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Bjursell, C. & Engström, A. (2018). A Lewinian approach to managing barriers to university–industry collaboration. Higher Education Policy, 1-20
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Lewinian approach to managing barriers to university–industry collaboration
2018 (English)In: Higher Education Policy, ISSN 0952-8733, E-ISSN 1740-3863, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Calls are made by governments, university management and industry to increase university–industry (U–I) collaboration to find solutions for societal and economic problems that are too complex to be tackled within one sector alone. Researchers are often expected to realise these ideas, but when it comes to everyday research and knowledge development, individuals may encounter barriers to accomplishing this. The paper presents an empirical study of researchers’ view on U–I collaboration. Our focus in the analysis, inspired by the Lewinian field theory, is on the hindering forces that might create barriers to collaboration from a researcher’s perspective. Contrary to the previously used approaches taken in force field analysis, we perform a qualitative study, which might be better suited for this framework. In the literature on U–I collaboration, ‘orientation-related’ and ‘transaction-related’ barriers have been identified. In our analysis, we discuss hindering forces on the individual, intra- and interorganisational levels. In total, we find 18 key areas to identify possible hinders for collaboration and based on a Lewinian perspective, we suggest that removing hindering forces can benefit U–I collaboration. The paper recognises the need to regard universities as equal partners in U–I collaboration for sustainable knowledge production.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
U–I collaboration; hindering forces; barriers; Lewin field theory
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37896 (URN)10.1057/s41307-017-0074-4 (DOI)XYZ ()2-s2.0-85034626907 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-11-22 Created: 2017-11-22 Last updated: 2018-09-19
Björklund Carlstedt, A., Brushammar, G., Bjursell, C., Nystedt, P. & Nilsson, G. (2018). A scoping review of the incentives for a prolonged work life after pensionable age and the importance of “bridge employment”. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, 60(2), 175-189
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A scoping review of the incentives for a prolonged work life after pensionable age and the importance of “bridge employment”
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2018 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 60, no 2, p. 175-189Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: With a growing share of older people in almost every population, discussions are being held worldwide about how to guarantee welfare in the immediate future. Different solutions are suggested, but in this article the focus is on the need to keep older employees active in the labor market for a prolonged time.

Objective: The aim was to find out and describe the incentives at three system levels for older people 1) wanting, 2) being able, and 3) being allowed to work.

Material: The literature search embraced articles from the databases Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, AgeLine and Business Source Premier, from May 2004 until May 2016. After the removal of 507 duplicates, the selection and analysis started with the 1331 articles that met the search criteria. Of these, 58 articles corresponded with the research questions.

Method: The design was a ‘scoping review’ of the research area bridge employment and prolonged work life.

Results: The results show that most investigations are conducted on individual-level predictors, research on organizational-level predictors is more scattered, and societal-level predictor information is scarce.

Conclusions: Attitudes and behavior according to a prolonged work life could be summarized as dependent on good health, a financial gain in combination with flexible alternative working conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2018
Keywords
Career jobs, Organizational levels, old workforce, older employees, self-employed
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38106 (URN)10.3233/WOR-182728 (DOI)000436889900003 ()29966215 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85049508752 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-12-07 Created: 2017-12-07 Last updated: 2018-08-22Bibliographically approved
Bjursell, C. (2018). A virtual study in higher education. In: L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres (Ed.), INTED 2018 Proceedings: . Paper presented at INTED 2018, 12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference, March 5th-7th, 2018 — Valencia, Spain.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A virtual study in higher education
2018 (English)In: INTED 2018 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A study visit is when an individual or a group visits a site to learn about the context and to exchange knowledge with the people at the site. Study visits are often connected to efforts to create intercultural understanding within a course. Traditionally, study visits are connected to geographical sites: students travel to other countries or visit organisations relevant to their education and training. With the development of online environments, virtual study visits are emerging as an alternative to traditional study visits. This paper explores a virtual study visit. The purpose of the virtual study visit was for students to prepare for a laboratory exercise by getting familiar with the context where the exercise would take place. The virtual environment where the study visit took place was a model of the Foundry School they would visit later in the course. There were nine students in the course, and the results of their evaluation of the virtual study visit are presented in the paper. The discussion centres on the students’ perception of the virtual study visit in the course as well as a general consideration of how a virtual study visit can provide additional value in a higher education course. Some unique features of an educational virtual environment, which cannot be achieved in traditional classroom education, are discussed in the paper. The conclusion is that a virtual study visit can provide flexibility in time and space and the possibility to zoom between micro and macro levels in the model of the building. To achieve educational goals, both teachers and students need to engage in the preparation as well as in the virtual study visit itself.

Series
INTED Proceedings, ISSN 2340-1079
Keywords
virtual study visit, adult education, educational virtual environments, virtual reality, melting and casting
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39003 (URN)000447408804007 ()978-84-697-9480-7 (ISBN)
Conference
INTED 2018, 12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference, March 5th-7th, 2018 — Valencia, Spain
Available from: 2018-03-16 Created: 2018-03-16 Last updated: 2018-11-19Bibliographically approved
Bjursell, C. & Florin Sädbom, R. (2018). Mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry. European Journal of Training and Development, 42(7/8), 455-469
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Training and Development, ISSN 2046-9012, E-ISSN 2046-9020, Vol. 42, no 7/8, p. 455-469Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

This paper aims to present a literature review of studies of mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry so as to lay a theoretical basis for learning at work.

Design/methodology/approach

A literature review with focus on mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry was used. A search for relevant peer-reviewed articles, in four databases, rendered 315 hits, but only one article dealt with mentorship programs in an industry similar to the manufacturing industry. Thus, it is concluded that there is a lack of research on this area. The selection criteria were broadened so as to include 16 articles on mentorship programs for learning at work.

Findings

Three dominant areas emerged from this review: definitions of mentorship, characteristics of a good mentor and mentorship program structures. The establishment of a mentorship program requires a clear purpose; contextual knowledge; and adaption to the profession, the organization and to individual needs. In addition to their findings, the authors discuss relationships in mentoring programs, what can be understood by “reading between the lines” and the ongoing digitalization of mentorship programs.

Originality/value

Mentorship has proven itself to be a superior way to learn on the job. This paper provides practical information about establishing mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry, with a particular focus on the moulding industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
Keywords
Workplace learning, Literature review, Construction industry, Mentorship, Workplace training, Mentorship programs
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41622 (URN)10.1108/EJTD-05-2018-0044 (DOI)000448530200006 ()2-s2.0-85054034827 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-27 Created: 2018-09-27 Last updated: 2018-11-19Bibliographically approved
Bjursell, C. & Raudberget, D. (2018). Organising for knowledge and learning – a balancing act between divergent forces. In: H. Ahl, I. Bergmo Prvulovic & K. Kilhammar (Ed.), Human resource management: A Nordic perspective (pp. 42-55). London, UK: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organising for knowledge and learning – a balancing act between divergent forces
2018 (English)In: Human resource management: A Nordic perspective / [ed] H. Ahl, I. Bergmo Prvulovic & K. Kilhammar, London, UK: Routledge, 2018, p. 42-55Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Research and development is a knowledge-intense activity where HR departments must balance many internal tensions, such as that between development versus project management, or research versus product standardisation. The first issue may ensure long-term survival and the second, short-term profitability. Another contrasting pair of issues is technical knowledge vs. administrative knowledge. Forging a career path in a manufacturing business often entails abandoning the technical work for the benefit of completing administrative or management work. The chapter discusses how HR departments can handle knowledge management and provide new ways to benefit both the individual and the company.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, UK: Routledge, 2018
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42083 (URN)9781138592834 (ISBN)9781138592858 (ISBN)9780429489761 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2018-11-20Bibliographically approved
Bjursell, C. (2018). Professional development for older colleagues. In: H. Ahl, I. Bergmo Prvulovic & K. Kilhammar (Ed.), Human resource management: A Nordic perspective (pp. 140-152). London, UK: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Professional development for older colleagues
2018 (English)In: Human resource management: A Nordic perspective / [ed] H. Ahl, I. Bergmo Prvulovic & K. Kilhammar, London, UK: Routledge, 2018, p. 140-152Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Demographic changes have raised the issue of a prolonged working life. Research has shown that older employees are reliable, service- and customer-orientated, knowledgeable, productive, demonstrate good work ethics, and are able to learn new skills. Employers thus show wisdom and foresight when they provide competence development programmes for their older employees. Another relevant dimension is the need for the transfer of knowledge from older to younger employees. The chapter discusses learning at the workplace and suggests that HR supports 'study circles', in which participants search for, and develop knowledge themselves, and they subsequently share this knowledge between themselves.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, UK: Routledge, 2018
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42089 (URN)9781138592834 (ISBN)9781138592858 (ISBN)9780429489761 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2018-11-20Bibliographically approved
Bjursell, C. & Sjödahl, C. (2018). Vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet ikommuners styrdokument.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet ikommuners styrdokument
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Den här rapporten återger resultatet från en studie av hur nationella styrdokument översätts till den lokala arenan inom utbildningsområdet. Skollagen anger att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet. Trots försök från olika myndigheter på den nationella arenan att förtydliga vad detta innebär är det fortfarande otydligt vad det innebär i konkret handling. Huvudmannen kan i sin tur arbeta vidare med att stödja utbildningsverksamheten genom sina egna styrdokument. Arbetet med att utforma styrdokumenten leds vanligtvis av en skolchef. För att öka förståelsen för hur idéer om vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet kommer till uttryck i kommuners styrdokument har vi genomfört en kvalitativ studie. Ett urval av 65 skolchefer från kommuner av olika storlek och geografisk placering fick frågan att skicka in styrdokument där de på något sätt hade behandlat vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet. 16 kommuner skickade in 53 dokument. Av dessa var det 16 styrdokument från 9 kommuner som uttryckligen hade med begreppen. Dokumenten består bland annat av verksamhetsidé, måldokument, strategiska dokument, verksamhetsplaner och handlingsplaner. En induktiv analys visar på sex kategorier för hur huvudman förhåller sig till begreppen vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet:

1. Begreppsförekomst: vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet nämns men innebörden diskuteras inte.

2. Karriärsatsning: vetenskaplig grund och beprövaderfarenhet handlar om professionell kompetens, vilket sätter fokus på kompetensutveckling och karriärvägar.

3. Litteraturgenomgång: presentation av litteraturgenomgångar som ett sätt att koppla till vetenskaplig forskning.

4. Metodfrågor: användning av forskningsbaserade metoder och ansatser för att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet.

5. Samverkan: samverkan med ett lärosäte för att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet.

6. Systematiskt kvalitetsarbete: det systematiska kvalitetsarbetet kopplas ihop med vetenskaplig grund ochbeprövad erfarenhet.

Utifrån dessa sex kategorier för vi en diskussion om hur dominanta idéer färdas i organisationer. Här återges en kort summering av slutsatserna:

• Det pågår översättning av nationella dominanta idéer till den lokala praktiken.

• Samverkan med ett lärosäte verkar vara av vikt för att utveckla ett arbetssätt som stöder att utbildningen vilar på vetenskaplig grund.

• Interaktiv praktiknära forskning anges som en lämplig ansats för att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet.

• Litteraturhänvisningar i styrdokumenten handlar i hög grad om referenser till texter från Skolverket och andra myndigheter samt intresseorganisationer, inte direkta forskningsreferenser.

Resultatet visar att de begrepp och definitioner som dominerar nationellt översätts till en mångfald av olika operativa insatser. Mångfalden kan bero på att kommuner har olika förutsättningar att stödja en utbildning på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet. Det kan också vara ett uttryck för att kommuner vill uppnå ett visst syfte i en viss kontext.Trots nationella definitioner av skollagens begrepp krävs en översättningsprocess när kravet på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet ska efterlevas i den lokala kontexten. Anledningen är att tjänstemän, skolledare och lärare ska kunna hitta sätt att arbeta med detta som är anpassat efter deras specifika behov. Översättningsprocessen kräver kunskap om på vilket sätt forskningen kan bidra till utveckling av verksamheten. I den här processen är det också viktigt att ta hänsyn till praktik och etik. Det här sker inom en ram där utbildning även bygger på ett normativt samhällsuppdrag, det vill säga det att eleverna ska bli kompetenta demokratiska medborgare. Utifrån att vi har tagit skolchefens perspektiv i denna rapport vill vi slutligen påpeka att det saknas vägledning i styrdokumenten för hur eventuella förändringar i arbetssätt påverkar ledarskapet i organisationen. Ett styrdokument är kanske inte den främsta arenan för ledarskapsarbetet men det antyder förändringar som i sin tur ger förändrade förutsättningar och kunskapskrav för ledarskapet. Insikter om skolchefens förändrade ledarskap är en viktig kunskapslucka att fylla i framtida arbeten.

Publisher
p. 58
Series
Skolchefsinstitutet rapport ; 1
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38897 (URN)
Available from: 2018-02-22 Created: 2018-02-22 Last updated: 2018-04-10Bibliographically approved
Bjursell, C., Nystedt, P., Björklund, A. & Sternäng, O. (2017). Education level explains participation in work and education later in life. Educational gerontology, 43(10), 511-521
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Education level explains participation in work and education later in life
2017 (English)In: Educational gerontology, ISSN 0360-1277, E-ISSN 1521-0472, Vol. 43, no 10, p. 511-521Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A prolonged working life is crucial for sustaining social welfare and fiscal stability for countries facing ageing populations. The group of older adults is not homogeneous; however, differences within the group may affect the propensity to continue working and to participate in continuing education. The aim of this paper is to explore how participation in work and education vary with gender, age, and education level in a sample of older adults. The study was performed in Sweden, a context characterized by high female labour-market-participation rates and a high average retirement age. The participants were 232 members of four of the major senior citizens? organizations. We found no differences in participation in work and education based on gender. People older than 75 years were found to be as active as people 65?75 years old in education, but the older group worked less. There were positive associations between education level and participation in both work and education. Hence, this study implies that socio-economic inequalities along these dimensions are widened later in life. This highlights the importance of engaging workers with lower education levels in educational efforts throughout life. It also emphasizes the need for true lifelong learning in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37033 (URN)10.1080/03601277.2017.1357397 (DOI)000413908900004 ()2-s2.0-85028559458 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-08-28 Created: 2017-08-28 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Bjursell, C. & Boström, A.-K. (2017). Generation, relationer mellan generationer, generationspolicy: Ett mångspråkigt kompendium. In: Kurt Lüscher, Andreas Hoff, Gil Viry & Eric Widmer, Mariano Sánchez, Giovanni Lamura & Marta Renzi, Andrzej Klimczuk, Paulo de Salles Oliveira, Ágnes Neményi, Enikő Veress, Cecilia Bjursell & Ann-Kristin Boström, Gražina Rapolienė & Sarmitė Mikulionienė, Sema Oğlak & Ayşe Canatan (Ed.), Generationen, Generationenbeziehungen, Generationenpolitik: Ein mehrsprachiges Kompendium (pp. 215-236). Universität Konstanz
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Generation, relationer mellan generationer, generationspolicy: Ett mångspråkigt kompendium
2017 (Swedish)In: Generationen, Generationenbeziehungen, Generationenpolitik: Ein mehrsprachiges Kompendium / [ed] Kurt Lüscher, Andreas Hoff, Gil Viry & Eric Widmer, Mariano Sánchez, Giovanni Lamura & Marta Renzi, Andrzej Klimczuk, Paulo de Salles Oliveira, Ágnes Neményi, Enikő Veress, Cecilia Bjursell & Ann-Kristin Boström, Gražina Rapolienė & Sarmitė Mikulionienė, Sema Oğlak & Ayşe Canatan, Universität Konstanz , 2017, p. 215-236Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Universität Konstanz, 2017
National Category
Educational Sciences Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35428 (URN)978-3-89318-074-5 (ISBN)
Note

A part of the project "Generationes : International Network for the Study of Intergenerational Issues (INSII)"

Available from: 2017-04-27 Created: 2017-04-27 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved
Lüscher, K., Hoff, A., Viry, G., Widmer, E., Sánchez, M., Lamura, G., . . . Xiying, W. (2017). Generations, intergenerational relationships, generational policy: A multilingual compendium. Konstanz: Universität Konstanz
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Generations, intergenerational relationships, generational policy: A multilingual compendium
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2017 (English)Book (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Generationer, relationer mellan generationer, generationspolicy : Ett mångspråkigt kompendium
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Konstanz: Universität Konstanz, 2017. p. 400
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38016 (URN)978-3-89318-076-9 (ISBN)
Note

Text in 17 languages.

"The layout of the compendium is designed for using it to translate the specific concepts and terminology of research on generations and intergenerational relations from one language into another."

Available from: 2017-12-01 Created: 2017-12-01 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4248-0634

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