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Torgé, Cristina JoyORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0877-4759
Publications (10 of 49) Show all publications
Jegermalm, M. & Torgé, C. J. (2023). Three caregiver profiles: who are they, what do they do, and who are their co-carers?. European Journal of Social Work, 26(3), 466-479
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Three caregiver profiles: who are they, what do they do, and who are their co-carers?
2023 (English)In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 466-479Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, a country with one of the highest public spending on long term care, there is also extensive informal care, i.e. unpaid care by family, friends, or neighbours. In this article, we explore the spectrum of informal caring using data from a nationally representative survey of caregivers in the Swedish population. We describe three different caregiver profiles and analyse them in relation to their panorama of care, i.e. the extent to which caring is shared with other formal- and informal co-carers. The first profile, the co-habitant family carer, consists of caregivers providing help for someone in the same household with special care needs, and were mostly alone in intensive caregiving. The second profile, persons in the care network, consists of caregivers providing help to someone with care needs in another household. They have a network of both informal and formal co-carers. Finally, the helpful fellowman consists of caregivers providing help for someone without special needs in another household. In developing relevant carer support, it is important to acknowledge that caregivers are not a homogenous group. Thus, to fulfil national ambitions to support carers across the board, policy and practice need to have a diverse group of carers in mind.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Carer typologies, carer survey, informal care, panorama of care
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55502 (URN)10.1080/13691457.2021.2016647 (DOI)000733993000001 ()2-s2.0-85121792628 (Scopus ID)HOA;;1626388 (Local ID)HOA;;1626388 (Archive number)HOA;;1626388 (OAI)
Available from: 2022-01-11 Created: 2022-01-11 Last updated: 2023-06-30Bibliographically approved
Bülow, P. H., Finkel, D., Allgurin, M., Torgé, C. J., Jegermalm, M., Ernsth-Bravell, M. & Bülow, P. (2022). Aging of severely mentally ill patients first admitted before or after the reorganization of psychiatric care in Sweden. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 16(1), Article ID 35.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Aging of severely mentally ill patients first admitted before or after the reorganization of psychiatric care in Sweden
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2022 (English)In: International Journal of Mental Health Systems, E-ISSN 1752-4458, Vol. 16, no 1, article id 35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The concept of deinstitutionalization started in the 1960s in the US to describe closing down or reducing the number of beds in mental hospitals. The same process has been going on in many countries but with different names and in various forms. In Europe, countries like Italy prescribed by law an immediate ban on admitting patients to mental hospitals while in some other European countries psychiatric care was reorganized into a sectorized psychiatry characterized by open psychiatric care. This sectorization has not been studied to the same extent as the radical closures of mental hospitals, even though it entailed major changes in the organization of care. The deinstitutionalization in Sweden is connected to the sectorization of psychiatric care, a protracted process taking years to implement.

METHODS: Older people, with their first admission to psychiatric care before or after the sectorization process, were followed using three different time metrics: (a) year of first entry into a mental hospital, (b) total years of institutionalization, and (c) changes resulting from aging. Data from surveys in 1996, 2001, 2006, and 2011 were used, together with National registers.

RESULTS: Examination of date of first institutionalization and length of stay indicates a clear break in 1985, the year when the sectorization was completed in the studied municipality. The results show that the two groups, despite belonging to the same age group (birthyears 1910-1951, mean birthyear 1937), represented two different patient generations. The pre-sectorization group was institutionalized at an earlier age and accumulated more time in institutions than the post-sectorization group. Compared to the post-sectorization group, the pre-sectorization group were found to be disadvantaged in that their level of functioning was lower, and they had more unmet needs, even when diagnosis was taken into account.

CONCLUSIONS: Sectorization is an important divide which explains differences in two groups of the same age but with different institutional history: "modern" and "traditional" patient generations that received radically different types of care. The results indicate that the sectorization of psychiatric care might be as important as the Mental Health Care Reform of 1995, although a relatively quiet revolution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central (BMC), 2022
Keywords
Deinstitutionalization, Longitudinal, Older people, Sectorization, Severe mental illness
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-57967 (URN)10.1186/s13033-022-00544-9 (DOI)000824694400001 ()35831905 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85134237153 (Scopus ID)GOA;;822622 (Local ID)GOA;;822622 (Archive number)GOA;;822622 (OAI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, STYA‑2015/0003
Available from: 2022-07-18 Created: 2022-07-18 Last updated: 2023-10-02Bibliographically approved
Torgé, C. J. & Nyman, R. (2022). CENTENARIANS IN SWEDISH MASS MEDIA: IS IT REVERSE AGEISM?. Innovation in Aging, 6(Supplement 1), 661-661
Open this publication in new window or tab >>CENTENARIANS IN SWEDISH MASS MEDIA: IS IT REVERSE AGEISM?
2022 (English)In: Innovation in Aging, E-ISSN 2399-5300, Vol. 6, no Supplement 1, p. 661-661Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies on ageism often deal with negative stereotypes due to increasing age. Seldom studied is the increase in status that seems to occur at the turning point of 100 years. This study explores how centenarians are portrayed in Swedish media texts and relates this to mechanisms of ageism and age coding. We used Retriever database, which is the biggest Nordic database containing news media, to search for press articles concerning 100- to 105-year-olds. Our search resulted in 1468 articles, consisting of both news articles and feature articles. Excluding articles that did not deal with persons, articles with a paywall and redundant articles resulted in 235 articles. We analyzed (1) the contexts in which centenarians appeared, (2) the relevance of the persons’ age to the event and (3) feelings and values evoked in the articles. On the one hand, news reports evoke how centenarians ought to be shielded from harm and emphasize the indignity of even small wrongdoings. On the other hand, feature articles often use superhuman adjectives to describe centenarians, and emphasize their “youthfulness”. In birthday features, there was also an expectation for centenarians to publicize their celebrations and there was a recurrent trope was that centenarians held well-kept secrets about ageing well. Portrayals of centenarians show that they are an esteemed group. However, we also interpret that these portrayals can hide other forms of ageism, particularly compassionate ageism, and a stereotyping of centenarians that play down ill health and emphasize youthfulness at the extremes of old age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2022
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-60002 (URN)10.1093/geroni/igac059.2438 (DOI)000913044003214 ()HOA;;866135 (Local ID)HOA;;866135 (Archive number)HOA;;866135 (OAI)
Available from: 2023-03-21 Created: 2023-03-21 Last updated: 2023-03-21Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, P., Torgé, C. J., Rolander, B. & Jegermalm, M. (2022). Former, förutsättningar och mål för anhörigstöd från anhörigkonsulenters och biståndshandläggares perspektiv: Resultat från en webbaserad enkät i Jönköpings län och Stockholms län. Jönköping: Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Former, förutsättningar och mål för anhörigstöd från anhörigkonsulenters och biståndshandläggares perspektiv: Resultat från en webbaserad enkät i Jönköpings län och Stockholms län
2022 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Den här rapporten är en resa genom anhörigkonsulenters och biståndshandläggares erfarenheter, uppfattningar och förutsättningar för att bedriva anhörigstöd och vilka former av stöd som erbjuds anhöriga.

Studien baseras på en webbenkät utskickad till anhörigkonsulenter och biståndshandläggare i Jönköpings län och Stockholms län och vill bidra till en fördjupad kunskap och förståelse för den komplexitet som yrkesrollerna hanterar i sitt dagliga arbete med anhörigstöd.

Få studier har hittills gjorts ur det här perspektivet. Att sätta fokus på anhörigkonsulenterna är givet, men biståndshandläggarna möter också många anhöriga i sin yrkesutövning. Tillsammans ger de oss en bredare bild av de förutsättningar man har för att bedriva arbetet med anhörigstöd, vilka stödformer man erbjuder och vilka arbetsformer man använt under covid-19-pandemin. Vi får också en bild av i vilken utsträckning man når de anhöriga och i vilken omfattning man samarbetar med andra aktörer kring anhörigstöd. I studien har vi också ställt frågorom synen på vad socialtjänstens anhörigstöd kan och bör leda till.

Resultaten i studien är många och ur dem har vi identifierat fem utvecklingsområden som synliggör möjliga riktningar för kommunerna i arbetet med att utveckla anhörigstödet. På så sätt önskar vi bidra till att stärka det viktiga arbete som anhörigkonsulenter och biståndshandläggare gör dagligen för att underlätta vardagen för alla anhöriga de möter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, 2022. p. 73
Series
Arbetsrapporter från Hälsohögskolan ; 1
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55946 (URN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2022-02-25 Created: 2022-02-25 Last updated: 2022-03-01Bibliographically approved
Persson, J., Johansson, I., Torgé, C. J., Bergstrom, E.-K., Hagglin, C. & Wardh, I. (2022). Oral Care Cards as a Support in Daily Oral Care of Frail Older Adults: Experiences and Perceptions of Professionals in Nursing and Dental Care-A Qualitative Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(15), Article ID 9380.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Oral Care Cards as a Support in Daily Oral Care of Frail Older Adults: Experiences and Perceptions of Professionals in Nursing and Dental Care-A Qualitative Study
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2022 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 15, article id 9380Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Frail older adults often have poor oral health. In Sweden, oral care cards are designed to be used as an interprofessional tool for documenting the oral health status of older adults with extensive care needs and to describe oral care recommendations. The aim of this study was to explore nursing and dental professionals' experiences and perceptions of oral care cards. Nursing and dental care staff were interviewed in groups or individually. The recorded data were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. A theme emerged: Navigating an oral care responsibility that is not anchored in the nursing and dental care context. The theme was elucidated in three categories: "Accessibility and usefulness", "Coordination between nursing and dental care", and "Ethical approach". The participants perceived a lack of surrounding frameworks and collaboration concerning oral care and the use of oral care cards. An oral care card could ideally facilitate interprofessional and person-centered oral care. However, oral health does not seem to have found its place in the nursing care context. Further research is needed to investigate how oral care cards ought to be developed and designed to support oral health care work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2022
Keywords
frail older adults, interprofessional collaboration, nursing care, oral health, oral care documentation, person-centered care, qualitative methods
National Category
Dentistry Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-58340 (URN)10.3390/ijerph19159380 (DOI)000839019800001 ()35954738 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85136342632 (Scopus ID)GOA;;827200 (Local ID)GOA;;827200 (Archive number)GOA;;827200 (OAI)
Available from: 2022-08-26 Created: 2022-08-26 Last updated: 2022-09-05Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A., Torgé, C. J., Fristedt, S. & Ernsth-Bravell, M. (2022). Relationships and gender differences within and between assessments used in Swedish home rehabilitation - a cross-sectional study. BMC Health Services Research, 22, Article ID 807.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Relationships and gender differences within and between assessments used in Swedish home rehabilitation - a cross-sectional study
2022 (English)In: BMC Health Services Research, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 22, article id 807Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Home rehabilitation programmes are increasingly implemented in many countries to promote independent living. Home rehabilitation should include a comprehensive assessment of functioning, but the scientific knowledge about the assessment instruments used in this context is limited. The aim of this study was to explore relationships between standardised tests and a self-reported questionnaire used in a home rehabilitation programme. We specifically studied whether there were gender differences within and between assessments.

METHOD: De-identified data from 302 community-dwelling citizens that participated in a municipal home rehabilitation project in Sweden was analysed. A Mann Whitney test and an independent t-test were used to analyse differences within the following assessment instruments: the Sunnaas Activity of Daily Living Index, the General Motor Function assessment scale and the European Quality of Life Five Dimension Five Level Scale. Spearman's bivariate correlation test was used to analyse relationships between the instruments, and a Fischer's Z test was performed to compare the strengths of the correlation coefficients.

RESULT: Gender differences were found both within and between the assessment instruments. Women were more independent in instrumental activities of daily living than men. The ability to reach down and touch one's toes while performing personal activities of daily living was stronger for men. There was a difference between men's self-reported performance of usual activities that included instrumental activities of daily living and the standardised assessment in performing instrumental activities of daily living. The result also showed an overall difference between the self-reported assessment and the standardised test of motor function for the total group.

CONCLUSION: The results indicate that a comprehensive assessment with the combination of standardised tests, questionnaires and patient-specific instruments should be considered in a home rehabilitation context in order to capture different dimensions of functioning. Assessment instruments that facilitate a person-centred home rehabilitation supporting personally meaningful activities for both men and women should be applied in daily practice. Further research about gender-biased instruments is needed to facilitate agreement on which specific instruments to use at both individual and organisation levels to promote gender-neutral practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central (BMC), 2022
Keywords
Activities of daily living, Adults, Gender bias, Mobility, Motor function, Older adults, Self-reported health
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-57583 (URN)10.1186/s12913-022-08177-x (DOI)000814254800001 ()35729529 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85132278742 (Scopus ID)GOA;;819279 (Local ID)GOA;;819279 (Archive number)GOA;;819279 (OAI)
Available from: 2022-06-22 Created: 2022-06-22 Last updated: 2023-04-26Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, U. & Torgé, C. J. (2022). “They say this is a home”: the challenge of “home” in residential care settings for old and young. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 37, 1093-1108
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“They say this is a home”: the challenge of “home” in residential care settings for old and young
2022 (English)In: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772, Vol. 37, p. 1093-1108Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we want to bolster a critical discussion of how the “home” is used in research on residential care, and additionally make sense of young and old residents’ feelings of resistance, through the lens of a critical geography of home. We illustrate how the home ideal might be provocative and frustrating for the residents, although previous studies point out that the ideal is used by staff and in policy to reassure residents of a sense of belonging and mastery. Examples from interviews with young unaccompanied boys as well as older residents living in residential care have been used and the analysis resulted in two themes: “Residents’ conflicting experiences of space” (shared space, restricted space and regulated space, and “Residents’ feelings of homelessness” (transitional space and encroached space). How the residents themselves understand the space that is called their home and why their home can stir ambivalent or negative feelings of isolation, exclusion, and homelessness, is relevant in order to avoid romanticizing home. Residents’ understanding of home can be different from the staff, a reminder that home is a much more complex notion than the rosy ideal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022
Keywords
Home, Critical geography, Residential care
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-54267 (URN)10.1007/s10901-021-09877-2 (DOI)000683273600002 ()2-s2.0-85112429363 (Scopus ID)HOA;;54267 (Local ID)HOA;;54267 (Archive number)HOA;;54267 (OAI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2015-00131
Available from: 2021-08-18 Created: 2021-08-18 Last updated: 2022-12-18Bibliographically approved
Finkel, D., Bülow, P. H., Wilińska, M., Jegermalm, M., Torgé, C. J., Ernsth-Bravell, M. & Bülow, P. (2021). Does the length of institutionalization matter? Longitudinal follow-up of persons with severe mental illness 65 years and older: shorter-stay versus longer-stay. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 36(8), 1223-1230
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does the length of institutionalization matter? Longitudinal follow-up of persons with severe mental illness 65 years and older: shorter-stay versus longer-stay
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2021 (English)In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, ISSN 0885-6230, E-ISSN 1099-1166, Vol. 36, no 8, p. 1223-1230Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

As part of the process of de-institutionalization in the Swedish mental healthcare system, a reform was implemented in 1995, moving the responsibility for services and social support for people with severe mental illness (SMI) from the regional level to the municipalities. In many ways, older people with SMI were neglected in this changing landscape of psychiatric care. The aim of this study is to investigate functional levels, living conditions, need of support in daily life, and how these aspects changed over time for older people with SMI.

Methods

In this study we used data from surveys collected in 1996, 2001, 2006, and 2011 and data from national registers. A group of older adults with severe persistent mental illness (SMI-O:P) was identified and divided into those who experienced shorter stays (less than 3 years) in a mental hospital (N = 118) and longer stays (N = 117).

Results

After correcting for longitudinal changes with age, the longer-stay group was more likely than the shorter-stay group to experience functional difficulties and as a result, were more likely to have experienced 're-institutionalization' to another care setting, as opposed to living independently.

Conclusions

The length of mental illness hospitalization has significant effects on the living conditions of older people with SMI and their ability to participate in social life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2021
Keywords
ageing, deinstitutionalization, longitudinal studies, re-institutionalization, severe mental illness, severe persistent mental illness
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-51985 (URN)10.1002/gps.5515 (DOI)000621120500001 ()33577096 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85101520533 (Scopus ID)HOA;;725389 (Local ID)HOA;;725389 (Archive number)HOA;;725389 (OAI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2015‐00223
Available from: 2021-03-04 Created: 2021-03-04 Last updated: 2021-12-29Bibliographically approved
Torgé, C. J. & Nyman, R. (2021). Omvänd ålderism? Gestaltningar av 100-åringar i svenskatidningar. In: Håkan Jönson (Ed.), Perspektiv på ålderism: (pp. 172-193). Lund: Social Work Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Omvänd ålderism? Gestaltningar av 100-åringar i svenskatidningar
2021 (Swedish)In: Perspektiv på ålderism / [ed] Håkan Jönson, Lund: Social Work Press , 2021, p. 172-193Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Social Work Press, 2021
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-51733 (URN)978-91-7895-541-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-01-28 Created: 2021-01-28 Last updated: 2021-01-28Bibliographically approved
Torgé, C. J. (2020). “Being in-Between”: Spouses that cohabit with and provide care for their partners in nursing homes. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 39(4), 377-384
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“Being in-Between”: Spouses that cohabit with and provide care for their partners in nursing homes
2020 (English)In: Journal of Applied Gerontology, ISSN 0733-4648, E-ISSN 1552-4523, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 377-384Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is increasingly possible for couples with differing care needs to move to nursing homes together. To our knowledge, this is the first study about spousal caregiving in this context. This study explores spouse and staff experiences when relatively healthy spouses cohabit with and provide care to their partners in Swedish nursing homes. The overarching theme, ?being in-between,? reflects the spouse?s overlapping role transition and the staff?s unfamiliarity with the spouse?s role. The spouses are both ?insiders? and ?outsiders? and are torn between maintaining and letting go of caregiving. Meanwhile, the staff express concern about the spouse?s need for respite yet being constantly present, and struggle to balance the staff?s and the spouse?s control of the caregiving situation. This article provides insight into the challenges experienced by spouses who accompany their partners to residential care and how to best support them in this unfamiliar role.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2020
Keywords
nursing homes, co-resident, family, caregiving, spouse
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41673 (URN)10.1177/0733464818803007 (DOI)000514701600004 ()30270712 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85059103624 (Scopus ID)PP HHJ 2020 (Local ID)PP HHJ 2020 (Archive number)PP HHJ 2020 (OAI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2015-00131
Note

Supplemental material for this article is available online.

Available from: 2018-10-01 Created: 2018-10-01 Last updated: 2020-03-18Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0877-4759

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