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Publications (10 of 266) Show all publications
Heshmati, A. & Nilsson, P. (Eds.). (2019). Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries. Singapore: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries
2019 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This book addresses poverty and well-being, equity, and efficiency in selected African countries. The chapters focus on three main topics: studies in the measurement and analysis of wellbeing and vulnerability to poverty, women's empowerment, and the dynamics and determinants of income and efficiency among smallholders. The chapters in the first section examine poverty, well-being, and vulnerability to poverty, as well as social exclusion, with a focus on households in Ethiopia, Rwanda, and Tanzania. They highlight the need to consider multidimensional measures of well-being and vulnerability to poverty, the need to address the distribution of vulnerability across different segments of the population, as well as the importance of developing public policies aimed at poverty reduction and promoting the well-being of the poor. The next section deals with issues related to women’s empowerment, including a multidimensional case study of women’s empowerment in Ghana and women’s access to microfinance services in Ethiopia. The final section focuses on dynamics and determinants of income and efficiency among farm households in Ethiopia and Uganda.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: Springer, 2019
Series
Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being, ISSN 2364-107X
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42429 (URN)978-3-030-11419-0 (ISBN)978-3-030-11418-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-04 Created: 2019-01-04 Last updated: 2019-01-04Bibliographically approved
Heshmati, A. (2018). A review of the circular economy and its implementation. International Journal of Green Economics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A review of the circular economy and its implementation
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Green Economics, ISSN 1744-9928, E-ISSN 1744-9936Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InderScience Publishers, 2018
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38375 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-01-08
Ndagijimana, J., Nzasingizimana, T. & Heshmati, A. (2018). An analysis of the determinants of youth employment in Rwanda. UKH Journal of Social Sciences, 2(2), 1-10
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An analysis of the determinants of youth employment in Rwanda
2018 (English)In: UKH Journal of Social Sciences, ISSN 2520-7806, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The main objective of this research is to analyze the determinants of youth employment in Rwanda from the point of view of the demand, supply and the general labor market. An analysis of the data shows that a skill gap is most critical for employment creation and a transition from school-to-work seems problematic. Further, questions remain about what factors influence youth employment in Rwanda and how youth employment is related to poverty reduction and distribution of income. The study uses a multinomial logit model to shed light on the determinants of youth employment status in the country using data from the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda (NISR). It verifies how the current status of youth employment in Rwanda has evolved over time and based on its findings it provides policy recommendations to promote youth employment. The research finds that youth employment in Rwanda is influenced by gender, age, education and geographical location. The finding of this research has implications for the youth unemployment in Kurdistan Region.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Kurdistan Hewlêr, 2018
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, human capital, labor supply, Rwanda, youth employment
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42423 (URN)10.25079/ukhjss.v2n2y2018.pp1-10 (DOI)IHHÖvrigtIS (Local ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Archive number)IHHÖvrigtIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2019-01-03Bibliographically approved
Heshmati, A. & Tausch, A. (2018). An empirical reflection on ‘Smart Social Justice’, its measurement and possible drivers and bottlenecks. Sociology International Journal, 2(3), 142-158
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An empirical reflection on ‘Smart Social Justice’, its measurement and possible drivers and bottlenecks
2018 (English)In: Sociology International Journal, E-ISSN 2576-4470, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 142-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this research, we present a first empirical reflection on ‘smart social justice’, its measurement and possible ‘drivers’ and ‘bottlenecks’. The very idea of ‘smart development’ was first proposed by Meadows1 and has not been really followed up to now in social science ever since. We first provide data on how much ecological footprint is used in the nations of the world system to ‘deliver’ a given amount of democracy, economic growth, gender equality, human development, research and development, and social cohesion. To this end, we first developed UNDP-type performance indicators from current standard international comparative, cross-national social science data on these six main dimensions of development and on the combined performance on the six dimensions (‘human development index plus’). We then show the non-linear standard OLS regression trade-offs between ecological footprints per capita and their square on these six components of development and the overall super-UNDP development performance index, derived from them. The residuals from these regressions are our new measures of smart development: a country experiences smart development, if it achieves a maximum of development with a minimum of ecological footprint. We then look at the cross-national drivers and bottlenecks of this smart social justice and development, using standard cross-sectional data, which operationalize standard economic, sociological and political science knowledge in international development accounting. Finally, we take up income inequality which has been very prominent in recent global public health debate due to its very detrimental effect on life quality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MedCrave Group, 2018
Keywords
index numbers, environment, development, international, migration, smart, social justice
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42426 (URN)10.15406/sij.2018.02.00042 (DOI)IHHÖvrigtIS (Local ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Archive number)IHHÖvrigtIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-01-04 Created: 2019-01-04 Last updated: 2019-01-04Bibliographically approved
Heshmati, A. (2018). An empirical survey of the ramifications of a green economy. International Journal of Green Economics, 12(1), 53-85
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An empirical survey of the ramifications of a green economy
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Green Economics, ISSN 1744-9928, E-ISSN 1744-9936, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 53-85Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The unprecedented deterioration of the global environment has increased the necessity of relying on green economic policies as critical and effective environmental management tools. The current situation has stimulated extensive research and debate among global interest groups. This in turn has fostered an ever-growing volume of literature that provides a picture of the best measures affecting the establishment of the green economy, including its development and outcomes. This paper provides a survey of the green economy in a form that non-specialist readers will be able to understand. First, it reviews the recent developments in the green economy - its theoretical foundation, political background and developmental strategies towards genuine, sustainable development. It then discusses the circular economy, networks, organisations, policies, infrastructure and measurable expected effects. Since the theoretical and empirical results and findings regarding the green economy and its practice lead to a number of conclusions regarding measuring improvements, outcomes and identifying causal effects, the paper next discusses these. Finally, it provides summaries of current and possible future green development tendencies with a focus on directions, policy, organisations, capacity, areas and interventions and provides extensions that can serve as optimal directions for future research and policy. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InderScience Publishers, 2018
Keywords
Circular economy, Development strategy, Green economy, Green jobs, Green political economy, Sustainable development
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42446 (URN)10.1504/IJGE.2018.10013437 (DOI)2-s2.0-85057729443 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
Heshmati, A. & Hartvigson, L. (2018). An evaluation of the collaborative coursework-based Phd program in economics and management among East African national universities. Africa Journal of Management, 4(2), 177-194
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An evaluation of the collaborative coursework-based Phd program in economics and management among East African national universities
2018 (English)In: Africa Journal of Management, ISSN 2332-2373, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 177-194Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Rapid economic growth in many sub-Saharan African countries and the consolidation of the lower education sector implies that it is becoming increasingly important to meet the demand for higher education institutions. The expansion of existing national research institutions is facing challenges related to a shortage of faculties with up-to-date skills. There is also a shift in donor countries’ allocation of development aid from production to education, training and research. Many development agencies are now looking at developing higher education sectors in emerging developing economies with increasing interest. Given the institutional and contextual constraints in developing sustainable national research institutions in several sub-Saharan countries, there is a need to discuss new and innovative approaches and mechanisms to speed up the process. This article describes a program intended to develop stronger and sustainable national research institutions through a regional collaboration for a coursework-based PhD program. The program addresses the disciplines of economics and management and involves several institutions. It is an attempt to see whether a regional collaboration between prominent national research institutions in sub-Saharan Africa based on the new model of collaboration and a broader understanding of the actions needed can speed up the establishment of sustainable national research institutions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
collaborative PhD program, higher education, sub-Saharan Africa, sustainable research institutions
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41968 (URN)10.1080/23322373.2018.1458546 (DOI)2-s2.0-85050767642 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-11-02 Created: 2018-11-02 Last updated: 2018-11-02Bibliographically approved
Khraief, N., Shahbaz, M., Heshmati, A. & Azam, M. (2018). Are unemployment rates in OECD countries stationary?: Evidence from univariate and panel unit root tests. The North American journal of economics and finance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are unemployment rates in OECD countries stationary?: Evidence from univariate and panel unit root tests
2018 (English)In: The North American journal of economics and finance, ISSN 1062-9408, E-ISSN 1879-0860Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper revisits the dynamics of unemployment rate for 29 OECD countries over the period of 1980–2013. Numerous empirical studies of the dynamics of unemployment rate are carried out within a linear framework. However, unemployment rate can show nonlinear behaviour as a result of business cycles or some idiosyncratic factors specific to labour market (Cancelo, 2007). Thus, as a testing strategy, we first perform Harvey, Leybourne, and Xiao (2008) linearity unit root test and then apply the newly ESTAR nonlinear unit root test suggested by Kruse (2011). This test has higher power than conventional unit root tests when time series exhibits nonlinear behaviour. Our empirical findings provide significant evidence in favour of unemployment rate stationarity for 25 countries. For robustness purpose, we have also used panel unit root tests without and with structural breaks. The empirical results show that unemployment hysteresis hypothesis is strongly rejected, when taking into account the cross-sectional and structural break assumptions. Thus, unemployment rate is expected to return back to their natural levels without executing any costly macroeconomic labour market policies by the OECD's governments. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Labour market policy, OECD, Unemployment, Unit root
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42421 (URN)10.1016/j.najef.2018.08.021 (DOI)2-s2.0-85053833432 (Scopus ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Local ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Archive number)IHHÖvrigtIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2019-01-03
Heshmati, A. (2018). Causality between Gross Domestic Product and Health Care Expenditure in the Augmented Solow’s Growth Model. UKH Journal of Social Sciences, 2(2), 19-30
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Causality between Gross Domestic Product and Health Care Expenditure in the Augmented Solow’s Growth Model
2018 (English)In: UKH Journal of Social Sciences, ISSN 2520-7806, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 19-30Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines conditional convergence of OECD countries in gross domestic product (GDP) and health care expenditure (HCE) per capita. It extends the augmented Solow model by incorporating health capital to explain variations in output and expenditure per capita across countries. The issue of causality between GDP and HCE is investigated. The results show that HCE has positive effect on the economic growth and the speed of convergence. In the HCE model a regression of the speed of convergence on variables determining the rate of convergence show close link to the variables characterising the health care system of sample countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Kurdistan Hewlêr, 2018
Keywords
Solow growth model, health care expenditure, GDP, convergence, OECD
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42422 (URN)10.25079/ukhjss.v2n2y2018.pp19-30 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2019-01-03Bibliographically approved
Heshmati, A. (Ed.). (2018). Determinants of economic growth in Africa. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determinants of economic growth in Africa
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This volume is a collection of selected empirical studies on determinants of economic growth in Africa. Grouped into three parts, chapters examine the influence of financial sources and economic growth; sources of productivity growth; and prices, exchange rates and trade relationships with growth in regions in Africa or the continent as a whole. This edited book is authored by African experts in the field who employ diverse up-to-date data and methods to provide robust empirical results based on representative firms, household surveys and secondary country level data covering individuals or multiple countries on the continent. It contains a wealth of empirical evidence, deep analyses and sound recommendations for policymakers and researchers for designing and implementing effective social and national policies and strategies to prevent and to reduce poverty and its negative effects on poor households and in poor regions. The volume will be a useful resource for policymakers and researchers involved in promoting economic growth and fighting poverty. It will also appeal to a broader audience interested in economic development, resource economics, policies, economic welfare and inclusive growth. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. p. 392
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41730 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-76493-1 (DOI)2-s2.0-85053364442 (Scopus ID)9783319764931 (ISBN)9783319764924 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-10-02 Created: 2018-10-02 Last updated: 2018-10-02Bibliographically approved
Heshmati, A. & Yoon, H. (Eds.). (2018). Economic Growth and Development in Ethiopia. Singapore: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Economic Growth and Development in Ethiopia
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This volume is a collection of selected empirical studies on determinants of economic growth and development in Ethiopia.The core argument for editing this book is to provide an up-to-date picture of the state and patterns of growth and development in Ethiopia. Ethiopia has been under focus in the past due to draughts, war, famine, development changes and the effects of global economic crisis in the country. A main contribution of this volume is that it helps identify selected important determinants of growth and development in Ethiopia and provides an estimation of their effects using up-to-date data, modelling and methods. Taken together the studies provide a comprehensive picture of the state of growth and development, their measurements, causal relationships and evaluation of efficient policies and practices in achieving progress in Ethiopia. The issues covered represent major challenges to the government and development organizations who are aiming at achieving higher growth and alleviating poverty in the country. The studies cover transition from rural agriculture to urban industry and the development of services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: Springer, 2018. p. 76
Series
Perspectives on Development in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region, ISSN 2520-1239
Keywords
Ethiopia, Economic Growth, Regional Development, Government, Agriculture and Food Security, Taxes and Government Expenditure, Multidimensional Poverty, Human Capital and Firm Growth
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41994 (URN)10.1007/978-981-10-8126-2 (DOI)000441750600012 ()9789811081255 (ISBN)9789811081262 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-09 Created: 2018-11-09 Last updated: 2018-11-09Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7902-4683

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