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Publications (10 of 14) Show all publications
Vaillancourt, A., Tatham, P. H., Wu, Y. & Haavisto, I. (2018). Humanitarian health project supply chain costs. Supply Chain Forum: an International Journal, 19(1), 70-80
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Humanitarian health project supply chain costs
2018 (English)In: Supply Chain Forum: an International Journal, ISSN 1625-8312, E-ISSN 1624-6039, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 70-80Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The combination of inadequate health systems and the occurrence of humanitarian crisis results in significant logistics and supply chain management (LSCM) challenges in the support of their vulnerable populations. Because of the high cost of humanitarian LSCM and the limited funding available, it is important that organizations make the most of their limited resources. The aim of this research is to develop our understanding of the drivers of LSCM cost in a humanitarian setting. The paper explores the importance of a range of different underpinning potential factors impacting the cost per beneficiary and develops a resultant set of hypotheses tested with a robust regression model. The results demonstrate that the number of beneficiaries and the type of organization, the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, and the type of health programme all affect the supply chain costs per beneficiary. This research helps further the understanding of the drivers of efficiency for humanitarian supply chains and the impact of health programme design on supply chain costs. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Cost drivers, Efficiency drivers, Health supply chains, Humanitarian supply chains
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42254 (URN)10.1080/16258312.2017.1394775 (DOI)2-s2.0-85054820088 (Scopus ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Local ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Archive number)IHHÖvrigtIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-12-07 Created: 2018-12-07 Last updated: 2018-12-07Bibliographically approved
Vaillancourt, A. (2016). A theoretical framework for consolidation in humanitarian logistics. Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, 6(1), 2-23
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A theoretical framework for consolidation in humanitarian logistics
2016 (English)In: Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, ISSN 2042-6747, E-ISSN 2042-6755, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 2-23Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a theoretical framework to better understand incentives and obstacles to consolidation of materials in humanitarian logistics. Design/methodology/approach – This study uses a content analysis for its literature review method to code 87 articles related to supply chain and logistics and understand what are the incentives and obstacles to consolidation. It then discusses these issues from the point of view of humanitarian logistics.

Findings – Through the combination of a literature review and discussion, the framework developed in this conceptual paper identifies specific sources of delays and impediments to cooperation present in disaster response and development activities. These issues can be related to disaster type, the focus of the organization and the stakeholders as well as the resources required for consolidation themselves.

Research limitations/implications – There are limitations to a conceptual paper, one being the lack of empirical proof for the findings. Another limitation is the use of coding; even though the coding grid was iterative to take into account the findings in the literature, there might still be shortcomings inherent to the categories.

Originality/value – This study offers a comprehensive review of consolidation activities in the last decades and offers an abstract model to further investigate consolidation in the context of humanitarian logistics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016
Keywords
Consolidation, Content analysis, Framework, Humanitarian logistics, Supply chain
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-32003 (URN)10.1108/JHLSCM-01-2015-0001 (DOI)000381905900001 ()2-s2.0-84961590463 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-10-17 Created: 2016-10-17 Last updated: 2017-04-24Bibliographically approved
Vaillancourt, A. (2016). Case ABC analysis. In: Gyöngyi Kovács, Karen Spens, Ira Haavisto (Ed.), Supply Chain Management for Humanitarians: . Kogan page
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Case ABC analysis
2016 (English)In: Supply Chain Management for Humanitarians / [ed] Gyöngyi Kovács, Karen Spens, Ira Haavisto, Kogan page, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kogan page, 2016
Keywords
Supply chain management
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30095 (URN)9780749474683 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-05-31 Created: 2016-05-31 Last updated: 2016-06-02Bibliographically approved
Tatham, P., Kovács, G. & Vaillancourt, A. (2016). Evaluating the applicability of sea basing to support the preparation for, and response to, rapid onset disasters. IEEE transactions on engineering management, 63(1), 67-77
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluating the applicability of sea basing to support the preparation for, and response to, rapid onset disasters
2016 (English)In: IEEE transactions on engineering management, ISSN 0018-9391, E-ISSN 1558-0040, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 67-77Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using four case studies of the response of the international community to major rapid onset natural disasters, this paper analyzes the advantages and challenges inherent in the provision of logistics support through the use of a floating warehouse; otherwise known as “sea basing.” Through a comparison of the costs and benefits of the use of alternative sea-basing models with the actual cost of air transport incurred, this paper demonstrates that the use of sea basing would offer responding agencies significant cost and flexibility benefits, and that the concept has the potential to be extended significantly through the use of a bespoke vessel rather than a standard commercial container ship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016
Keywords
Containers, Earthquakes, Logistics, Marine vehicles, Organizations, Tropical cyclones, Disaster relief, Humanitarian logistics (HL), Inventory location, Sea basing
National Category
Business Administration Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30096 (URN)10.1109/TEM.2015.2502548 (DOI)000369308300006 ()2-s2.0-84949959733 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-05-31 Created: 2016-05-31 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Vaillancourt, A. (2016). Warehousing in Humanitarian Logistics. In: Gyöngyi Kovács, Karen Spens, Ira Haavisto (Ed.), Supply Chain Management for Humanitarians: . Kogan page
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Warehousing in Humanitarian Logistics
2016 (English)In: Supply Chain Management for Humanitarians / [ed] Gyöngyi Kovács, Karen Spens, Ira Haavisto, Kogan page, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kogan page, 2016
Keywords
Supply chain management
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30094 (URN)9780749474683 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-05-31 Created: 2016-05-31 Last updated: 2016-06-02Bibliographically approved
Vaillancourt, A., Tatham, P. & Seitz, L. (2015). A review of supply chain and logistics competencies for the humanitarian logistics field. In: Gyöngyi Kovács, Karen Spens, Ira Haavisto (Ed.), Proceedings of the 13th ANZAM Operations, Supply Chain and Services Management Symposium: . Paper presented at The 13th ANZAM Operations, Supply Chain and Services Management Symposium, Melbourne, 31 May-2 June, 2015.. (1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A review of supply chain and logistics competencies for the humanitarian logistics field
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the 13th ANZAM Operations, Supply Chain and Services Management Symposium, 2015, no 1Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to review existing supply chain and logistics competencies and their potential application in humanitarian logistics. The study uses a systematic literature review to identify relevant articles and bases its discussion on the integration of these findings with the broader humanitarian logistics literature. The research indicate that competency frameworks are not well developed in general supply chain management and logistics literature especially for behaviours and links to performance – and even less so within humanitarian logistics literature. Nevertheless, the paper offers a conceptual model based on the material reviewed which can be used for further study.

Keywords
Competencies, humanitarian, logistics, humanitarian operations, crisis management
National Category
Business Administration Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30132 (URN)978-0-646-59736-2 (ISBN)
Conference
The 13th ANZAM Operations, Supply Chain and Services Management Symposium, Melbourne, 31 May-2 June, 2015.
Available from: 2016-06-01 Created: 2016-06-01 Last updated: 2016-06-09Bibliographically approved
Vaillancourt, A. & Haavisto, I. (2015). Community Volunteer Services in an Urban Disaster Setting. In: Gyöngyi Kovács, Karen Spens, Ira Haavisto (Ed.), Proceedings of the 13th ANZAM Operations, Supply Chain and Services Management Symposium: . Paper presented at The 13th ANZAM Operations, Supply Chain and Services Management Symposium, Melbourne, 31 May-2 June, 2015.. (1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Community Volunteer Services in an Urban Disaster Setting
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the 13th ANZAM Operations, Supply Chain and Services Management Symposium, 2015, no 1Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30134 (URN)978-0-646-59736-2 (ISBN)
Conference
The 13th ANZAM Operations, Supply Chain and Services Management Symposium, Melbourne, 31 May-2 June, 2015.
Available from: 2016-06-01 Created: 2016-06-01 Last updated: 2016-06-02Bibliographically approved
Vaillancourt, A. (2015). Consolidation in Humanitarian Logistics. (Doctoral dissertation). Helsinki: Hanken School of Economics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Consolidation in Humanitarian Logistics
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Major disasters, conflicts and poverty afflict many millions of people around the world. To address the needs of these people, humanitarian organizations deploy a vast array of resources supported by material, financial and information flows. Some of these resources need efficient logistics support to achieve their goals and through vertical or horizontal coordination, humanitarian organisations can improve the way to respond to a situation. A specific approach to coordination is consolidation which this thesis explores in depth. The thesis and its articles aim to understand the competence and underlying resources for consolidation of materials in supply chains. This thesis covers material consolidation concepts and humanitarian logistics activities such as warehousing consolidation, procurement consolidation and transportation consolidation. The research presented in the thesis is composed of three individually authored articles, the first one is a conceptual paper based on a literature review entitled “A Theoretical Framework for Consolidation in Humanitarian Logistics”. The second article is entitled “Procurement Consolidation in Global Humanitarian Supply Chains” and the third article is entitled “Kit Management in Humanitarian Supply Chains”; both these two articles are based on empirical case studies. This thesis further contributes to dynamic capabilities as it identifies a result that can be expected from the lower supply chain competition and interest in coordination and cooperation by humanitarian organizations: facilitating access to competencies in between organizations through specific consolidation activities. Humanitarian organizations do not seek profit neither do they compete through their supply chains and instead sometimes cooperate and coordinate to improve aid delivery.

Abstract [sv]

Katastrofer, konflikter och fattigdom plågar miljoner människor över hela världen. Humanitära organisationer möter dessa människors behov genom att använda en omfattande uppsättning resurser som stöds av material-, penga- och informationsflöden. För att kunna optimera insatsen av sina resurser behöver humanitära organisationer effektivt logistiskt stöd. Med hjälp av vertikal eller horisontell samordning kan organisationerna bättre reagera på olika situationer. En specifik metod inom samordning är konsolidering, ett tema som utforskas på djupet i Alain Vaillancourts avhandling “Consolidation in Humanitarian Logistics” (konsolidering inom humanitär logistik). Vaillancourt strävar efter att förstå den kompetens och de bakomliggande resurser som krävs för konsolidering av material i leveranskedjor. - Genom att konsolidera de materiella resurserna får humanitära organisationer bättre tillgång till kunnande över organisationsgränserna, vilket stödjer dem i att genomföra sitt uppdrag, påpekar Vaillancourt. Avhandlingen behandlar begrepp relaterade till materiell konsolidering samt humanitär logistik som till exempel samordnad lagerhantering, upphandling och transport. Forskningsresultaten visar på förbättrade möjligheter för humanitära organisationer att förvärva olika slags nya färdigheter genom specifika samordnade verksamheter. Resultaten ger ledningen för humanitära organisationer insikter i konsolidering och hur de kan organisera lämpliga resurser, öka det interna kunnandet och därigenom förbättra sin verksamhet i leveranskedjorna.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki: Hanken School of Economics, 2015. p. 161
Series
Economics and Society, ISSN 2242-699X ; 291
Keywords
supply chain, humanitarian logistics, consolidation, kitting, procurement
National Category
Business Administration Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30339 (URN)978-952-232-288-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-06-08 Created: 2016-06-08 Last updated: 2016-06-08Bibliographically approved
Vaillancourt, A. & Haavisto, I. (2015). Country logistics performance and disaster impact. Disasters. The Journal of Disaster Studies, Policy and Management, 40(2), 262-283
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Country logistics performance and disaster impact
2015 (English)In: Disasters. The Journal of Disaster Studies, Policy and Management, ISSN 0361-3666, E-ISSN 1467-7717, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 262-283Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to deepen the understanding of the relationship between country logistics performance and disaster impact. The relationship is analysed through correlation analysis and regression models for 117 countries for the years 2007 to 2012 with disaster impact variables from the International Disaster Database (EM-DAT) and logistics performance indicators from the World Bank. The results show a significant relationship between country logistics performance and disaster impact overall and for five out of six specific logistic performance indicators. These specific indicators were further used to explore the relationship between country logistic performance and disaster impact for three specific disaster types (epidemic, flood and storm). The findings enhance the understanding of the role of logistics in a humanitarian context with empirical evidence of the importance of country logistics performance in disaster response operation

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2015
Keywords
Disaster impact, disaster preparedness, humanitarian logistics, logistics performance
National Category
Business Administration Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30143 (URN)10.1111/disa.12146 (DOI)000372286700005 ()2-s2.0-84959512464 (Scopus ID)9780749474683 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-06-01 Created: 2016-06-01 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Kovács, G., Meriläinen, E., Spens, K., Storsjö, I., Tatham, P. & Vaillancourt, A. (2015). Practices in the wine supply chain. In: Bjørn Jæger (Ed.), NOFOMA 2015: Post conference proceedings. Paper presented at The 27th annual NOFOMA Conference, "Towards Sustainable Logistics and Supply Chain Management", Molde, Norway, 3-5 June 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Practices in the wine supply chain
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2015 (English)In: NOFOMA 2015: Post conference proceedings / [ed] Bjørn Jæger, 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The low level of supply chain maturity and the lack of industry best practices in wine supply chains are stated to be some of the biggest challenges for this industry. The aim of this paper is, therefore, to explore practices in the wine supply chain, and to evaluate a framework of supply chain practices through a multiple case study.

Design/methodology/approach: A multiple case study approach is used, through which the case of a multi-national wine producer is compared to thesupply chains of small Australian winemakers.

Findings: The findings corroborate that performance, while highlighted in production and the quality of the product, is less in focus in terms of efficiency and effectiveness in the supply chain. The wine supply chain is very manufacturing and marketing-focused, with distribution supporting these activities. The case study shows that supply chain practices such as customer orientation, process integration and visibility are key to the wine supply chain, albeit they are not discussed in supply chain terms.

Research limitations/implications (if applicable): The research indicates the link between supply chain practice andperformance, yet the directionality of this link remains to be established.

Practical implications: Wine researchers have called for more research in supply chain management. This paper aims to fill this gap and in additionprovide practitioners withpractice examples.

Social implications-

Original/value: This paper is a first evaluation of a conceptual framework on supply chain practices in the wine supply chain. This framework is very useful for eliciting current practices but also for benchmarking with other companies in the wine industry.

Keywords
Supply chain practices, supply chain, wine supply chain, best practice, competitive advantage
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-32005 (URN)978-82-7962-207-9 (ISBN)
Conference
The 27th annual NOFOMA Conference, "Towards Sustainable Logistics and Supply Chain Management", Molde, Norway, 3-5 June 2015
Available from: 2016-10-17 Created: 2016-10-17 Last updated: 2016-10-17Bibliographically approved
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5242-5981

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