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Bjursell, C. & Engström, A. (2019). A Lewinian approach to managing barriers to university–industry collaboration. Higher Education Policy, 32(1), 129-148
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Lewinian approach to managing barriers to university–industry collaboration
2019 (English)In: Higher Education Policy, ISSN 0952-8733, E-ISSN 1740-3863, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 129-148Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Calls are made by governments, university management and industry to increase university–industry (U–I) collaboration to find solutions for societal and economic problems that are too complex to be tackled within one sector alone. Researchers are often expected to realise these ideas, but when it comes to everyday research and knowledge development, individuals may encounter barriers to accomplishing this. The paper presents an empirical study of researchers’ view on U–I collaboration. Our focus in the analysis, inspired by the Lewinian field theory, is on the hindering forces that might create barriers to collaboration from a researcher’s perspective. Contrary to the previously used approaches taken in force field analysis, we perform a qualitative study, which might be better suited for this framework. In the literature on U–I collaboration, ‘orientation-related’ and ‘transaction-related’ barriers have been identified. In our analysis, we discuss hindering forces on the individual, intra- and interorganisational levels. In total, we find 18 key areas to identify possible hinders for collaboration and based on a Lewinian perspective, we suggest that removing hindering forces can benefit U–I collaboration. The paper recognises the need to regard universities as equal partners in U–I collaboration for sustainable knowledge production.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
U–I collaboration; hindering forces; barriers; Lewin field theory
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37896 (URN)10.1057/s41307-017-0074-4 (DOI)000464887500008 ()2-s2.0-85034626907 (Scopus ID)KOA HLK 2019,KOA JTH 2019 (Local ID)KOA HLK 2019,KOA JTH 2019 (Archive number)KOA HLK 2019,KOA JTH 2019 (OAI)
Available from: 2017-11-22 Created: 2017-11-22 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved
Engström, A. & Käkelä, N. (2019). Early steps in learning about organizational learning in customization settings: A communication perspective. Learning Organization, 26(1), 27-43
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Early steps in learning about organizational learning in customization settings: A communication perspective
2019 (English)In: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 27-43Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This study aims to empirically investigate the role of learning for suppliers of individualized customizations from a communication perspective.

Design/methodology/approach: Five companies providing individualized customizations are investigated through an in-depth qualitative approach. The empirical material is based on data from five presentations in one workshop and seven interviews.

Findings: Four important categories of communication processes between suppliers and customers that stimulate learning were identified: the identification and confirmation of existing knowledge, the identification of knowledge gaps and the creation of new knowledge, the definition of relations and procedures and evaluation and learning.

Practical implications: These findings can help suppliers of individualized customizations become aware of the important role of organizational learning in their day-to-day operations and the value of improving as a learning organization.

Originality/value: This cross-disciplinary study brings together organizational learning and customization research. It is a study that focuses on communication in customization tasks as a base for learning. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019
Keywords
Collaborative research, Communication, Customization, Learning organizations, Organizational learning, Task-based learning
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42405 (URN)10.1108/TLO-09-2018-0150 (DOI)000458240300004 ()2-s2.0-85058131362 (Scopus ID)HOA JTH 2019 (Local ID)HOA JTH 2019 (Archive number)HOA JTH 2019 (OAI)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, KKS-20160210Knowledge Foundation, KKS-20170312
Available from: 2019-01-02 Created: 2019-01-02 Last updated: 2019-11-20Bibliographically approved
Engström, A. (2019). Effective interaction in organisations. In: H. Ahl, I. Bergmo Prvulovic & K. Kilhammar (Ed.), Human resource management: A Nordic perspective (pp. 30-41). London, UK: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effective interaction in organisations
2019 (English)In: Human resource management: A Nordic perspective / [ed] H. Ahl, I. Bergmo Prvulovic & K. Kilhammar, London, UK: Routledge, 2019, p. 30-41Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Creating effective interaction and ‘organisational learning’ is a skill that must be developed. Research from work meetings in a manufacturing company found that meetings for well-defined, technical assignments often went smoothly and produced the desired results, but there was a lack of forums to discuss developmental issues, especially those concerning work organisation. Furthermore, there was a lack of communication between the different work groups. Discrepancies were swept under the carpet, which is unfortunate, since they provide opportunities for learning and development. To achieve this, a goal-directed meeting structure and proper leadership and communications skills are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, UK: Routledge, 2019
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42080 (URN)9781138592834 (ISBN)9781138592858 (ISBN)9780429489761 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2019-11-01Bibliographically approved
Engström, A., Barry, D., Sollander, K., Edh Mirzaei, N. & Johansson, A. (2019). Embracing the unplanned: Organizational ambidexterity within manufacturing SMEs. In: Academy of Management Proceedings: . Paper presented at 79th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (AOM) 2019, August 9-13, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Academy of Management, Article ID 14906.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Embracing the unplanned: Organizational ambidexterity within manufacturing SMEs
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2019 (English)In: Academy of Management Proceedings, Academy of Management , 2019, article id 14906Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Organizational Ambidexterity (OA)–the ability to simultaneously pursue exploration and exploitation–is increasingly being advocated as a way to gain competitive advantage. Most of the work on OA has focused on large, multi-divisional organizations, resulting in frameworks and prescriptions that have little utility for small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). With this in mind, we report on the first year of an exploratory, quasi-experimental study of ambidexterity within six small-to-medium manufacturing enterprises in Sweden. The research is characterized by an emic, ‘invented here’ approach, where companies closely examine their current exploration and exploitation practices, use their findings to formulate more advanced OA approaches uniquely suited to their values and circumstances, and iteratively apply and refine these over a four year period. It appears that the construct of ‘unplanned’ and associated sub-constructs such as ‘disturbance, crashes, and interruption’ could be an important key to framing and improving OA within these SMEs and perhaps more generally.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy of Management, 2019
Series
Academy of Management Proceedings, ISSN 0065-0668, E-ISSN 2151-6561 ; 1
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45623 (URN)10.5465/AMBPP.2019.14906abstract (DOI)
Conference
79th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (AOM) 2019, August 9-13, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Available from: 2019-08-20 Created: 2019-08-20 Last updated: 2020-01-13Bibliographically approved
Bäckstrand, J. & Engström, A. (2019). Engagement and co-creation of knowledge – the important role of workshops for data collection and analysis. In: : . Paper presented at 6th International EurOMA Sustainable Operations and Supply Chains Forum, Gothenburg, Sweden, 18-19 March, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Engagement and co-creation of knowledge – the important role of workshops for data collection and analysis
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper complements current literature on qualitative methods and collaborative research approaches by addressing workshops as a unique way of not only collecting data, but also allow for joint analysis and conceptualizations. We have applied a grounded, data-driven approach based on retrospective analysis of the content of 40 workshops in four different collaborative research projects. This paper contributes to a better understanding for workshops and their role in data collection, data analysis and conceptualization as well as other non-research-process related activities in collaborative research projects.

National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45499 (URN)
Conference
6th International EurOMA Sustainable Operations and Supply Chains Forum, Gothenburg, Sweden, 18-19 March, 2019
Projects
The Whispering Game
Available from: 2019-08-08 Created: 2019-08-08 Last updated: 2019-08-08Bibliographically approved
Bjursell, C. & Engström, A. (2019). Horizontal structures – A fundamental and forgotten perspective in school governance?. In: : . Paper presented at International Symposium at the Danish School of Education (DPU) in Copenhagen 10-11 October 2019: Fundamental but often forgotten perspectives on/in school and leadership..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Horizontal structures – A fundamental and forgotten perspective in school governance?
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46565 (URN)
Conference
International Symposium at the Danish School of Education (DPU) in Copenhagen 10-11 October 2019: Fundamental but often forgotten perspectives on/in school and leadership.
Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2020-01-08Bibliographically approved
Sollander, K., Engström, A. & Wikner, J. (2018). A framework for task-based ambidexterity in manufacturing SMEs. In: Moon I., Lee G., Park J., Kiritsis D., von Cieminski G. (Ed.), Moon I., Lee G., Park J., Kiritsis D., von Cieminski G. (Ed.), Advances in Production Management Systems. Production Management for Data-Driven, Intelligent, Collaborative, and Sustainable Manufacturing. APMS 2018.: . Paper presented at IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2018, Seoul, Korea, August 26-30, 2018 (pp. 518-525). Cham: Springer, 535
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A framework for task-based ambidexterity in manufacturing SMEs
2018 (English)In: Advances in Production Management Systems. Production Management for Data-Driven, Intelligent, Collaborative, and Sustainable Manufacturing. APMS 2018. / [ed] Moon I., Lee G., Park J., Kiritsis D., von Cieminski G., Cham: Springer, 2018, Vol. 535, p. 518-525Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

To be competitive, it is important for companies to create a breeding ground for innovation without jeopardizing productivity. The challenge posed by industrial companies and the innovation research community is how to promote innovation while achieving efficient execution. The ability to balance execution and innovation is referred to as organizational ambidexterity (OA), which includes several dimensions, concepts and approaches where a central task can be identified. The purpose of this paper is to investigate what consequences result from different dimensions of a task in relation to the types of its actions, and their effects on OA. The focus of the task is firstly investigated, followed by the development of nine scenarios via combining the designers’ and the performers’ perspectives of the task. A brief analysis of the scenarios indicates that there is no single optimal scenario; rather, the scenarios represent different states that are appropriate for certain conditions, and dynamic adaptation should be encouraged in relation to the changing conditions. This type of dynamics is particularly expected to prevail in small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) because the roles that are responsible for tasks in these organizations are less specialized. Therefore, SMEs must define tasks that include both explorative and exploitative parts, either simultaneously or sequentially, to stimulate employees to work ambidextrously and thereby develop the concept of task-based ambidexterity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018
Series
IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1868-4238, E-ISSN 1868-422X ; 535
Keywords
Organizational ambidexterity Task-based SME
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41344 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-99704-9_63 (DOI)2-s2.0-85053265783 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-99703-2 (ISBN)978-3-319-99704-9 (ISBN)
Conference
IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2018, Seoul, Korea, August 26-30, 2018
Available from: 2018-09-04 Created: 2018-09-04 Last updated: 2020-01-13Bibliographically approved
Engström, A. & Käkelä, N. (2018). Learning to make a difference in customization settings. In: : . Paper presented at Organizational Learning, Knowledge and Capabilities OLKC 2018, 26th - 28th April, 2018, Liverpool, UK.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning to make a difference in customization settings
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42213 (URN)
Conference
Organizational Learning, Knowledge and Capabilities OLKC 2018, 26th - 28th April, 2018, Liverpool, UK
Available from: 2018-12-05 Created: 2018-12-05 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved
Engström, A. & Lundin, M. (2018). Personalvetenskapliga perspektiv på kommunikation. Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Personalvetenskapliga perspektiv på kommunikation
2018 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2018. p. 131
Series
PP-serien
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42212 (URN)978-91-47-11321-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-12-05 Created: 2018-12-05 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved
Engström, A. (2017). Effectiveness in meetings. Groups dealing with ambidexterity dilemma. In: : . Paper presented at Paper presented at the INGroup, Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Twelfth Annual Conference in St Louis, Missouri, USA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effectiveness in meetings. Groups dealing with ambidexterity dilemma
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The ambidexterity dilemma, exploitation/exploration, in organizations causes groups trouble in dealing with their tasks during work meetings. The study concludes that the two logics need to be separated in time and space conducted with various communicative actions, to become whole and integrated in the minds of individuals and groups.

National Category
Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37975 (URN)
Conference
Paper presented at the INGroup, Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Twelfth Annual Conference in St Louis, Missouri, USA
Available from: 2017-11-24 Created: 2017-11-24 Last updated: 2018-09-20Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8993-4306

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