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Publications (10 of 144) Show all publications
Davidsson, P. (2019). David B. Audretsch: Spilling Knowledge All Over the World. In: Lehmann E., Keilbach M. (Ed.), From Industrial Organization to Entrepreneurship: (pp. 95-98). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>David B. Audretsch: Spilling Knowledge All Over the World
2019 (English)In: From Industrial Organization to Entrepreneurship / [ed] Lehmann E., Keilbach M., Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 95-98Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

Per Davidsson discusses in the following chapter how he and David met and how they became close friends and collaborators. Using the economic analogy of knowledge spillovers, Davidsson creates a narrative of how David has built friendships across the world while also becoming one of the most prolific scholars in his field. These insights show how well-respected and connected David became by way of his open and honest demeanor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47101 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-25237-3_11 (DOI)978-3-030-25236-6 (ISBN)978-3-030-25237-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-12-17 Created: 2019-12-17 Last updated: 2019-12-17Bibliographically approved
Davidsson, P., Gregoire, D. A. & Lex, M. (2019). Developing and Validating a New Measure of Opportunity Confidence. In: Guclu Atinc (Ed.), Academy of Management Proceedings: . Paper presented at AOM Annual Meeting Proceedings Boston, 2019. Academy of Management, 2019(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing and Validating a New Measure of Opportunity Confidence
2019 (English)In: Academy of Management Proceedings / [ed] Guclu Atinc, Academy of Management , 2019, Vol. 2019, no 1Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Because of ambiguous theorizing and the dearth of agreed-upon methodologies, previous research on the imagination and assessment of emergent ?new venture ideas? / ?opportunity ideas? has tended to confound the perceived qualities of the idea itself with the evaluator?s ability and motivation to act on it. To address this important shortcoming, we develop and test a short and easy-to-use survey instrument designed to measure third-person opportunity confidence (OC), defined as the result of an actor?s evaluation of a new venture idea as a basis for the creation of new economic activity, independent of his or her own abilities and/or motivation to act on this idea. Drawing from five empirical studies conducted with entrepreneur and general population samples, we find that our OC measures meet the criteria for content, discriminant, and criterion validity and show high levels of internal consistency, inter-rater and temporal reliability. The instrument? flexibility, shortness and broad contextual applicability further reinforce its potential for future research. We conclude by discussing how the measure could be applied in several important types of entrepreneurship study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy of Management, 2019
Series
Academy of Management Proceedings, ISSN 0065-0668, E-ISSN 2151-6561 ; 1, ISSN 0065-0668, E-ISSN 2151-6561 ; 1
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45694 (URN)10.5465/AMBPP.2019.297 (DOI)
Conference
AOM Annual Meeting Proceedings Boston, 2019
Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2019-08-26Bibliographically approved
Berger, E. S. C., von Briel, F., Davidsson, P. & Kuckertz, A. (2019). Digital or not – The future of entrepreneurship and innovation: Introduction to the special issue. Journal of Business Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital or not – The future of entrepreneurship and innovation: Introduction to the special issue
2019 (English)In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Digitization is arguably currently the single most important force in entrepreneurship and innovation. In this special issue editorial, we shed light on the current state of digital entrepreneurship and digital innovation research to take stock of past research and identify opportunities for the future. The 11 papers in this special issue present a decisive step in extending the current research by either exploring the context of digital entrepreneurship and digital innovation, by operationalizing digital technologies as moderators or mediators, or by modeling the particularities of the role of digital technologies as independent or dependent variables. This editorial suggests paths for future research and specifically calls for more joint consideration of digital entrepreneurship and digital innovation along with specific theory building and testing that incorporates the specificities of digitization. An important aspect in that process is extending the understanding of the dark side of digitization. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Digital entrepreneurship, Digital innovation, Digital technologies, Digitization, Transformation
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47205 (URN)10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.12.020 (DOI)2-s2.0-85076846865 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-01-02 Created: 2020-01-02 Last updated: 2020-01-02
Davidsson, P. (2019). Guidepost: Look out! See change? Sea change ahead!. Academy of Management Discoveries
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Guidepost: Look out! See change? Sea change ahead!
2019 (English)In: Academy of Management Discoveries, E-ISSN 2168-1007Article in journal (Other academic) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The most impactful strategic and entrepreneurial initiatives in recent decades were rooted in environmental changes. Yet, research in entrepreneurship and strategy is predominantly inward-looking. In order to be more relevant and useful, theories and research designs need also to capture the existence, characteristics and variance of environmental changes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy of Management, 2019
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47103 (URN)10.5465/amd.2019.0141 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-12-17 Created: 2019-12-17 Last updated: 2019-12-17
von Briel, F., Davidsson, P. & Recker, J. (2018). Digital Technologies as External Enablers of New Venture Creation in the IT Hardware Sector. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, 42(1), 47-69
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital Technologies as External Enablers of New Venture Creation in the IT Hardware Sector
2018 (English)In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 47-69Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We develop theory about how and when digital technologies enable new venture creation processes. We identify two fundamental properties of digital technologies-specificity and relationality-and develop propositions that link these properties to six enabling mechanisms: compression, conservation, expansion, substitution, combination, and generation. We use the linked properties and mechanisms to determine how and when in the venture creation process-from prospecting to developing to exploiting-digital technologies have enabled start-ups in the IT hardware sector and develop stage-dependent propositions about their sector-level effects. We conclude our theorizing by discussing its implications beyond digital technologies and the IT hardware sector.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
digital technologies; external enablers; hardware start-ups; entrepreneurship as a process; IT hardware sector
National Category
Business Administration Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41002 (URN)10.1177/1042258717732779 (DOI)000428026600003 ()2-s2.0-85053542834 (Scopus ID)IHHCeFEOIS (Local ID)IHHCeFEOIS (Archive number)IHHCeFEOIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-07-18 Created: 2018-07-18 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Davidsson, P., Recker, J. & von Briel, F. (2018). External enablement of new venture creation: A framework. Academy of Management Perspectives
Open this publication in new window or tab >>External enablement of new venture creation: A framework
2018 (English)In: Academy of Management Perspectives, ISSN 1558-9080, E-ISSN 1943-4529Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In searching for conceptualizations that offer an alternative perspective to “entrepreneurial opportunities”, the notion of external enablers has recently been suggested for capturing the influence on entrepreneurial action and outcomes exerted by external conditions like new technologies, regulatory or demographic shifts, and changes to the socio-cultural, economic, political, or natural environments. We take the external enabler perspective several steps further. We develop a new framework that conceptualizes external enablers in terms of their characteristics, roles, and mechanisms and detail their implications for entrepreneurial action and outcomes. We argue that this framework provides a more productive perspective for theorizing about the influence of external, actor-independent factors on venture creation processes than Discovery Theory’s notion of objective, pre-existing opportunities. At the same time, it is compatible with the dynamic-agentic view of new venture creation proposed by varieties of Creation Theory. For researchers who are interested in instances of societal change from a sociological or historical vantage point, the framework facilitates theorizing across such instances and about the microfoundations of aggregate-level changes. Additional domains that can benefit from our new framework include design- and strategy-oriented research and practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy of Management, 2018
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40636 (URN)10.5465/amp.2017.0163 (DOI)XYZ ()
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-20 Last updated: 2018-06-20
Gruenhagen, J. H., Sawang, S., Gordon, S. R. & Davidsson, P. (2018). International experience, growth aspirations, and the internationalisation of new ventures. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 16(3), 421-440
Open this publication in new window or tab >>International experience, growth aspirations, and the internationalisation of new ventures
2018 (English)In: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 421-440Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to investigate the impact of the breadth and depth of international experience on subsequent new venture internationalisation and to what extent growth aspirations moderate these relationships. Drawing upon previous literature on international new ventures, human capital and growth aspirations, we tested our hypotheses using longitudinal data from the Comprehensive Australian Study of Entrepreneurial Emergence (CAUSEE). Our results support the hypothesis that breadth of international experience has a positive impact on internationalisation. Depth of international experience on its own does not predict subsequent internationalisation activities. However, results support our hypothesis that the interplay of a high growth aspiration and depth of international experience has a positive effect on internationalisation activities. Our study contributes to the research stream on new venture internationalisation by distinguishing between breadth and depth of international experience, suggesting that these dimensions are differentially linked to internationalisation. Further, we test for interaction effects between international experience and growth aspirations. We thereby add to the knowledge by illustrating that some types of human capital are only utilised when accompanied by growth aspirations. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Growth aspirations, Human capital, International experience, International new ventures, Internationalisation activities
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40138 (URN)10.1007/s10843-018-0232-9 (DOI)000445374000005 ()2-s2.0-85047830284 (Scopus ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Local ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Archive number)IHHÖvrigtIS (OAI)
Available from: 2018-06-12 Created: 2018-06-12 Last updated: 2018-12-07Bibliographically approved
von Briel, F., Recker, J. & Davidsson, P. (2018). Not all digital venture ideas are created equal: Implications for venture creation processes. Journal of strategic information systems, 27(4), 278-295
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Not all digital venture ideas are created equal: Implications for venture creation processes
2018 (English)In: Journal of strategic information systems, ISSN 0963-8687, E-ISSN 1873-1198, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 278-295Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Digital ventures are formed around ideas that have digital artifacts at their core. We develop theory that explains how the composition of digital artifacts influences venture creation processes. First, we develop propositions that link differences in the embodiment and coupling of digital artifact components to tensions in venture creation process inputs, behaviors, and outputs. Second, we link compositional differences in digital artifacts to differences in venture creation process initiation, duration, and outcome. Our theorizing establishes a foundation for future research on digital artifacts within and beyond entrepreneurship contexts, and for future research on entrepreneurship within and beyond digital artifact contexts. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Digital entrepreneurship, Digital ventures, Hardware ventures, New venture ideas, Software ventures, Venture creation process, Information systems, All digital, Compositional difference, Digital artifacts, New ventures, Venture creation, Management information systems
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41275 (URN)10.1016/j.jsis.2018.06.002 (DOI)000454970900002 ()2-s2.0-85049557836 (Scopus ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Local ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Archive number)IHHÖvrigtIS (OAI)
Funder
Australian Research Council
Available from: 2018-08-28 Created: 2018-08-28 Last updated: 2019-01-18Bibliographically approved
Gruenhagen, J. H. & Davidsson, P. (2018). Returnee Entrepreneurs: Do They All Boost Emerging Economies?. International Reveiw of Entrepreneurship, 16(4), 455-488
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Returnee Entrepreneurs: Do They All Boost Emerging Economies?
2018 (English)In: International Reveiw of Entrepreneurship, ISSN 2009-2822, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 455-488Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Returnee entrepreneurs are argued to be important contributors to innovation and economic development in emerging economies by transferring advanced knowledge and skills to their home countries. To date the literature has predominantly treated returnee entrepreneurs as a homogeneous phenomenon; not accounting for variabilities in types and orientations of returnee-owned ventures. Based on empirical data from returnee entrepreneurs in China, this study proposes a classification of five venture type orientations reflecting variations in start-up motivations, ambitions for growth and independence, innovativeness, formality, and utilisation of relationships. The article then discusses theoretical and practical implications regarding the value of these different types of returnee entrepreneurship for the economic and societal development of emerging economies. The study adds to the literature by revealing that returnee entrepreneurship is more multi-faceted and heterogeneous than as treated in previous studies and by providing a tentative conceptual typology of returnee-owned ventures and their potential economic and societal value for emerging economies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Senate Hall Academic Publishing, 2018
Keywords
returnee entrepreneurs, emerging economies, allocation of entrepreneurial activities, economic growth, innovation
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47107 (URN)000458320800001 ()
Available from: 2019-12-17 Created: 2019-12-17 Last updated: 2019-12-17Bibliographically approved
Shim, J. & Davidsson, P. (2018). Shorter than we thought: The duration of venture creation processes. Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 9, 10-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shorter than we thought: The duration of venture creation processes
2018 (English)In: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 9, p. 10-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to discern the duration of venture creation processes that end in successful venture emergence as well as those ending with abandonment. Discerning duration is essential to understand a process since every process unfolds over time. However, identifying correct venture creation duration is tricky because available panel data sets in entrepreneurship are length biased toward long duration due to left truncation. In order to adjust this problem, we applied Inverse Probability Weighting (IPW) and analyzed the venture creation duration of 1673 nascent ventures in the Harmonized PSED (Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics). The weighting analyses for the duration show that the emergence chance is maximized around three months after inception of the process, implying that venture creation in the typical case is faster and simpler than previously believed. Past three months the emergence chance decreases, whereas the abandonment hazard constantly increases over time and surpasses the emergence chance after seven months. The results show that weighing strongly influences duration time estimates and also can influence other estimates based on samples using the same type of sampling mechanism. Thus we conclude that IPW should be considered for all analyses using this type of data. Our study offers a possible interpretation of the different mechanisms of emergence and abandonment and provides guidance and insights for future studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Duration, Inverse Probability Weighting, IPW, Venture creation process, Venture emergence, Venturing effort abandonment
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38303 (URN)10.1016/j.jbvi.2017.12.003 (DOI)2-s2.0-85038262079 (Scopus ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Local ID)IHHÖvrigtIS (Archive number)IHHÖvrigtIS (OAI)
Available from: 2017-12-29 Created: 2017-12-29 Last updated: 2017-12-30Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6363-1382

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