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Wagman, P., Johansson, A. & Fristedt, S. (2019). Begging abroad in Sweden: An interview study. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Begging abroad in Sweden: An interview study
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background: The occurrence of begging by poor people from other countries in the European Union (EU) is now common in Scandinavia. They have a challenging life, but there is little knowledge about their own perceptions of their stay abroad.

Aim: To explore the experiences of EU citizens begging in Sweden.

Material: A descriptive design was used. Data were gathered through individual interviews conducted in Romanian and translated into Swedish. These were analysed using conventional content analysis. Participants were 20 EU citizens aged 19?64 years with experience of begging in Sweden.

Results: The identified main category, "A hard time abroad to improve one's life", contained four categories - "Endurance is required to make a living"; "Exposed to others' attitudes and kindness"; "Handling being away"; and "A better life is the driving force".

Conclusions and significance: EU citizens who beg face occupational injustice, spending many hours in non-preferred activity of begging and with few leisure activities, although no generalizations can be drawn based on this study. The importance of a friendly attitude and environmental support when abroad was also shown. Since occupational justice is within the scope of occupational therapy, occupational therapists have the skills to contribute in collaboration with others.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Conventional content analysis, occupational justice, vulnerable populations
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42686 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2018.1547790 (DOI)30663470 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85060342214 (Scopus ID)HOA HHJ 2019 (Local ID)HOA HHJ 2019 (Archive number)HOA HHJ 2019 (OAI)
Available from: 2019-01-21 Created: 2019-01-21 Last updated: 2019-02-15
Håkansson, C., Milevi, S., Eek, F., Oudin, A. & Wagman, P. (2019). Occupational balance, work and life satisfaction in working cohabiting parents in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational balance, work and life satisfaction in working cohabiting parents in Sweden
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2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Occupational balance is the experience of having the right amount and right variation between work, domestic work, leisure, rest, and sleep. There is limited knowledge about which factors predict parents’ combined occupational balance, and if the combined occupational balance is associated with work and life satisfaction.

Aim: The first aim was to explore whether domestic work and childcare at baseline predicted combined occupational balance at follow-up among working cohabiting parents. The second aim was to explore associations between different combinations of occupational balance, and work and life satisfaction at follow-up.

Method: A sample of 139 cohabiting parents responded to a questionnaire. Cohabiting parents can experience their occupational balance differently, and in the present study their experiences were divided into high and low after the median. The parents’ balance was then combined in terms of high-high, high-low and low-low. Associations between childcare, domestic work, work and life satisfaction, and combined occupational balance were analysed with multinomial logistic regression analyses.

Results: Satisfaction with the division of domestic work predicted a high-high occupational balance in parent couples. Associations were found between high-high as well as high-low combined occupational balance and life satisfaction, and between high-high occupational balance and work satisfaction.

Conclusions: It seems important for both parents in a couple to experience satisfaction with the division of domestic work to experience high occupational balance as well as work and life satisfaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Childcare, cohabiting couples, domestic work, work-life balance, article, child care, cohabiting person, controlled study, follow up, human, human experiment, job satisfaction, life satisfaction, questionnaire, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43342 (URN)10.1177/1403494819828870 (DOI)30813858 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85062466930 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-15 Created: 2019-03-15 Last updated: 2019-03-15
von Post, H. & Wagman, P. (2019). What is important to patients in palliative care? A scoping review of the patient’s perspective. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 26(1), 1-8
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What is important to patients in palliative care? A scoping review of the patient’s perspective
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 1-8Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:

The research conducted in palliative care is often medically oriented. There are few studies clarifying the patient's preferences, priorities and desires in palliative care. The occupational therapy research conducted mostly concerns occupational therapy interventions based on the profession's experiences. Further knowledge is needed regarding what patients in palliative care want to prioritize.

Aim:

The aim was to describe what patients in palliative care describe as important at the end of life.

Methods:

A scoping review was conducted using the inclusion criteria: articles published in 2004-August 2015; written in English; participants>18 years with life-threatening illness without possible cure; focusing on the patient?s experience.

Results:

Seventeen articles were included in the review and they were based on interviews. The theme 'Continuing occupational participation is important for people at the end of life' was identified. This included five sub-themes: maintaining previous occupational patterns; feeling needed; being involved in the social environment; leaving a legacy; and living as long as you live.

Conclusions:

The results show that continued occupational participation is important for people in palliative care. Occupational therapists can contribute to this by taking a highly person-centered approach and gaining information about what matters most for their clients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Activity, everyday life, occupation, occupational therapy, participation, person centered
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37402 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2017.1378715 (DOI)000459267500001 ()28937317 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85029902349 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-09-25 Created: 2017-09-25 Last updated: 2019-03-14Bibliographically approved
Munck, B., Björklund, A., Jansson, I., Lundberg, K. & Wagman, P. (2018). Adulthood transitions in health and welfare; a literature review. Nursing Open, 5(3), 254-260
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adulthood transitions in health and welfare; a literature review
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2018 (English)In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 254-260Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim

The aim of the literature review was to describe how adulthood transition is used in health and welfare.

Design

A qualitative design with a deductive approach were used.

Methods

As material, 283 articles published in scientific journals, between 2011–August 2013, were selected. The search was conducted August 2013. The data were analysed and sorted in a categorization matrix.

Results

Transition was identified as a process mainly related to the four types previously identified; developmental, situational, health-illness and organizational transitions. Another one transition was also identified, lifestyle transition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Keywords
developmental transition, health illness transition, life style transition, literature review, nurse education, organizational transition, situational transition
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38968 (URN)10.1002/nop2.136 (DOI)000439858900003 ()30062017 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85062113855 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-03-07 Created: 2018-03-07 Last updated: 2019-03-13Bibliographically approved
Håkansson, C. & Wagman, P. (2018). Aktivitetsbalans : ett fokus för hälsofrämjande arbetsterapi (2:a uppl.ed.). In: Ulla Kroksmark (Ed.), Hälsa och aktivitet i vardagen: ur ett arbetsterapeutiskt perspektiv. Nacka: Förbundet Sveriges Arbetsterapeuter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Aktivitetsbalans : ett fokus för hälsofrämjande arbetsterapi
2018 (Swedish)In: Hälsa och aktivitet i vardagen: ur ett arbetsterapeutiskt perspektiv / [ed] Ulla Kroksmark, Nacka: Förbundet Sveriges Arbetsterapeuter , 2018, 2:a uppl.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nacka: Förbundet Sveriges Arbetsterapeuter, 2018 Edition: 2:a uppl.
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41599 (URN)
Available from: 2018-09-26 Created: 2018-09-26 Last updated: 2018-09-26Bibliographically approved
Jansson, I. & Wagman, P. (2018). Hannah Arendt’s thoughts in relation to occupational science: A response to Turnbull. Journal of Occupational Science, 25(2), 252-255
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hannah Arendt’s thoughts in relation to occupational science: A response to Turnbull
2018 (English)In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 252-255Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In his response to our article “Hannah Arendt’s vita activa: A valuable contribution to occupational science,” Turnbull (2017) outlined some tensions he perceived with our discussion of “her approach to philosophy, politics and science”. In our reply, we express appreciation of his interest in Arendt related to occupational science and the contribution his article makes, as well as clarifying some points in his critique. We argue that Turnbull’s main arguments do not address our primary purpose of presenting Arendt’s vita activa and provide examples of its relevance for occupational science. We thus focused on activity-related aspects of Arendt’s thoughts, to raise awareness of this work amongst occupational scientists. However, we are thankful for Turnbull’s reflections, which broaden the insights of Arendt’s thinking and contribute to a better understanding of human occupation. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Individualistic, Pluralistic, Vita activa, Vita contemplativa, article, awareness, human, human experiment, occupation, occupational science, scientist, thinking
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38942 (URN)10.1080/14427591.2018.1437066 (DOI)000437250400012 ()2-s2.0-85041930491 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-02-28 Created: 2018-02-28 Last updated: 2019-02-05Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A., Fristedt, S., Boström, M., Björklund, A. & Wagman, P. (2018). Occupational adaptation in vulnerable EU citizens when begging in Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at WFOT Congress 2018, 21st – 25th May 2018, Cape Town, South Africa.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational adaptation in vulnerable EU citizens when begging in Sweden
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2018 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41865 (URN)
Conference
WFOT Congress 2018, 21st – 25th May 2018, Cape Town, South Africa
Available from: 2018-10-18 Created: 2018-10-18 Last updated: 2018-10-18Bibliographically approved
Ahlstrand, I., Wagman, P., Hakansson, C. & Bjork, M. (2018). Occupational balance and its relation to performance of valued life activities in persons with rheumatoid arthritis in working age. Paper presented at Congress of the European-League-Against-Rheumatism (EULAR), Amsterdam, Netherlands, June 13-16, 2018. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 77(Suppl. 2), 186-186
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational balance and its relation to performance of valued life activities in persons with rheumatoid arthritis in working age
2018 (English)In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 77, no Suppl. 2, p. 186-186Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Experience of balance in everyday activities where work is an essential part is important to health and well-being, as has also been observed in previous studies in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The Valued life activity scale (VLA-swe) is a questionnaire in which patient’s first report if the separate activities are valued or not to perform and secondly difficulties to perform these activities. Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) focuses on satisfaction with the amount and variation of occupations.

Objectives The objectives were to 1) describe the relationship between performance of valued activities and experienced occupational balance, and to 2) identify aspects associated with low occupational balance in persons with RA.

Methods 368 persons (age 18–65 years, 77% women) with RA responded to a questionnaire measuring occupational balance (OBQ) and performance of valued life activities (VLA-swe). Other aspects of interest were activity limitations measured by Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), pain (measured by VAS), continuous stress (stressed continuously for more than a month during the last 12 months), children at home, education, and living situation. The relation between OBQ and performance in VLA across genders and Workers/Non-workers were analysed using non-parametric correlation analyses. To identify the impact of different aspects on the likelihood that participants would report lower occupational balance, OBQ was analysed using workers/nonworkers, stress, gender, age, pain and difficulties performing valued activities as independent variables in logistic regressions models. The study was approved by the Regional Ethics Committee (Dnr2011/452–31).

Results The OBQ was significantly related to difficulties to perform valued activities reported by VLA (r=-0.41, p<0.001). Having more difficulties performing valued activities was the strongest predictor of lower occupation balance and increased the risk of reporting lower occupation balance with nearly five times (OR=4.54, p 0.001). Continuous stress increased the risk of having lower occupation balance more than three times (OR=3.27, p<0.0001) than those who not reported being stressed. The other variables show no significant impact on the likelihood that the participants would report lower occupational balance.

Conclusions The results showed support for the relationship between occupation balance and performance of valued life activities and highlights to identify what’s important for the individual and to assume that in the rehabilitation. The results also show the importance of ability to manage stress, in order to enable for retaining ability to work and achieve high occupational balance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2018
National Category
Occupational Therapy Rheumatology and Autoimmunity
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42362 (URN)10.1136/annrheumdis-2018-eular.7185 (DOI)000444351000440 ()
Conference
Congress of the European-League-Against-Rheumatism (EULAR), Amsterdam, Netherlands, June 13-16, 2018
Available from: 2018-12-19 Created: 2018-12-19 Last updated: 2018-12-19Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A., Fristedt, S., Boström, M., Björklund Carlstedt, A. & Wagman, P. (2018). Occupational challenges and adaptations of vulnerable EU citizens from Romania begging in Sweden. Journal of Occupational Science
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational challenges and adaptations of vulnerable EU citizens from Romania begging in Sweden
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Introduction: People from European Union (EU) countries such as Latvia, Romania and Bulgaria who beg on the streets have become a common part of the townscape in Sweden. While demanding situations in their home countries drive them abroad to earn their living, those who turn to begging still face challenges in their everyday lives. Additional knowledge is needed, from their perspective, about the occupational challenges of begging, as well as how they adapt to those challenges.

Aim: To describe the occupational challenges and related adaptations of vulnerable EU citizens begging in Sweden.

Methods: We used a descriptive qualitative design. Individual interviews with 20 Romanian participants were conducted and analysed using qualitative content analysis with a deductive and inductive approach.

Results: Six categories of occupational adaptation responses were identified: Keeping the family tier intact despite distance; Dealing with shame and stress; Managing body and mind when begging despite the monotony; Living as cheaply as possible; Trying to get a night's sleep without drawing attention to oneself; and Seeking alternatives for earning their living.

Conclusion: Everyday life, when begging abroad, is filled with occupational challenges requiring occupational adaptations, for better or for worse, to sustain basic human needs. To further understand the needs of this vulnerable and marginalised group in society, human rights discourses that go beyond the individual level are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Occupational science, Occupational adaptation, Occupational justice, Vulnerability, Migration
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42365 (URN)10.1080/14427591.2018.1557071 (DOI)2-s2.0-85058708395 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-19 Created: 2018-12-19 Last updated: 2019-01-02
Borgh, M., Eek, F., Wagman, P. & Håkansson, C. (2018). Organisational factors and occupational balance in working parents in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 46(3), 409-416
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organisational factors and occupational balance in working parents in Sweden
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 409-416Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:

Parents with small children constitute a vulnerable group as they have an increased risk of sick leave due to stress-related disorders compared to adults without children. It has been shown that mothers and fathers to small children together spend more time in paid work than any other group, which could create negative stress and an experience of low occupational balance.

Aim:

The aim of this study was to examine associations between organisational factors and occupational balance among parents with small children in Sweden.

Methods:

Data were collected by a survey including questions about occupational balance, organisational factors and age, sex, employment rate, work position, monthly household income, number of children at home, separation/divorce last five years and overtime. The total number of parents included in this study was 718 (490 mothers and 228 fathers). Logistic regression models were applied to examine the odds ratios for occupational balance in relation to organisational factors.

Results:

Parents who experienced positive attitudes towards parenthood and parental leave among colleagues and managers were more likely to experience high occupational balance than parents who experienced negative or neutral attitudes. Having a clear structure for handover when absent from work was also strongly associated with high occupational balance.

Conclusions:

The result of the present study indicates that some organisational factors could be important for the occupational balance of parents with small children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
Organisational factors, occupational balance, working parents, Sweden
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37779 (URN)10.1177/1403494817713650 (DOI)000432124600017 ()28699386 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85042225667 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-10-25 Created: 2017-10-25 Last updated: 2018-08-03Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7964-7143

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