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Publications (10 of 77) Show all publications
Backman, M. & Karlsson, C. (2023). Ageing places: convergence and the role of the foreign population. Regional studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ageing places: convergence and the role of the foreign population
2023 (English)In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Using data for over four decades, we examine the ageing of Swedish municipalities and if there has been convergence or divergence across time and space, where we differentiate across the urban–rural hierarchy. As migration is claimed to be a moderating factor in the ageing of places, we assess how the share of immigrants relates to ageing patterns. Our findings show that the share of older individuals increases in more peripheral localities and that there has been convergence across municipalities. However, the share of foreign population is negatively related to the ageing profile of a place.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
ageing, convergence, international migration, J10, J14, location, R11, R12
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62258 (URN)10.1080/00343404.2023.2228347 (DOI)001043581800001 ()2-s2.0-85166920035 (Scopus ID)HOA;;898184 (Local ID)HOA;;898184 (Archive number)HOA;;898184 (OAI)
Available from: 2023-08-23 Created: 2023-08-23 Last updated: 2023-08-25
Backman, M., Hagen, J., Kekezi, O., Naldi, L. & Wallin, T. (2023). In the Eye of the Storm: Entrepreneurs and Well-Being During the COVID-19 Crisis. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, 47(3), 751-787
Open this publication in new window or tab >>In the Eye of the Storm: Entrepreneurs and Well-Being During the COVID-19 Crisis
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2023 (English)In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 751-787Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the well-being of entrepreneurs. We surveyed a representative sample of Swedish entrepreneurs and wage employees at different stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey data, combined with register data, show that the COVID-19 outbreak has a negative effect on the well-being of entrepreneurs in terms of increased perceived stress. However, this negative effect is weaker for entrepreneurs who feel younger than their chronological age and entrepreneurs who are geographically distant from the epicenter of the crisis. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
crisis, entrepreneurs, location, subjective age, well-being
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55494 (URN)10.1177/10422587211057028 (DOI)000731000100001 ()2-s2.0-85121421450 (Scopus ID)HOA;;1625914 (Local ID)HOA;;1625914 (Archive number)HOA;;1625914 (OAI)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, MMW 2018.0049
Available from: 2022-01-10 Created: 2022-01-10 Last updated: 2023-05-16Bibliographically approved
Backman, M. & Kohlhase, J. E. (2022). Labor force diversity and new firm formation. The annals of regional science, 68, 9-28
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Labor force diversity and new firm formation
2022 (English)In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 68, p. 9-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many countries have experienced increases in the diversity of their labor forces. Our paper examines one such country—Sweden—and relates the diversity of the local labor force, in terms of demography, culture, education, occupation and industry, to new firm formation. We measure diversity using entropy measures that account for a wider range of differences than is typically used. Our empirical analysis finds a positive relationship between diversity of the labor force, in terms of demography, culture and education, and the rate of new firm formation. Our results add to the literature on the workings of agglomeration economies in urban growth through variations in human capital, information spillovers and innovation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55195 (URN)10.1007/s00168-021-01084-9 (DOI)000720806300001 ()2-s2.0-85119579371 (Scopus ID);intsam;1615405 (Local ID);intsam;1615405 (Archive number);intsam;1615405 (OAI)
Available from: 2021-11-30 Created: 2021-11-30 Last updated: 2022-04-08Bibliographically approved
Amato, S., Backman, M. & Peltonen, J. (2021). Are family firms more locally embedded than non-family firms?. In: R. Basco, R. Stough & L. Suwala (Ed.), Family business and regional development: (pp. 140-156). Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are family firms more locally embedded than non-family firms?
2021 (English)In: Family business and regional development / [ed] R. Basco, R. Stough & L. Suwala, Abingdon: Routledge, 2021, p. 140-156Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Family firms are a keystone in many countries as they provide employment opportunities and help the economy grow and prosper. As a result, family firms have been extensively studied; however, there are important aspects that still need to be better understood. One of these is the relationship between family firms and the socio-spatial context in which they act, that is, their local embeddedness. This study adds to existing research by placing family firms in their regional context and assessing whether and to what extent they are more locally embedded than their non-family counterparts. We measure local embeddedness through place tenure and distance to the local firm for key firm stakeholders. Our findings show that family firms rely greatly on more enduring and spatially proximate stakeholders and therefore show a stronger link with the socio-economic milieu in which they dwell. Relevant contributions to family business and regional studies, together with public policy implications, are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2021
Series
Routledge Advances in Regional Economics, Science and Policy
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-51223 (URN)2-s2.0-85104169509 (Scopus ID)9780367178611 (ISBN)9780429058097 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-12-14 Created: 2020-12-14 Last updated: 2021-04-26Bibliographically approved
Amato, S., Basco, R., Backman, M. & Lattanzi, N. (2021). Family-managed firms and local export spillovers: evidence from Spanish manufacturing firms. European Planning Studies, 29(3), 468-492
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Family-managed firms and local export spillovers: evidence from Spanish manufacturing firms
2021 (English)In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 468-492Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

By combining arguments from regional economics and family business research, the aim of this article is to test the relationships among local export spillovers, management characteristics, and export propensity on a large sample of Spanish manufacturing firms over the 2003–2015 period. We find that family-managed firms, compared to their non-family counterparts, benefit more from being located in regions with a high density of exporters. Because of their firm-specific social capital and strong embeddedness in local networks, family-managed firms are better positioned to leverage the spatially bounded flow of knowledge and information in these regions, resulting in a higher likelihood to export than non-family firms. Additionally, our results show that the knowledge spillover effect is stronger for small and low-tech family firms’ export propensity. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2021
Keywords
Export spillovers, family firms, internationalization, manufacturing, regional context, Spain
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-48321 (URN)10.1080/09654313.2020.1743238 (DOI)000523710000001 ()2-s2.0-85082613988 (Scopus ID);intsam;1429356 (Local ID);intsam;1429356 (Archive number);intsam;1429356 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-05-11 Created: 2020-05-11 Last updated: 2021-12-19Bibliographically approved
Backman, M., Nilsson, P. & Nilsson, H. (2021). Karriärvägar inom partihandeln: Forskningsrapport 2021:1. Handelsrådet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Karriärvägar inom partihandeln: Forskningsrapport 2021:1
2021 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Handelsrådet, 2021. p. 49
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-54480 (URN)9789186508715 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Retail and Wholesale Development Council
Available from: 2021-09-02 Created: 2021-09-02 Last updated: 2021-09-02Bibliographically approved
Backman, M. & Karlsson, C. (2021). Opportunity- and necessity- driven entrepreneurship in urban versus rural locations. In: B. Leick, S. Gretzinger, T. Makkonen (Ed.), The Rural Enterprise Economy: (pp. 147-161). Taylor and Francis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Opportunity- and necessity- driven entrepreneurship in urban versus rural locations
2021 (English)In: The Rural Enterprise Economy / [ed] B. Leick, S. Gretzinger, T. Makkonen, Taylor and Francis , 2021, p. 147-161Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Most rural areas face a range of challenges stemming from the loss of their traditional comparative advantages due to mechanisation, automation, and structural change. In comparison to urban regions, these areas face systemic structural problems, such as lower levels of formal education, ageing populations, and a low and shrinking market potential. Rural areas therefore tend to offer a less fertile environment for entrepreneurship than urban areas provide. In this chapter, we will explore various aspects of rural entrepreneurship by analysing how the volume of entrepreneurship varies in rural areas in Sweden depending upon the size of the local market potential and the development level of the local economic milieu. We will further share insights into rural entrepreneurship by analysing the relative shares of distinct types of entrepreneurship by separating unincorporated and incorporated firms and distinguishing new firms with multiple employees from one-employee firms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis, 2021
Series
Routledge Studies in the Economics of Business and Industry
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55265 (URN)10.4324/9781003034001-10 (DOI)2-s2.0-85120026896 (Scopus ID)9781000465853 (ISBN)9781003034001 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-12-06 Created: 2021-12-06 Last updated: 2021-12-06Bibliographically approved
Backman, M. & Klaesson, J. (2021). The importance of the hospitality sector in integrating foreign-born  individuals in Sweden. In: M. Ferrante, O. Fritz & Ö. Öner (Ed.), Regional science perspectives on tourism and hospitality: (pp. 79-100). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The importance of the hospitality sector in integrating foreign-born  individuals in Sweden
2021 (English)In: Regional science perspectives on tourism and hospitality / [ed] M. Ferrante, O. Fritz & Ö. Öner, Springer, 2021, p. 79-100Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The increased flow of individuals across national borders has led to a more diverse set of inhabitants in a region and a larger share of individuals with a foreign background in the labor force. Sweden is no exception, as it hosts a large share of foreign-born individuals due to its long history of both labor market-driven and forced migration. Integration into the labor market is vitally important for individuals with a foreign background, and the hospitality sector plays an important role since it employs a large share of employees with foreign backgrounds. By using this as a starting point, we explore the probability of becoming employed (out of opportunity or by necessity) within the hospitality sector for an individual with a foreign background. The results show that individuals with foreign backgrounds are more likely to be employed, both out of opportunity and by necessity, in the hospitality sector.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2021
Series
Advances in Spatial Science, ISSN 1430-9602
Keywords
Hospitality sector, Foreign-born, Labor market outcomes, Integration, Sweden
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-51224 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-61274-0_5 (DOI)2-s2.0-85097978653 (Scopus ID)978-3-030-61273-3 (ISBN)978-3-030-61274-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-12-14 Created: 2020-12-14 Last updated: 2021-02-15Bibliographically approved
Backman, M., Lopez, E. & Rowe, F. (2021). The occupational trajectories and outcomes of forced migrants in Sweden. Entrepreneurship, employment or persistent inactivity?. Small Business Economics, 56, 963-983
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The occupational trajectories and outcomes of forced migrants in Sweden. Entrepreneurship, employment or persistent inactivity?
2021 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 56, p. 963-983Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current surge in forced migration to Europe is probably the largest and most complex since the Second World War. As population aging accelerates and fertility falls below replacement level, immigration may be seen as a key component of human capital to address labor and skill shortages. Receiving countries are, however, hesitant about the contribution that forced migrants can make to the local economy. Coupled with increasing pressure on welfare services, they are associated with increased job competition and crime. Underutilization of immigrants’ skills is, however, a waste of resources that countries can scarcely afford. Understanding the labor market integration process of forced migrants is thus critical to develop policies that unleash their full skills potential and ultimately foster local economic productivity. While prior studies have examined the employment and salary outcomes of these immigrants at a particular point in time post-migration, they have failed to capture the temporal dynamics and complexity of this process. Drawing on administrative data from Sweden, we examine the occupational pathways of forced migrants using sequence analysis from their arrival in 1991 through to 2013. Findings reveal polarized pathways of long-term labor market integration with over one-third of refugees experiencing a successful labor market integration pathway and an equally large share facing a less fruitful employment outcomes. Our findings suggest education provision is key to promote a more successful integration into the local labor market by reducing barriers of cultural proximity and increasing the occurrence of entrepreneurship activity. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2021
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, Forced migration, Labor market outcomes, Longitudinal occupational trajectories, Sequence analysis, Sweden
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47839 (URN)10.1007/s11187-019-00312-z (DOI)000516164300001 ()2-s2.0-85079183793 (Scopus ID)HOA;intsam;1394574 (Local ID)HOA;intsam;1394574 (Archive number)HOA;intsam;1394574 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-19 Created: 2020-02-19 Last updated: 2021-12-19Bibliographically approved
Backman, M. & Karlsson, C. (2020). Age of managers and employees – Firm survival. Journal of the Economics of Ageing, 15, Article ID 100215.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Age of managers and employees – Firm survival
2020 (English)In: Journal of the Economics of Ageing, ISSN 2212-828X, Vol. 15, article id 100215Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many developed countries will face a disproportionately large share of older individuals in the future. This change may lead to a labour force characterized by older employees and older operational managers. This paper contributes to the existing literature on the effect of aging on firm performance by performing an explorative analysis of how the age of the operational manager and the age composition of employees relate to the survival of Swedish firms during 2004–2013. We observe that the relationship between the age of the operational manager and firm exit changes functional shape when separated into different firm-size categories. Additionally, the age of the operational manager tends to be more important for new firms compared to incumbents. The share of older employees is positively associated with firm survival. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Age, Employees, Firm age, Firm size, Firm survival, Operational manager
National Category
Economics Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46863 (URN)10.1016/j.jeoa.2019.100215 (DOI)000516721400001 ()2-s2.0-85074492714 (Scopus ID)PPembargo24;;1371510 (Local ID)PPembargo24;;1371510 (Archive number)PPembargo24;;1371510 (OAI)
Available from: 2019-11-20 Created: 2019-11-20 Last updated: 2021-02-25Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6947-3859

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