Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Publications (10 of 66) Show all publications
Wagman, P., Johansson, A. & Fristedt, S. (2019). Begging abroad in Sweden: An interview study. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Begging abroad in Sweden: An interview study
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background: The occurrence of begging by poor people from other countries in the European Union (EU) is now common in Scandinavia. They have a challenging life, but there is little knowledge about their own perceptions of their stay abroad.

Aim: To explore the experiences of EU citizens begging in Sweden.

Material: A descriptive design was used. Data were gathered through individual interviews conducted in Romanian and translated into Swedish. These were analysed using conventional content analysis. Participants were 20 EU citizens aged 19?64 years with experience of begging in Sweden.

Results: The identified main category, "A hard time abroad to improve one's life", contained four categories - "Endurance is required to make a living"; "Exposed to others' attitudes and kindness"; "Handling being away"; and "A better life is the driving force".

Conclusions and significance: EU citizens who beg face occupational injustice, spending many hours in non-preferred activity of begging and with few leisure activities, although no generalizations can be drawn based on this study. The importance of a friendly attitude and environmental support when abroad was also shown. Since occupational justice is within the scope of occupational therapy, occupational therapists have the skills to contribute in collaboration with others.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Conventional content analysis, occupational justice, vulnerable populations
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42686 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2018.1547790 (DOI)30663470 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85060342214 (Scopus ID)HOA HHJ 2019 (Local ID)HOA HHJ 2019 (Archive number)HOA HHJ 2019 (OAI)
Available from: 2019-01-21 Created: 2019-01-21 Last updated: 2019-02-15
Håkansson, C., Wagman, P. & Hagell, P. (2019). Construct validity of a revised version of the Occupational Balance Questionnaire. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 1-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Construct validity of a revised version of the Occupational Balance Questionnaire
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background: Occupational balance is fundamental to occupational therapy and occupational science. Therefore, the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) was developed and has previously been found psychometrically valid according to classical test theory.

Aim: To investigate the internal construct validity of the OBQ using Rasch measurement theory.

Material and methods: Data from two general population samples were used to investigate the psychometric properties of the OBQ according to Rasch measurement theory.

Results: The analyses identified problems with the current response scale and multidimensionality of two items. As a result, a revised version, the OBQ11, was suggested and exhibited response categories that worked properly, good reliability (0.92), model fit and measurement invariance across age and gender groups. The hierarchical item ordering was in agreement with previous research.

Conclusion: The new OBQ11 satisfies the measurement criteria defined by the Rasch model. However, further studies of additional samples are needed to validate its generic properties.

Significance: The purpose of the OBQ11 is to measure occupational balance of individuals or groups, and to identify aspects of occupational balance in need of improvement. Our observations suggest that the OBQ11 is a valid and promising complement to other instruments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2019
Keywords
Measurement, occupational science, occupational therapy, psychometrics
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46515 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2019.1660801 (DOI)000486562800001 ()31524026 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85073968057 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-10-10 Created: 2019-10-10 Last updated: 2019-11-19
Håkansson, C., Wagman, P. & Hagell, P. (2019). OBQ11 – ny version av Occupational Balance Questionnaire baserat på Raschanalys. In: : . Paper presented at Arbetsterapiforum, Stockholm, 2–3 april, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>OBQ11 – ny version av Occupational Balance Questionnaire baserat på Raschanalys
2019 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Keywords
Aktivitetsvetenskap, Bedömningsinstrument, Psykometri
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43560 (URN)
Conference
Arbetsterapiforum, Stockholm, 2–3 april, 2019
Available from: 2019-04-30 Created: 2019-04-30 Last updated: 2019-04-30Bibliographically approved
Wagman, P. & Håkansson, C. (2019). Occupational balance from the interpersonal perspective: A scoping review. Journal of Occupational Science, 26(4), 537-545
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational balance from the interpersonal perspective: A scoping review
2019 (English)In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 537-545Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Occupational balance is an important concept in occupational science but it has mostly been studied from an individual rather than an interpersonal perspective, i.e. the extent to which one individual’s occupational balance affects and is affected by others. The aim of this review was to describe the extent to which occupational balance has been recently considered from an interpersonal perspective.

Methods: A scoping review methodology was used. Articles published between 2014 and 2017 that met the following inclusion criteria were included: full articles reporting primary research; published in English; using “occupational balance”, “balance in everyday life”, or “life balance” in the abstract, key words, or title; having an occupational focus on balance; and providing relevant information in relation to the interpersonal perspective.

Results: Nine articles were included. The interpersonal perspective was mostly seen in relation to partners or families, showing the positive impact of support and the negative impact of meeting other’s needs in mothers. One article addressed aspects related to organizations and attitudes at the workplace in parents with young children.

Conclusion: The findings reveal the importance of considering the occupational balance of both the individual and those around him or her while also showing some of the complexity of occupational balance. The limited number of articles identified indicates that there is still a lack of research using an interpersonal perspective, suggesting that further examination of the interpersonal influence on occupational balance may be a fruitful avenue to pursue. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Health promotion, Occupational science, Systematic review, article, child, female, human, male, mother, organization, workplace
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45524 (URN)10.1080/14427591.2018.1512007 (DOI)000481541000008 ()2-s2.0-85069913593 (Scopus ID)HOA HHJ 2019 (Local ID)HOA HHJ 2019 (Archive number)HOA HHJ 2019 (OAI)
Available from: 2019-08-12 Created: 2019-08-12 Last updated: 2019-09-02Bibliographically approved
Håkansson, C., Milevi, S., Eek, F., Oudin, A. & Wagman, P. (2019). Occupational balance, work and life satisfaction in working cohabiting parents in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 47(3), 366-374
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational balance, work and life satisfaction in working cohabiting parents in Sweden
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 366-374Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Occupational balance is the experience of having the right amount and right variation between work, domestic work, leisure, rest, and sleep. There is limited knowledge about which factors predict parents’ combined occupational balance, and if the combined occupational balance is associated with work and life satisfaction.

Aim: The first aim was to explore whether domestic work and childcare at baseline predicted combined occupational balance at follow-up among working cohabiting parents. The second aim was to explore associations between different combinations of occupational balance, and work and life satisfaction at follow-up.

Method: A sample of 139 cohabiting parents responded to a questionnaire. Cohabiting parents can experience their occupational balance differently, and in the present study their experiences were divided into high and low after the median. The parents’ balance was then combined in terms of high-high, high-low and low-low. Associations between childcare, domestic work, work and life satisfaction, and combined occupational balance were analysed with multinomial logistic regression analyses.

Results: Satisfaction with the division of domestic work predicted a high-high occupational balance in parent couples. Associations were found between high-high as well as high-low combined occupational balance and life satisfaction, and between high-high occupational balance and work satisfaction.

Conclusions: It seems important for both parents in a couple to experience satisfaction with the division of domestic work to experience high occupational balance as well as work and life satisfaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Childcare, cohabiting couples, domestic work, work-life balance, article, child care, cohabiting person, controlled study, follow up, human, human experiment, job satisfaction, life satisfaction, questionnaire, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43342 (URN)10.1177/1403494819828870 (DOI)000466373100011 ()30813858 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85062466930 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-15 Created: 2019-03-15 Last updated: 2019-05-29
Johansson, A., Fristedt, S., Boström, M., Björklund Carlstedt, A. & Wagman, P. (2019). Occupational challenges and adaptations of vulnerable EU citizens from Romania begging in Sweden. Journal of Occupational Science, 26(2), 200-210
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational challenges and adaptations of vulnerable EU citizens from Romania begging in Sweden
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 200-210Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: People from European Union (EU) countries such as Latvia, Romania and Bulgaria who beg on the streets have become a common part of the townscape in Sweden. While demanding situations in their home countries drive them abroad to earn their living, those who turn to begging still face challenges in their everyday lives. Additional knowledge is needed, from their perspective, about the occupational challenges of begging, as well as how they adapt to those challenges.

Aim: To describe the occupational challenges and related adaptations of vulnerable EU citizens begging in Sweden.

Methods: We used a descriptive qualitative design. Individual interviews with 20 Romanian participants were conducted and analysed using qualitative content analysis with a deductive and inductive approach.

Results: Six categories of occupational adaptation responses were identified: Keeping the family tier intact despite distance; Dealing with shame and stress; Managing body and mind when begging despite the monotony; Living as cheaply as possible; Trying to get a night's sleep without drawing attention to oneself; and Seeking alternatives for earning their living.

Conclusion: Everyday life, when begging abroad, is filled with occupational challenges requiring occupational adaptations, for better or for worse, to sustain basic human needs. To further understand the needs of this vulnerable and marginalised group in society, human rights discourses that go beyond the individual level are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Occupational science, Occupational adaptation, Occupational justice, Vulnerability, Migration
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42365 (URN)10.1080/14427591.2018.1557071 (DOI)000482560100008 ()2-s2.0-85058708395 (Scopus ID)HOA HHJ 2019 (Local ID)HOA HHJ 2019 (Archive number)HOA HHJ 2019 (OAI)
Available from: 2018-12-19 Created: 2018-12-19 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Rolander, B., Lindmark, U., Johnston, V., Wagman, P. & Wåhlin, C. (2019). Organizational types in relation to exposure at work and sickness - a repeated cross-sectional study within public dentistry. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organizational types in relation to exposure at work and sickness - a repeated cross-sectional study within public dentistry
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Objective: Organizations and state agencies that provide dental care continuously face various and novel demands related to the need for dental care. However, rearrangements of work tasks by reducing the number of tasks performed by dental personnel might make the work more monotonous, repetitive, and static within an organization. The aim of this study is to compare how two dental work organizations, with different staffing and clinic size, are perceived by dental personnel focusing on physical and psychosocial conditions, leadership, work ability and presenteeism in 2012 and 2014.

Material and Methods: This repeated cross-sectional study included personnel from the Public Dental Service in Sweden. There were 282 dentists, dental hygienists, and dental nurses who answered a questionnaire 2012 and 299 in 2014.

Results and conclusion: In 2012, nine per cent of medium clinics reported poor leadership compared with 27% in 2014. For large clinics, 17% perceived poor leadership in 2012 compared with 31% in 2014. A higher proportion of the employees reported presenteeism due to high physical load (43%) and high psychosocial load (21%) in 2014 compared with 31% and 13% in 2012. These results indicate the need for work place interventions promoting health among dental employees.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Organizational, presenteeism, psychosocial conditions, public dentistry, work ability
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45971 (URN)10.1080/00016357.2019.1659411 (DOI)000486532600001 ()31519122 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85073826674 (Scopus ID)HOA HHJ 2019;HHJADULTIS,HHJOralIS (Local ID)HOA HHJ 2019;HHJADULTIS,HHJOralIS (Archive number)HOA HHJ 2019;HHJADULTIS,HHJOralIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-09-16 Created: 2019-09-16 Last updated: 2019-11-19
Johnsson, A., Wagman, P., Boman, Å. & Pennbrant, S. (2019). Striving to establish a care relationship—Mission possible or impossible?—Triad encounters between patients, relatives and nurses. Health Expectations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Striving to establish a care relationship—Mission possible or impossible?—Triad encounters between patients, relatives and nurses
2019 (English)In: Health Expectations, ISSN 1369-6513, E-ISSN 1369-7625Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background

When patients, relatives and nurses meet, they form a triad that can ensure a good care relationship. However, hospital environments are often stressful and limited time can negatively affect the care relationship, thus decreasing patient satisfaction.

Objective

To explain the care relationship in triad encounters between patients, relatives and nurses at a department of medicine for older people.

Design

A qualitative explorative study with an ethnographic approach guided by a sociocultural perspective.

Method

Participatory observations and informal field conversations with patients, relatives and nurses were carried out from October 2015-September 2016 and analysed together with field notes using ethnographic analysis.

Result

The result identifies a process where patients, relatives and nurses use different strategies for navigating before, during and after a triad encounter. The process is based on the following categories: orienting in time and space, contributing to a care relationship and forming a new point of view.

Conclusion

The result indicates that nurses, who are aware of the process and understand how to navigate between the different perspectives in triad encounters, can acknowledge both the patient's and relatives? stories, thus facilitating their ability to understand the information provided, ensure a quality care relationship and strengthen the patient's position in the health-care setting, therefore making the mission to establish a care relationship possible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Keywords
care relationship, ethnography, nurses, older patient, relative, triad encounter
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46490 (URN)10.1111/hex.12971 (DOI)31588667 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85073923765 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-10-07 Created: 2019-10-07 Last updated: 2019-11-19
Uhrmann, L., Hovengen, I., Wagman, P., Håkansson, C. & Bonsaksen, T. (2019). The Norwegian Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-N)–development and pilot study. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 26(7), 546-551
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Norwegian Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-N)–development and pilot study
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 26, no 7, p. 546-551Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The concept occupational balance has been linked with health and well-being, and it is therefore viewed as an important concept for occupational therapy practice, theory and research. To operationalize and measure occupational balance, the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) was developed in Sweden. To date, no Norwegian translations of the OBQ exists.

Aim: To describe the process of developing a Norwegian version of the 11-items Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-N) and to evaluate its feasibility and face validity.

Methods: The development process followed a predetermined series of steps, including forward and back translation and cognitive interviews with a pilot sample.

Results: The pilot study sample (n = 8) varied with respect to age, gender and education level. There was high level of agreement between the participants with regard to their understanding of the content of the items. Three of the items were slightly modified in terms of words and phrasing.

Conclusion: The OBQ11-N was developed according to established translation guidelines and appears to be feasible and have good face validity.

Significance: The OBQ11-N may prove useful for assessing occupational balance and associated factors in Norwegian population groups. However, more research is needed to establish the Norwegian version of the questionnaire as psychometrically valid. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Assessment, instrument development, occupational balance, occupational therapy, translation, adult, article, clinical article, education, face validity, feasibility study, female, gender, human, human experiment, interview, male, Norwegian (citizen), pilot study, practice guideline, questionnaire
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42337 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2018.1523458 (DOI)000466812000008 ()30422027 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85057553748 (Scopus ID);HHJADULTIS (Local ID);HHJADULTIS (Archive number);HHJADULTIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2019-05-29Bibliographically approved
Günal, A., Pekçetin, S., Demirtürk, F., Şenol, H., Håkansson, C. & Wagman, P. (2019). Validity and reliability of the Turkish Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-T). Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Validity and reliability of the Turkish Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-T)
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background: Occupational balance (OB) is an important concept in occupational therapy and is considered as an essential component of health and well-being.

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Occupational Balance Questionnaire-11 (OBQ11-T).

Materials and methods: The OBQ11-T was administered to 116 individuals for construct validity analysis and to 58 individuals for reliability analysis. Validity was determined using explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis. In confirmatory factor analysis, RMSEA (root mean square error of approximation) value, comparative fit index (CFI), and Chi-square to degrees of freedom ratio (CMIN/DF) were analysed. The test-retest method and Cronbach's alpha coefficient were used to assess the reliability and internal consistency of the OBQ11-T, respectively.

Results: The model fit the data according to the indices of relative fit (RMSEA = 0.076, CMIN/DF = 1.661, and CFI = 0.875). The correlation coefficient between test and retest OBQ11-T total scores was 0.922. Total scores showed a significant statistical relationship (p<0.01), indicating good reliability. Cronbach's alpha for OBQ11-T total score was 0.785, indicating acceptable internal consistency.

Conclusions and significance: The current study demonstrates that the OBQ11-T is a valid and reliable tool for measuring the self-rated OB of healthy individuals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Health and well-being, instrument development, occupational balance, psychometrics
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46547 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2019.1673479 (DOI)000489825600001 ()31608736 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85074346654 (Scopus ID);HHJADULTIS (Local ID);HHJADULTIS (Archive number);HHJADULTIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-10-14 Created: 2019-10-14 Last updated: 2019-11-12
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7964-7143

Search in DiVA

Show all publications