] Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Hans Westlund, Hayeong Jeong, MARG , 2011, p. 255-273Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

By means of an Arellano-Bond dynamic panel data study of Swedish data over 1993-2004, it is concluded that startups in the agricultural and forestry sector may cause startups in the remaining sectors of the Swedish economy. Thus, new entries in the agricultural and forestry sector may lead to dynamic effects, which may lead to employment in completely other sectors of the economy. The agricultural and forestry small-business sector is therefore a very important factor in the quest to reduce unemployment and to increase the economic growth in Sweden. Another important finding, outside of the main purpose of this paper, is that the per capita propensity to start a new firm is significantly higher in rural areas compared to urban areas. Consequently, people in rural areas are more entrepreneurial per capita (in the context of starting new firms) compared to the population living in urban areas. A substantially high fraction of the rural population faces the forced option of unemployment or self-employment. However, fortunately, a disproportionally high share of the rural population chooses the latter alternative.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MARG, 2011
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-17568 (URN)
Available from: 2012-02-01 Created: 2012-02-01 Last updated: 2017-06-08Bibliographically approved
Klaesson, J. & Pettersson, L. (2009). Urban-Rural Development in Sweden. In: Charlie Karlsson, Roger Stough, Paul Cheshire & Åke Andersson (Ed.), New Directions in Regional Economic Development: . Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urban-Rural Development in Sweden
2009 (English)In: New Directions in Regional Economic Development / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Roger Stough, Paul Cheshire & Åke Andersson, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2009Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2009
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23322 (URN)
Available from: 2014-01-30 Created: 2014-01-30 Last updated: 2015-10-01
Andersson, Å., Pettersson, L. & Strömquist, U. (Eds.). (2007). European Metropolitan Housing Markets (ed.). Berlin: Springer Verlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>European Metropolitan Housing Markets
2007 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: Springer Verlag, 2007. p. 363
Series
Advances in spatial science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-5471 (URN)978-3-540-69891-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2008-03-19 Created: 2008-03-19Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1618-2120

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