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Publications (10 of 122) Show all publications
Naldi, L., Baù, M., Ahl, H. & Markowska, M. (2019). All about My Mother: Factors Influencing Women’s Entrepreneurship. In: Academy of Management Proceedings: . Paper presented at 79th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, August 9-13, 2019, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.. Academy of Management, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>All about My Mother: Factors Influencing Women’s Entrepreneurship
2019 (English)In: Academy of Management Proceedings, Academy of Management , 2019, Vol. 1Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Using data on all businesses started by mothers of young children in Sweden between 2000 and 2014, we investigate what factors are the most important drivers of entrepreneurship among mothers. We find that being unemployed or being an immigrant are important drivers of entrepreneurship among mothers. However, our findings show that the most important and primary determinant of entrepreneurship by mothers in Sweden is the amount of paternity leave taken by their partners. These findings suggest that in institutional contexts such as Sweden gender inequality is not a persistent feature of most households and that women can make career choices by negotiating with their partners who will make use of the parental benefits offered by the government.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy of Management, 2019
National Category
Business Administration Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45625 (URN)10.5465/AMBPP.2019.12794abstract (DOI)
Conference
79th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, August 9-13, 2019, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.
Available from: 2019-08-29 Created: 2019-08-29 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Hedegaard, J. & Ahl, H. (2019). Catching glimpses of youth: Women’s experiences of their husbands visiting Men’s Shed. In: Carla Vilhena & Maria Helena Gregório (Ed.), The Contributions of Education and Learning For Older Adults’ Well-Being: Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the ESREA -Research Network On Education and Learning of Older Adults (ELOA). Paper presented at The 9th Conference of the ESREA Research Network on Education and Learning of Older Adults (ELOA), Faro, Portugal, 11-13 October 2018 (pp. 310-321). Faro: Universidade do Algarve
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Catching glimpses of youth: Women’s experiences of their husbands visiting Men’s Shed
2019 (English)In: The Contributions of Education and Learning For Older Adults’ Well-Being: Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the ESREA -Research Network On Education and Learning of Older Adults (ELOA) / [ed] Carla Vilhena & Maria Helena Gregório, Faro: Universidade do Algarve , 2019, p. 310-321Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Faro: Universidade do Algarve, 2019
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44677 (URN)978-989-8859-61-7 (ISBN)
Conference
The 9th Conference of the ESREA Research Network on Education and Learning of Older Adults (ELOA), Faro, Portugal, 11-13 October 2018
Available from: 2019-06-19 Created: 2019-06-19 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved
Ahl, H. & Marlow, S. (2019). Exploring the false promise of entrepreneurship through a postfeminist critique of the enterprise policy discourse in Sweden and the UK. Human Relations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the false promise of entrepreneurship through a postfeminist critique of the enterprise policy discourse in Sweden and the UK
2019 (English)In: Human Relations, ISSN 0018-7267, E-ISSN 1741-282XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Contemporary theories of neoliberalism and entrepreneurship are entwined; both hinge upon the use of agency within free markets to realize individual potential, enhance status and attain material rewards. Postfeminism, as a discrete but related discourse, suggests this context is conducive to encouraging women to draw upon their agency, skills and personal profile to enhance achievements and returns. We draw from these related, but discrete discourses, when critically analysing how postfeminist assumptions shape Swedish and UK government policies aimed at expanding women’s entrepreneurship. Despite differing historical antecedents regarding state engagement with equality and welfare regimes, we illustrate how postfeminist assumptions have infiltrated policy initiatives in both cases. This infiltration has, we suggest, suppressed criticisms that in a context of persistent structural discrimination, lack of welfare benefits and contrived aspirational role models, entrepreneurship constitutes a poor career choice for many women. Consequently, we challenge the value of contemporary policy initiatives encouraging more women to enter entrepreneurship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
entrepreneurship, equality, gender, policy, postfeminism, achievement, adult, article, case report, clinical article, decision making, female, government, human, market, reward, skill, Sweden, welfare
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45050 (URN)10.1177/0018726719848480 (DOI)2-s2.0-85066844809 (Scopus ID);HLKLivslångtIS (Local ID);HLKLivslångtIS (Archive number);HLKLivslångtIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-25
Naldi, L., Baù, M., Ahl, H. & Markowska, M. (2019). Home Alone: Gender (in)equality Within The Household And Business Start-up Among Mothers. In: : . Paper presented at 39th Annual Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC), June 5-8, 2019, Wellesley, Massachusetts, United States..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Home Alone: Gender (in)equality Within The Household And Business Start-up Among Mothers
2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45757 (URN)
Conference
39th Annual Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC), June 5-8, 2019, Wellesley, Massachusetts, United States.
Available from: 2019-08-29 Created: 2019-08-29 Last updated: 2019-08-29
Markowska, M., Ahl, H. & Naldi, L. (2019). How mothers narrate their entrepreneurial endeavours? The case of Swedish mumpreneurs. In: : . Paper presented at Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship (ACE) Research Exchange Conference 2019, 5–8 February, Sydney, Australia.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How mothers narrate their entrepreneurial endeavours? The case of Swedish mumpreneurs
2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Mumpreneurship understood as an entrepreneurial activity by women who are mothers is a growing phenomenon worldwide, yet its rise in Sweden is counterintuitive. To understand the circumstances of the participation of mothers in entrepreneurial activities, we use Career Kaleidoscope Model and adopt the narrative perspective and analyze 15 life-stories of Swedish mumpreneurs. Our data show that Swedish mumpreneurs frame their decision to enter entrepreneurship as a choice. The narratives portray them as agents – entrepreneurship results from a reevaluation of one’s own preferences, rather than an adaptation to the role of a mother. Because of the Swedish social welfare system mothers are not pushed into entrepreneurship, yet its design is consequential for their choice to enter into entrepreneurship.

National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45547 (URN)
Conference
Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship (ACE) Research Exchange Conference 2019, 5–8 February, Sydney, Australia
Available from: 2019-08-13 Created: 2019-08-13 Last updated: 2019-08-21Bibliographically approved
Hedegaard, J. & Ahl, H. (2019). Learning to deal with freedom and restraints: Elderly women’s experiences of their husbands visiting a Men’s Shed. Australian Journal of Adult Learning, 59(1), 76-93
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning to deal with freedom and restraints: Elderly women’s experiences of their husbands visiting a Men’s Shed
2019 (English)In: Australian Journal of Adult Learning, ISSN 1443-1394, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 76-93Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores the effects of activities in Men’s Sheds on elderly women. Specifically, it investigates the opportunities that are made available for women when their husband/partner becomes active in the Men’s Shed movement; focussing on ‘empowerment’, ‘gender identity’ and ‘well-being’. Five focus group interviews and eight individual interviews with elderly women were conducted and subsequently analysed through a content analysis, guided by the concepts of ‘empowerment’, ‘gender-as-performative’ and ‘well-being’. The result indicates that the notions of ‘self-fulfilment’ and ‘self-sacrifice’ are central to understanding how men’s participation in Men’s Sheds has affected elderly women’s empowerment, gender identities, and well-being. When men visit Sheds, it empowers women and offers them a sense of freedom and independence due to the women feeling less concern for their partners and a concomitantly eased bad conscience for leaving the men home alone with nothing to do when the women leave the household to pursue their own activities. Simultaneously, ‘Shedding’ provides new avenues for women to reproduce traditional feminine gender roles where they are primarily responsible for the socio-emotional work within their marriage. This was demonstrated by the women’s extensive engagement by which they, practically and emotionally, prioritised their husbands/partners and their new Shedding experiences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Adult Learning Australia Inc., 2019
Keywords
empowerment, elderly women, external well-being, internal well-being, gender roles, gender identity, Men’s Shed
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45123 (URN)000471601400005 ()2-s2.0-85070761205 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-06-26 Created: 2019-06-26 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved
Ahl, H. & Hedegaard, J. (2019). The theory of conditional social equality: Group homogeneity as a prerequisite for challenging (some) inequalities among older men. In: : . Paper presented at ESREA 10th Conference of the ESREA Research Network on Education and Learning of Older Adults (ELOA), May 10-11, 2019, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The theory of conditional social equality: Group homogeneity as a prerequisite for challenging (some) inequalities among older men
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44679 (URN)
Conference
ESREA 10th Conference of the ESREA Research Network on Education and Learning of Older Adults (ELOA), May 10-11, 2019, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Available from: 2019-06-19 Created: 2019-06-19 Last updated: 2019-06-19
Foss, L., Henry, C., Ahl, H. & Mikalsen, G. H. (2019). Women’s entrepreneurship policy research: a 30-year review of the evidence. Small Business Economics, 53(2), 409-429
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women’s entrepreneurship policy research: a 30-year review of the evidence
2019 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 409-429Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on women’s entrepreneurship policy as a core component of the entrepreneurial ecosystem. We use a systematic literature review (SLR) approach to critically explore the policy implications of women’s entrepreneurship research according to gender perspective: feminist empiricism, feminist standpoint theory, and post-structuralist feminist theory. Our research question asks whether there is a link between the nature of policy implications and the different theoretical perspectives adopted, and whether scholars’ policy implications have changed as the field of women’s entrepreneurship research has developed. We concentrate on empirical studies published in the “Big Five” primary entrepreneurship research journals (SBE, ETP, JBV, JSBM, and ERD) over a period of more than 30 years (1983–2015). We find that policy implications from women’s entrepreneurship research are mostly vague, conservative, and center on identifying skills gaps in women entrepreneurs that need to be “fixed,” thus isolating and individualizing any perceived problem. Despite an increase in the number of articles offering policy implications, we find little variance in the types of policy implications being offered by scholars, regardless of the particular theoretical perspective adopted, and no notable change over our 30-year review period. Recommendations to improve the entrepreneurial ecosystem for women from a policy perspective are offered, and avenues for future research are identified.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Women’s entrepreneurship; Ecosystem; Policy implications; Gender research; Systematic literature review (SLR)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41460 (URN)10.1007/s11187-018-9993-8 (DOI)000482385700008 ()2-s2.0-85071007289 (Scopus ID)PP HLK 2019 embargo 12;HLKLivslångtIS (Local ID)PP HLK 2019 embargo 12;HLKLivslångtIS (Archive number)PP HLK 2019 embargo 12;HLKLivslångtIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-09-17 Created: 2018-09-17 Last updated: 2019-09-16Bibliographically approved
Ahl, H. & Marlow, S. (2018). Analysing entrepreneurial activity through a postfeminist perspective: A brave new world or the same old story?. In: P. Lewis, Y. Benschop, & R. Simpson (Ed.), Postfeminism and organization: (pp. 141-159). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysing entrepreneurial activity through a postfeminist perspective: A brave new world or the same old story?
2018 (English)In: Postfeminism and organization / [ed] P. Lewis, Y. Benschop, & R. Simpson, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 141-159Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A critical component of the contemporary neoliberal turn has been the rise of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial behaviours (Campbell and Pedersen, 2001). In developed nations, this era has been exemplified by a marked increase in entrepreneurship and new venture creation; entrepreneurial activity has also been integrated into the corporate environment encouraging individualised employee agency to generate innovative problem solving (Dannreuther and Perren, 2012) At a micro-level, we have seen the emergence of the ‘enterprising self’ and society where individuals assume responsibility for their own lives managing social welfare provisions previously provided by the state (du Gay, 1994; Down and Warren, 2008; Ahl and Nelson, 2015). These shifting expectations have been made possible by enabling legislative and institutional changes such as de-regulation, the decline of trade unions, privatisation of state services and liberalised markets (Perren and Dannreuther, 2012). Contemporaneously, the populist cultural promotion of entrepreneurship through various media has positioned it as a desirable career option with increasing status and social worth (Swail, Down, and Kautonen, 2013). 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2018
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41297 (URN)10.4324/9781315450933-8 (DOI)2-s2.0-85049979616 (Scopus ID)978-1-138-21221-3 (ISBN)978-1-315-45093-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-08-29 Created: 2018-08-29 Last updated: 2018-12-20Bibliographically approved
Hedegaard, J. & Ahl, H. (2018). Catching glimpses of youth: Women’s experiences of their husbands visiting Men’s Shed. In: : . Paper presented at The 9th Conference of the ESREA Research Network on Education and Learning of Older Adults (ELOA), Faro, Portugal, 11-13 October 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Catching glimpses of youth: Women’s experiences of their husbands visiting Men’s Shed
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41472 (URN)
Conference
The 9th Conference of the ESREA Research Network on Education and Learning of Older Adults (ELOA), Faro, Portugal, 11-13 October 2018
Available from: 2018-09-17 Created: 2018-09-17 Last updated: 2018-09-17
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9367-7472

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