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Müller, J. R., Isaksson, O., Landahl, J., Raja, V., Panarotto, M., Levandowski, C. & Raudberget, D. (2019). Enhanced function-means modeling supporting design space exploration. Artificial intelligence for engineering design, analysis and manufacturing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enhanced function-means modeling supporting design space exploration
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2019 (English)In: Artificial intelligence for engineering design, analysis and manufacturing, ISSN 0890-0604, E-ISSN 1469-1760Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

One problem in incremental product development is that geometric models are limited in their ability to explore radical alternative design variants. In this publication, a function modeling approach is suggested to increase the amount and variety of explored alternatives, since function models (FM) provide greater model flexibility. An enhanced function-means (EF-M) model capable of representing the constraints of the design space as well as alternative designs is created through a reverse engineering process. This model is then used as a basis for the development of a new product variant. This work describes the EF-M model's capabilities for representing the design space and integrating novel solutions into the existing product structure and explains how these capabilities support the exploration of alternative design variants. First-order analyses are executed, and the EF-M model is used to capture and represent already existing design information for further analyses. Based on these findings, a design space exploration approach is developed. It positions the FM as a connection between legacy and novel designs and, through this, allows for the exploration of more diverse product concepts. This approach is based on three steps-decomposition, design, and embodiment-A nd builds on the capabilities of EF-M to model alternative solutions for different requirements. While the embodiment step of creating the novel product's geometry is still a topic for future research, the design space exploration concept can be used to enable wider, more methodological, and potentially automated design space exploration. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2019
Keywords
Concept design, design space exploration, DSM, enhanced function-means modeling, function modeling, radical innovation, Reverse engineering, Systems analysis, Alternative solutions, Concept designs, Exploration of alternatives, First-order analysis, Reverse engineering process, Product design
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46945 (URN)10.1017/S0890060419000271 (DOI)2-s2.0-85073692665 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-12-02 Created: 2019-12-02 Last updated: 2019-12-04
Raudberget, D. & Elgh, F. (2019). Improving Modularization in Industry by Introducing a New Model for Module Classification. In: 2018 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management: . Paper presented at 2018 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM), 16-19 December 2018, Bangkok, Thailand (pp. 1337-1341). IEEE Computer Society, Article ID 8607720.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Improving Modularization in Industry by Introducing a New Model for Module Classification
2019 (English)In: 2018 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management, IEEE Computer Society, 2019, p. 1337-1341, article id 8607720Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Modules are often considered the basis of product platforms by enabling a variety of product variants based on interchangeable modules. In this way, modules enable efficient utilization of resources through economies of scale. The purpose of this work is to improve the product realization process by introducing a new model for module classification that enable companies to structure their assets and formalizing them in the development system. The modules developed following this methodology contains both physical resources and non-physical resources that can be reused in a structured way, thereby improving the efficiency of the development process. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Computer Society, 2019
Series
Proceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management, ISSN 2157-3611
Keywords
modularisation, module classification, product platforms, Economics, Development process, Development systems, Economies of scale, Physical resources, Product realization process, Utilization of resources, Modular construction
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43204 (URN)10.1109/IEEM.2018.8607720 (DOI)000458674600267 ()2-s2.0-85061828797 (Scopus ID)9781538667866 (ISBN)
Conference
2018 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM), 16-19 December 2018, Bangkok, Thailand
Available from: 2019-02-27 Created: 2019-02-27 Last updated: 2019-02-27Bibliographically approved
Bjursell, C. & Raudberget, D. (2019). Organising for knowledge and learning – a balancing act between divergent forces. In: H. Ahl, I. Bergmo Prvulovic & K. Kilhammar (Ed.), Human resource management: A Nordic perspective (pp. 42-55). London, UK: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organising for knowledge and learning – a balancing act between divergent forces
2019 (English)In: Human resource management: A Nordic perspective / [ed] H. Ahl, I. Bergmo Prvulovic & K. Kilhammar, London, UK: Routledge, 2019, p. 42-55Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Research and development is a knowledge-intense activity where HR departments must balance many internal tensions, such as that between development versus project management, or research versus product standardisation. The first issue may ensure long-term survival and the second, short-term profitability. Another contrasting pair of issues is technical knowledge vs. administrative knowledge. Forging a career path in a manufacturing business often entails abandoning the technical work for the benefit of completing administrative or management work. The chapter discusses how HR departments can handle knowledge management and provide new ways to benefit both the individual and the company.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, UK: Routledge, 2019
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42083 (URN)9781138592834 (ISBN)9781138592858 (ISBN)9780429489761 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2019-11-01Bibliographically approved
Raudberget, D., André, S. & Elgh, F. (2018). Modularisation in two Global Product Developing Companies: Current State and Future Outlook. In: Proceedings of NordDesign: Design in the Era of Digitalization, NordDesign 2018. Paper presented at NordDesign 2018, August 14-17, Linköping. Linköping: The Design Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modularisation in two Global Product Developing Companies: Current State and Future Outlook
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of NordDesign: Design in the Era of Digitalization, NordDesign 2018, Linköping: The Design Society, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Modularisation and platform strategies enable efficient utilization of resources through economies of scale and are therefore increasingly important for manufacturing companies. On the product side, modules are often considered the basis of product platforms by enabling a variety of product variants by combining interchangeable modules into different products. On the process side, modularisation enables faster and cheaper development of new product variants by reusing physical components, interfaces, and production equipment.

The benefits of product platforms and modularisation have led two global product developing and manufacturing companies to initiate research projects within this field. The companies have previously made unsuccessful attempts to implement modularisation founded on a componentbased approach and the firms are now searching for other methods to get the benefits of modularisation.

This paper describes the initial state of practice in modularisation and product platforms in the two companies in their attempts to move from a purely physical approach to modularisation into the universal view that is presented in the Design Platform approach. Here, a platform is viewed as an evolutionary entity involving several company assets such as processes, knowledge, methods, and relationships which are essential to gain the benefits of platforms also in the development phase. The Design Platform contains various concrete resources such as the geometry of physical components, but also inhomogeneous resources such as design rules, processes, methods and design automation.

The results point to specific barriers that the companies experience when trying to adopt a modularisation strategy. Several barriers are experienced by both companies while some are specific for one of the companies. Through several workshops, the concepts of the Design Platform and a flexible view on modularisation are introduced, and their possibilities are elaborated and appreciated by the workshop participants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: The Design Society, 2018
Keywords
Modularisation, module types, barriers, product platform, product development
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41266 (URN)2-s2.0-85057176916 (Scopus ID)9789176851852 (ISBN)
Conference
NordDesign 2018, August 14-17, Linköping
Available from: 2018-08-28 Created: 2018-08-28 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved
Elgh, F., Johansson, J., Stolt, R., Lennartsson, M., Heikkinen, T. & Raudberget, D. (2018). Platform Models for Agile Customization – What's Beyond Modularization?. In: Margherita Peruzzini, Marcello Pellicciari, Cees Bil, Josip Stjepandić, Nel Wognum (Ed.), Transdisciplinary Engineering Methods for Social Innovation of Industry 4.0: Proceedings of the 25th ISPE Inc. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Engineering. Paper presented at 25th ISPE International Conference on Transdisciplinary EngineeringIntegrating (TE2018), 3-6 July, Modena, Italy (pp. 371-380). IOS Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Platform Models for Agile Customization – What's Beyond Modularization?
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2018 (English)In: Transdisciplinary Engineering Methods for Social Innovation of Industry 4.0: Proceedings of the 25th ISPE Inc. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Engineering / [ed] Margherita Peruzzini, Marcello Pellicciari, Cees Bil, Josip Stjepandić, Nel Wognum, IOS Press, 2018, p. 371-380Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Many manufacturing companies are suppliers that deliver unique solutions to different business customers. Intense quotation work, with a high demand on accuracy and quick response, and development projects executed in close collaboration with customers and other actors characterize these companies. The projects can run for years or a few weeks depending on the business. Changes of requirements are frequent and technology development required for improved functionality, sustainability and competitiveness. The use of a product platform has been acknowledged as a strategic enabler for product family development and mass customization. However, companies struggle with adopting the common platform approach building upon pre-defined modules and components as it constraints the fulfilment of unique customer requirements and the introduction of new technology at high pace. This work reports the results from case studies conducted in collaboration with four companies. They are in many ways different but face the same challenges when it comes to customization, fluctuating requirements and need of high pace in technology advancement. The focus of this paper is on their initial states; including how they work with their product concept before the customer entry point, the work that is initiated when an order is accepted, the character of requirements and the adoption of product platforms. Criteria on, and identification of, new platforms models, termed Design Assets, are presented followed by a mapping to the Design Platform concept pointing out areas upcoming work, both scientifically and at the companies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2018
Series
Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering ; 7
Keywords
Modularization, customization, supplier, engineer-to-order, design asset
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41409 (URN)10.3233/978-1-61499-898-3-371 (DOI)000468226300037 ()2-s2.0-85057963770 (Scopus ID)978-1-61499-897-6 (ISBN)978-1-61499-898-3 (ISBN)
Conference
25th ISPE International Conference on Transdisciplinary EngineeringIntegrating (TE2018), 3-6 July, Modena, Italy
Available from: 2018-09-11 Created: 2018-09-11 Last updated: 2019-06-07Bibliographically approved
Raudberget, D., Ström, M. & Elgh, F. (2018). Supporting innovation and knowledge transfer from individual to corporate level. In: Margherita Peruzzini, Marcello Pellicciari, Cees Bil, Josip Stjepandić, Nel Wognum (Ed.), Transdisciplinary Engineering Methods for Social Innovation of Industry 4.0: Proceedings of the 25th ISPE Inc. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Engineering. Paper presented at 25th ISPE International Conference on Transdisciplinary Engineering (TE2018), Modena, Italy, July 3 to July 6, 2018 (pp. 576-585). IOS Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supporting innovation and knowledge transfer from individual to corporate level
2018 (English)In: Transdisciplinary Engineering Methods for Social Innovation of Industry 4.0: Proceedings of the 25th ISPE Inc. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Engineering / [ed] Margherita Peruzzini, Marcello Pellicciari, Cees Bil, Josip Stjepandić, Nel Wognum, IOS Press, 2018, p. 576-585Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In most development processes, there is an early phase dedicated to creative concept development aiming at finding solutions to the problem at hand. To arrive at a high-quality solution, several ideas may be conceived and evaluated. However, emerging information and knowledge about product concepts is often not shared on a corporate level since only the final result is documented. This can lead to a significant waste, especially in Set-based design. This paper presents a pragmatic way to structure emerging design information, transferring individual design knowledge to a corporate level. It introduces the Concept Dashboard to track the progress of the concept development and uses an industry standard project workflow system to store and retrieve emerging concept knowledge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2018
Series
Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering ; 7
Keywords
Set-based design, innovation management, conceptual design, design evaluation
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41269 (URN)10.3233/978-1-61499-898-3-576 (DOI)000468226300058 ()2-s2.0-85057957250 (Scopus ID)978-1-61499-897-6 (ISBN)978-1-61499-898-3 (ISBN)
Conference
25th ISPE International Conference on Transdisciplinary Engineering (TE2018), Modena, Italy, July 3 to July 6, 2018
Available from: 2018-08-28 Created: 2018-08-28 Last updated: 2019-06-07Bibliographically approved
Elgh, F., Johansson, J., Poorkiany, M., Stolt, R. & Raudberget, D. (2018). Traceability of decisions in product realization processes of custom engineered products. In: Marjanović D., Štorga M., Škec S., Bojčetić N., Pavković N. (Ed.), DS92: Proceedings of the DESIGN 2018 15th International Design Conference: . Paper presented at 15th International Design Conference - DESIGN 2018, May 21st-24th, 2018, Dubrovnik, Croatia (pp. 249-260). The Design Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Traceability of decisions in product realization processes of custom engineered products
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2018 (Swedish)In: DS92: Proceedings of the DESIGN 2018 15th International Design Conference / [ed] Marjanović D., Štorga M., Škec S., Bojčetić N., Pavković N., The Design Society, 2018, p. 249-260Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Custom engineered products require an engineer-to-order approach in development, quotation preparation and order processing. This work reports the result of a three-and-a-half-year project were the objective was to develop means for implementation and management of computer support for engineering design and production engineering of customized products. Efficient re-use is essential for success and decision is identified as the core concept to trace tasks executed, knowledge used, design rationale and artefacts developed throughout the product realization process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Design Society, 2018
Series
Design, ISSN 1847-9073
Keywords
design knowledge, information management, process modelling, customisation, engineer-to-order
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39618 (URN)10.21278/idc.2018.0505 (DOI)2-s2.0-85054981077 (Scopus ID)978-953-7738-59-4 (ISBN)
Conference
15th International Design Conference - DESIGN 2018, May 21st-24th, 2018, Dubrovnik, Croatia
Available from: 2018-06-01 Created: 2018-06-01 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved
Johannesson, H., Landahl, J., Levandowski, C. & Raudberget, D. (2017). Development of product platforms: Theory and methodology. Concurrent Engineering - Research and Applications, 25(3), 195-211
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development of product platforms: Theory and methodology
2017 (English)In: Concurrent Engineering - Research and Applications, ISSN 1063-293X, E-ISSN 1531-2003, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 195-211Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a trend toward increased customization of goods to satisfy a wide range of customers using product platforms. However, there is an erroneous notion that product platforms can only be used to provide economic viability in production thanks to the reuse of physical components among a family of products. Yet, this is a limited perception of the potential of a product platform. In this article, an object-oriented approach to support the development of product platforms is proposed to increase efficiency through reuse and flexibility of designs among a family of products. Two modes of the platform development process are addressed: platform preparation and platform execution. Platform preparation prescribes the methods needed to model platform objects, using enhanced function-means models and set-based concurrent engineering processes. During the platform execution process, sets of design alternatives can be configured concurrently throughout the conceptual, system, and detailed phases of the platform development. Three cases illustrate how the same approach may be used in different design scenarios: design space exploration and extension, supply-chain collaboration, and configure-to-order. The approach supports system architects and design engineers in making design decisions that propel the platform development work by enabling analysis in stages where designs are immature and evaluating the goodness of the alternatives early. Ultimately, product platforms can be efficiently developed for modularity and scalability to find feasible product variants and meet the needs of a multitude of customers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
Product platforms, mass customization, set-based concurrent engineering, systems engineering, design methodology
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37138 (URN)10.1177/1063293X17709866 (DOI)000408221500001 ()2-s2.0-85028009764 (Scopus ID)
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2017-09-04 Created: 2017-09-04 Last updated: 2018-08-17Bibliographically approved
Bjursell, C. & Raudberget, D. (2017). Organisering för kunskap och lärande: En balansgång mellan motsättningar. In: Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo Prvulovic & Karin Kilhammar (Ed.), HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser (pp. 59-76). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organisering för kunskap och lärande: En balansgång mellan motsättningar
2017 (Swedish)In: HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser / [ed] Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo Prvulovic & Karin Kilhammar, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 59-76Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017
National Category
Social Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-36118 (URN)9789144118833 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-06-15 Created: 2017-06-15 Last updated: 2018-08-17Bibliographically approved
Raudberget, D., Levandowski, C., André, S., Isaksson, O., Elgh, F., Müller, J., . . . Stolt, R. (2017). Supporting Design Platforms by Identifying Flexible Modules. In: Anja Maier, Stanko Škec, Harrison Kim, Michael Kokkolaras, Josef Oehmen, Georges Fadel, Filippo Salustri, Mike Van der Loos (Ed.), 21st International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17): Vol. 3: Product, Services and Systems Design. Paper presented at International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17), Vancouver, 21-25 August, 2017. (pp. 191-200). The Design Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supporting Design Platforms by Identifying Flexible Modules
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2017 (English)In: 21st International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17): Vol. 3: Product, Services and Systems Design / [ed] Anja Maier, Stanko Škec, Harrison Kim, Michael Kokkolaras, Josef Oehmen, Georges Fadel, Filippo Salustri, Mike Van der Loos, The Design Society, 2017, p. 191-200Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

One way for firms to stay competitive is to adapt a platform approach. In product platforms, modules are used as exchangeable design blocks to create a variety in product performance. This is a proven way to get advantages of scale in production by reusing physical parts and investments in manufacturing. To ensure exchangeability between modules, interfaces between modules must be well defined. Hence, from this point of view, there is no such thing as flexible modules. In this research, flexibility refers to the idea of identifying strategic portions of the platform where flexibility is needed and to create the modular division in a way that the assigned modules are de-coupled in theses areas. The presented approach shows how the Design platform concept can be extended by the introduction of flexible modules. These support the Design Platforms by allowing areas of strategic importance to be more flexible and thereby enable room for uncertainties such as fluctuating requirements and future technical development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Design Society, 2017
Series
Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ISSN 2220-4342, E-ISSN 2220-4334
Keywords
Product architecture, Set-based Concurrent Engineering, Systems Engineering (SE), Functional modelling, Modularisation
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37119 (URN)2-s2.0-85029821488 (Scopus ID)978-1-904670-91-9 (ISBN)
Conference
International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17), Vancouver, 21-25 August, 2017.
Available from: 2017-09-01 Created: 2017-09-01 Last updated: 2018-08-17Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6761-597X

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