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Publications (10 of 117) Show all publications
Kåreholt, I., Dahl Aslan, A. K., Siverskog, A. & Torgé, C. J. (2019). ARN-J: A beautiful kaleidoscope of gerontologists and gerontological research: Three examples of our research. In: : . Paper presented at International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, 23rd – 25th May 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ARN-J: A beautiful kaleidoscope of gerontologists and gerontological research: Three examples of our research
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43753 (URN)
Conference
International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, 23rd – 25th May 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden
Available from: 2019-05-22 Created: 2019-05-22 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved
Chang, M., Geirsdottir, O. G., Sigurdarsdottir, S. H., Kåreholt, I. & Ramel, A. (2019). Associations between education and need for care among community dwelling older adults in Iceland. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Associations between education and need for care among community dwelling older adults in Iceland
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2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Older adults in Iceland have good access to social services that support them in maintaining an independent life, although receiving informal care is common for community living older adults in Iceland. The aim of this study was to examine whether the need for care as well as receiving formal and informal care is associated with education among older adults in Iceland.

METHODS: Among a national sample of 782 Icelandic community dwelling old adults (mean age 76.9 ± 7.4 years, 55% women), a telephone survey was conducted. The survey included questions on: socioeconomic status, social network, health status, activities of daily living and formal/informal care.

RESULTS: A full data set was available for 720 subjects and among these, 349 (48.5%) had no need for care, 197 (27.4%) received informal care only, 31 (4.3%) received formal care only, and 143 (19.9%) received both type of care. Participants with higher education were significantly less likely to need care (OR 0.67, 95% CI, 0.47-0.97, p = 0.031) when compared with those who had primary education. Categorisation by age showed that this difference was only significant in participants younger than 80 years. Education was not related to formal care, but adults with higher education were less likely to receive informal care compared with older adults who had primary education (OR: 0.65, 95%CI: 0.46, 0.93, p = 0.018).

CONCLUSIONS: People with higher education were significantly less likely to need care and this association was mainly present among those aged below 80 years. Further, in participants that needed care, the likelihood of receiving informal care was lower in highly educated participants, but no differences in formal care were observed between educational levels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Keywords
community dwelling, education, formal care, informal care, need for care
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44112 (URN)10.1111/scs.12685 (DOI)31058338 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85065392080 (Scopus ID);HHJARNIS (Local ID);HHJARNIS (Archive number);HHJARNIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-06-05 Created: 2019-06-05 Last updated: 2019-06-05
Mangialasche, F., Rydström, A., Kåreholt, I., Rosenberg, A. & Kivipelto, M. (2019). Mental stimulation and multimodal trials to build resilience against cognitive impairment and Alzheimer´s disease. In: : . Paper presented at International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, 23rd – 25th May 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mental stimulation and multimodal trials to build resilience against cognitive impairment and Alzheimer´s disease
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43743 (URN)
Conference
International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, 23rd – 25th May 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden
Available from: 2019-05-22 Created: 2019-05-22 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved
Nilsen, C., Andel, R., Darin-Mattsson, A. & Kåreholt, I. (2019). Psychosocial working conditions across working life may predict late-life physical function: a follow-up cohort study. BMC Public Health, 19(1), Article ID 1125.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychosocial working conditions across working life may predict late-life physical function: a follow-up cohort study
2019 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 19, no 1, article id 1125Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Increasing life expectancy has made understanding the mechanisms underlying late-life health and function more important. We set out to investigate whether trajectories of change in psychosocial working conditions are associated with late-life physical function.

METHODS: Two Swedish surveys, linked at the individual level, were used (n = 803). A psychosocial job exposure matrix was used to measure psychosocial working conditions during people's first occupation, as well as their occupation every five years thereafter until baseline in 1991. Physical function was measured in 2014. Random effects growth curve models were used to calculate intraindividual trajectories of working conditions. Predictors of physical function were assessed with ordered logistic regression.

RESULTS: A more active job at baseline was associated with increased odds of late-life physical function (OR 1.15, CI 1.01-1.32). Higher baseline job strain was associated with decreased odds of late-life physical function (OR 0.75, CI 0.59-0.96). A high initial level followed by an upward trajectory of job strain throughout working life was associated with decreased odds of late-life physical function (OR 0.32, CI 0.17-0.58).

CONCLUSIONS: Promoting a healthier workplace by reducing chronic stress and inducing intellectual stimulation, control, and personal growth may contribute to better late-life physical function.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2019
Keywords
Cohort, Job control, Life course, Mobility limitations, Sweden, Work-related stress
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46361 (URN)10.1186/s12889-019-7473-y (DOI)000481797300003 ()31419956 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85070911774 (Scopus ID)GOA HHJ 2019;HHJARNIS (Local ID)GOA HHJ 2019;HHJARNIS (Archive number)GOA HHJ 2019;HHJARNIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-09-25 Created: 2019-09-25 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Sindi, S., Kåreholt, I., Ngandu, T., Rosenberg, A., Kulmala, J., Johansson, L., . . . Kivipelto, M. (2019). Sex differences in dementia: Evidence from population-based studies and a lifestyle intervention. In: : . Paper presented at International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, 23rd – 25th May 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sex differences in dementia: Evidence from population-based studies and a lifestyle intervention
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43757 (URN)
Conference
International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, 23rd – 25th May 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden
Available from: 2019-05-22 Created: 2019-05-22 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved
Lundgren, D., Ernsth-Bravell, M., Börjesson, U. & Kåreholt, I. (2019). The impact of leadership and psychosocial work environment on recipient satisfaction in nursing homes and home care. Gerontology and geriatric medicine
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of leadership and psychosocial work environment on recipient satisfaction in nursing homes and home care
2019 (English)In: Gerontology and geriatric medicine, E-ISSN 2333-7214Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines the association between nursing assistants’ assessment of leadership, their psychosocial work environment, and satisfaction among older people receiving care in nursing homes and home care. Cross-sectional surveys were conducted with nursing assistants (n = 1,132) and people receiving care (n = 1,535) in 45 nursing homes and 21 home care units. Direct leadership was associated with the psychosocial work environment in nursing homes and home care. Furthermore, better leadership was related to higher satisfaction among nursing assistants and older people in nursing homes. Thus, indirect leadership had no effect on recipients’ satisfaction in either nursing homes or home care. The path analysis showed an indirect effect between leadership factors and recipient satisfaction. The findings suggest that the psychosocial work environment of nursing assistants and recipient satisfaction in nursing homes can be increased by improving leadership.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
satisfaction with care, nursing assistants, nursing homes, home care
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41998 (URN)10.1177/2333721419841245 (DOI)000475377000001 ()31037251 (PubMedID)GOA HHJ 2019 (Local ID)GOA HHJ 2019 (Archive number)GOA HHJ 2019 (OAI)
Note

Included in thesis in manuscript form.

Available from: 2018-11-09 Created: 2018-11-09 Last updated: 2019-09-02Bibliographically approved
Zupanic, E., Kåreholt, I., Norrving, B., Secnik, J., von Euler, M., Winblad, B., . . . Garcia-Ptacek, S. (2018). Acute stroke care in dementia: A cohort study from the Swedish Dementia and Stroke Registries. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 66(1), 185-194
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Acute stroke care in dementia: A cohort study from the Swedish Dementia and Stroke Registries
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, ISSN 1387-2877, E-ISSN 1875-8908, Vol. 66, no 1, p. 185-194Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data 2010-2014 from the Swedish national dementia registry (SveDem) and the Swedish national stroke registry (Riksstroke). Patients with dementia who suffered an acute ischemic stroke (AIS) (n = 1,356) were compared with matched non-dementia AIS patients (n = 6,755). Outcomes included length of stay in a stroke unit, total length of hospitalization, and utilization of diagnostic tests and assessments.

RESULTS: The median age at stroke onset was 83 years. While patients with dementia were equally likely to be directly admitted to a stroke unit as their non-dementia counterparts, their stroke unit and total hospitalization length were shorter (10.5 versus 11.2 days and 11.6 versus 13.5, respectively, p < 0.001). Dementia patients were less likely to receive carotid ultrasound (OR 0.36, 95% CI [0.30-0.42]) or undergo assessments by the interdisciplinary team members (physiotherapists, speech therapists, occupational therapists; p < 0.05 for all adjusted models). However, a similar proportion of patients received CT imaging (97.4% versus 98.6%, p = 0.001) and a swallowing assessment (90.7% versus 91.8%, p = 0.218).

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with dementia who suffer an ischemic stroke have equal access to direct stroke unit care compared to non-dementia patients; however, on average, their stay in a stroke unit and total hospitalization are shorter. Dementia patients are also less likely to receive specific diagnostic tests and assessments by the interdisciplinary stroke team.

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that patients with dementia receive less testing and treatment for stroke.

OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate hospital management of acute ischemic stroke in patients with and without dementia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2018
Keywords
Cohort studies, dementia, hospital management, ischemic stroke
National Category
Neurology Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41987 (URN)10.3233/JAD-180653 (DOI)000448213400009 ()30248059 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85055146830 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Swedish Brain FoundationSwedish Research Council, 2012-2291; 2016-02317Swedish Association of Local Authorities and RegionsForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2017-01646The Dementia Association - The National Association for the Rights of the DementedSwedish Society for Medical Research (SSMF)
Available from: 2018-11-08 Created: 2018-11-08 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
Zupanic, E., Garcia-Ptacek, S., Kåreholt, I., Religa, D., Kramberger, M., Norrving, B., . . . von Euler, M. (2018). Differences between men and women with ischemic stroke with and without pre-stroke dementia. Paper presented at 4th European Stroke Organisation Conference ​(ESOC 2018), 16-18 May 2018, Gothenburg, Sweden. European Stroke Journal, 3(1 (suppl.)), 57-57
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differences between men and women with ischemic stroke with and without pre-stroke dementia
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2018 (English)In: European Stroke Journal, ISSN 2396-9873, E-ISSN 2396-9881, Vol. 3, no 1 (suppl.), p. 57-57Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42746 (URN)10.1177/2396987318770127#_i985 (DOI)
Conference
4th European Stroke Organisation Conference ​(ESOC 2018), 16-18 May 2018, Gothenburg, Sweden
Available from: 2019-01-24 Created: 2019-01-24 Last updated: 2019-01-24Bibliographically approved
Zupanic, E., Garcia-Ptacek, S., Kåreholt, I., Religa, D., Kramberger, M., Norrving, B., . . . von Euler, M. (2018). Differences between men and women with ischemic stroke with and without pre-stroke dementia. In: : . Paper presented at 4th European Stroke Organisation Conference ​(ESOC 2018), 16-18 May 2018, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differences between men and women with ischemic stroke with and without pre-stroke dementia
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2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43434 (URN)
Conference
4th European Stroke Organisation Conference ​(ESOC 2018), 16-18 May 2018, Gothenburg, Sweden
Available from: 2019-04-08 Created: 2019-04-08 Last updated: 2019-04-08Bibliographically approved
Sindi, S., Kåreholt, I., Ngandu, T., Hovatta, I., Singh, D., Wolozin, B., . . . Soininen, A. (2018). Effects of a multidomain lifestyle intervention on telomere length: The FINGER trial. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 25, S153-S154
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of a multidomain lifestyle intervention on telomere length: The FINGER trial
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2018 (English)In: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, E-ISSN 1532-7558, Vol. 25, p. S153-S154Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42736 (URN)10.1007/s12529-018-9740-1 (DOI)000446532700474 ()
Available from: 2019-01-24 Created: 2019-01-24 Last updated: 2019-01-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8617-0355

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