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Publications (10 of 31) Show all publications
Engström, A., Johansson, A., Edh Mirzaei, N., Sollander, K. & Barry, D. (2023). Knowledge creation in projects: an interactive research approach for deeper business insight. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 16(1), 22-44
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowledge creation in projects: an interactive research approach for deeper business insight
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2023 (English)In: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 22-44Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to shed light on different types of knowledge created and how this links to the project design, process, and content. Design/methodology/approach In this paper the authors investigate participants' experiences from a three-year interactive research project, designed to trigger reflection among the participants. They apply a knowledge creation perspective on experiences expressed by participants as a result of different research project activities. Findings The study resulted in five categories of insights with potential for sustainable influence on the participating organizations: an understanding of concepts and theories; an understanding of the impacts of collaborative, reflective work processes; an understanding of the meaning of one's own organizational context; an understanding of the importance of increased organizational self-awareness; and an understanding of the potential for human interaction and communication. Practical implications The author's findings suggest that it is possible to design a project to promote more profound and sustainable effects on a business beyond the explicit purpose of the project. They advise practitioners to make room for iterative reflection; be mindful to create a trustful and open environment in the team; challenge results with opposing views and theories; and make room for sharing experiences and giving feedback. Originality/value This study contributes to unraveling key practices which can nurture conditions for knowledge creation in interactive research projects and business projects alike.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2023
Keywords
Practice-based research, Collaborative research, Knowledge creation, Qualitative research, Project management
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-58196 (URN)10.1108/IJMPB-09-2021-0233 (DOI)000834362300001 ()2-s2.0-85149270071 (Scopus ID)HOA;intsam;1687423 (Local ID)HOA;intsam;1687423 (Archive number)HOA;intsam;1687423 (OAI)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, KK20170312
Available from: 2022-08-15 Created: 2022-08-15 Last updated: 2023-03-21Bibliographically approved
Bjursell, C., Johansson, A., Bergmo-Prvulovic, I. & Engström, A. (2022). Higher education as learning organizations – An empirical study of education managers perception of their work situation. In: NFF 2022 Conference Papers: . Paper presented at The 26th Biennial Nordic Academy of Management Conference, Örebro, Sweden, August 24 – 26, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Higher education as learning organizations – An empirical study of education managers perception of their work situation
2022 (English)In: NFF 2022 Conference Papers, 2022Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The paper presents a study of Swedish academic leaders’ perception of their work situation. The aim was to explore the conditions which can enable creativity and learning in higher education institutions. The KEYS survey was sent to a sample of 64 university managers from social sciences, humanities and technical departments at Swedish universities. The response rate was 39 % (n25). The result indicates that education managers perceive a lack of feedback from upper management, but at the same time, they claim to have a high level of trust from upper management.

Keywords
Higher education; lifelong learning; creativity; university management
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-58341 (URN)
Conference
The 26th Biennial Nordic Academy of Management Conference, Örebro, Sweden, August 24 – 26, 2022
Available from: 2022-08-26 Created: 2022-08-26 Last updated: 2022-08-26Bibliographically approved
Engström, A., Pittino, D., Johansson, A., Mohlin, A. & Edh Mirzaei, N. (2022). How AI Transformation triggers new perspectives in organizational learning. In: : . Paper presented at OLKC conference 2022, 7-9 September, 2022, Trollhättan, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How AI Transformation triggers new perspectives in organizational learning
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2022 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-58644 (URN)
Conference
OLKC conference 2022, 7-9 September, 2022, Trollhättan, Sweden
Available from: 2022-10-17 Created: 2022-10-17 Last updated: 2022-10-17Bibliographically approved
Engström, A., Mohlin, A., Edh Mirzaei, N., Pittino, D. & Johansson, A. (2022). Understanding Organizational Tensions During Artificial Intelligence Transformation. In: : . Paper presented at EURAM 2022, Leading Digital Transformation, 15-17 June 2022, Zürich, Switzerland. (1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding Organizational Tensions During Artificial Intelligence Transformation
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2022 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-58643 (URN)
Conference
EURAM 2022, Leading Digital Transformation, 15-17 June 2022, Zürich, Switzerland
Available from: 2022-10-17 Created: 2022-10-17 Last updated: 2022-10-17Bibliographically approved
Engström, A., Mohlin, A., Edh Mirzaei, N., Pittino, D. & Johansson, A. (2022). Understanding Organizational Tensions During Artificial Intelligence Transformation. In: Proceedings of The Annual Meeting of The Academy of Management, 2022, Vol. 2022, No. 1: . Paper presented at 82nd Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, 5-9 August, Seattle, Washington, USA, 4-10 August 2022, Virtual Platform (pp. 12745). Academy of Management, Vol. 2022(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding Organizational Tensions During Artificial Intelligence Transformation
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2022 (English)In: Proceedings of The Annual Meeting of The Academy of Management, 2022, Vol. 2022, No. 1, Academy of Management , 2022, Vol. Vol. 2022, no 1, p. 12745-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

AI has the potential to be a disruptive technology causing paradigm shifts in industries and greatly impacting both operational and strategic decision making. Adopting AI technologies requires proactively engaging both the technical and social system of the organization as processes, workflows, as well as individual employees, are influenced. This paper explores potential tensions between the social and technical systems in the early change process of AI transformation to understand the nature and degree of AI transformation. We do this by analyzing in-depth inquiry from 23 focus groups involving 112 white-collar industrial employees in large multinational industrial firms using a change management perspective. Our study revealed nine categories of tensions divided into tensions between the current and future state and tensions between humans and machines. This stresses the need to adopt a socio-technical perspective in the attempt to understand organizations approaching AI and provides practical implications for organizations considering adopting AI technologies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy of Management, 2022
Series
Academy of Management Proceedings, ISSN 0065-0668, E-ISSN 2151-6561 ; Vol. 2022, No. 1
National Category
Business Administration Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-58642 (URN)10.5465/AMBPP.2022.12745abstract (DOI)
Conference
82nd Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, 5-9 August, Seattle, Washington, USA, 4-10 August 2022, Virtual Platform
Available from: 2022-10-17 Created: 2022-10-17 Last updated: 2022-10-17Bibliographically approved
Ellonen, H.-K. & Johansson, A. (2021). Entrepreneurial Heuristics During Crisis: How and Why Do Restaurateurs Make Decisions During Covid-19?. In: : . Paper presented at RENT XXXV, Turku, Finland, November (17) 18-19, 2021.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurial Heuristics During Crisis: How and Why Do Restaurateurs Make Decisions During Covid-19?
2021 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Objectives

The current Covid-19 pandemic has confronted the hospitality industry with an unprecedented challenge. The corona crisis provides an exceptional platform to further our understanding on how entrepreneurs operate under extreme uncertainty. We adopt an exploratory qualitative approach to study the decision-making heuristics Finnish restaurant entrepreneurs have used during a time of external crisis. More specifically we ask ourselves 1) how do entrepreneurs come to the decisions made, i.e. their decision making heuristics? and 2) what is the underlying logic of that rational?

Prior work

Decision making in the context of entrepreneurial action and uncertainty is largely covered in the effectuation framework, which outlines principles employed by experienced entrepreneurs when starting new firms and/or creating new markets. The corona crises offers a unique opportunity to study effectuation under absolute uncertainty and with unpredictable temporal dynamics.

Approach

We interviewed 11 restaurateurs in Helsinki and using a thinking aloud -protocol we analyseddecision-makers’ cognitive processes, priorities and related actions for a period of one year, starting from thecommencement of Finland’s first national Covid-19 lockdown in March 2020 and lasting until March 2021.

Results

The 11 entrepreneurs differed considerably in terms of their use of effectual and causal logics despite their seemingly similar backgrounds and business context. In order to understand the decision-making logic of the entrepreneurs, two other aspects appear pivotal: first, the entrepreneurs’ time horizon and second, an additional set of pre-heuristics rooted in the entrepreneur’s personal beliefs and values used to steer the direction of future decisions.

Implications and value

The main contribution of the present study for the entrepreneurship research field is the identification of three separate heuristics used by entrepreneurs during a temporal crisis: 1) creating opportunities responding to personal values, 2) pragmatic action and 3) preserving business values. Both the first and third are strongly linked to values; the first to the personal values of the entrepreneur and the third to the business values of the enterprise.

Keywords
qualitative, effectuation, causation, entrepreneur, hospitality management
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55594 (URN)
Conference
RENT XXXV, Turku, Finland, November (17) 18-19, 2021
Available from: 2022-01-14 Created: 2022-01-14 Last updated: 2022-01-14Bibliographically approved
Ellonen, H.-K., Tuomi, A. & Johansson, A. (2021). Simple rules and learning: Business model innovation during Covid-19. In: ISPIM Innovation Conference 2021: . Paper presented at ISPIM Connects Valencia – Reconnect, Rediscover, Reimagine, 30 November—2 December 2021.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Simple rules and learning: Business model innovation during Covid-19
2021 (English)In: ISPIM Innovation Conference 2021, 2021Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The COVID-19 pandemic has presented the hospitality industry with novel challenges. In this paper, we follow four case restaurants for a period of 12 months and track how they have innovated their business models and their learning processes through several cycles of iteration. Our work is based on the notion of simple rules. Eisenhardt and Sull (2001) propose simple rules as an approach to help businesses make decisions under fast-changing and uncertain environments. Methodologically, our study is a comparative case study with data comprising of interviews (two rounds in 2020 and 2021) and secondary data such as newspaper articles, web articles, restaurant websites and social media validating the timelines. Our results reveal that each of the case companies has 2-3 simple rules that have been pivotal for their business model innovation, and that these simple rules have become more explicit through different learning mechanisms.

Series
LUT Scientific and Expertise Publications, ISSN 2243-3376 ; 110
Keywords
Business model, Business model innovation, strategy, simple rules, cognition, action, learning
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55592 (URN)978-952-335-691-7 (ISBN)
Conference
ISPIM Connects Valencia – Reconnect, Rediscover, Reimagine, 30 November—2 December 2021
Available from: 2022-01-14 Created: 2022-01-14 Last updated: 2022-01-14Bibliographically approved
McKelvie, A., Chandler, G. N., DeTienne, D. R. & Johansson, A. (2020). The measurement of effectuation: highlighting research tensions and opportunities for the future. Small Business Economics, 54(3), 689-720
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The measurement of effectuation: highlighting research tensions and opportunities for the future
2020 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 54, no 3, p. 689-720Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we address issues related to the measurement of effectuation. We identify and examine 81 empirical studies focusing on research tensions (fundamental assumptions, theoretical underpinnings, boundary conditions, units of analyses, measures, and temporal issues) within the effectuation literature. Our findings suggest these tensions inhibit the accumulation of empirical knowledge. We highlight the challenges involved in effectively measuring effectuation and offer solutions and recommendations for systematic knowledge accumulation. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020
Keywords
Causation, Effectuation, Measurement, Specification, Theory
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47135 (URN)10.1007/s11187-019-00149-6 (DOI)000524518300005 ()2-s2.0-85062014640 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-05-26 Created: 2019-12-17 Last updated: 2020-06-08Bibliographically approved
Engström, A., Barry, D., Sollander, K., Edh Mirzaei, N. & Johansson, A. (2019). Embracing the unplanned: Organizational ambidexterity within manufacturing SMEs. In: Academy of Management Proceedings: . Paper presented at 79th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (AOM) 2019, August 9-13, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Academy of Management, Article ID 14906.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Embracing the unplanned: Organizational ambidexterity within manufacturing SMEs
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2019 (English)In: Academy of Management Proceedings, Academy of Management , 2019, article id 14906Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Organizational Ambidexterity (OA)–the ability to simultaneously pursue exploration and exploitation–is increasingly being advocated as a way to gain competitive advantage. Most of the work on OA has focused on large, multi-divisional organizations, resulting in frameworks and prescriptions that have little utility for small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). With this in mind, we report on the first year of an exploratory, quasi-experimental study of ambidexterity within six small-to-medium manufacturing enterprises in Sweden. The research is characterized by an emic, ‘invented here’ approach, where companies closely examine their current exploration and exploitation practices, use their findings to formulate more advanced OA approaches uniquely suited to their values and circumstances, and iteratively apply and refine these over a four year period. It appears that the construct of ‘unplanned’ and associated sub-constructs such as ‘disturbance, crashes, and interruption’ could be an important key to framing and improving OA within these SMEs and perhaps more generally.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy of Management, 2019
Series
Academy of Management Proceedings, ISSN 0065-0668, E-ISSN 2151-6561 ; 1
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45623 (URN)10.5465/AMBPP.2019.14906abstract (DOI)
Conference
79th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (AOM) 2019, August 9-13, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Available from: 2019-08-20 Created: 2019-08-20 Last updated: 2023-06-02Bibliographically approved
Ots, M., Lopez-Vega, H. & Johansson, A. (2019). Stretching the knowledge boundaries of the firm: How local newspapers reinvent organizational practices in a digital world. In: : . Paper presented at European Media Management Association Conference, "Media Management and Actionable Knowledge: The Relationship between Theory and Practice", Cyprus University of Technology, Limassol, Cyprus, June 5-9.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stretching the knowledge boundaries of the firm: How local newspapers reinvent organizational practices in a digital world
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Media and Communications Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43700 (URN)
Conference
European Media Management Association Conference, "Media Management and Actionable Knowledge: The Relationship between Theory and Practice", Cyprus University of Technology, Limassol, Cyprus, June 5-9
Available from: 2019-05-20 Created: 2019-05-20 Last updated: 2019-06-14Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5836-577X

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