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Publications (10 of 278) Show all publications
Maasoumi, E., Heshmati, A. & Su, B. (2019). Analysis of stochastic dominance ranking of Chinese income distributions by household attributes. In: M. Tsionas (Ed.), Panel data econometrics: Empirical applications (pp. 931-952). London: Elsevier
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysis of stochastic dominance ranking of Chinese income distributions by household attributes
2019 (English)In: Panel data econometrics: Empirical applications / [ed] M. Tsionas, London: Elsevier, 2019, p. 931-952Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Elsevier, 2019
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45449 (URN)9780128158593 (ISBN)9780128158609 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-08-06 Created: 2019-08-06 Last updated: 2019-08-06Bibliographically approved
Sarkhosh-Sara, A., Tavassoli, M. H. & Heshmati, A. (2019). Assessing the sustainability of high-, middle-, and low-income countries: A network DEA model in the presence of both zero data and undesirable outputs. Sustainable Production and Consumption
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing the sustainability of high-, middle-, and low-income countries: A network DEA model in the presence of both zero data and undesirable outputs
2019 (English)In: Sustainable Production and Consumption, ISSN 2352-5509, E-ISSN 1614-2373Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Sustainability evaluation has been an important topic for politicians and professionals for the last few decades. A data envelopment analysis (DEA) is a popular technique for evaluating the sustainability of decision-making units (DMUs). The traditional DEA models consider a DMU as black-box thus ignoring the interactions among the different processes. This study proposes a new network data envelopment analysis (NDEA) model for evaluating the sustainability of high-, middle-, and low-income countries. The proposed NDEA model allows us to evaluate sustainable production and distribution stages in a unified framework in the presence of both zero data and undesirable outputs. The results of our proposed model show that countries with high and low incomes perform well in the sustainable production stage but have a weak performance in the sustainable distribution stage. In contrast, middle-income countries have weak performance in the sustainable production stage but good performance in the sustainable distribution stage. Finally, to identify countries’ strengths and weaknesses, we also did a sensitivity analysis. Based on the results, the paper proposes solutions for reducing inefficiencies in the sustainable production and distribution stages. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Network DEA, Sustainability assessment, Sustainable distribution stage, Sustainable production stage
National Category
Environmental Management Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46244 (URN)10.1016/j.spc.2019.08.009 (DOI)2-s2.0-85071850980 (Scopus ID);IHHÖvrigtIS (Local ID);IHHÖvrigtIS (Archive number);IHHÖvrigtIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-09-18 Created: 2019-09-18 Last updated: 2019-09-18
Ndagijimana, J., Nzasingizimana, T. & Heshmati, A. (2019). Econometric analysis of business start-ups in Rwanda. In: Almas Heshmati (Ed.), Economic Transformation for Poverty Reduction in Africa: A Multidimensional Approach: (pp. 241-265). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Econometric analysis of business start-ups in Rwanda
2019 (English)In: Economic Transformation for Poverty Reduction in Africa: A Multidimensional Approach / [ed] Almas Heshmati, Routledge, 2019, p. 241-265Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Series
Routledge studies in development economics, ISSN 1359-7884 ; 134
National Category
Business Administration Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37210 (URN)10.4324/9780429268939 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065872427 (Scopus ID)9781000000184 (ISBN)9780367219451 (ISBN)9780367219468 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-09-07 Created: 2017-09-07 Last updated: 2019-07-19Bibliographically approved
Heshmati, A. (Ed.). (2019). Economic transformation for poverty reduction in Africa: A multidimensional approach (Revised 1st editioned.). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Economic transformation for poverty reduction in Africa: A multidimensional approach
2019 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This book is an edited volume which contains empirical studies on determinants of poverty and its reduction in Africa. It looks at multidimensional measures of poverty, production and productivity-related factors, policies influencing poverty and random, hazardous but preventive factors influencing poverty levels and their reduction. The book argues that we need to account for different dimensions of poverty, when it is measured and classified, and for identifying the determinants of poverty and factors reducing poverty. The studies in the volume provide readers with a comprehensive picture of the state of poverty, its measurement, causal factors and efficient policies and practices in poverty reduction on the African continent as a whole and also in selected countries. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019. p. 318 Edition: Revised 1st edition
Series
Routledge studies in development economics, ISSN 1359-7884 ; 134
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45368 (URN)10.4324/9780429268939 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065883896 (Scopus ID)9780367219451 (ISBN)9780367219468 (ISBN)9781000000184 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-07-17 Created: 2019-07-17 Last updated: 2019-07-17Bibliographically approved
Heshmati, A. & Nilsson, P. (Eds.). (2019). Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries. Singapore: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries
2019 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This book addresses poverty and well-being, equity, and efficiency in selected African countries. The chapters focus on three main topics: studies in the measurement and analysis of wellbeing and vulnerability to poverty, women's empowerment, and the dynamics and determinants of income and efficiency among smallholders. The chapters in the first section examine poverty, well-being, and vulnerability to poverty, as well as social exclusion, with a focus on households in Ethiopia, Rwanda, and Tanzania. They highlight the need to consider multidimensional measures of well-being and vulnerability to poverty, the need to address the distribution of vulnerability across different segments of the population, as well as the importance of developing public policies aimed at poverty reduction and promoting the well-being of the poor. The next section deals with issues related to women’s empowerment, including a multidimensional case study of women’s empowerment in Ghana and women’s access to microfinance services in Ethiopia. The final section focuses on dynamics and determinants of income and efficiency among farm households in Ethiopia and Uganda.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: Springer, 2019
Series
Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being, ISSN 2364-107X
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42429 (URN)978-3-030-11419-0 (ISBN)978-3-030-11418-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-04 Created: 2019-01-04 Last updated: 2019-01-04Bibliographically approved
Heshmati, A. & Rashidghalam, M. (2019). Estimation of technical change and TFP growth based on observable technology shifters. Journal of Productivity Analysis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Estimation of technical change and TFP growth based on observable technology shifters
2019 (English)In: Journal of Productivity Analysis, ISSN 0895-562X, E-ISSN 1573-0441Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper models and estimates total factor productivity (TFP) growth parametrically. The model is a generalization of the traditional production function model where technology is represented by a time trend. It decomposes TFP growth into an unobservable time trend induced technical change, scale economies and an observable technology shifter index's components. The empirical results are based on unbalanced panel data at the global level for 190 countries observed over the period 1996-2013. It uses a number of exogenous growth factors in modeling four technology shifter indices to explore development infrastructure, finance, technology and human development determinants of TFP growth. Our results show that unobservable technical change remains the most important component of TFP growth. Our findings also show that technical changes and TFP growth are unexpectedly negative across all country income groups and years.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Technical change, Total factor productivity growth, Technology indicators, Technology shifters
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46822 (URN)10.1007/s11123-019-00558-5 (DOI)000492651600002 ()2-s2.0-85074488542 (Scopus ID);IHHÖvrigtIS (Local ID);IHHÖvrigtIS (Archive number);IHHÖvrigtIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-11-14 Created: 2019-11-14 Last updated: 2019-11-14
Nilsson, P. & Heshmati, A. (2019). Introduction and Summary. In: Pia Nilsson & Almas Heshmati (Ed.), Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries: (pp. 1-8). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction and Summary
2019 (English)In: Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries / [ed] Pia Nilsson & Almas Heshmati, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 1-8Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This volume is a collection of studies on poverty and well-being, vulnerability to poverty, women’s empowerment and smallholders’ efficiency in selected African countries. It has a collection of 12 empirical studies that have an overall focus on poverty, well-being and vulnerability to poverty and includes contributions by 19 authors. The studies aim at increasing our knowledge about the factors that influence poverty and well-being. This is important as it can help alleviate many of the persistent challenges observed across Africa. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Economic studies in inequality, social exclusion and well-being, E-ISSN 2364-107X
National Category
Economics Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44090 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-11419-0_1 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065304389 (Scopus ID)9783030114190 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-05 Created: 2019-06-05 Last updated: 2019-06-05Bibliographically approved
Heshmati, A. (2019). Introduction to economic transformation for poverty reduction in Africa (Revised 1st editioned.). In: Almas Heshmati (Ed.), Economic Transformation for Poverty Reduction in Africa: A Multidimensional Approach: (pp. 2-7). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction to economic transformation for poverty reduction in Africa
2019 (English)In: Economic Transformation for Poverty Reduction in Africa: A Multidimensional Approach / [ed] Almas Heshmati, Routledge, 2019, Revised 1st edition, p. 2-7Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019 Edition: Revised 1st edition
Series
Routledge studies in development economics, ISSN 1359-7884 ; 134
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45379 (URN)10.4324/9780429268939 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065868348 (Scopus ID)9781000000184 (ISBN)9780367219451 (ISBN)9780367219468 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-07-19 Created: 2019-07-19 Last updated: 2019-07-19Bibliographically approved
Heshmati, A., Rashidghalam, M. & Nilsson, P. (2019). Measurement and Analysis of Multidimensional Well-Being in Rwanda. In: Pia Nilsson & Almas Heshmati (Ed.), Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries: (pp. 37-68). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measurement and Analysis of Multidimensional Well-Being in Rwanda
2019 (English)In: Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries / [ed] Pia Nilsson & Almas Heshmati, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 37-68Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The well-being of families and their children is given high priority in development goals. Children’s well-being in Africa is important since the growing number of children is the greatest resource of this continent. Rwanda was one of the first countries that ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The country, despite its very low GDP per capita, also has one of the best child well-being indicators in Africa. In the recent past the country has also had two important achievements: protection of children by establishing the National Commission for Children and launching a Strategy for National Child Care Reform. The measures aim to protect children’s rights and integrate children into families that are supported to provide needed care to them. These achievements are largely the result of strong laws and policies many of which have been developed with support from UNICEF. Investments in children’s well-being will help in addressing many persistent difficulties that society may have to face in the future. What happens during the early years is of crucial importance for every child’s development. This period offers great opportunities, but children are also vulnerable to negative influences. The objective of this research is to estimate multidimensional well-being of children and their families in Rwanda. The aim is to compute an overall well-being index decomposed into its underlying main components. The households are ranked by the level of well-being and by various household and community characteristics. The results shed light on the state and changes in the well-being of children and their families in Rwanda indicating which provinces and districts offer relatively better conditions for them. This can serve as a model for public policies aimed at improving general well-being in the country. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Economic studies in inequality, social exclusion and well-being, E-ISSN 2364-107X
Keywords
Multidimensional index, Rwanda, Sustainable development, Well-being
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44103 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-11419-0_3 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065298093 (Scopus ID)9783030114190 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-05 Created: 2019-06-05 Last updated: 2019-06-05Bibliographically approved
Heshmati, A. & Rashidghalam, M. (2019). Measurement and Analysis of Poverty in Rwanda. In: Pia Nilsson & Almas Heshmati (Ed.), Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries: (pp. 11-35). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measurement and Analysis of Poverty in Rwanda
2019 (English)In: Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries / [ed] Pia Nilsson & Almas Heshmati, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 11-35Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study examines the extent of poverty in different provinces and districts in Rwanda using both consumption and income per capita. It also looks at the determinants of household poverty and focuses on four categories for studying the determinants of poverty in the country. The income-based study of poverty is based on information from the household survey and uses 14,810 observations in 2006, 2009, and 2012, while the consumption-based poverty analysis is based on 7498 observations from 2012 database. The results are found to be very sensitive to the definition of poverty line and use of income or consumption in the analysis of poverty. This study shows that older household heads and female-headed households are more likely to be poor. Also living in rural and semi-urban areas increases the probability of being poor. Asset ownership (having a garden, cash crops, banana trees) decreases the probability of being poor. The findings of this study serve as evidence for policymakers to employ poverty alleviation policies. Increasing investments in physical infrastructure, creating jobs for female-headed households, and improving educational levels of household heads should also be focused on.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Economic studies in inequality, social exclusion and well-being, E-ISSN 2364-107X
Keywords
Headcount poverty, Poverty gap, Poverty severity, Rwanda
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44095 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-11419-0_2 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065299550 (Scopus ID)9783030114190 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-05 Created: 2019-06-05 Last updated: 2019-06-05Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7902-4683

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