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Abalo, E. (2019). Konstgräs som miljöfråga i svenska nyhetsmedier: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys. Jönköping: Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Konstgräs som miljöfråga i svenska nyhetsmedier: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys
2019 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie har som mål att undersöka hur svenska nyhetsmedier gestaltar konstgräs som miljöfråga. Detta görs i syfte att dels öka kunskapen om hur medierna rapporterar om mikroplastrelaterade miljöfrågor, ett forskningsområde som är outforskat i både svensk och internationell kontext, dels bidra med kunskap om hur miljövinsterna med konstgräs (återvinning/cirkulär ekonomi) porträtteras gentemot de miljörisker som det ger upphov till (utsläpp av plast och gummi). Rapporteringen från 15 nyhetsmedier och ett totalurval om 250 artiklar publicerade under perioden 2014–2018 studeras genom kvantitativ innehållsanalys. Resultaten visar att konstgräs som miljöfråga förekommer sparsamt i svenska nyhetsmedier, men att rapporteringen har ökat från och med 2016. Från och med detta år börjar konstgräs att allt tydligare kopplas till spridning av plast och gummi i naturen, vilket också är det vanligaste miljöproblemet som konstgräs kopplas till överlag. Detta kan, mot bakgrund av den traditionella medielogikens främjande av risker, i sin tur förklara mediernas ökade intresse för konstgräs som miljöfråga. Miljövinster med konstgräs framkommer inte i normalfallet, vilket betyder att denna aspekt överskuggas av de miljöproblem och risker som finns med konstgräs. Däremot konstaterar ungefär var tredje artikel som fokuserar på konstgräs och miljön i huvudtemat någon form av vetenskaplig osäkerhet kring konstgräsets miljöpåverkan. Gestaltningen av konstgräs som miljöfråga är till viss del formad av samhällsdebatten kring spridningen av plast i naturen, vilket ger medierna tolkningsramar för att förstå frågan, samt gör frågan nyhetsvärdig i sig.

Abstract [en]

The objective of this study is to examine the framing of artificial turf as an environmental question in Swedish news media. This is done with the twofold purpose to (a) expand the knowledge of how the media covers environmental questions tied to microplastics – something that hitherto is unexplored – and (b) contribute with knowledge about how the media portrays the environmental gains with artificial turf (recycling and circular economical practices) vis-à-vis the environmental risks with the materials (the spread of plastics). 15 Swedish news media and a census of 250 articles published between 2014 and 2018 have been analyzed using content analysis. The results show that artificial turf as an environmental question is reported sparingly, although the coverage has increased from 2016 compared to the previous years. From that year, artificial turf is more clearly connected to the spread of plastics and rubber, which also is the most common environmental problem that artificial turf is associated with in the materials. Viewed against the backdrop of the traditional media logic’s tendencies of favoring problems and risks, the linking of artificial turf with the spread of plastics can explain the increased media interest for the topic. Environmental gains with artificial turf are not normally present in the coverage, which means that this aspect is overshadowed by the environmental risks and problems associated with artificial turf. However, about every third article whose main topic centers on artificial turf and the environment does express uncertainty about the environmental impacts of artificial turf. The framing of artificial turf as an environmental question is to some degree shaped by the public debate about plastics, which gives the media frames of interpretation, as well as makes the topic itself newsworthy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, 2019. p. 55
Series
Forskningsrapporter från Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation ; 10
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43582 (URN)978-91-88339-21-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-05-06 Created: 2019-05-06 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2019). Rifts in the hegemony: Swedish news journalism on cannabis legalization. Journalism Studies, 20(11), 1617-1634
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rifts in the hegemony: Swedish news journalism on cannabis legalization
2019 (English)In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 20, no 11, p. 1617-1634Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study analyzes the journalistic construction of the ongoing international renegotiation of cannabis, with the aim of contributing to the theorization of how journalism mediates between hegemonic and counter-hegemonic positions at times of crisis of hegemonic values. The study perceives the many ongoing attempts of legalizing and decriminalizing cannabis for recreational use as providing a disequilibrium to the hegemonic view of the substance as a dangerous narcotic that is rightly banned, and as intensifying a hegemonic struggle over the meaning of cannabis. Swedish print news journalism about cannabis legalization in different countries and contexts is studied, using critical discourse analysis. The analysis shows that journalism allows for debate between positive and skeptic discourses about the effects of recreational cannabis consumption and its medical benefits, and that voices that argue for cannabis legalization to combat organized crime are given important framing power. This means that a measure of legitimacy is given to discourses that counter the prohibitionist hegemony in Sweden, which means that mainstream journalism in this specific case serves as an arena for challenging hegemonic values that are in crisis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Cannabis legalization, critical theory, critical discourse analysis, hegemony, journalism, legitimation
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41879 (URN)10.1080/1461670X.2018.1533416 (DOI)000474669300007 ()2-s2.0-85055246279 (Scopus ID)HOA HLK 2019 (Local ID)HOA HLK 2019 (Archive number)HOA HLK 2019 (OAI)
Available from: 2018-10-23 Created: 2018-10-23 Last updated: 2019-08-12Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2019). Struck by the Potentials of Cannabusiness: Exploring the Relationship Between Neoliberal Ideology and Journalism in the Reporting on Legal Cannabis. tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, 17(1), 86-100
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Struck by the Potentials of Cannabusiness: Exploring the Relationship Between Neoliberal Ideology and Journalism in the Reporting on Legal Cannabis
2019 (English)In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 86-100Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines the reporting on legal cannabis in order to explore the operation of neoliberal ideology in journalistic discourse. Cannabis legalisation is here understood as a way for capitalism to create new market opportunities, besides being a turn away from the so-called ‘war on drugs’. The study understands neoliberalism as operating via market-based logics that are interrelated with other social logics, such as those pertaining to journalism (Phelan 2014). Critical discourse analysis is used for studying Swedish newspaper reporting on legal cannabis between 2013 and 2018. The study shows that a struggle between market-based logics and journalistic practices is visible, where journalism has difficulties in challenging core tenets of neoliberal ideology. The article concludes with a discussion of how the current conditions of journalism limit its ability to challenge neoliberal perspectives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Unified Theory of Information Research Group, 2019
Keywords
cannabis legalisation, capitalism, critical discourse analysis, hegemony, ideology, journalism, marijuana, media, neoliberalism
National Category
Media Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43349 (URN)10.31269/triplec.v17i1.1070 (DOI)000475488600006 ()2-s2.0-85067958427 (Scopus ID)POA HLK 2019 (Local ID)POA HLK 2019 (Archive number)POA HLK 2019 (OAI)
Available from: 2019-03-18 Created: 2019-03-18 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2018). Towards sustainable journalism? On the need for a new common sense on inequality.. In: : . Paper presented at Mediamorphosis: Identity and participation. February 16-17, Mumbai, India, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards sustainable journalism? On the need for a new common sense on inequality.
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38956 (URN)
Conference
Mediamorphosis: Identity and participation. February 16-17, Mumbai, India, 2018
Note

Keynote Speech

Available from: 2018-03-06 Created: 2018-03-06 Last updated: 2018-03-06Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2018). Weeds in the Hegemony: Understanding Journalism on the Renegotiation of Cannabis. In: : . Paper presented at 7th European Communication Conference (ECC 2018), October 31 - November 3, 2018, Lugano, Switzerland.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Weeds in the Hegemony: Understanding Journalism on the Renegotiation of Cannabis
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We are witnessing the renegotiation of cannabis substances in many parts of the world. After being classified as narcotics and subjected to a worldwide ban for several decades, cannabis has now been legalized in Uruguay and in several US states, and decriminalized in some other countries. This paper aims to study how the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis, which involves the legalization of the substance in different parts of the world, is constructed in Swedish print news journalism. This is done with the purpose of understanding how news journalism in a context of a traditionally strong drug prohibition (de)legitimizes different positions and perspectives in the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis, and to what extent journalism in such a context offers challenges to the reigning prohibitionist hegemony. Although cannabis and the media has been researched extensively, very few studies have been conducted by media and communication or journalism scholars, and contributions have been placed mainly in areas as for example drug policy, drug use and misuse, and public health. The current study, in contrast, wishes to contribute to the critical study of drug journalism. The paper draws on critical theory, understanding the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis as bringing disequilibrium to the hegemonic view of cannabis as dangerous drug that needs to be banned. Journalism is perceived as playing a key role in this context, since journalism is an arena where different discourses on cannabis struggle for prominence. Journalism can in this sense serve the strengthening of counter-hegemonic discourses on cannabis or the reinforcement of the prohibitionist hegemony. The study uses critical discourse analysis as a method to study 49 print newspaper items. The results show that the studied media invites opposed discourses regarding the health risks and the medical benefits of cannabis to be part of the news pages, which creates a somewhat pluralistic view on cannabis. The study also finds that the construction of cannabis legalization as a means to combat organized crime is given significant framing power. These results suggest that the ongoing renegotiation of cannabis in different parts of the world invites Swedish journalism to broaden the debate on the substance and to provide certain legitimacy to positive discourses on cannabis that are otherwise considered deviant in the Swedish drug debate. This serves as an example of how changes in distant political contexts affect the ways in which journalism ascribes legitimacy to specific discourses on drugs.

National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42057 (URN)
Conference
7th European Communication Conference (ECC 2018), October 31 - November 3, 2018, Lugano, Switzerland
Available from: 2018-11-19 Created: 2018-11-19 Last updated: 2018-11-20Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2017). News Journalism for Global Sustainablility?: On the Problems with Reification and Othering when Reporting on Social Inequality. In: Peter Berglez, Ulrika Olausson & Mart Ots (Ed.), What is Sustainable Journalism?: Integrating the Environmental, Social, and Economic Challenges of Journalism (pp. 135-150). New York: Peter Lang Publishing Group
Open this publication in new window or tab >>News Journalism for Global Sustainablility?: On the Problems with Reification and Othering when Reporting on Social Inequality
2017 (English)In: What is Sustainable Journalism?: Integrating the Environmental, Social, and Economic Challenges of Journalism / [ed] Peter Berglez, Ulrika Olausson & Mart Ots, New York: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, p. 135-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38268 (URN)10.3726/b11462 (DOI)21498236 (Local ID)978-1-4331-3440-1 (ISBN)9781433143816 (ISBN)978-1-4331-4386-1 (ISBN)978-1-4331-3441-8 (ISBN)21498236 (Archive number)21498236 (OAI)
Available from: 2017-12-20 Created: 2017-12-20 Last updated: 2017-12-20Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2016). News for global sustainability?: Reifying and othering social inequality in news. In: : . Paper presented at Rethinking Power in Communicative Capitalism Critical Perspectives on Media, Culture and Society, Lisbon, September 8-10, 2016..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>News for global sustainability?: Reifying and othering social inequality in news
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper discusses news journalism about inequality from a critical point of view, with the aim of contributing to the critical theorization of the relationship between journalism and sustainability. Sustainability and journalism on social inequality are perceived as intersecting in at least two ways. On one level, journalism can serve sustainable development by providing high-quality content that can help citizens to better understand the causes behind social inequality and how it can be overcome. On another level, journalism would itself gain much from sustainable development on a global level, since that would provide a good ground for a high-quality journalism characterized by its professional and democratic ethics rather than one that is strained by market-logics. The paper focuses on reification and problematizes the ways in which social inequality is reified in news journalism. Basing the argumentation on examples from international journalism, it is argued that although the existence of social inequality in a specific country can be acknowledged in the reporting – for example by the reference to rich and poor people and rich and poor geographic spaces – the social, political and historical causes of this inequality remain abstracted. In this sense, reification provides a rather objectivist account on inequality, which in turn limits the critique of the mechanisms that lie behind it. On the long run such constructions serve the legitimation of social inequality, which indeed ought to be seen as a sustainability problem. The paper also argues that for a more sustainable journalism to take place, a shift in the attitude towards social inequality and sustainable development must take place in the broader sociocultural context that surrounds journalism.

National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34736 (URN)
Conference
Rethinking Power in Communicative Capitalism Critical Perspectives on Media, Culture and Society, Lisbon, September 8-10, 2016.
Available from: 2017-01-17 Created: 2017-01-17 Last updated: 2017-12-20Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2016). Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela. Journal of Language and Politics, 15(1), 94-115
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela
2016 (English)In: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 94-115Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela’s poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

Keywords
critical discourse analysis, ideology, foreign news, media, legitimacy, difference, Eurocentrism, postcolonialism, Venezuela
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-27908 (URN)10.1075/jlp.15.1.05aba (DOI)000375712400005 ()2-s2.0-84969706233 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2015-09-11 Last updated: 2017-12-20Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2015). Through a post-political gaze: On the ideological loading of democracy in the coverage of Chávez's Venezuela. (Doctoral dissertation). Örebro: Örebro university
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Through a post-political gaze: On the ideological loading of democracy in the coverage of Chávez's Venezuela
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro university, 2015. p. 124
Series
Örebro Studies in Media and Communication, ISSN 1651-4785 ; 20
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-27907 (URN)9789175290836 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-06-12, Prismahuset, Hörsal 1, Örebro universitet, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Available from: 2015-04-08 Created: 2015-09-11 Last updated: 2016-09-06Bibliographically approved
Abalo, E. (2015). Through an imperialistic gaze?: Journalism, ideology and the notion of democracy. In: Differences, Inequalities and Sociological Imagination: Abstract Book. Paper presented at ESA 2015, 12th Conference of the European Sociological Association, 25-28 August 2015, Prague (pp. 929-930). Prague: Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Through an imperialistic gaze?: Journalism, ideology and the notion of democracy
2015 (English)In: Differences, Inequalities and Sociological Imagination: Abstract Book, Prague: Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences , 2015, p. 929-930Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Despite that the notion of democracy has a central place in the Western self-image, and also in media studies, research that focuses on how democracy is ideologically loaded in journalistic content is still in its infancy. In recent times, democracy has been used with great enthusiasm by Western political leaders, while the meaning of democracy perhaps is more fuzzy than ever. In times of economic and political crisis, and of a weak Left in most European countries, it is important to examine how journalism constructs notions of democracy, and how such notions reflect specific political positions and interests. This study, which is theoretically rooted in ideology critique, and methodologically inspired by critical discourse analysis, examines how news journalism in the coverage of Venezuela and the Ukraine conflict constructs notions of democracy. The study is specially interested in exploring and discussing the ideological interconnections between imperialism and geopolitical interests, and the journalistic construction of democracy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Prague: Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 2015
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-28885 (URN)978-80-7330-272-6 (ISBN)
Conference
ESA 2015, 12th Conference of the European Sociological Association, 25-28 August 2015, Prague
Available from: 2016-01-07 Created: 2016-01-07 Last updated: 2016-01-25Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9515-4691

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