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Publications (10 of 125) Show all publications
Naldi, L., Baù, M., Ahl, H. & Markowska, M. (2019). All about My Mother: Factors Influencing Women’s Entrepreneurship. In: Academy of Management Proceedings: . Paper presented at 79th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, August 9-13, 2019, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.. Academy of Management, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>All about My Mother: Factors Influencing Women’s Entrepreneurship
2019 (English)In: Academy of Management Proceedings, Academy of Management , 2019, Vol. 1Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Using data on all businesses started by mothers of young children in Sweden between 2000 and 2014, we investigate what factors are the most important drivers of entrepreneurship among mothers. We find that being unemployed or being an immigrant are important drivers of entrepreneurship among mothers. However, our findings show that the most important and primary determinant of entrepreneurship by mothers in Sweden is the amount of paternity leave taken by their partners. These findings suggest that in institutional contexts such as Sweden gender inequality is not a persistent feature of most households and that women can make career choices by negotiating with their partners who will make use of the parental benefits offered by the government.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy of Management, 2019
National Category
Business Administration Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45625 (URN)10.5465/AMBPP.2019.12794abstract (DOI)
Conference
79th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, August 9-13, 2019, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.
Available from: 2019-08-29 Created: 2019-08-29 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Hedegaard, J. & Ahl, H. (2019). Catching glimpses of youth: Women’s experiences of their husbands visiting Men’s Shed. In: Carla Vilhena & Maria Helena Gregório (Ed.), The Contributions of Education and Learning For Older Adults’ Well-Being: Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the ESREA -Research Network On Education and Learning of Older Adults (ELOA). Paper presented at The 9th Conference of the ESREA Research Network on Education and Learning of Older Adults (ELOA), Faro, Portugal, 11-13 October 2018 (pp. 310-321). Faro: Universidade do Algarve
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Catching glimpses of youth: Women’s experiences of their husbands visiting Men’s Shed
2019 (English)In: The Contributions of Education and Learning For Older Adults’ Well-Being: Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the ESREA -Research Network On Education and Learning of Older Adults (ELOA) / [ed] Carla Vilhena & Maria Helena Gregório, Faro: Universidade do Algarve , 2019, p. 310-321Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Faro: Universidade do Algarve, 2019
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44677 (URN)978-989-8859-61-7 (ISBN)
Conference
The 9th Conference of the ESREA Research Network on Education and Learning of Older Adults (ELOA), Faro, Portugal, 11-13 October 2018
Available from: 2019-06-19 Created: 2019-06-19 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved
Ahl, H. & Marlow, S. (2019). Exploring the false promise of entrepreneurship through a postfeminist critique of the enterprise policy discourse in Sweden and the UK. Human Relations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the false promise of entrepreneurship through a postfeminist critique of the enterprise policy discourse in Sweden and the UK
2019 (English)In: Human Relations, ISSN 0018-7267, E-ISSN 1741-282XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Contemporary theories of neoliberalism and entrepreneurship are entwined; both hinge upon the use of agency within free markets to realize individual potential, enhance status and attain material rewards. Postfeminism, as a discrete but related discourse, suggests this context is conducive to encouraging women to draw upon their agency, skills and personal profile to enhance achievements and returns. We draw from these related, but discrete discourses, when critically analysing how postfeminist assumptions shape Swedish and UK government policies aimed at expanding women’s entrepreneurship. Despite differing historical antecedents regarding state engagement with equality and welfare regimes, we illustrate how postfeminist assumptions have infiltrated policy initiatives in both cases. This infiltration has, we suggest, suppressed criticisms that in a context of persistent structural discrimination, lack of welfare benefits and contrived aspirational role models, entrepreneurship constitutes a poor career choice for many women. Consequently, we challenge the value of contemporary policy initiatives encouraging more women to enter entrepreneurship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
entrepreneurship, equality, gender, policy, postfeminism, achievement, adult, article, case report, clinical article, decision making, female, government, human, market, reward, skill, Sweden, welfare
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45050 (URN)10.1177/0018726719848480 (DOI)2-s2.0-85066844809 (Scopus ID);HLKLivslångtIS (Local ID);HLKLivslångtIS (Archive number);HLKLivslångtIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-25
Naldi, L., Baù, M., Ahl, H. & Markowska, M. (2019). Gender (in)equality within the household and business start-up among mothers. Small Business Economics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender (in)equality within the household and business start-up among mothers
2019 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Using data on all businesses started by mothers of young children in Sweden between 2000 and 2014, we explore which factors are associated with entrepreneurship among mothers. We find that being unemployed or being an immigrant is positively associated with business start-up by mothers; however, our findings show that what matters more is the paternity leave taken by the mothers’ partners. These findings suggest that in institutional contexts such as Sweden, gender inequality is not a persistent feature of most households and that women can make career choices by negotiating with their partners who will make use of the parental benefits offered by the government.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, Family supportive policies, Gender inequality, Work-family balance
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47174 (URN)10.1007/s11187-019-00275-1 (DOI)000495210000002 ()2-s2.0-85074479068 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-12-18 Created: 2019-12-18 Last updated: 2019-12-18
Naldi, L., Baù, M., Ahl, H. & Markowska, M. (2019). Home Alone: Gender (in)equality Within The Household And Business Start-up Among Mothers. In: : . Paper presented at 39th Annual Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC), June 5-8, 2019, Wellesley, Massachusetts, United States..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Home Alone: Gender (in)equality Within The Household And Business Start-up Among Mothers
2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45757 (URN)000495210000002 ()
Conference
39th Annual Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC), June 5-8, 2019, Wellesley, Massachusetts, United States.
Available from: 2019-08-29 Created: 2019-08-29 Last updated: 2019-12-09
Markowska, M., Ahl, H. & Naldi, L. (2019). How mothers narrate their entrepreneurial endeavours? The case of Swedish mumpreneurs. In: : . Paper presented at Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship (ACE) Research Exchange Conference 2019, 5–8 February, Sydney, Australia.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How mothers narrate their entrepreneurial endeavours? The case of Swedish mumpreneurs
2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Mumpreneurship understood as an entrepreneurial activity by women who are mothers is a growing phenomenon worldwide, yet its rise in Sweden is counterintuitive. To understand the circumstances of the participation of mothers in entrepreneurial activities, we use Career Kaleidoscope Model and adopt the narrative perspective and analyze 15 life-stories of Swedish mumpreneurs. Our data show that Swedish mumpreneurs frame their decision to enter entrepreneurship as a choice. The narratives portray them as agents – entrepreneurship results from a reevaluation of one’s own preferences, rather than an adaptation to the role of a mother. Because of the Swedish social welfare system mothers are not pushed into entrepreneurship, yet its design is consequential for their choice to enter into entrepreneurship.

National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45547 (URN)
Conference
Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship (ACE) Research Exchange Conference 2019, 5–8 February, Sydney, Australia
Available from: 2019-08-13 Created: 2019-08-13 Last updated: 2019-08-21Bibliographically approved
Ahl, H., Bergmo-Prvulovic, I. & Kilhammar, K. (Eds.). (2019). Human resource management: A Nordic perspective. London, UK: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Human resource management: A Nordic perspective
2019 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, UK: Routledge, 2019. p. 226
National Category
Pedagogy Business Administration Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41464 (URN)9781138592834 (ISBN)9781138592858 (ISBN)9780429489761 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-09-17 Created: 2018-09-17 Last updated: 2020-01-28Bibliographically approved
Ahl, H. (2019). Introduction: Nordic perspectives on human resource management. In: Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo Prvulovic & Karin Kilhammar (Ed.), Human resource management: A Nordic perspective (pp. 1-13). London, UK: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction: Nordic perspectives on human resource management
2019 (English)In: Human resource management: A Nordic perspective / [ed] Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo Prvulovic & Karin Kilhammar, London, UK: Routledge, 2019, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Nordic countries consistently rank in top positions of the best places to live and work in the world. They have resilient economies, a well-educated workforce, high labour market participation, job security, and encompassing welfare systems and are facilitated by an institutional context characterised by trust and transparency. Nordic HR practices are embedded in a tradition of workplace democracy, flat organisations, low power distance, open and informal communication, codetermination, and close cooperation between management and labour unions. But the Nordic countries are also embedded in the global economy. This book offers insights into how Nordic HRM responds to global challenges, such as demographic changes, migration, or skills shortages that necessitate inclusionary HR strategies focussed on workforce development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, UK: Routledge, 2019
National Category
Pedagogy Business Administration Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41461 (URN)9781138592834 (ISBN)9781138592858 (ISBN)9780429489761 (ISBN)
Note

Introduction

Available from: 2018-09-17 Created: 2018-09-17 Last updated: 2019-11-01Bibliographically approved
Hedegaard, J. & Ahl, H. (2019). Learning to deal with freedom and restraints: Elderly women’s experiences of their husbands visiting a Men’s Shed. Australian Journal of Adult Learning, 59(1), 76-93
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning to deal with freedom and restraints: Elderly women’s experiences of their husbands visiting a Men’s Shed
2019 (English)In: Australian Journal of Adult Learning, ISSN 1443-1394, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 76-93Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores the effects of activities in Men’s Sheds on elderly women. Specifically, it investigates the opportunities that are made available for women when their husband/partner becomes active in the Men’s Shed movement; focussing on ‘empowerment’, ‘gender identity’ and ‘well-being’. Five focus group interviews and eight individual interviews with elderly women were conducted and subsequently analysed through a content analysis, guided by the concepts of ‘empowerment’, ‘gender-as-performative’ and ‘well-being’. The result indicates that the notions of ‘self-fulfilment’ and ‘self-sacrifice’ are central to understanding how men’s participation in Men’s Sheds has affected elderly women’s empowerment, gender identities, and well-being. When men visit Sheds, it empowers women and offers them a sense of freedom and independence due to the women feeling less concern for their partners and a concomitantly eased bad conscience for leaving the men home alone with nothing to do when the women leave the household to pursue their own activities. Simultaneously, ‘Shedding’ provides new avenues for women to reproduce traditional feminine gender roles where they are primarily responsible for the socio-emotional work within their marriage. This was demonstrated by the women’s extensive engagement by which they, practically and emotionally, prioritised their husbands/partners and their new Shedding experiences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Adult Learning Australia Inc., 2019
Keywords
empowerment, elderly women, external well-being, internal well-being, gender roles, gender identity, Men’s Shed
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45123 (URN)000471601400005 ()2-s2.0-85070761205 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-06-26 Created: 2019-06-26 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved
Berglund, K., Ahl, H., Pettersson, K. & Tillmar, K. (2019). Practicing ’intellectus’ in rural entrepreneurship. In: : . Paper presented at ESRS2019, XXVIII European Society for Rural Sociology Congress, "Rural futures in a complex world", Trondheim, Norway, June 25-28, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Practicing ’intellectus’ in rural entrepreneurship
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper we turn to recent philosophical investigations to analyse stories from entrepreneurial women in rural areas. They describe a variety of social activities they are engaged in to develop their companies, products and services, but also the local community, and society. These engagements are often described in passing, and not directly connected to the company according to conventional goal-oriented logic. Rather, they are seen as taken for granted– they are just done, and someone needs to do them. They concern care for others – for the children in the community, the elderly, the infrastructure, the sustainability of the industry etc. They are neither described as sacrifice, nor as benevolence, as is often emphasized in social entrepreneurship stories. Rather, these engagements signal something else. We argue that they illustrate a reflective practice of entrepreneurship, normally suppressed by an economic logic and described as play, passion and creativity in the sociologically inspired entrepreneurship literature.

To better understand the role of reflexive practices in rural entrepreneurship, we turn to philosopher Jonna Bornemark who describes how humans in modern societies have become ‘prisoners’ of the measurable economic rationality (‘ratio’). With inspiration from the pre-renaissance philosopher, Nicholas Cusanus (1401-1464), she describes how the calculating ‘ratio’ has taken precedence over ‘intellectus’. Economic rationality (ratio) describes how we turn to rules of abstractions and generalization. Bornemark’s argument is that too much of ratio makes us loose contact with ourselves, others and the specific situation in a way that disables us to develop judgment. Instead we rely on external parameters to objectively guide our action. Practices built on intellectus, on the contrary, emphasize the subjective, emotional, temporary and our ability to ‘not know’, but to learn to cope with insecurity, instability, anxiety and find ways to act in such terrains. Bornemark’s point is that ratio and intellectus practices are interdependent – both are needed. But, in modern societies intellectus has been suppressed, overlooked and seen as state of lack of better knowledge.

But, what if intellectus is a practice that is nurtured in rural contexts? A practice that not only makes it possible for rural areas to survive and thrive, but which we can learn from in the contemporary calls to change global society in a more thoughtful direction. By analyzing stories from 35 women pursuing different businesses and social activities, we set eyes at the question of if, and how, intellectus is practiced by rural entrepreneurial women.

National Category
Business Administration Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47291 (URN)
Conference
ESRS2019, XXVIII European Society for Rural Sociology Congress, "Rural futures in a complex world", Trondheim, Norway, June 25-28, 2019
Available from: 2020-01-08 Created: 2020-01-08 Last updated: 2020-01-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9367-7472

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