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Mellander, CharlottaORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4560-1905
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Publications (10 of 77) Show all publications
Florida, R. & Mellander, C. (2018). The geography of economic segregation. Social Sciences, 7(8), Article ID 123.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The geography of economic segregation
2018 (English)In: Social Sciences, ISSN 2076-0760, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 7, no 8, article id 123Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines the key factors that are associated with the geography of economic segregation across US metros. It connects the sociological literature on the extent and variation of economic segregation to the urban economics literature on the factors associated with urban and regional performance. It advances the hypothesis that economic segregation will be greater in larger, denser, more knowledge-based regions as well as in light of racial factors and income inequality. It utilizes measures of Income, Educational, and Occupational Segregation along with a combined measure of Overall Economic Segregation. Our findings are in line with the hypothesis and indicate that economic segregation is associated with larger, denser, more highly educated metros. Economic segregation is also to a certain extent related with race and ethnicity, commuting style, and income inequality. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018
Keywords
Density, Economic segregation, Ethnicity, Inequality, Knowledge economies, Population, Race, Regional performance, Size
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41246 (URN)10.3390/socsci7080123 (DOI)2-s2.0-85051494663 (Scopus ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Local ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Archive number)IHHÖvrigtIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-08-27 Created: 2018-08-27 Last updated: 2018-08-27Bibliographically approved
Shutters, S. T., Lobo, J., Muneepeerakul, R., Strumsky, D., Mellander, C., Brachert, M., . . . Bettencourt, L. M. .. (2018). Urban occupational structures as information networks: The effect on network density of increasing number of occupations. PLoS ONE, 13(5), Article ID e0196915.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urban occupational structures as information networks: The effect on network density of increasing number of occupations
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2018 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 5, article id e0196915Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Urban economies are composed of diverse activities, embodied in labor occupations, which depend on one another to produce goods and services. Yet little is known about how the nature and intensity of these interdependences change as cities increase in population size and economic complexity. Understanding the relationship between occupational interdependencies and the number of occupations defining an urban economy is relevant because interdependence within a networked system has implications for system resilience and for how easily can the structure of the network be modified. Here, we represent the interdependencies among occupations in a city as a non-spatial information network, where the strengths of interdependence between pairs of occupations determine the strengths of the links in the network. Using those quantified link strengths we calculate a single metric of interdependence–or connectedness–which is equivalent to the density of a city’s weighted occupational network. We then examine urban systems in six industrialized countries, analyzing how the density of urban occupational networks changes with network size, measured as the number of unique occupations present in an urban workforce. We find that in all six countries, density, or economic interdependence, increases superlinearly with the number of distinct occupations. Because connections among occupations represent flows of information, we provide evidence that connectivity scales superlinearly with network size in information networks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science, 2018
Keywords
article, developed country, human, occupation
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41090 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0196915 (DOI)000431481700032 ()2-s2.0-85046632009 (Scopus ID)IHHCESISIS (Local ID)IHHCESISIS (Archive number)IHHCESISIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-08-02 Created: 2018-08-02 Last updated: 2018-08-02Bibliographically approved
Rickardsson, J. & Mellander, C. (2017). Absolute vs Relative Income and Life Satisfaction. Stockholm: Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Absolute vs Relative Income and Life Satisfaction
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper examines whether subjective life-satisfaction is most strongly related to absolute or relative income in terms of either proximal neighbors or a wider aggregated region. The analysis utilizes two unique datasets - survey data on happiness in combination with finelevel income data for postal codes and municipalities. We find a significant relationship between happiness and both personal income and relative income position among nearby neighbors and more remote neighbors. Hence, being rich as well as being richer than others in the area increases the likelihood of being more satisfied with life. Above all, we find individuals’ level of life-satisfaction to be more strongly related to the income of people in the larger municipality than to the income of nearby neighbors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS, 2017. p. 28
Series
Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation ; 451
Keywords
Life-satisfaction, Happiness, Subjective well-being, Absolute income, Relative income
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38239 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
Mellander, C. & Bjerke, L. (2017). De ungas flykt till staden. In: Josefina Syssner, Sören Häggroth & Ulf Ramberg (Ed.), Att äga framtiden: Perspektiv på kommunal utveckling (pp. 195-201). Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>De ungas flykt till staden
2017 (Swedish)In: Att äga framtiden: Perspektiv på kommunal utveckling / [ed] Josefina Syssner, Sören Häggroth & Ulf Ramberg, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2017, p. 195-201Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2017
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38219 (URN)9789176854204 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-12-18 Created: 2017-12-18 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
Mellander, C., Stolarick, K. & Lobo, J. (2017). Distinguishing neighbourhood and workplace network effects on individual income: Evidence from Sweden. Regional studies, 51(11), 1652-1664
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Distinguishing neighbourhood and workplace network effects on individual income: Evidence from Sweden
2017 (English)In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 51, no 11, p. 1652-1664Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Distinguishing neighbourhood and workplace network effects on individual income: evidence from Sweden. Regional Studies. This paper investigates the effects on individuals’ income of two social networks in which individuals are embedded: their residential neighbourhood and their workplace. The paper avails itself of Swedish micro-level data, which make it possible to identify individual workers, and with whom they live next to and work. The spatial extent of the non-workplace social network – from block group to the whole of a metropolitan area – is varied to examine which social community most affects an individual’s income. The paper distinguishes between individuals engaged in high- and low-skilled occupations so as to starkly control for differences in education, training and skills. The results suggest that residential neighbourhoods do matter for individuals’ income, although the effect is stronger for low-skilled individuals. For both high- and low-skilled individuals, their workplace group skill has the greatest effect on income, but the effect is negative for high-skilled and positive for low-skilled individuals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
network effects, neighbourhoods, income, workplace, high-skilled occupations
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34070 (URN)10.1080/00343404.2016.1236187 (DOI)000417656300005 ()2-s2.0-85006847808 (Scopus ID)IHHCESISIS (Local ID)IHHCESISIS (Archive number)IHHCESISIS (OAI)
Available from: 2016-11-21 Created: 2016-11-21 Last updated: 2018-01-19Bibliographically approved
Kekezi, O. & Mellander, C. (2017). Geography and Media: Does a Local Editorial Office Increase the Consumption of Local News?. Stockholm: Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Geography and Media: Does a Local Editorial Office Increase the Consumption of Local News?
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Urbanization and new digital technologies have significantly altered the news media industry. One major change is the disappearance of local editorial offices in many regions. This paper examines if there is a relation between access to local media in terms of editorial offices and journalists, and the likelihood of the public consuming local news. The study builds on fine level data for Sweden in 2006 and in 2013, allowing for a comparison of trends. Our results suggest that the existence of an editorial office in the municipality is not significantly related to the consumption of local newspapers but that accessibility to employed journalists who live in the municipality is.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS, 2017. p. 28
Series
Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation ; 447
Keywords
urbanization, digitization, editorial offices, journalist location, local media access, media consumption
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38230 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
Florida, R. & Mellander, C. (2017). Innovation, Skill, and Economic Segregation. Stockholm: Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation, Skill, and Economic Segregation
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Our research examines the role of innovation and skill on the level economic segregation across U.S. metro areas. On the one hand, economic and urban theory suggest that more innovative and skilled metros are likely to have higher levels of economic segregation. But on the other hand, theory also suggests that more segregated metros are likely to become less innovative over time. We examine the connection between innovation and economic segregation this via OLS regressions informed by a Principal Component Analysis to distill key variables related to innovation, knowledge and skills, while controlling for other key variables notably population size. Our findings are mixed. While we find evidence of an association between the level of innovation and skill and the level of economic segregation in 2010, we find little evidence of an association between the level of innovation and skill across metros and the growth of economic segregation between 2000 and 2010.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS, 2017. p. 33
Series
Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation ; 456
Keywords
Economic segregation, inequality, innovation, high-tech, skill, talent, human capital
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38243 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
Bjerke, L. & Mellander, C. (2017). Moving home again? Never! The locational choices of graduates in Sweden. The annals of regional science, 59(3), 707-729
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Moving home again? Never! The locational choices of graduates in Sweden
2017 (English)In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 707-729Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two major challenges in Europe’s rural areas are an aging population and the diminishing share of human capital. While this pattern has been occurring for a long time, the effects are becoming acutely visible and impactful. The long-term loss of younger individuals has in many ways “drained” the labor market and the economic market power of rural areas. This is the context of our research: the locational choice of university graduates from an urban–rural perspective. Using micro data covering the entire Swedish population, we identify all university graduates from the year 2001. We analyze them with respect to whether they live in a rural or urban region before starting university and where they live after graduation at two points in time: 5 and 10 years. We use a series of multinomial logit regressions to determine what factors affect their short-term and long-term choices of location. We find that having children is one of the most influential factors for moving back home after graduation, irrespective of type of region. We find only minor differences between the two time perspectives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31265 (URN)10.1007/s00168-016-0777-2 (DOI)000413253700007 ()2-s2.0-84977136945 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-08-17 Created: 2016-08-17 Last updated: 2018-02-08Bibliographically approved
Florida, R., Adler, P. & Mellander, C. (2017). The city as innovation machine. Regional studies, 51(1), 86-96
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The city as innovation machine
2017 (English)In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 86-96Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper puts cities and urban regions at the very centre of the processes of innovation and entrepreneurship. It combines the insights of Jane Jacobs and recent urban research on the role of the city with the literature on innovation and entrepreneurship going back to Joseph Schumpeter. Innovation and entrepreneurship and their geography privileges the firm, industry clusters and/or the individual and poses the city as a container for them. By marrying Jacobs’ insights on cities to those of Schumpeter on innovation, it is argued that innovation and entrepreneurship do not simply take in place in cities but in fact require them.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017
Keywords
innovation, entrepreneurship, creativity, cities, regions, urbanism, geography
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34071 (URN)10.1080/00343404.2016.1255324 (DOI)000394438300008 ()2-s2.0-85006136348 (Scopus ID)IHHCESISIS (Local ID)IHHCESISIS (Archive number)IHHCESISIS (OAI)
Note

50th Anniversary Special Issue

Available from: 2016-11-21 Created: 2016-11-21 Last updated: 2017-04-19Bibliographically approved
Florida, R. & Mellander, C. (2017). The Geography of Economic Segregation. Stockholm: Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Geography of Economic Segregation
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study examines the geography of economic segregation in America. Most studies of economic segregation focus on income, but our research develops a new measure of overall economic segregation spanning income, educational, and occupational segregation which we use to examine the economic, social and demographic factors which are associated with economic segregation across US metros. Adding in the two other dimensions of educational and occupational segregation– seems to provide additional, stronger findings with regard to the factors that are associated with economic segregation broadly. Our findings suggest that several key factors are associated with economic segregation. Across the board, economic segregation is associated with larger, denser, more affluent, and more knowledge based metros. Economic segregation is related to race and to income inequality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS, 2017. p. 21
Series
Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation ; 457
Keywords
Economic Segregation, Income Inequality, Education, Occupation, Race
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38242 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4560-1905

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