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Publications (10 of 14) Show all publications
Evansluong, Q., Ramirez-Pasillas, M. & Nguyen Bergström, H. (2019). From breaking-ice to breaking-out: Integration as an opportunity creation process. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From breaking-ice to breaking-out: Integration as an opportunity creation process
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & ResearchArticle in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

This paper conducts an inductive case study to understand how the opportunity creation process leads to integration. It examines four cases of immigrant entrepreneurs of Cameroonian, Lebanese, Mexican and Assyrian origins who founded their businesses in Sweden. The study relies on process-oriented theory building and develops an inductive model of integration as an opportunity creation process. The model identifies entrepreneurial ‘breaking’ actions occurring in the integration process. This entails that immigrants act when they are socially excluded and discriminated in the labour market by developing business ideas and becoming entrepreneurs. By practicing the new language and accommodating native customers’ preferences, immigrants then reorient their entrepreneurial ideas. Finally, the immigrants tailor their ideas to suit their new customers by strengthening their sense of belonging to the local community. The suggested model shows immigrants’ acculturation into the host society via three successive phases: breaking-ice, breaking-in, and breaking-out. In the breaking-ice phase, immigrants trigger entrepreneurial ideas to overcome the disadvantages that they face as immigrants in the host country. In the breaking-in phase, immigrants articulate their entrepreneurial ideas by bonding with the ethnic community. In the breaking-out phase, the immigrants reorient their entrepreneurial ideas by desegregating them locally. The paper concludes by elaborating theoretical and practical implications of the research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, Immigrants, Ethnic Groups, Opportunity
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42588 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-11 Created: 2019-01-11 Last updated: 2019-01-11
Evansluong, Q. & Ramirez-Pasillas, M. (2019). The role of family social capital in immigrants’ entrepreneurial opportunity creation processes. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 36(1-2), 164-188
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of family social capital in immigrants’ entrepreneurial opportunity creation processes
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 36, no 1-2, p. 164-188Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper conducts an inductive case study to build a theory on the role of family in both the host and home countries in immigrant entrepreneurs' attempts at creating entrepreneurial opportunities. We used the perspectives of the opportunity creation process and family social capital. We relied on data collected from four cases of immigrant entrepreneurs from Lebanon, Syria, Cameroon and Mexico who have established businesses in Sweden. The paper identified three sources of family social capital: family duties, family trust and family support as being relevant for creating opportunities. While family duties triggered the process of forming an entrepreneurial idea, this process was advanced by the existence of family trust. Family support was then the building block for launching an entrepreneurial idea. By identifying these three sources of family social capital, we show that families in the host and home countries contribute to immigrant entrepreneurs' opportunity creation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InderScience Publishers, 2019
Keywords
immigrant entrepreneurship; opportunity creation; family social capital; entrepreneurial ideas; home country; host country; family duty; family trust
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35554 (URN)10.1504/IJESB.2019.096973 (DOI)2-s2.0-85058788727 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-05-17 Created: 2017-05-17 Last updated: 2019-01-14Bibliographically approved
Evansluong, Q. & Ramirez-Pasillas, M. (2018). A missing link in immigrant entrepreneurship: family functions and opportunity creation processes. In: : . Paper presented at British Academy of Management, BAM2018, "Driving Productivity in Uncertain and Challenging Times", Bristol Business School, Bristol, UK, 4-6 September 2018. British Academy of Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A missing link in immigrant entrepreneurship: family functions and opportunity creation processes
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper employs an inductive case study to explore the relevance of the family functions in the opportunity creation process by immigrant entrepreneurs. We employ the perspective of the opportunity creation process and the family functions for theory building purposes. We conducted four cases of immigrant entrepreneurs who established businesses in Sweden and that have their origins in Lebanon and Syria, Cameroon, Mexico, and Syria. The paper identifies three family functions -- or family ways of working -- facilitating the opportunity creation process: (I) changing family roles, (II) family (acting) as a springboard, (III) family (acting) as trusting bedrock. These family functions were not static features rather processes influencing the opportunity creation process. The functions were connected to a specific opportunity creation process in the same order: (I) the triggering process, (II) the exploration of an entrepreneurial idea and (III) the exploitation of the entrepreneurial idea. The family functions changed as needed during the opportunity creation processes. Such change was however limited to the pool of resources available to the immigrant entrepreneur and the family in the home and host countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
British Academy of Management, 2018
Keywords
immigrant entrepreneurship, opportunities, functions, family, opportunity creation
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42583 (URN)
Conference
British Academy of Management, BAM2018, "Driving Productivity in Uncertain and Challenging Times", Bristol Business School, Bristol, UK, 4-6 September 2018
Available from: 2019-01-11 Created: 2019-01-11 Last updated: 2019-01-11Bibliographically approved
Evansluong, Q. & Ramirez-Pasillas, M. (2018). Family resilience in immigrants’ entrepreneurial opportunity creation process. In: : . Paper presented at RENT Conference “Sustainable entrepreneurship: a win-win strategy for the future”, November 14-16, Toledo, Spain 32nd RENT conference “Sustainable entrepreneurship: A win-win strategy for the future”, Toledo, Spain, November 14-16, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Family resilience in immigrants’ entrepreneurial opportunity creation process
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42584 (URN)
Conference
RENT Conference “Sustainable entrepreneurship: a win-win strategy for the future”, November 14-16, Toledo, Spain 32nd RENT conference “Sustainable entrepreneurship: A win-win strategy for the future”, Toledo, Spain, November 14-16, 2018
Available from: 2019-01-11 Created: 2019-01-11 Last updated: 2019-01-11Bibliographically approved
Evansluong, Q. & Ramirez-Pasillas, M. (2017). Family embeddedness in immigrants' entrepreneurial opportunity creation process. In: : . Paper presented at EURAM 2017, "Making Knowledge Work", 21-24 June, Glasgow, Scotland. European Academy of Management (EURAM)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Family embeddedness in immigrants' entrepreneurial opportunity creation process
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
European Academy of Management (EURAM), 2017
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35551 (URN)
Conference
EURAM 2017, "Making Knowledge Work", 21-24 June, Glasgow, Scotland
Available from: 2017-05-17 Created: 2017-05-17 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Ramírez-Pasillas, M. & Evansluong, Q. (2017). Sustainable entrepreneurship undergraduate education: A community of practice perspective. In: Jorge A. Arevalo, Shelley F. Mitchell (Ed.), Handbook of sustainability in management education: In search of a multidisciplinary, innovative and integrated approach (pp. 486-515). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable entrepreneurship undergraduate education: A community of practice perspective
2017 (English)In: Handbook of sustainability in management education: In search of a multidisciplinary, innovative and integrated approach / [ed] Jorge A. Arevalo, Shelley F. Mitchell, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, p. 486-515Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017
Series
Research Handbooks in Business and Management series
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35550 (URN)10.4337/9781785361241.00032 (DOI)2-s2.0-85040658966 (Scopus ID)9781785361234 (ISBN)9781785361241 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-05-17 Created: 2017-05-17 Last updated: 2018-02-07Bibliographically approved
Evansluong, Q. & Ramírez-Pasillas, M. (2016). Family social capital in immigrants’ entrepreneurial opportunity creation processes. In: : . Paper presented at RENT Conference – Innovation, Relational Networks, Technology and Knowledge Transfer as Drivers of Global Competitiveness, Antwerp, Belgium, November 16-18, 2016. European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management (EIASM)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Family social capital in immigrants’ entrepreneurial opportunity creation processes
2016 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management (EIASM), 2016
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35547 (URN)
Conference
RENT Conference – Innovation, Relational Networks, Technology and Knowledge Transfer as Drivers of Global Competitiveness, Antwerp, Belgium, November 16-18, 2016
Available from: 2017-05-17 Created: 2017-05-17 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Evansluong, Q. V. D. (2016). Opportunity creation as a mixed embedding process: A study of immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden. (Doctoral dissertation). Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Opportunity creation as a mixed embedding process: A study of immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Entrepreneurial opportunities are frequently noted and addressed in the literature of immigrant entrepreneurship; however, little is known about how these entrepreneurial opportunities come into existence and how immigrant entrepreneurs create such opportunities. The purpose of this thesis is to examine why and how immigrant entrepreneurs create entrepreneurial opportunities through embedding processes in the home country and the host country.

Sweden was chosen as the country of residence of immigrant entrepreneurs from Lebanon, Syria, Cameroon and Mexico. Four cases were selected in this study. Each case illustrates an opportunity creation process in a different industry, between a different home country and Sweden as the host country and by immigrant entrepreneurs with different backgrounds.

By using the mixed embeddedness perspective as the theoretical lens in combination with the literature on entrepreneurial opportunity and immigrant entrepreneurship, this thesis develops a model of entrepreneurial opportunity creation as an integration process. The findings suggest that entrepreneurial opportunity creation can be considered as a process of local integration by immigrant entrepreneurs into the host country and a re-integration of these entrepreneurs into the home country. At the beginning of the opportunity creation process, immigrant entrepreneurs feel socially excluded in the host country. Throughout the opportunity creation process, immigrant entrepreneurs interact with different actors in the host country and gradually move from being socially excluded to socially included, which illustrates a local integration process. In this process, immigrant entrepreneurs become localized through different activities that embed them in the local context. The process of entrepreneurial idea and business concept development and the refinement of the business concept in this thesis illustrates an ongoing and non-linear process of: being locally integrated through creating trust in the local people, acculturating and creating a sense of belonging; and being re-integrated to the home country through maintaining and establishing new links to the home country.

The study contributes to the mainstream entrepreneurship and immigrant entrepreneurship in several ways. First, it contributes to studies on immigrant entrepreneurship by investigating why immigrants embark on a journey to be entrepreneurs and how immigrant entrepreneurs create entrepreneurial opportunities through embedding processes in the home and the host country. The study demonstrates how an entrepreneurial opportunity is created as a social integration process.

Second, the study contributes to literature on entrepreneurship and immigrant entrepreneurship by incorporating the entrepreneurial opportunity creation process with acculturation strategies. It illustrates how the entrepreneurial opportunity creation process intertwines with the four strategies of acculturation.

Third, the study contributes to the mixed embeddedness perspective by adopting the process approach and proposing mixed embedding as a new concept which centers on the interplay between the home and the host country’s influences on immigrants’ business activities; by extending mixed embeddedness from the national level of the home country or the host country to the transnational level between the home country and the host country; and by proposing an alternative way to view an entrepreneurial opportunity as a creation process instead of being discovered.

Fourth, the study contributes to the immigrant entrepreneurship literature in Sweden by furthering the understanding of entrepreneurial opportunity creation by immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden.

Furthermore, the study suggests some implications for practice. The study proposes some embedding mechanisms which can be implemented in business support programs for immigrant entrepreneurs and in integration programs for immigrants in general. The design of the business support programs can aim to help immigrant entrepreneurs to: create credibility through contacts and experiences that they establish and gain in the local community; create familiarity to the local community through associating business concepts with well-known values; engage in the local life to understand customers’ mindsets, master the local language to understand local customers’ needs; and establish new/strengthen connections to the home country. The design of integration programs can aim to undertake activities that help immigrants increase the interaction between the local people and themselves. This type of interaction could be increased by organizing meetings and activities in which immigrants are introduced to different local sports clubs and hobby clubs. An approach in which the host country’s language is practiced and mastered anywhere and anytime should be adopted in the integration programs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, 2016. p. 281
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 110
Keywords
immigrant entrepreneurship, opportunity creation, entrepreneurial opportunity, social integration, Sweden, mixed embeddedness, mixed embedding
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31801 (URN)978-91-86345-69-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-10-07, B1014, Internationella Handelshögskolan i Jönköping, Jönköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-09-19 Created: 2016-09-19 Last updated: 2016-09-19Bibliographically approved
Ramirez-Pasillas, M. & Evansluong, Q. (2016). Sustainable Entrepreneurship Undergraduate Education: A case study in Swedish Business School. In: : . Paper presented at NU2016 Högskolan i samhället, Malmö, 15-17 juni, 2016..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable Entrepreneurship Undergraduate Education: A case study in Swedish Business School
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-29690 (URN)
Conference
NU2016 Högskolan i samhället, Malmö, 15-17 juni, 2016.
Available from: 2016-03-31 Created: 2016-03-31 Last updated: 2016-03-31
Ramirez-Pasillas, M. & Evansluong, Q. (2015). Sustainable Entrepreneurship Education: An exploratory case study of an elective course in a Swedish Business School. In: : . Paper presented at 2nd Sustainability in a Scandinavian Context Conference, Copenhagen, June 8-9, 2015.. Copenhagen Business School (CBS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable Entrepreneurship Education: An exploratory case study of an elective course in a Swedish Business School
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen Business School (CBS), 2015
National Category
Business Administration Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-29693 (URN)
Conference
2nd Sustainability in a Scandinavian Context Conference, Copenhagen, June 8-9, 2015.
Available from: 2016-04-01 Created: 2016-04-01 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4260-7276

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