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Publications (10 of 302) Show all publications
Andersson, Å. E. & Johansson, B. (2018). Inside and outside the black box: organization of interdependencies. The annals of regional science, 61(3), 501-516
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inside and outside the black box: organization of interdependencies
2018 (English)In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 61, no 3, p. 501-516Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Production theory has remained substantially unchanged since the publication of the theory of production by Frisch (Theory of production, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1928; Nord613 Tidskr Tek Økon 1:12–27, 1935). The theory is based on the idea of a firm deciding on the possible input and output combinations of a single unit of production. His theory was substantially copied in contributions by Carlson (A study on the pure theory of production, University of Chicago, Chicago, 1939) and Schneider (Einführung in die Wirtschaftstheorie. 4 Bände, Mohr, Tübingen, 1947), and later by practically all textbooks in microeconomics. The idea is to model the firm as a “black box” in which a finite number of externally purchased inputs are transformed into a finite number of outputs to be sold in the market(s). Most of the time, the prices are externally determined. Often, the production process is summarized by some simplified production function as, for example, in the form of a CES function. Another and conceptually richer approach is the formulation of an activity analysis model. In the latter case, simple internal interdependencies can be included. In this paper, we indicate how internal interdependencies can also be modeled within a special CES framework. In recent decades, there has been a remarkable growth in the number of production units of firms such as IKEA, Walmart and Apple to name a few such global networking firms. Most of the analysis of these network firms has been modeled by logistics and other operations-research analysts (Simchi-Levi et al. 2008) and to a limited extent by researchers in business administration schools. Very little has been done in economics. We propose a modeling approach consistent with the microeconomic theory. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42292 (URN)10.1007/s00168-018-0886-1 (DOI)000452762400005 ()2-s2.0-85057327952 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-01-02Bibliographically approved
Andersson, Å. E. & Johansson, B. (2018). Internal and external knowledge and development in regions. In: K. Matsushima, & W. P. Anderson (Ed.), Transportation, knowledge and space in urban and regional economics: (pp. 319-348). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Internal and external knowledge and development in regions
2018 (English)In: Transportation, knowledge and space in urban and regional economics / [ed] K. Matsushima, & W. P. Anderson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 319-348Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018
Series
New Horizons in Regional Science
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42415 (URN)978-1-78536-605-5 (ISBN)978-1-78536-606-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-02 Created: 2019-01-02 Last updated: 2019-01-02Bibliographically approved
Johansson, B. & Klaesson, J. (2017). Distance decay for supply and demand potentials. Letters in spatial and resource sciences, 10(1), 87-108
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Distance decay for supply and demand potentials
2017 (English)In: Letters in spatial and resource sciences, ISSN 1864-4031, E-ISSN 1864-404X, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 87-108Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper introduces a model framework which identifies the economic activity of each local economy (location) and observes the time distance between each pair of locations. Time distance for interaction inside local economies is taken as reference. Two models of location patterns are formulated on the basis of principles adhering to new economic geography (NEG). The first model describes how business service firms (classified into three levels of knowledge intensity) select locations with a favorable demand potential, depicting a location’s access to customer demand. The second model takes the location of business-service supply as given and describes how other firms select locations with a favorable supply potential, depicting the access to business-service supply. In order to calculate each location’s demand and supply potentials we need distance-decay parameters for interaction outside the local economy. When estimating the two models we develop an approach where the distance-decay (time sensitivity) parameters are determined endogenously as an integral part of estimating location choice parameters. The exercise can be appreciated as a test of NEG principles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017
Keywords
Demand potential, Distance decay, Location of sectors, NEG principles, Supply potential, Time sensitivity
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31260 (URN)10.1007/s12076-016-0173-7 (DOI)000416227600007 ()2-s2.0-84975222190 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-08-16 Created: 2016-08-16 Last updated: 2018-07-03Bibliographically approved
Warda, P. & Johansson, B. (2017). Knowledge absorption in the development of export products. In: Geographies of Growth: Innovations, Networks and Collaborations: (pp. 299-329). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowledge absorption in the development of export products
2017 (English)In: Geographies of Growth: Innovations, Networks and Collaborations, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, p. 299-329Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017
Series
New Horizons in Regional Science series
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38763 (URN)10.4337/9781785360602.00020 (DOI)2-s2.0-85040620446 (Scopus ID)9781785360602 (ISBN)9781785360596 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-02-07 Created: 2018-02-07 Last updated: 2018-02-07Bibliographically approved
Johansson, B., Lööf, H. & Savin, M. (2015). European R&D efficiency. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 24(1-2), 140-158
Open this publication in new window or tab >>European R&D efficiency
2015 (English)In: Economics of Innovation and New Technology, ISSN 1043-8599, E-ISSN 1476-8364, Vol. 24, no 1-2, p. 140-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the capacity to produce new knowledge proxied by patents granted in 18 industries in 11 European economies. For each industry in each country, the number of granted U.S. Patent and Trademark Office patents is recorded over the 1991–2005 period. Controlling for research and development, industry composition, and institutional setting, the paper shows that systematic differences in patent intensity exist between the studied countries, such that almost all industries are affected by country-specific conditions, suggesting that the countries’ innovation systems differ in efficiency. The countries with the highest R&D efficiency are Sweden and Finland, followed by the Netherlands and Germany.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2015
Keywords
patent, R&D, innovation, R&D productivity, international comparison, panel data
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25251 (URN)10.1080/10438599.2014.897857 (DOI)2-s2.0-84911980530 (Scopus ID)
Note

Special Issue: Productivity, Networks and Knowledge Flows

Available from: 2014-12-09 Created: 2014-12-09 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Johansson, B. & Lööf, H. (2015). Innovation Strategies Combining Internal and External Knowledge. In: Cristiano Antonelli, Albert N. Link (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of the Economics of Knowledge: (pp. 29-52). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation Strategies Combining Internal and External Knowledge
2015 (English)In: Routledge Handbook of the Economics of Knowledge / [ed] Cristiano Antonelli, Albert N. Link, Routledge, 2015, p. 29-52Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2015
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-29200 (URN)9780415640992 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-01-25 Created: 2016-01-25 Last updated: 2016-01-25Bibliographically approved
Johansson, B., Johansson, S. & Wallin, T. (2015). Internal and external knowledge and introduction of export varieties. The World Economy, 38(4), 629-654
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Internal and external knowledge and introduction of export varieties
2015 (English)In: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 629-654Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Firms in local industries maintain their capability to generate new export varieties by simultaneously exploiting internal and external knowledge resources. The paper introduces the notion ‘variety triplet’ to distinguish individual export varieties, where a triplet is a unique combination of a firm, a product code and a destination country. For each date, the set of variety triplets in each local industry records all remaining export varieties introduced in the past. In view of this, the paper examines how internal and external knowledge of local industries influence the industry's scope and value of export varieties. First, the paper contributes by considering a local industry's internal and external knowledge, as well as the conjunction of its internal and external knowledge sources. Second, the knowledge sources are shown to influence both the stock and the dynamics of a local industry's variety triplets, using firm-level data from Sweden.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25258 (URN)10.1111/twec.12161 (DOI)000353906000003 ()2-s2.0-84927911400 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-12-09 Created: 2014-12-09 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
Lööf, H., Nabavi Larijani, P., Cook, G. & Johansson, B. (2015). Learning-by-exporting and innovation strategies. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 24(1-2), 52-64
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning-by-exporting and innovation strategies
2015 (English)In: Economics of Innovation and New Technology, ISSN 1043-8599, E-ISSN 1476-8364, Vol. 24, no 1-2, p. 52-64Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We examine the combined effect of exports, innovation and external knowledge on total factor productivity growth among manufacturing firms. This paper distinguishes between frequent and temporary exporters as well as between frequent and temporary innovators. Applying a dynamic approach on an unbalanced panel consisting of 8516 Swedish firms observed over a 12-year period, the results show that among firms with permanent presence in export markets, persistent innovators have 0.5% point higher annual productivity growth than non-innovative exporters and 0.4% higher growth compared to firms that switch between being innovative or not. A similar pattern is found for the group of companies that alternates between exporting and non-exporting; however, the differences in growth rates are not statistically significant. We also show that only persistently innovative exporters and exporters with a large fraction of exports in their sales benefit from their presence in the local milieu with high knowledge intensity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2015
Keywords
innovation, TFP growth, exports, spillovers, persistence
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25254 (URN)10.1080/10438599.2014.897863 (DOI)2-s2.0-84911964437 (Scopus ID)IHHCESISIS (Local ID)IHHCESISIS (Archive number)IHHCESISIS (OAI)
Note

Special Issue: Productivity, Networks and Knowledge Flows

Available from: 2014-12-09 Created: 2014-12-09 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Johansson, B. & Lööf, H. (2015). Productivity, networks and knowledge flows. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 24(1-2), 1-4
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Productivity, networks and knowledge flows
2015 (English)In: Economics of Innovation and New Technology, ISSN 1043-8599, E-ISSN 1476-8364, Vol. 24, no 1-2, p. 1-4Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

This introduction to the special issue of EINT surveys a collection of eight papers that study innovation and productivity at the firm level and the industry level for a number of European countries. This focus is supported by the view that an innovating firm can maintain a favourable position in terms of profits, productivity and growth by following a path along which its knowledge-creation efforts have become a regular activity. The performance of an innovating firm is also affected by the firm's accession of external knowledge sources, and this gives firms an incentive to develop innovation networks.

Keywords
innovation, productivity, network, knowledge flow, spillovers
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25255 (URN)10.1080/10438599.2014.897862 (DOI)2-s2.0-84911492501 (Scopus ID)
Note

Special Issue: Productivity, Networks and Knowledge Flows

Available from: 2014-12-09 Created: 2014-12-09 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, C., Johansson, B. & Stough, R. (Eds.). (2014). Agglomeration, clusters and entrepreneurship: studies in regional economic development. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agglomeration, clusters and entrepreneurship: studies in regional economic development
2014 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Regional economic development has experienced considerable dynamism over recent years. Perhaps the most notable cases were the rise of China and India to emergent country status by the turn of the millennium. With time now for hindsight, this book identifies some of the key forces behind these development successes, namely agglomeration, clusters and entrepreneurship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014. p. 305
Series
New Horizons in Regional Science
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25266 (URN)10.4337/9781783472635 (DOI)9781849809269 (ISBN)9781783472635 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-12-09 Created: 2014-12-09 Last updated: 2015-12-02Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0184-5350

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