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Wagman, P., Johansson, A., Jansson, I., Lygnegård, F., Edström, E., Björklund Carlstedt, A., . . . Fristedt, S. (2020). Making sustainability in occupational therapy visible by relating to the Agenda 2030 goals – A case description of a Swedish university. World Federation of Occupational Therapists Bulletin
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making sustainability in occupational therapy visible by relating to the Agenda 2030 goals – A case description of a Swedish university
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2020 (English)In: World Federation of Occupational Therapists Bulletin, ISSN 1447-3828Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Occupational therapy has a lot to contribute to sustainable development considering the discipline?s occupational focus and knowledge. This has been recognised by researchers and professional associations, but there is still a scarcity of research explicitly mentioning sustainability. Relevant contributions may be identified by relating education and research to the Agenda 2030 sustainable development goals. The aim of this article was to describe explicit and implicit inclusion of sustainable development and Agenda 2030 goals in occupational therapy education and research at one Swedish university. Current course syllabi and study guides, as well as research over the past five-year period, were examined and related to sustainability. The results showed that although only a few courses and articles were explicitly related to sustainable development, more course and research content became relevant when this content was compared with the sustainable development goals. It can be concluded that sustainability was more extensively addressed than first visible, but further studies including more universities are warranted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Keywords
Climate change, ecological sustainability, education, health and wellbeing, occupational justice, research, social sustainability, sustainable development
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47704 (URN)10.1080/14473828.2020.1718266 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-02-03 Created: 2020-02-03 Last updated: 2020-02-03
Wagman, P., Ahlstrand, I., Björk, M. & Håkansson, C. (2020). Occupational balance and its association with life satisfaction in men and women with rheumatoid arthritis. Musculoskeletal Care
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational balance and its association with life satisfaction in men and women with rheumatoid arthritis
2020 (English)In: Musculoskeletal Care, ISSN 1478-2189, E-ISSN 1557-0681Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Introduction:

Despite improved treatments and reduced disability, people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) experience difficulties in daily life, which may negatively affect their balance of everyday life activities (occupational balance). The aim of this study was to describe occupational balance and its association with self-rated life satisfaction in men and women with RA.

Methods:

A survey, including demographic and health-related questions, was sent to 1,277 people who met the following criteria: with RA >4 years, aged 18–80 years, included in the Swedish Rheumatology Quality Register (SRQ), and had at least one registered visit to the participating rheumatology units in the year before inclusion. The 682 who answered all items in the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) were included in the study. Their answers were analysed with descriptive statistics, and logistic regression analyses were conducted on men and women separately.

Results:

Significantly higher occupational balance was identified in those participants who were >65 years, had no children at home, had a lower disease activity score, were not continuously stressed and reported low pain intensity. The results of the logistic regression analyses of both genders showed that higher occupational balance was significantly associated with a higher probability for rating themselves as being satisfied with life as a whole.

Conclusion:

Occupational balance was identified as related to satisfaction with life as a whole, which is valuable information for health professionals. Enhanced occupational balance may be achieved in people with RA by working towards reducing their stress and pain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2020
Keywords
activities of daily living, cross-sectional studies, health status, occupational balance, personal satisfaction
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47841 (URN)10.1002/msc.1454 (DOI)32011082 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85078943479 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-02-19 Created: 2020-02-19 Last updated: 2020-02-19
Wagman, P., Johansson, A. & Fristedt, S. (2019). Begging abroad in Sweden: An interview study. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Begging abroad in Sweden: An interview study
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background: The occurrence of begging by poor people from other countries in the European Union (EU) is now common in Scandinavia. They have a challenging life, but there is little knowledge about their own perceptions of their stay abroad.

Aim: To explore the experiences of EU citizens begging in Sweden.

Material: A descriptive design was used. Data were gathered through individual interviews conducted in Romanian and translated into Swedish. These were analysed using conventional content analysis. Participants were 20 EU citizens aged 19?64 years with experience of begging in Sweden.

Results: The identified main category, "A hard time abroad to improve one's life", contained four categories - "Endurance is required to make a living"; "Exposed to others' attitudes and kindness"; "Handling being away"; and "A better life is the driving force".

Conclusions and significance: EU citizens who beg face occupational injustice, spending many hours in non-preferred activity of begging and with few leisure activities, although no generalizations can be drawn based on this study. The importance of a friendly attitude and environmental support when abroad was also shown. Since occupational justice is within the scope of occupational therapy, occupational therapists have the skills to contribute in collaboration with others.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Conventional content analysis, occupational justice, vulnerable populations
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42686 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2018.1547790 (DOI)30663470 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85060342214 (Scopus ID)HOA HHJ 2019 (Local ID)HOA HHJ 2019 (Archive number)HOA HHJ 2019 (OAI)
Available from: 2019-01-21 Created: 2019-01-21 Last updated: 2019-02-15
Håkansson, C., Wagman, P. & Hagell, P. (2019). Construct validity of a revised version of the Occupational Balance Questionnaire. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 1-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Construct validity of a revised version of the Occupational Balance Questionnaire
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background: Occupational balance is fundamental to occupational therapy and occupational science. Therefore, the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) was developed and has previously been found psychometrically valid according to classical test theory.

Aim: To investigate the internal construct validity of the OBQ using Rasch measurement theory.

Material and methods: Data from two general population samples were used to investigate the psychometric properties of the OBQ according to Rasch measurement theory.

Results: The analyses identified problems with the current response scale and multidimensionality of two items. As a result, a revised version, the OBQ11, was suggested and exhibited response categories that worked properly, good reliability (0.92), model fit and measurement invariance across age and gender groups. The hierarchical item ordering was in agreement with previous research.

Conclusion: The new OBQ11 satisfies the measurement criteria defined by the Rasch model. However, further studies of additional samples are needed to validate its generic properties.

Significance: The purpose of the OBQ11 is to measure occupational balance of individuals or groups, and to identify aspects of occupational balance in need of improvement. Our observations suggest that the OBQ11 is a valid and promising complement to other instruments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2019
Keywords
Measurement, occupational science, occupational therapy, psychometrics
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46515 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2019.1660801 (DOI)000486562800001 ()31524026 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85073968057 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-10-10 Created: 2019-10-10 Last updated: 2019-11-19
Wagman, P., Hjärthag, F., Håkansson, C., Hedin, K. & Gunnarsson, A. B. (2019). Factors associated with higher occupational balance in people with anxiety and/or depression who require occupational therapy treatment. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors associated with higher occupational balance in people with anxiety and/or depression who require occupational therapy treatment
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2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background: Anxiety and depressive disorders are associated with problems with everyday occupations, including difficulties achieving occupational balance. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to describe occupational balance in people suffering from anxiety and/or depression and the factors that are associated with better self-rated occupational balance.

Material: One hundred and eighteen participants were recruited from outpatient mental health care and primary health care. The participants were 18-65 years, had a diagnosis of anxiety and/or depression, and had problems in everyday occupations. They answered questionnaires on occupational balance, psychological symptoms, quality of life and everyday occupations.

Results: A generally low rating of occupational balance was found; however, the scores differed depending on the participants' degree of anxiety and depression, their quality of life, their occupational performance and satisfaction with their occupational performance. Logistic regression analyses revealed that high quality of life, high satisfaction with occupational performance and low level of depression were associated to occupational balance.

Conclusion: The results indicate that enhanced satisfaction with life and with performance of everyday occupations are relevant factors for achieving occupational balance in clients diagnosed with anxiety and/or depression.

Significance: The results will be valuable for professionals working to support their clients in enhancing their occupational balance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Activities in daily living, adults, cross-sectional studies, mental health, occupational performance, quality of life, satisfaction with occupational performance
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47106 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2019.1693626 (DOI)000502480500001 ()31838931 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85076929607 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-12-17 Created: 2019-12-17 Last updated: 2020-01-07
Håkansson, C., Wagman, P. & Hagell, P. (2019). OBQ11 – ny version av Occupational Balance Questionnaire baserat på Raschanalys. In: : . Paper presented at Arbetsterapiforum, Stockholm, 2–3 april, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>OBQ11 – ny version av Occupational Balance Questionnaire baserat på Raschanalys
2019 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Keywords
Aktivitetsvetenskap, Bedömningsinstrument, Psykometri
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43560 (URN)
Conference
Arbetsterapiforum, Stockholm, 2–3 april, 2019
Available from: 2019-04-30 Created: 2019-04-30 Last updated: 2019-04-30Bibliographically approved
Wagman, P. & Håkansson, C. (2019). Occupational balance from the interpersonal perspective: A scoping review. Journal of Occupational Science, 26(4), 537-545
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational balance from the interpersonal perspective: A scoping review
2019 (English)In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 537-545Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Occupational balance is an important concept in occupational science but it has mostly been studied from an individual rather than an interpersonal perspective, i.e. the extent to which one individual’s occupational balance affects and is affected by others. The aim of this review was to describe the extent to which occupational balance has been recently considered from an interpersonal perspective.

Methods: A scoping review methodology was used. Articles published between 2014 and 2017 that met the following inclusion criteria were included: full articles reporting primary research; published in English; using “occupational balance”, “balance in everyday life”, or “life balance” in the abstract, key words, or title; having an occupational focus on balance; and providing relevant information in relation to the interpersonal perspective.

Results: Nine articles were included. The interpersonal perspective was mostly seen in relation to partners or families, showing the positive impact of support and the negative impact of meeting other’s needs in mothers. One article addressed aspects related to organizations and attitudes at the workplace in parents with young children.

Conclusion: The findings reveal the importance of considering the occupational balance of both the individual and those around him or her while also showing some of the complexity of occupational balance. The limited number of articles identified indicates that there is still a lack of research using an interpersonal perspective, suggesting that further examination of the interpersonal influence on occupational balance may be a fruitful avenue to pursue. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Health promotion, Occupational science, Systematic review, article, child, female, human, male, mother, organization, workplace
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45524 (URN)10.1080/14427591.2018.1512007 (DOI)000481541000008 ()2-s2.0-85069913593 (Scopus ID)HOA HHJ 2019 (Local ID)HOA HHJ 2019 (Archive number)HOA HHJ 2019 (OAI)
Available from: 2019-08-12 Created: 2019-08-12 Last updated: 2019-09-02Bibliographically approved
Håkansson, C., Milevi, S., Eek, F., Oudin, A. & Wagman, P. (2019). Occupational balance, work and life satisfaction in working cohabiting parents in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 47(3), 366-374
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational balance, work and life satisfaction in working cohabiting parents in Sweden
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2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 366-374Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Occupational balance is the experience of having the right amount and right variation between work, domestic work, leisure, rest, and sleep. There is limited knowledge about which factors predict parents’ combined occupational balance, and if the combined occupational balance is associated with work and life satisfaction.

Aim: The first aim was to explore whether domestic work and childcare at baseline predicted combined occupational balance at follow-up among working cohabiting parents. The second aim was to explore associations between different combinations of occupational balance, and work and life satisfaction at follow-up.

Method: A sample of 139 cohabiting parents responded to a questionnaire. Cohabiting parents can experience their occupational balance differently, and in the present study their experiences were divided into high and low after the median. The parents’ balance was then combined in terms of high-high, high-low and low-low. Associations between childcare, domestic work, work and life satisfaction, and combined occupational balance were analysed with multinomial logistic regression analyses.

Results: Satisfaction with the division of domestic work predicted a high-high occupational balance in parent couples. Associations were found between high-high as well as high-low combined occupational balance and life satisfaction, and between high-high occupational balance and work satisfaction.

Conclusions: It seems important for both parents in a couple to experience satisfaction with the division of domestic work to experience high occupational balance as well as work and life satisfaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Childcare, cohabiting couples, domestic work, work-life balance, article, child care, cohabiting person, controlled study, follow up, human, human experiment, job satisfaction, life satisfaction, questionnaire, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43342 (URN)10.1177/1403494819828870 (DOI)000466373100011 ()30813858 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85062466930 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-15 Created: 2019-03-15 Last updated: 2019-05-29
Johansson, A., Fristedt, S., Boström, M., Björklund Carlstedt, A. & Wagman, P. (2019). Occupational challenges and adaptations of vulnerable EU citizens from Romania begging in Sweden. Journal of Occupational Science, 26(2), 200-210
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational challenges and adaptations of vulnerable EU citizens from Romania begging in Sweden
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 200-210Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: People from European Union (EU) countries such as Latvia, Romania and Bulgaria who beg on the streets have become a common part of the townscape in Sweden. While demanding situations in their home countries drive them abroad to earn their living, those who turn to begging still face challenges in their everyday lives. Additional knowledge is needed, from their perspective, about the occupational challenges of begging, as well as how they adapt to those challenges.

Aim: To describe the occupational challenges and related adaptations of vulnerable EU citizens begging in Sweden.

Methods: We used a descriptive qualitative design. Individual interviews with 20 Romanian participants were conducted and analysed using qualitative content analysis with a deductive and inductive approach.

Results: Six categories of occupational adaptation responses were identified: Keeping the family tier intact despite distance; Dealing with shame and stress; Managing body and mind when begging despite the monotony; Living as cheaply as possible; Trying to get a night's sleep without drawing attention to oneself; and Seeking alternatives for earning their living.

Conclusion: Everyday life, when begging abroad, is filled with occupational challenges requiring occupational adaptations, for better or for worse, to sustain basic human needs. To further understand the needs of this vulnerable and marginalised group in society, human rights discourses that go beyond the individual level are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Occupational science, Occupational adaptation, Occupational justice, Vulnerability, Migration
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42365 (URN)10.1080/14427591.2018.1557071 (DOI)000482560100008 ()2-s2.0-85058708395 (Scopus ID)HOA HHJ 2019 (Local ID)HOA HHJ 2019 (Archive number)HOA HHJ 2019 (OAI)
Available from: 2018-12-19 Created: 2018-12-19 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Rolander, B., Lindmark, U., Johnston, V., Wagman, P. & Wåhlin, C. (2019). Organizational types in relation to exposure at work and sickness - a repeated cross-sectional study within public dentistry. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organizational types in relation to exposure at work and sickness - a repeated cross-sectional study within public dentistry
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2019 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Objective: Organizations and state agencies that provide dental care continuously face various and novel demands related to the need for dental care. However, rearrangements of work tasks by reducing the number of tasks performed by dental personnel might make the work more monotonous, repetitive, and static within an organization. The aim of this study is to compare how two dental work organizations, with different staffing and clinic size, are perceived by dental personnel focusing on physical and psychosocial conditions, leadership, work ability and presenteeism in 2012 and 2014.

Material and Methods: This repeated cross-sectional study included personnel from the Public Dental Service in Sweden. There were 282 dentists, dental hygienists, and dental nurses who answered a questionnaire 2012 and 299 in 2014.

Results and conclusion: In 2012, nine per cent of medium clinics reported poor leadership compared with 27% in 2014. For large clinics, 17% perceived poor leadership in 2012 compared with 31% in 2014. A higher proportion of the employees reported presenteeism due to high physical load (43%) and high psychosocial load (21%) in 2014 compared with 31% and 13% in 2012. These results indicate the need for work place interventions promoting health among dental employees.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Organizational, presenteeism, psychosocial conditions, public dentistry, work ability
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45971 (URN)10.1080/00016357.2019.1659411 (DOI)000486532600001 ()31519122 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85073826674 (Scopus ID)HOA HHJ 2019;HHJADULTIS,HHJOralIS (Local ID)HOA HHJ 2019;HHJADULTIS,HHJOralIS (Archive number)HOA HHJ 2019;HHJADULTIS,HHJOralIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-09-16 Created: 2019-09-16 Last updated: 2019-11-19
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7964-7143

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