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Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Miri, S. F., Javadi, M., Lin, C.-Y., Griffiths, M. D., Björk, M. & Pakpour, A. H. (2019). Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy on nutrition improvement and weight of overweight and obese adolescents: A randomized controlled trial. Diabetes & Metabolic syndrome: clinical Research & Reviews, 13(3), 2190-2197
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy on nutrition improvement and weight of overweight and obese adolescents: A randomized controlled trial
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2019 (English)In: Diabetes & Metabolic syndrome: clinical Research & Reviews, ISSN 1871-4021, E-ISSN 1878-0334, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 2190-2197Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To assess the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) program on weight reduction among Iranian adolescents who are overweight. Methods: Using a randomized controlled trial design, 55 adolescents who were overweight (mean [SD] age = 14.64 [1.69] years; zBMI = 2.18 [0.65]) were recruited in the CBT program and 55 in the treatment as usual (TAU; mean age = 14.88 [1.50]; zBMI = 2.09 [0.57]) group. All the participants completed several questionnaires (Child Dietary Self-Efficacy Scale; Weight Efficacy Lifestyle questionnaire; Physical Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale; Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory; and self-reported physical activity and diet) and had their anthropometrics measured (height, weight, waist and hip circumferences, and body fat). Results: The CBT group consumed significantly more fruits and juice, vegetables, and dairy in the 6-month follow-up as compared with the TAU group (p-values <0.001). The CBT group consumed significantly less sweet snacks, salty snacks, sweet drinks, sausages/processed meat, and oils in the six-month follow-up compared with the TAU group (p-values<0.001). Additionally, the waist circumference, BMI, waist-hip ratio, and fat mass were significantly decreased in the CBT group in the six-month follow-up compared with the TAU group (p-values<0.005). The CBT group significantly improved their psychosocial health, physical activity, and health-related quality of life (p-values<0.001). Conclusion: The CBT program showed its effectiveness in reducing weight among Iranian adolescents who were overweight. Healthcare providers may want to adopt this program to treat excess weight problems among adolescents. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Adolescence, CBT, Nutrition, Obesity, Overweight
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44352 (URN)10.1016/j.dsx.2019.05.010 (DOI)000472598700078 ()31235156 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85066156391 (Scopus ID)PP HHJ 2019 embargo 12;HHJCHILDIS (Local ID)PP HHJ 2019 embargo 12;HHJCHILDIS (Archive number)PP HHJ 2019 embargo 12;HHJCHILDIS (OAI)
Available from: 2019-06-11 Created: 2019-06-11 Last updated: 2019-07-12Bibliographically approved
Møller Christensen, B., Björk, M., Almqvist, L. & Huus, K. (2019). Patterns of support to adolescents related to disability, family situation, harassment, and economy. Child Care Health and Development, 45(5), 644-653
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patterns of support to adolescents related to disability, family situation, harassment, and economy
2019 (English)In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 45, no 5, p. 644-653Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: Adolescents need support from family, friends, and teachers to increase their involvement in everyday life. Their environment and their own characteristics also influence their ability to participate in an everyday supportive environment.

AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate patterns of support from parents, teachers, and very important persons such as peers to the ability of adolescents to participate in everyday life, as well as the importance of interpersonal relations as experienced by the adolescents.

METHOD: The study has a cross-sectional design. The data compiled and analysed in this study are part of a longitudinal study of adolescents and their development into adults-LoRDIA (Longitudinal Research on Development In Adolescence). A combination of person- and variable-oriented design was used to capture patterns of support.

RESULTS: Adolescents with a complicated home situation and low economic prerequisites who received little support from parents and friends participated to a lower degree in home activities. A substantial number of these adolescents had self-reported neurodevelopmental disorders and, as a group, were more often exposed to harassment. However, these adolescents participated to a higher extent in school activities, although they received little support from the teachers. The adolescents who received most support from parents and teachers were those with a country of origin other than Sweden and those who lived with both of their parents and had more siblings than average. However, this did not mean that they participated to a higher extent in home and school activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Keywords
adolescents, cluster analysis, support
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44377 (URN)10.1111/cch.12675 (DOI)000481448600004 ()30995346 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85065670692 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-06-11 Created: 2019-06-11 Last updated: 2019-09-02Bibliographically approved
Darcy, L., Enskär, K. & Björk, M. (2019). Young children's experiences of living an everyday life with cancer – A three year interview study. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 39, 1-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young children's experiences of living an everyday life with cancer – A three year interview study
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 39, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The young child's experiences of living with cancer are crucial to providing evidence based care. This study explores and describes experiences of everyday life of young children with cancer, over a three year period from diagnosis.

Method

This is a longitudinal, inductive interview study with young children with cancer, and their parents. Interviews from shortly after diagnosis, six and 12 months after diagnosis have been reanalysed. Interviews with the same children and their parents from 18 to 36 months after diagnosis have been analysed for the first time in the present paper. A longitudinal temporal analysis at category level for five synchronic data sets forms the basis for the results.

Results

The child living with cancer over a three year period is described as a child apart, striving to live an everyday life. This description is built on three categories: I want to be a child like any other, I need security and control and I feel lonely and left out. Young children with cancer actively strive to understand their illness, participate in care and live an ordinary everyday life- but with ongoing feelings of social isolation and loneliness.

Conclusions

Young children with cancer need access to and ongoing contact with peers and preschool. A structured follow-up throughout the cancer trajectory and not just during active treatment, is necessary. A child-centred philosophy of care would guide the child towards attainment of health and wellbeing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Childhood cancer, Everyday life, Young child, Longitudinal
National Category
Cancer and Oncology Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42409 (URN)10.1016/j.ejon.2018.12.007 (DOI)000462419500001 ()30850132 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85059446147 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-01-02 Created: 2019-01-02 Last updated: 2019-04-11Bibliographically approved
Olsson, C., Björk, M. & Ringnér, A. (2018). The Pediatric Inventory for Parents - Swedish Translation and Psychometric Testing.. Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, 42, E97-E102
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Pediatric Inventory for Parents - Swedish Translation and Psychometric Testing.
2018 (English)In: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 42, p. E97-E102Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Pediatric Inventory for Parents (PIP) measures parental stress related to caring for a child with an illness. However, no Swedish translation is available.

PURPOSE: This study reports a Swedish translation of the PIP and psychometric properties of the instrument.

DESIGN AND METHODS: This is a descriptive/methodological paper. The PIP was translated and culturally adapted to Swedish, and comprehensibility was tested. Data were collected twice from 48 parents of children with different illnesses, and initial psychometric properties of the instrument were examined. The IES-R (Impact of Event Scale-Revised) was used for concurrent validity.

RESULTS: The Swedish version of the PIP demonstrated good correlations with the IES-R, and temporal changes were similar. Endorsement frequencies and test-retest were also satisfactory. When comparing groups of parents, the parents of children with cancer were statistically significantly more distressed, both on total score and for emotional distress and role function. Discriminative validity was demonstrated by comparing parents of children with cancer with parents of children with other diseases.

CONCLUSIONS: The Swedish version of the PIP seems to be a valid and reliable instrument. However, as we used relatively small sample, for the future, we suggest further testing with larger samples.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Clinicians and researchers seeking to measure parental distress in chronic illness could use the Swedish version of the PIP.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Swedish, chronic illness, instrument translation, parental stress, psychometric testing
National Category
Psychology Pediatrics Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41004 (URN)10.1016/j.pedn.2018.02.013 (DOI)000444524700015 ()29627285 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85044938227 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-07-18 Created: 2018-07-18 Last updated: 2018-10-02Bibliographically approved
Darcy, L., Björk, M., Granlund, M. & Enskär, K. (2017). ICF applications in health care for children with cancer in Sweden. In: S. Castro & O. Palikara (Ed.), An emerging approach for education and care: Implementing a worldwide classification of functioning and disability (pp. 178-186). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ICF applications in health care for children with cancer in Sweden
2017 (English)In: An emerging approach for education and care: Implementing a worldwide classification of functioning and disability / [ed] S. Castro & O. Palikara, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 178-186Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and its version for children and youth, the ICF-CY, can contribute to the present knowledge on the lives of young children with cancer, with an international and interdisciplinary language. In this context, the term health can be seen as a multidimensional concept in which both illness and non-illness/well-being are dimensions that can be present at the same time, rather than two opposite concepts. Health is the result of a continuous process rather than something that one individual has; it is a resource for everyday life rather than the objective of living (WHO, 1986). The ICF was developed to classify different dimensions on individuals’ health as a unified standardised common language and framework, to be used across disciplines (WHO, 2007). It acknowledges that health and illness are complex concepts and promotes a biopsychosocial model of health, in which the context is as important as the individual and his/her needs. The view of health as functioning in everyday life can be operationalised using the ICF model of body structure, body function, activities and participation and environmental factors (Rosenbaum & Gorter, 2012).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2017
National Category
Educational Sciences Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41962 (URN)10.4324/9781315519692 (DOI)2-s2.0-85050297818 (Scopus ID)9781315519685 (ISBN)9781138698178 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-02 Created: 2018-11-02 Last updated: 2019-01-02Bibliographically approved
Darcy, L., Björk, M., Knutsson, S., Granlund, M. & Enskär, K. (2016). Following young children's health and functioning in everyday life through their cancer trajectory. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 33(3), 173-189
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Following young children's health and functioning in everyday life through their cancer trajectory
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1043-4542, E-ISSN 1532-8457, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 173-189Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Knowledge of living with childhood cancer, through the trajectory, is sparse.

Aim: The aim of this study was to follow young children’s health and functioning in everyday life through their cancer trajectory.

Methods: Data were gathered longitudinally from a group of 13 young children and their parents connected to a pediatric oncology unit in Sweden. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth structure was used to identify difficulties in health and functioning in everyday life, in interview and questionnaire data. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed to show patterns of difficulty over a 3-year period from diagnosis.

Results: Difficulties experienced by children declined and changed over time. An increase in difficulties with personal interactions with others and access to and support from health care professionals was seen 2 to 3 years after diagnosis and start of treatment. Similar patterns are seen within individual children’s trajectories in relation to diagnosis but individual patterns were seen for each child.

Conclusions and Clinical Implications: Health care professionals need to plan for ongoing contact with school services and information and support pathways, beyond the treatment period. A person-centered philosophy of care is required throughout the cancer trajectory.

Keywords
Childhood cancer, Sweden, Young child
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-26384 (URN)10.1177/1043454215610489 (DOI)000373837100002 ()26655332 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84962691659 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Child Diabetes Foundation
Available from: 2015-04-28 Created: 2015-04-28 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Björk, M., Sundler, A. J., Hallström, I. & Hammarlund, K. (2016). Like being covered in a wet and dark blanket – Parents' lived experiences of losing a child to cancer. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 25, 40-45
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Like being covered in a wet and dark blanket – Parents' lived experiences of losing a child to cancer
2016 (English)In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 25, p. 40-45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose The aim of this study was to illuminate parents' lived experiences of losing a child to cancer.

Method Interviews and a narrative about parents' experiences of losing a child to cancer were gathered from six parents of children whom had participated in a longitudinal study across the child's illness trajectory. The analysis of the data was inspired by van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological approach.

Results One essential theme emerged: Like being covered in a wet and dark blanket, as well as six related themes: Feeling conflicting emotions, Preparing for the moment of death, Continuing parenting after death, Recollecting and sharing memories, Working through the sorrow and New perspectives in life.

Conclusion There is a need for good palliative care. If not, there is a risk that the parent will perseverate and blame themselves for not being a good parent during the suffering child's last time in life. Meetings with the parents six months and two years after the child's death might facilitate healing through the grief process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Death, Lived experience, Nursing, Paediatric cancer, Palliative care, Parents
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-32055 (URN)10.1016/j.ejon.2016.08.007 (DOI)000389172500006 ()27865251 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84988644276 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-10-26 Created: 2016-10-26 Last updated: 2019-09-02Bibliographically approved
Enskär, K., Björk, M., Knutsson, S., Granlund, M., Darcy, L. & Huus, K. (2015). A Swedish perspective on nursing and psychosocial research in paediatric oncology: A literature review. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 19(3), 310-317
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Swedish perspective on nursing and psychosocial research in paediatric oncology: A literature review
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2015 (English)In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 310-317Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: A dramatic improvement in outcomes of survival rates of childhood cancer has been seen. Caring science research is central in providing skills and knowledge to the health care sector, but few overviews of the content of published research have been carried out. The aim of this review was to investigate the content and methodology of published studies in paediatric oncology relevant to caring science, and also to compare possible differences in content and method of the published studies from the nursing and psychosocial perspectives.

METHOD: A systematic literature review was performed of 137 published articles on paediatric oncology relevant to caring science in Sweden.

RESULTS: The results show that most of the studies were descriptive or comparative ones with a quantitative design. Most of them focused on parents (43%) or children (28%). Most of the studies investigated wellbeing (88%), using questionnaires (54%) or interviews (38%). Several different measurement instruments had been used. While the results were often clearly presented, the clinical implications were more diffuse. The most acknowledged research fund was the Swedish Childhood Foundation (75%).

CONCLUSIONS: To reflect the children' perspectives in paediatric oncology require that future researchers take on the challenge of including children (even young ones) in research. The use of a limited number of agreed measurement instruments is desirable. The biggest challenge for the future is to make a shift from explorative to intervention studies. There is an urgent need to transform research results into clinical practice.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Nursing Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25429 (URN)10.1016/j.ejon.2014.10.013 (DOI)000357905900015 ()25529934 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84919459311 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-12-27 Created: 2014-12-27 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Larsson, M., Sundler, A. J., Ekebergh, M. & Björk, M. (2015). Altering the Parenting Role: Parents’ Experience of Supporting the Health and Well-Being of Their Adolescent Girls. Child and Youth Care Forum, 44(3), 419-432
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Altering the Parenting Role: Parents’ Experience of Supporting the Health and Well-Being of Their Adolescent Girls
2015 (English)In: Child and Youth Care Forum, ISSN 1053-1890, E-ISSN 1573-3319, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 419-432Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

In research the relationships between parents and their adolescent daughters have been viewed from problem oriented perspectives, usually exploring negative effects and health-related problems. Health and well-being are complex phenomena and knowledge is needed on how parents can support the health and well-being of their daughter.

Objectives

The aim of this study was to illuminate parents’ experiences of supporting the health and well-being of their adolescent girls.

Methods

A descriptive design with a phenomenological approach including interviews, individually or in group with ten mothers and five fathers was conducted.

Results

Supporting the health and well-being of adolescent girls was experienced as challenging. The parents needed to altering the parenting role: from being the one who had previously set the limits they needed to rethink and be available for support. In this process interplay, communication and trust were important to support the health and well-being of the girls in an efficient way. This meaning was further illuminated by four constituents: Balancing the need for control, maintaining a trusting relationship, interplay to facilitate their daughters’ transition to independence, and an ambiguous parenting role.

Conclusions

This study highlights the importance of parents being involved in the everyday life of their adolescent daughter to support her health and well-being. The parents’ ability to contribute to the health and well-being of their girl seemed in this study dependent on their ability to communicate and alter the parenting role with sensitivity to the lifeworld of the adolescent girl.

Keywords
Teenage, Health promotion, Qualitative Nursing, Parenting
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25411 (URN)10.1007/s10566-014-9287-5 (DOI)000352791800006 ()2-s2.0-84910070598 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-12-22 Created: 2014-12-22 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Enskär, K., Huus, K., Björk, M., Granlund, M., Darcy, L. & Knutsson, S. (2015). An analytic review of clinical implications from nursing and psychosocial research within Swedish pediatric oncology. Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, 30(4), 550-559
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An analytic review of clinical implications from nursing and psychosocial research within Swedish pediatric oncology
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2015 (English)In: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 550-559Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25335 (URN)10.1016/j.pedn.2014.11.001 (DOI)000356182300007 ()25448474 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84930808995 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2014-12-17 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6419-2417

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