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Björklund Carlstedt, AnitaORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3594-4805
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 93) Show all publications
Björklund Carlstedt, A., Brushammar, G., Bjursell, C., Nystedt, P. & Nilsson, G. (2018). A scoping review of the incentives for a prolonged work life after pensionable age and the importance of “bridge employment”. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, 60(2), 175-189
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A scoping review of the incentives for a prolonged work life after pensionable age and the importance of “bridge employment”
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2018 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 60, no 2, p. 175-189Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: With a growing share of older people in almost every population, discussions are being held worldwide about how to guarantee welfare in the immediate future. Different solutions are suggested, but in this article the focus is on the need to keep older employees active in the labor market for a prolonged time.

Objective: The aim was to find out and describe the incentives at three system levels for older people 1) wanting, 2) being able, and 3) being allowed to work.

Material: The literature search embraced articles from the databases Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, AgeLine and Business Source Premier, from May 2004 until May 2016. After the removal of 507 duplicates, the selection and analysis started with the 1331 articles that met the search criteria. Of these, 58 articles corresponded with the research questions.

Method: The design was a ‘scoping review’ of the research area bridge employment and prolonged work life.

Results: The results show that most investigations are conducted on individual-level predictors, research on organizational-level predictors is more scattered, and societal-level predictor information is scarce.

Conclusions: Attitudes and behavior according to a prolonged work life could be summarized as dependent on good health, a financial gain in combination with flexible alternative working conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2018
Keywords
Career jobs, Organizational levels, old workforce, older employees, self-employed
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38106 (URN)10.3233/WOR-182728 (DOI)000436889900003 ()29966215 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85049508752 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-12-07 Created: 2017-12-07 Last updated: 2018-08-22Bibliographically approved
Munck, B., Björklund, A., Jansson, I., Lundberg, K. & Wagman, P. (2018). Adulthood transitions in health and welfare; a literature review. Nursing Open, 5(3), 254-260
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adulthood transitions in health and welfare; a literature review
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2018 (English)In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 254-260Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim

The aim of the literature review was to describe how adulthood transition is used in health and welfare.

Design

A qualitative design with a deductive approach were used.

Methods

As material, 283 articles published in scientific journals, between 2011–August 2013, were selected. The search was conducted August 2013. The data were analysed and sorted in a categorization matrix.

Results

Transition was identified as a process mainly related to the four types previously identified; developmental, situational, health-illness and organizational transitions. Another one transition was also identified, lifestyle transition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Keywords
developmental transition, health illness transition, life style transition, literature review, nurse education, organizational transition, situational transition
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38968 (URN)10.1002/nop2.136 (DOI)000439858900003 ()30062017 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-03-07 Created: 2018-03-07 Last updated: 2018-08-23Bibliographically approved
Björklund Carlstedt, A. (2018). Bridge employment - ett fortsatt arbetsliv. Äldre i centrum (2), 44-47
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bridge employment - ett fortsatt arbetsliv
2018 (Swedish)In: Äldre i centrum, ISSN 1653-3585, no 2, p. 44-47Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40361 (URN)
Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2018-06-14Bibliographically approved
Wagman, P., Björklund, A., Johansson, A. & Fristedt, S. (2017). Descriptions of health by EU citizens begging abroad. Society, health and vulnerability, 8(1), Article ID 1389586.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Descriptions of health by EU citizens begging abroad
2017 (English)In: Society, health and vulnerability, E-ISSN 2002-1518, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 1389586Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Poor citizens from European Union (EU) member countries begging to support themselves are now common in affluent EU countries. Their lack of basic amenities, such as access to a shelter and sanitation is not in line with human rights and also implies a risk for health issues. Despite this, we know little about how these vulnerable EU citizens, themselves, perceive their health situation. The aim of this study was to explore vulnerable EU citizens’ descriptions of their health. Eight females and 12 males from Romania, 19–64 years of age, participated in individual interviews that included health issues. Qualitative content analysis was used, identifying the main category “Begging abroad and health - for better and for worse” together with two categories and five subcategories. It is concluded that EU citizens begging abroad risk poorer health as a consequence of their attempts to improve their situation, both their own health and that of their relatives. Therefore, they need access to affordable health care as this may decrease the need for unwanted travelling abroad to beg.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Health promotion, human rights, social inequality, vulnerable populations, well-being
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37778 (URN)10.1080/20021518.2017.1389586 (DOI)000417166600001 ()
Available from: 2017-10-25 Created: 2017-10-25 Last updated: 2018-01-19Bibliographically approved
Bjursell, C., Nystedt, P., Björklund, A. & Sternäng, O. (2017). Education level explains participation in work and education later in life. Educational gerontology, 43(10), 511-521
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Education level explains participation in work and education later in life
2017 (English)In: Educational gerontology, ISSN 0360-1277, E-ISSN 1521-0472, Vol. 43, no 10, p. 511-521Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A prolonged working life is crucial for sustaining social welfare and fiscal stability for countries facing ageing populations. The group of older adults is not homogeneous; however, differences within the group may affect the propensity to continue working and to participate in continuing education. The aim of this paper is to explore how participation in work and education vary with gender, age, and education level in a sample of older adults. The study was performed in Sweden, a context characterized by high female labour-market-participation rates and a high average retirement age. The participants were 232 members of four of the major senior citizens? organizations. We found no differences in participation in work and education based on gender. People older than 75 years were found to be as active as people 65?75 years old in education, but the older group worked less. There were positive associations between education level and participation in both work and education. Hence, this study implies that socio-economic inequalities along these dimensions are widened later in life. This highlights the importance of engaging workers with lower education levels in educational efforts throughout life. It also emphasizes the need for true lifelong learning in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37033 (URN)10.1080/03601277.2017.1357397 (DOI)000413908900004 ()2-s2.0-85028559458 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-08-28 Created: 2017-08-28 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Boström, M., Ernsth Bravell, M., Björklund, A. & Sandberg, J. (2017). How older people perceive and experience sense of security when moving into and living in a nursing home: [Hur äldre personer uppfattar och erfar trygghet i flytt till och boende i särskilt boende för äldre. En fallstudie]. European Journal of Social Work, 20(5), 697-710
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How older people perceive and experience sense of security when moving into and living in a nursing home: [Hur äldre personer uppfattar och erfar trygghet i flytt till och boende i särskilt boende för äldre. En fallstudie]
2017 (English)In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 697-710Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sense of security is important throughout the lifespan not at least in advanced age with increased risks of functional declines and decreased social capital. Despite this, knowledge concerning older person’s perceptions and experiences of sense of security when moving into nursing homes is scarce. This study is a longitudinal, descriptive, exploratory case study with in-depth interviews and observations of three older persons in the age of 87, 88, and 91 years in a mid-sized municipality in the south of Sweden, in order to highlight how sense of security is experienced when moving into and living in a nursing home. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis, which resulted in one main theme and four categories. The main theme, ‘Adaptation and sense of security’, indicates older persons’ need to adapt to the new context of the nursing home, and how this relates to their sense of security. The categories – ‘Control’, ‘Struggling for understanding’, ‘Lack of influence’, and ‘Grasping’ – suggest that older persons’ sense of security is reduced when they must adjust to routines without sufficient management and understanding. When able to maintain control over daily routines, and felt as a part of the new context, they perceived a sense of security.

Abstract [sv]

Trygghet är viktigt genom hela livet, inte minst som äldre med tilltagande funktionedsättningar. Kunskap behövs gällande äldre personers uppfattning av trygghet i flytt från ordinärt till särskilt boende. Syftet med studien var att öka förståelsen av hur äldre personer med skiftande omsorgsbehov uppfattar och erfar trygghet, i flytt från ordinärt till särskilt boende. En explorativ fallstudie med intervjuer och observation av tre äldre personer i åldrarna 87, 88 och 91 år genomfördes över en tidsperiod på 3 -4 månader; före flytten till särskilt boende; 3 -5 dagar efter flytt; 2 -4 veckor efter flytt då genomförandeplanen ägde rum och slutligen efter 12 -16 veckor efter flytt. Vid varje intervjutillfälle användes samma fokusområden och följdfrågor. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att analysera datamaterialet, vilket resulterade i ett huvudtema och fyra kategorier. Huvudtemat indikerar äldre personer genom hela flyttprocessen behöver anpassa sig till den nya miljön på särskilt boende för att uppleva trygghet. Anpassning till de nya rutinerna gav visserligen struktur i vardagen och uppfattades som en säkerhet, men inte nödvändigtvis som trygghet. Då de äldre personerna kunde behålla kontrollen och kunskapen över dagliga rutiner, och kände sig som en del av den nya sammanhang uppfattas de en känsla av trygghet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Case study, control, routines, in-depth interviews, sense of security, fallstudie, upplevelse av kontroll, rutiner, djupintervju, känsla av trygghet
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23857 (URN)10.1080/13691457.2016.1255877 (DOI)000413972900008 ()2-s2.0-85002050769 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-05-23 Created: 2014-05-23 Last updated: 2018-01-24Bibliographically approved
Johansson, L., Björklund, A., Sidenvall, B. & Christensson, L. (2017). Staff views on how to improve mealtimes for elderly people with dementia living at home. Dementia, 16(7), 835-852
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Staff views on how to improve mealtimes for elderly people with dementia living at home
2017 (English)In: Dementia, ISSN 1471-3012, E-ISSN 1741-2684, Vol. 16, no 7, p. 835-852Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Dementia commonly leads to difficulties in performing daily activities, which can also often affect the ability to prepare and eat meals. As a result, formal support to maintain good nutritional intake might be needed, but there is a lack of knowledge concerning how to support older persons with dementia living at home. The aim of this study was to explore and describe staff views on how to improve mealtimes for persons with dementia who are still living at home. A qualitative descriptive study was performed and data were collected during 2011–2012 through four focus group interviews with staff working in the homes of persons with dementia. Data were analyzed using inductive content analysis. The participants described several ways to improve mealtimes for persons with dementia and advocated adjustments facilitating the preservation of the persons’ independence. Finding suitable actions calls for knowledge about the person and his/her individual situation. Proposed actions were enabling meals at home, taking over, and moving meals outside of the home. In addition, it was found that, the types of meals served to these persons should be as familiar to the individual as possible. The results of this study indicate the importance of using a person-centered approach and meeting the individual needs when supporting people with dementia in regards to their meals when living at home. Individualized care in the home may be expensive, however, it is fair to say that people who become malnourished and admitted to hospitals is even more costly. Furthermore, sharing and reflecting experiences and knowledge can assist staff to identify ways to manage complex situations. Therefore, the use of refection should be a part of staff members’ everyday work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
community care, content analysis, dementia, food provision, mealtime, nutrition, older people
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-28515 (URN)10.1177/1471301215619083 (DOI)000411689100013 ()26631823 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85029528756 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-12-08 Created: 2015-12-08 Last updated: 2018-02-08Bibliographically approved
Westlin, E. & Björklund, A. (2016). A Delphi study of occurring information in housing adaptation certificates. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 23(5), 357-365
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Delphi study of occurring information in housing adaptation certificates
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 357-365Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Since 1993, the Housing Adaptation Act has provided disabled people the opportunity to receive grants for adapting their homes. A housing adaptation certificate certifying the necessity of adaptations must accompany any application and if information in housing adaptation certificates is not sufficient, the applicant is risking not having necessary housing adaptations.

Objective: The aim of this study was to identify and describe what information is missing, unnecessary or vague, in the housing adaptation certificates; to determine how often this occur, and how problematic this can be for the decision process.

Material and methods: 105 housing adaptation grant managers took part in a three-round Delphi survey.

Results: At least 65% consensus was reached regarding the following six statements: missing information about disability duration, possession of relevant assistive devices, consequences of the disability in housing, prognosis of consequences, who the informant is, or contains preferences for specific solutions. Missing, unnecessary or vague information pose serious or less serious problems and 38–72% of the participants reported that this often or always occur.

Conclusion: Housing adaptation certificates need to be improved.

Significance: The results of this study are used to design a checklist for use by housing adaptation certificate writers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016
Keywords
Consensus, Delphi technique, disability evaluation, expert testimony, occupational therapy
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31451 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2016.1177591 (DOI)000382173600004 ()27141923 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84965058516 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-08-24 Created: 2016-08-24 Last updated: 2018-02-14Bibliographically approved
Blomdahl, C., Gunnarsson, B. A., Guregård, S., Rusner, M., Wijk, H. & Björklund, A. (2016). Art therapy for patients with depression: expert opinions on its main aspects for clinical practice. Journal of Mental Health, 25(6), 527-535
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Art therapy for patients with depression: expert opinions on its main aspects for clinical practice
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 25, no 6, p. 527-535Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Art therapy is based mainly on clinical experience and is rarely described and evaluated scientifically. There is a need for further exploration of its use in patients with depression.

Aim: The aim of this study was to explore what experts consider to be the main aspects of art therapy in clinical practice for patients with depression.

Method: Eighteen occupational therapists experienced and educated in art therapy participated. The experts answered three rounds of Delphi questionnaires and ranked their agreement with 74 assertions. Consensus was defined as 70% or higher.

Results: The experts agreed more on assertions about theoretical frames of reference than about clinical practice. The main aspects of art therapy were agreed to be the patients’ opportunity to express themselves verbally and through making art. It was equally important that art tasks provided an opportunity to address depressive thoughts, feelings, life experiences, and physical symptoms.

Conclusions: Experts in the field of art therapy considered that the main aspect of clinical practice in art therapy for patients with depression is that art themes should promote expression related to both to depression and personal history.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016
Keywords
clinical practice, Delphi technique, evaluation, Mental health, treatment
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31288 (URN)10.1080/09638237.2016.1207226 (DOI)000390749400010 ()27469205 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84980010246 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-08-19 Created: 2016-08-19 Last updated: 2017-04-28Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A. & Björklund, A. (2016). The impact of lifestyle interventions on older persons' health, wellbeing and occupational adaptation. In: : . Paper presented at COTEC-ENOTHE Congress, Galway, Ireland, June 15-19, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of lifestyle interventions on older persons' health, wellbeing and occupational adaptation
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: The demographic development, with the older population growing fast, is becoming a huge challenge for society, with great demands on health and social care and concerning the individual’s well-being. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a four-month occupational based health-promoting programme for older persons living in community dwellings could maintain/improve their general health and well- being. Further the aim was to explore whether the programme facilitated the older persons’ occupational adaptation.

Method: The study had a quasi- experimental design combined with semi-structured interviews. The intervention group comprised 22 participants, and the control group 18. Outcomes were measured using the Short Form 36, Life Satisfaction Index-Z and Meaningful Activity Participation Assessment. Content analysis, based on concepts from the Model of Occupational Adaptation, was used to analyse the interviews.

Results: The intervention group showed statistically significant improvements in general health variables such as vitality and mental health, and positive trends for psychological well-being. There were no statistically significant differences between the intervention group and the control group. The qualitative analysis based on Occupational Adaptation pointed out social aspects as a compliment to the overall results.

Conclusion: Participating in meaningful, challenging activities in different environments stimulates the occupational adaptation process.

Application to Practice: Occupational therapists can use this result to empower older persons to find their optimal occupational lives.

National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31232 (URN)
Conference
COTEC-ENOTHE Congress, Galway, Ireland, June 15-19, 2016
Available from: 2016-08-11 Created: 2016-08-11 Last updated: 2016-08-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3594-4805

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