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Publications (10 of 32) Show all publications
Wixe, S., Lobo, J., Mellander, C. & Bettencourt, L. M. (2024). Evidence of COVID-19 fatalities in Swedish neighborhoods from a full population study. Scientific Reports, 14(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evidence of COVID-19 fatalities in Swedish neighborhoods from a full population study
2024 (English)In: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 14, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted a debate about whether marginalized communities suffered the disproportionate brunt of the pandemic's mortality. Empirical studies addressing this question typically suffer from statistical uncertainties and potential biases associated with uneven and incomplete reporting. We use geo-coded micro-level data for the entire population of Sweden to analyze how local neighborhood characteristics affect the likelihood of dying with COVID-19 at individual level, given the individual's overall risk of death. We control for several individual and regional characteristics to compare the results in specific communities to overall death patterns in Sweden during 2020. When accounting for the probability to die of any cause, we find that individuals residing in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods were not more likely to die with COVID-19 than individuals residing elsewhere. Importantly, we do find that individuals show a generally higher probability of death in these neighborhoods. Nevertheless, ethnicity is an important explanatory factor for COVID-19 deaths for foreign-born individuals, especially from East Africa, who are more likely to pass away regardless of residential neighborhood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2024
Keywords
Africa, Eastern, COVID-19, Humans, Pandemics, Research Design, Residence Characteristics, Sweden, Africa, coronavirus disease 2019, human, methodology, pandemic
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63612 (URN)10.1038/s41598-024-52988-3 (DOI)001158938000004 ()38316904 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85184403192 (Scopus ID)HOA;intsam;938147 (Local ID)HOA;intsam;938147 (Archive number)HOA;intsam;938147 (OAI)
Available from: 2024-02-19 Created: 2024-02-19 Last updated: 2024-04-02Bibliographically approved
Wixe, S. & Rouchy, P. (2024). Quality of Life of Non-Self-Sufficient Immigrants: A Neighborhood Perspective. Forum for Social Economics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quality of Life of Non-Self-Sufficient Immigrants: A Neighborhood Perspective
2024 (English)In: Forum for Social Economics, ISSN 0736-0932, E-ISSN 1874-6381Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the quality of life of non-self-sufficient immigrants in Sweden, focusing on their residential patterns while controlling for individual characteristics. We find large differences in both individual and locational attributes across income levels and ethnic backgrounds, illustrating that the status of ‘immigrant’ is far from being a homogenous group. The results show that non-self-sufficient individuals, especially those from Africa and the Middle East, may face limitations in their life satisfaction as these groups are most likely to reside in socioeconomically weak neighborhoods. Additionally, the results show that the motivation for residential choices varies across ethnic backgrounds. For example, ethnicity rather than income level determines the neighborhood patterns of African immigrants, while non-self-sufficiency is the major determinant for Nordic immigrants residing in poor, ethnic neighborhoods. We thus argue that the location of residence and differences across ethnic backgrounds deserve more attention in research and policy discussions on quality-of-life issues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2024
Keywords
Quality of life, non-self-sufficiency, ethnic background, neighborhood patterns, residential segregation
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-64336 (URN)10.1080/07360932.2024.2354719 (DOI)001228621900001 ()2-s2.0-85193735267 (Scopus ID)HOA;;953621 (Local ID)HOA;;953621 (Archive number)HOA;;953621 (OAI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2019-01320
Available from: 2024-05-28 Created: 2024-05-28 Last updated: 2024-06-03
Mellander, C., Klaesson, J., Lobo, J. & Wixe, S. (2023). COVID-19 vaccination rates and neighbourhoods: evidence from Sweden. Regional studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>COVID-19 vaccination rates and neighbourhoods: evidence from Sweden
2023 (English)In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates neighbourhood characteristics related to an individual’s likelihood of getting the first COVID-19 vaccination and implementing official recommendations for the three-shot vaccination regime. We use full population-geocoded microdata for Sweden to measure important individual-level attributes and the marginalisation of their residential communities in terms of ethnicity, education and income. The findings show that the likelihood of getting vaccinated and obtaining all three recommended vaccine doses decrease for individuals residing in neighbourhoods with larger shares of marginalised residents. The effects also appear to be more pronounced if the individual themself belongs to a marginalised group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
COVID-19, education, ethnicity, neighbourhoods, poverty, vaccination
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63036 (URN)10.1080/00343404.2023.2276334 (DOI)2-s2.0-85178456662 (Scopus ID)HOA;intsam;920218 (Local ID)HOA;intsam;920218 (Archive number)HOA;intsam;920218 (OAI)
Available from: 2023-12-11 Created: 2023-12-11 Last updated: 2023-12-11
Klaesson, J. & Wixe, S. (2023). Place and immigrant labour market integration: A sequence analysis approach. European Urban and Regional Studies, 30(4), 404-429
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Place and immigrant labour market integration: A sequence analysis approach
2023 (English)In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 404-429Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although the process of integrating immigrants into the labor market unfolds over many years, it is often modeled as outcomes (e.g. employment) at specific points in time. We contribute to the literature by providing empirical evidence of the sequence of events leading to active labor market participation of East African and EU15 immigrants to Sweden, whom we follow for up to 28 years. By combining the method of sequence analysis with binomial logit estimation, we can explain why individuals are sorted into different representative labor market sequences. A further contribution is that along the usual initial conditions (individual and geographic), we employ longitudinal micro data to find (1) representative sequences of movements between various types of neighborhoods and (2) an empirical estimate of individual ability, which turns out to be a strong predictor for immigrants entering an active labor market trajectory. Our results show that East Africans tend to reside in neighborhoods with a high degree of socioeconomic and ethnic segregation. Despite this, their labor market activity seems to be less influenced by neighborhood trajectories than EU15 immigrants. The labor market activity of EU15 immigrants and female East African immigrants is positively related to residing in less ethnically segregated and socioeconomically stronger neighborhoods. Our results are relevant to policy development since they point to the importance of the initial location of immigrants and their subsequent residential mobility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
Immigration, integration, labor market outcomes, place, sequence analysis
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-60232 (URN)10.1177/09697764231166358 (DOI)000966600800001 ()2-s2.0-85152376191 (Scopus ID)HOA;;876668 (Local ID)HOA;;876668 (Archive number)HOA;;876668 (OAI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2019-01320
Available from: 2023-04-24 Created: 2023-04-24 Last updated: 2024-01-15Bibliographically approved
Wixe, S., Nilsson, P., Naldi, L. & Westlund, H. (2023). The role of collaboration and external knowledge for innovation in small food firms. The annals of regional science, 70, 135-155
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of collaboration and external knowledge for innovation in small food firms
2023 (English)In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 70, p. 135-155Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we use unique purpose-built survey data to show that small food firms are more innovative when externally engaged. To capture this, we apply a broad classification of innovative activities, including new products, processes, markets, organization, and distribution channels, and examine them against types of external interactions. The analysis, an ordered logit estimation, controls for heterogeneity across firms as well as geographic conditions. The results demonstrate a positive relationship between external interaction and firm innovation, though there are differences across types of external engagement and innovation activities. Product innovation benefits from knowledge from extra-regional firms, while several of the other forms of innovation show a positive relationship with support from regional and municipality boards. Additionally, firm collaboration regarding transports and sales enhances most types of innovation, but there are few relationships of benefit with research-intensive organizations. We conclude that, to be effective, innovation strategies of both the firms themselves and policymakers need to consider local context, access to intra- and extra-regional knowledge sources, and what types of innovation activities the firms are engaged in.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55088 (URN)10.1007/s00168-021-01087-6 (DOI)000715692600002 ()2-s2.0-85118651455 (Scopus ID)HOA;;777230 (Local ID)HOA;;777230 (Archive number)HOA;;777230 (OAI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2013–276
Available from: 2021-11-16 Created: 2021-11-16 Last updated: 2023-02-21Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, P. & Wixe, S. (2022). Assessing long-term effects of CAP investment support on indicators of farm performance. European Review of Agricultural Economics, 49(4), 760-795
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing long-term effects of CAP investment support on indicators of farm performance
2022 (English)In: European Review of Agricultural Economics, ISSN 0165-1587, E-ISSN 1464-3618, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 760-795Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study of Swedish farms from 2007 to 2016, we estimate the effects of investment support from the Common Agricultural Policy on indicators of farm performance, focusing on long-term effects. To isolate the impact and alleviate problems of selection bias, we employ a counterfactual empirical design using Coarsened Exact Matching and dynamic panel fixed-effects estimations. The average treatment effect on the treated estimates show a positive and significant long-term improvement of farm performance with regard to productivity and turnover. However, the results indicate significant time lags between investments and accumulated observable effects, as we find most short-term effects of the subsidy to be insignificant.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2022
Keywords
CAP investment support, farm performance, long-term effects, Sweden, Q12, Q18, D24
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55984 (URN)10.1093/erae/jbab038 (DOI)000756396900001 ()2-s2.0-85136196248 (Scopus ID)HOA;;798593 (Local ID)HOA;;798593 (Archive number)HOA;;798593 (OAI)
Available from: 2022-03-04 Created: 2022-03-04 Last updated: 2022-09-05Bibliographically approved
Naldi, L., Nilsson, P., Westlund, H. & Wixe, S. (2021). Amenities and new firm formation in rural areas. Journal of Rural Studies, 85, 32-42
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Amenities and new firm formation in rural areas
2021 (English)In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 85, p. 32-42Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Building on the neo-endogenous rural development model and the resource-based view of the firm, this paper investigates the role of place-based amenities for new firm formation. Empirically, we employ a full-population dataset encompassing new firms in Sweden from 2009 to 2016, combined with geocoded datasets with the spatial distribution of nature- and culture-based amenities. The results show that local amenities are indeed important factors in determining the rate of new firm formation. Estimating the model across urban and rural neighborhoods show that amenities are relatively more important in explaining new firm formation in rural areas as compared to urban. As such, our study contributes to the literature on diversification of the economies of rural areas by pointing at the important role that place-based amenities may play for an entrepreneurially-driven development of less developed and/or rural areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021
Keywords
Rural entrepreneurship, Amenities, Neo-endogenous development, Resource-based view, Smart specialization
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-52804 (URN)10.1016/j.jrurstud.2021.05.023 (DOI)000659788600004 ()2-s2.0-85107291739 (Scopus ID)HOA;;52804 (Local ID)HOA;;52804 (Archive number)HOA;;52804 (OAI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2013–276, 2014-01170
Available from: 2021-06-07 Created: 2021-06-07 Last updated: 2021-07-15Bibliographically approved
Westlund, H., Nilsson, P., Wixe, S. & Naldi, L. (2021). Case studies on innovation and entrepreneurship in rural areas from Sweden: Jönköping County and Jämtland County. In: A. Torre, S. Corsi, M. Steiner, F. Wallet, H. Westlund (Ed.), Smart Development for Rural Areas: (pp. 134-152). Taylor & Francis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Case studies on innovation and entrepreneurship in rural areas from Sweden: Jönköping County and Jämtland County
2021 (English)In: Smart Development for Rural Areas / [ed] A. Torre, S. Corsi, M. Steiner, F. Wallet, H. Westlund, Taylor & Francis, 2021, p. 134-152Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter aims to contribute to the research on innovation, entrepreneurship and their determinants by investigating these issues in two Swedish regions - Jonkoping County and Jamtland. Jonkoping County is representative for a rural and peri-urban area, with a central location in Sweden. Firm innovativeness is an important dimension of entrepreneurship and is regarded as playing a vital role for firm growth, including for firms located in rural areas. The ability of firms to renew themselves is becoming increasingly important from the perspective of firm survival and growth. The county has a strong entrepreneurial and small firm tradition in the manufacturing sector. The town of Gnosjo is famous for its “entrepreneurial spirit” and flexible small firms that both compete and cooperate. The county has a strong entrepreneurial and small firm tradition in manufacturing. Interesting regional differences emerge when looking at the factors that can facilitate innovation, i.e. firm size and human capital characteristics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2021
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-51103 (URN)10.4324/9780429354670-9 (DOI)2-s2.0-85096278565 (Scopus ID)9781000066999 (ISBN)9780367374792 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-12-02 Created: 2020-12-02 Last updated: 2020-12-02Bibliographically approved
Wixe, S., Naldi, L., Nilsson, P., Westlund, H., Filippi, M., Galliano, D., . . . Steiner, M. (2021). On smart business in rural areas: Entrepreneurship, innovation and their determinants. In: A. Torre, S. Corsi, M. Steiner, F. Wallet, H. Westlund (Ed.), Smart Development for Rural Areas: (pp. 31-50). Taylor & Francis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On smart business in rural areas: Entrepreneurship, innovation and their determinants
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2021 (English)In: Smart Development for Rural Areas / [ed] A. Torre, S. Corsi, M. Steiner, F. Wallet, H. Westlund, Taylor & Francis, 2021, p. 31-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The ability of firms and regions to renew themselves is becoming increasingly important from the perspective of survival and competitiveness. Renewal, technological change, or innovation is also commonly perceived as the main driver of economic growth, which implies that innovation is important from both a micro- and a macro perspective. Following Schumpeter, innovation should be regarded as a broad concept that incorporates not only new products, but also e.g. new production processes and new ways of doing business. This chapter focuses on the determinants of entrepreneurship and innovation in rural regions. The specific determinants for innovation and entrepreneurship can be broadly defined in three groups; knowledge, diversity and amenities. External knowledge in terms of collaboration with other firms and access to a diverse, but related, knowledge base provides potential determinants for innovation, as well as entrepreneurship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2021
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-51104 (URN)10.4324/9780429354670-3 (DOI)2-s2.0-85096270015 (Scopus ID)9781000066999 (ISBN)9780367374792 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-12-02 Created: 2020-12-02 Last updated: 2020-12-02Bibliographically approved
Wixe, S. (2020). Long-term neighbourhood effects on immigrant self-employment. Urban Studies, 57(13), 2733-2753
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Long-term neighbourhood effects on immigrant self-employment
2020 (English)In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 57, no 13, p. 2733-2753Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to analyse how the decision to become self-employed as an adult is influenced by the neighbourhood characteristics experienced during adolescence. The focus is on individuals of foreign background since this is a group that shows low employment rates compared with native Swedes at the same time as the geographic and social separation between individuals of different backgrounds is increasing. The results show that while the short-term effects of segregation on self-employment are negative, individuals who grow up in ethnically segregated neighbourhoods are more likely to become self-employed later in life. In addition, both growing up with and residing with entrepreneurial neighbours have a positive effect on self-employment. Hence, the ethnic and social capital collected during youth seems to persist through adulthood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2020
Keywords
immigrants, long-term neighbourhood effects, segregation, self-employment, social capital
National Category
Economics Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47132 (URN)10.1177/0042098019885614 (DOI)000500903000001 ()2-s2.0-85077381115 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-12-17 Created: 2019-12-17 Last updated: 2021-01-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5722-2016

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