Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 206) Show all publications
Blane, A., Lee, H., Falkmer, T. & Dukic Willstrand, T. (2018). Cognitive ability as a predictor of task demand and self-rated driving performance in post-stroke drivers – Implications for self-regulation. Journal of Transport and Health, 9, 169-179
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cognitive ability as a predictor of task demand and self-rated driving performance in post-stroke drivers – Implications for self-regulation
2018 (English)In: Journal of Transport and Health, ISSN 2214-1405, E-ISSN 2214-1405, Vol. 9, p. 169-179Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Driving is a highly complex task requiring multiple cognitive processes that can be adversely affected post-stroke. It is unclear how much ability post-stroke adults have to self-evaluate their driving performance. Furthermore, the impact of cognitive decline on this evaluation has not been previously investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the perceived level of task demand involved in driving tasks, and to examine differences between perceived and observed driving performance in post-stroke drivers in comparison to a control group. A further aim of the research was to investigate the influence of cognition on self-rated driving performance. A total of 78 participants (35 post-stroke and 43 controls) were assessed using a series of cognitive tasks and were observed whilst driving. Participants were asked to rate their own driving performance and the task demand involved while driving using the NASA Task Load Index. Between group analyses were conducted to determine differences in the level of self-rated performance and task demand. Further analyses were conducted to investigate whether cognition accounted for differences in task demand or self-rated performance. Overall, the results suggested that the post-stroke drivers exhibited deficits in cognition, but they did not report increased levels of task demand when driving. Post-stroke adults also rated themselves more conservatively than the controls for on-road performance, which was associated with their reduced propensity for risk. The study suggests that cognitive deficits may influence post-stroke drivers to amend their driving behaviour, in order to bring the task demand within a manageable level. Understanding the mechanisms involved in self-rated performance and estimations of task demand can help promote accurate self-regulation practices in post-stroke drivers. Furthermore, measuring calibration may assist practitioners with assessing fitness-to-drive, as well as with tailoring driving rehabilitation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Australia, Calibration, Cerebrovascular accident, Cognitive performance, Older drivers, On-road driving
National Category
Neurology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41203 (URN)10.1016/j.jth.2018.01.013 (DOI)000437100900020 ()2-s2.0-85042855171 (Scopus ID)HHJCHILDIS (Local ID)HHJCHILDIS (Archive number)HHJCHILDIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-08-22 Created: 2018-08-22 Last updated: 2018-08-22Bibliographically approved
Scott, M., Falkmer, M., Falkmer, T. & Girdler, S. (2018). Evaluating the effectiveness of an autism-specific workplace tool for employers: A randomised controlled trial. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 1-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluating the effectiveness of an autism-specific workplace tool for employers: A randomised controlled trial
2018 (English)In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

A randomised controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of the Integrated Employment Success Tool (IEST™) in improving employers’ self-efficacy in modifying the workplace for individuals on the autism spectrum. Employers (N = 84) were randomised to the IEST™ or support as usual groups. Measurements of self-efficacy, knowledge and attitudes towards disability in the workplace were obtained at baseline and post-test. Results revealed a significant improvement in self-efficacy within the IEST™ group between baseline and post-test (p = 0.016). At post-test, there were no significant differences between groups in relation to self-efficacy in implementing autism-specific workplace modifications and employer attitudes towards disability in the workplace. Given the lack of significant outcomes, further research is needed to determine the effectiveness of the IEST™ for employers. Trial registration: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry #ACTRN12614000771651, registered 21/7/2014. Trial URLhttps://www.anzctr.org.au/Trial/Registration/TrialReview.aspx?id=366699. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Autism spectrum disorder, Complex intervention, Hiring, Vocational support, Work environment
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39857 (URN)10.1007/s10803-018-3611-0 (DOI)29767376 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85047146139 (Scopus ID)HHJCHILDIS, HLKCHILDIS (Local ID)HHJCHILDIS, HLKCHILDIS (Archive number)HHJCHILDIS, HLKCHILDIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-06-05 Created: 2018-06-05 Last updated: 2018-06-05
Hatfield, M., Ciccarelli, M., Falkmer, T. & Falkmer, M. (2018). Factors related to successful transition planning for adolescents on the autism spectrum. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 18(1), 3-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors related to successful transition planning for adolescents on the autism spectrum
2018 (English)In: Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, ISSN 1471-3802, E-ISSN 1471-3802, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 3-14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adolescents on the autism spectrum often have difficulties with the transition from high school to post-school activities. Despite this, little is known about the transition planning processes for this group. This study explored predisposing, reinforcing and enabling factors related to the transition planning processes for adolescents on the autism spectrum in Australia. The PRECEDE model guided a needs assessment, in which descriptive data about transition planning processes were collected via an online questionnaire from adolescents on the autism spectrum, their parents and professionals (N = 162). Predisposing factors included: an individualised and strengths-focused approach, and adolescent motivation, anxiety and insight. Reinforcing factors included: support and guidance, skill development and real-life experiences. Enabling factors were: having a clear plan with a coordinated approach, scheduled meetings and clear formal documentation. Whilst some factors aligned with recommendations for transition planning for adolescents with disabilities in general, there were some autism-specific factors. For example: anxiety, motivation and insight were important predisposing factors, and providing choice and flexibility was an enabling factor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Keywords
Asperger syndrome, Child development disorder, Pervasive developmental disorder, Employment, Vocational education, College, University, Career planning and development
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35391 (URN)10.1111/1471-3802.12388 (DOI)000419513000001 ()2-s2.0-85040172767 (Scopus ID)HHJCHILDIS (Local ID)HHJCHILDIS (Archive number)HHJCHILDIS (OAI)
Available from: 2017-04-20 Created: 2017-04-20 Last updated: 2018-01-19Bibliographically approved
Cowan, G., Earl, R., Falkmer, T., Girdler, S., Morris, S. L. & Falkmer, M. (2018). Fixation patterns of individuals with and without Autism Spectrum disorder: Do they differ in shared zones and in zebra crossings?. Journal of Transport and Health, 8, 112-122
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fixation patterns of individuals with and without Autism Spectrum disorder: Do they differ in shared zones and in zebra crossings?
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Journal of Transport and Health, ISSN 2214-1405, E-ISSN 2214-1405, Vol. 8, p. 112-122Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Shared zones are a contemporary traffic zone that promotes equality between multiple road users and efficiently utilizes available space, while simultaneously maintaining safety and function. As this is a relatively new traffic zone, it is important to understand how pedestrians navigate a shared zone and any potential challenges this may pose to individuals with impairments. The aim of this study was to utilize eye-tracking technology to determine fixations and fixation duration on traffic relevant objects, non-traffic relevant objects, and eye contact, in 40 individuals with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in a shared zone and a zebra crossing. It was assumed that individuals with ASD would make less eye contact in the shared zone compared to the group of typically developing adults. A total of 3287 fixations across the shared zone and zebra crossing were analysed for areas of interest that were traffic relevant, non-traffic relevant, and eye contact, and for fixation duration. Individuals with ASD did not display any difference in terms of eye contact in the shared zone and the zebra crossing when compared to the controls. All pedestrians were more likely to look at traffic relevant objects at the zebra crossing compared to the shared zone. Individuals with ASD had an overall shorter fixation duration compared to the control group, indicating people with ASD either process information quickly, or they do not process it for long enough, although these findings require further investigation. While shared zones have many benefits for traffic movement and environmental quality, it appeared that pedestrians displayed safer road crossing behaviours at a zebra crossing than in a shared zone, indicating that more education and environmental adaptations are required to make shared zones safe for all pedestrians. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Eye contact, Non-traffic relevant, Pedestrian crossing, Shared space, Traffic relevant
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38751 (URN)10.1016/j.jth.2017.12.001 (DOI)000431077800015 ()2-s2.0-85040536467 (Scopus ID)HHJCHILDIS, HLKCHILDIS (Local ID)HHJCHILDIS, HLKCHILDIS (Archive number)HHJCHILDIS, HLKCHILDIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-02-06 Created: 2018-02-06 Last updated: 2018-07-11Bibliographically approved
Blane, A., Falkmer, T., Lee, H. C. & Willstrand, T. D. (2018). Investigating cognitive ability and self-reported driving performance of post-stroke adults in a driving simulator. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 25(1), 44-53
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigating cognitive ability and self-reported driving performance of post-stroke adults in a driving simulator
2018 (English)In: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, ISSN 1074-9357, E-ISSN 1945-5119, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 44-53Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Safe driving is a complex activity that requires calibration. This means the driver can accurately assess the level of task demand required for task completion and can accurately evaluate their driving capability. There is much debate on the calibration ability of post-stroke drivers.

Objectives

The aim of this study was to assess the cognition, self-rated performance, and estimation of task demand in a driving simulator with post-stroke drivers and controls.

Methods

A between-groups study design was employed, which included a post-stroke driver group and a group of similarly aged older control drivers. Both groups were observed driving in two simulator-based driving scenarios and asked to complete the NASA Task Load Index (TLX) to assess their perceived task demand and self-rate their driving performance. Participants also completed a battery of psychometric tasks to assess attention and executive function, which was used to determine whether post-stroke cognitive impairment impacted on calibration.

Results

There was no difference in the amount of perceived task demand required to complete the driving task. Despite impairments in cognition, the post-stroke drivers were not more likely to over-estimate their driving abilities than controls. On average, the post-stroke drivers self-rated themselves more poorly than the controls and this rating was related to cognitive ability.

Conclusion

This study suggests that post-stroke drivers may be aware of their deficits and adjust their driving behavior. Furthermore, using self-performance measures alongside a driving simulator and cognitive assessments may provide complementary fitness-to-drive assessments, as well as rehabilitation tools during post-stroke recovery.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Attention, Australia, calibration, cognition, executive function, task demand
National Category
Neurology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38407 (URN)10.1080/10749357.2017.1373929 (DOI)000424127300007 ()29022422 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85045076824 (Scopus ID)HHJCHILDIS (Local ID)HHJCHILDIS (Archive number)HHJCHILDIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-01-09 Created: 2018-01-09 Last updated: 2018-05-02Bibliographically approved
Rogerson, J. M., Falkmer, M., Cuomo, B. M., Falkmer, T., Whitehouse, A. J., Granich, J. & Vaz, S. (2018). Parental experiences using the Therapy Outcomes by You (TOBY) application to deliver early intervention to their child with autism. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 1-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parental experiences using the Therapy Outcomes by You (TOBY) application to deliver early intervention to their child with autism
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423, E-ISSN 1751-8431, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE:

As computer-based interventions become commonplace for parents of children with neurodevelopmental disorders, this study sought to understand the experience of using a parent-delivered supplementary early intervention therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder grounded in a variety of behavioral, sensory, developmental, and relationship-based approaches and delivered via a tablet device.

METHODS:

Parental experiences using the 'Therapy Outcomes by You' (TOBY) application were collected through semi-structured interviews with 17 parents.

RESULTS:

Parents reported TOBY facilitated parent-child engagement, provided ideas for therapeutic activities, created feelings of empowerment, and positively impacted their child's development. Barriers to use included preparation time, execution of the intervention, and individual strengths and weaknesses of their child.

CONCLUSION:

The overall parental experience of TOBY was positive when use of the application aligned with parental proficiency, opportunities for use, and importantly, the needs of the child.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2018
Keywords
App; iPad; intervention; technology; treatment
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38909 (URN)10.1080/17518423.2018.1440259 (DOI)29485349 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85042914082 (Scopus ID)HLKCHILDIS, HHJCHILDIS (Local ID)HLKCHILDIS, HHJCHILDIS (Archive number)HLKCHILDIS, HHJCHILDIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-02-23 Created: 2018-02-23 Last updated: 2018-09-26
Hatfield, M., Falkmer, M., Falkmer, T. & Ciccarelli, M. (2018). Process evaluation of the BOOST - A transition planning program for adolescents on the autism spectrum: A strengths-based approach. Journal of autism and developmental disorders (2), 377-388
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Process evaluation of the BOOST - A transition planning program for adolescents on the autism spectrum: A strengths-based approach
2018 (English)In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, no 2, p. 377-388Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A process evaluation was conducted to determine the effectiveness, usability, and barriers and facilitators related to the Better OutcOmes & Successful Transitions for Autism (BOOST-A (TM)), an online transition planning program. Adolescents on the autism spectrum (n = 33) and their parents (n = 39) provided feedback via an online questionnaire. Of these, 13 participants were interviewed to gain in-depth information about their experiences. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and thematic analysis. Four themes were identified: (i) taking action to overcome inertia, (ii) new insights that led to clear plans for the future, (iii) adolescent empowerment through strengths focus, and (iv) having a champion to guide the way. The process evaluation revealed why BOOST-A (TM) was beneficial to some participants more than others. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Asperger’s syndrome; Employment; High school; Pervasive developmental disorder; Self-determination theory; Vocational education
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37562 (URN)10.1007/s10803-017-3317-8 (DOI)000424669000005 ()29019012 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85030831834 (Scopus ID)HLKCHILDIS, HHJCHILDIS (Local ID)HLKCHILDIS, HHJCHILDIS (Archive number)HLKCHILDIS, HHJCHILDIS (OAI)
Available from: 2017-10-05 Created: 2017-10-05 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Evans, K. L., Millsteed, J., Richmond, J. E., Falkmer, M., Falkmer, T. & Girdler, S. J. (2018). The impact of within and between role experiences on role balance outcomes for working Sandwich Generation Women. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 1-10
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of within and between role experiences on role balance outcomes for working Sandwich Generation Women
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Women combining paid employment with dual caring responsibilities for children and aging parents, otherwise known as the sandwich generation, experience both benefits and costs related to role participation and quality of life. However, previous literature is inconclusive regarding the impact of this role combination on role balance. In the context of these mixed findings on role balance for working sandwich generation women, this study aimed to explore how within role characteristics and between role interactions are related to role balance for these women. This aim was achieved through the use of a questionnaire administered to 18 Australian working sandwich generation women. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and correlation coefficients, with findings suggesting the women studied tended to experience neither role balance or role imbalance. Within-role characteristics, particularly within the mother and family member roles, were related to role balance. In addition, between-role conflict and role interactions involving either the home maintainer or family member roles had the greatest impact on role balance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Multigenerational care, mother, parental caregiver, working women, work-life balance
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39426 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2018.1449888 (DOI)29540096 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85044089240 (Scopus ID)HLKCHILDIS (Local ID)HLKCHILDIS (Archive number)HLKCHILDIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-05-15 Created: 2018-05-15 Last updated: 2018-07-17
Earl, R., Falkmer, T., Girdler, S., Morris, S. L. & Falkmer, M. (2018). Viewpoints of pedestrians with and without cognitive impairment on shared zones and zebra crossings. PLoS ONE, 13(9), Article ID e0203765.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Viewpoints of pedestrians with and without cognitive impairment on shared zones and zebra crossings
Show others...
2018 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 9, article id e0203765Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Shared zones are characterised by an absence of traditional markers that segregate the road and footpath. Negotiation of a shared zone relies on an individual’s ability to perceive, assess and respond to environmental cues. This ability may be impacted by impairments in cognitive processing, which may lead to individuals experiencing increased anxiety when negotiating a shared zone.

Method

Q method was used in order to identify and explore the viewpoints of pedestrians, with and without cognitive impairments as they pertain to shared zones.

Results

Two viewpoints were revealed. Viewpoint one was defined by “confident users” while viewpoint two was defined by users who “know what [they] are doing but drivers might not”.

Discussion

Overall, participants in the study would not avoid shared zones. Pedestrians with intellectual disability were, however, not well represented by either viewpoint, suggesting that shared zones may pose a potential barrier to participation for this group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science, 2018
National Category
Applied Psychology Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41422 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0203765 (DOI)000444355500042 ()30204784 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85053105447 (Scopus ID)HHJCHILDIS, HLKCHILDIS (Local ID)HHJCHILDIS, HLKCHILDIS (Archive number)HHJCHILDIS, HLKCHILDIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-09-12 Created: 2018-09-12 Last updated: 2018-09-25Bibliographically approved
McAuliffe, T., Vaz, S. V., Falkmer, T. & Cordier, R. (2017). A comparison of families of children with autism spectrum disorders in family daily routines, service usage, and stress levels by regionality. Developmental Neurorehabilitation (8), 483-490
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A comparison of families of children with autism spectrum disorders in family daily routines, service usage, and stress levels by regionality
2017 (English)In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423, E-ISSN 1751-8431, no 8, p. 483-490Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To explore whether family routines, service usage, and stress levels in families of children with autism spectrum disorder differ as a function of regionality.

Methods: Secondary analysis of data was undertaken from 535 surveys. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to investigate differences between families living in densely populated (DP) areas and less densely populated (LDP) areas.

Results: Families living in LDP areas were found to: (1) have reduced employment hours (a two-parent household: Exp (B) = 3.48, p < .001, a single-parent household: Exp (B) = 3.32, p = .011); (2) travel greater distance to access medical facilities (Exp (B) = 1.27, p = .006); and (3) report less severe stress levels (Exp (B) = 0.22, p = .014).

Conclusions: There were no differences in family routines; however, flexible employment opportunities and travel distance to medical services need to be considered in families living in LDP areas. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
ASD, employment status, regional and remote, travel distance
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34314 (URN)10.1080/17518423.2016.1236844 (DOI)000415973000004 ()27739909 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84991035078 (Scopus ID)HHJCHILDIS (Local ID)HHJCHILDIS (Archive number)HHJCHILDIS (OAI)
Available from: 2016-12-14 Created: 2016-12-14 Last updated: 2018-01-18Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0756-6862

Search in DiVA

Show all publications