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Ots, M., Berglez, P. & Nord, L. (2024). Who Watches the Watchdog? Understanding Media Systems as Information Regimes. Media and Communication, 12, Article ID 7216.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Who Watches the Watchdog? Understanding Media Systems as Information Regimes
2024 (English)In: Media and Communication, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 12, article id 7216Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores institutions that monitor news media performance. It opens up critical inquiry into how knowledge about media systems is shaped, shared, and bounded in society. Using Sweden as an illustrative and data‐rich case, we first map the overall media monitoring structure in Sweden. Second, we examine the kind of knowledge and data about media that monitoring institutions produce, including their motives and the underlying values they support. Third, we extrapolate questions about implicit and explicit motives to participate in an “information regime.” Fourth, by means of media system theory, we discuss the international relevance of the Swedish case to understand media monitoring systems in other parts of the world. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cogitatio Press, 2024
Keywords
democracy, governance, media development, media monitoring, media regimes, media systems, Sweden
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62797 (URN)10.17645/mac.7216 (DOI)2-s2.0-85182480530 (Scopus ID)GOA;;62797 (Local ID)GOA;;62797 (Archive number)GOA;;62797 (OAI)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 101004811
Note

Published online 2023.

Available from: 2023-10-30 Created: 2023-10-30 Last updated: 2024-01-30Bibliographically approved
Ots, M. (2023). Ett ekonomiskt skitår för mediebranschen – men vad var det egentligen som hände?. In: Mediestudiers årsbok 2023: Annonsras och sparpaket (pp. 23-35). Stockholm: Institutet för mediestudier
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ett ekonomiskt skitår för mediebranschen – men vad var det egentligen som hände?
2023 (Swedish)In: Mediestudiers årsbok 2023: Annonsras och sparpaket, Stockholm: Institutet för mediestudier , 2023, p. 23-35Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutet för mediestudier, 2023
National Category
Media Studies Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63385 (URN)978-91-8059-800-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2024-01-17 Created: 2024-01-17 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved
Cestino-Castilla, J., Naldi, L. & Ots, M. (2023). External enablers in existing organizations: Emergence, novelty, and persistence of entrepreneurial initiatives. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 17(2), 335-371
Open this publication in new window or tab >>External enablers in existing organizations: Emergence, novelty, and persistence of entrepreneurial initiatives
2023 (English)In: Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, ISSN 1932-4391, E-ISSN 1932-443X, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 335-371Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research Summary: There is growing consensus that exogenous environmental changes can affect entrepreneurship. The external enabler framework, which provides the structures and terminology to analyze these enabling effects, has typically focused on new venture creation. In an attempt to extend the external enabler framework to corporate entrepreneurship and innovation, our longitudinal multiple-case study explores how environmental changes enable entrepreneurial initiatives in existing organizations. Our findings contribute to the external enabler framework, corporate entrepreneurship, and innovation literature by identifying new conceptual tools to understand the enabling effect of environmental change for the emergence, novelty, and persistence of entrepreneurial initiatives in existing organizations.

Managerial Summary: We studied how the Covid-19 pandemic enabled the initiation and continuation of entrepreneurial activities. Our study of eight small US-based news companies shows that some entrepreneurial initiatives emerged as these organizations redirected their course of action toward new initiatives enabled by the changes in the external environment. Notably, the entrepreneurial initiatives that were new-to-the-industry originated from ideas that were already available in some form within the organization but were not in use until the pandemic gave them a second life. Furthermore, the continuation of these initiatives depended on the persistence of the changes in the environment and on the low maintenance requirements of these initiatives in terms of time, effort, and resources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
entrepreneurial initiatives, existing organizations, external enablers, novelty, persistence
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-60059 (URN)10.1002/sej.1458 (DOI)000952616200001 ()2-s2.0-85150768337 (Scopus ID)HOA;;873455 (Local ID)HOA;;873455 (Archive number)HOA;;873455 (OAI)
Available from: 2023-04-03 Created: 2023-04-03 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Berglez, P., Eberwein, T., Jansová, I., Krakovsky, C., Nord, L., Ots, M., . . . Waschková Císařová, L. (2023). Media Change in Europe as a Structure-Agency Process: Results from a Comparative Study of Austria, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Latvia and Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at 14th Central and Eastern European Communication and Media Conference (CEECOM 2023), Brno, Czech Republic, June 29-30, 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Media Change in Europe as a Structure-Agency Process: Results from a Comparative Study of Austria, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Latvia and Sweden
Show others...
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Keywords
media experts, media change, journalism, structure, agency
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62968 (URN)
Conference
14th Central and Eastern European Communication and Media Conference (CEECOM 2023), Brno, Czech Republic, June 29-30, 2023
Projects
Mediadelcom (Horizon2020)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020
Available from: 2023-10-24 Created: 2023-11-30Bibliographically approved
Garz, M., Ots, M. & Sjøvaag, H. (2023). Political Viewpoint Diversity in the News: Market and Ownership Conditions for a Pluralistic Media System. The International Journal of Press/Politics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political Viewpoint Diversity in the News: Market and Ownership Conditions for a Pluralistic Media System
2023 (English)In: The International Journal of Press/Politics, ISSN 1940-1612, E-ISSN 1940-1620Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The assumption that ownership has an effect on the diversity of news is based on the forms of control that ownership allows and the market conditions in which ownership is exercised. In this study, we perform a large-scale analysis of the Swedish newspaper market, surveying 130 newspapers and parliamentary speeches over a period of six years (2014-2019), to substantiate to what extent market and for-profit ownership forms impact political viewpoint diversity. Our analysis shows that newspapers with market leadership and chain ownership offer more political viewpoint diversity than number two and single-owned papers. In contrast, the ownership forms surveyed here (private, foundation, and publicly traded ownerships) display little effect on newspapers' internal diversity. We also find that a greater number of papers in a local market does not imply more external diversity in that market. The analysis thus offers some nuance to the notion that ownership form and market pluralism are prerequisites for viewpoint diversity, highlighting instead the importance of scale effects for pluralistic media systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
computational analysis, market conditions, ownership, pluralism, political viewpoint diversity
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62674 (URN)10.1177/19401612231178254 (DOI)001080806900001 ()2-s2.0-85173934010 (Scopus ID)HOA;intsam;910042 (Local ID)HOA;intsam;910042 (Archive number)HOA;intsam;910042 (OAI)
Funder
Swedish Competition Authority, 406/2019
Available from: 2023-10-16 Created: 2023-10-16 Last updated: 2023-10-27
Feng, S., Berndt, A. & Ots, M. (2023). Residents and the place branding process: socio-spatial construction of a locked-down city's brand identity. Journal of Place Management and Development, 16(3), 440-462
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Residents and the place branding process: socio-spatial construction of a locked-down city's brand identity
2023 (English)In: Journal of Place Management and Development, ISSN 1753-8335, E-ISSN 1753-8343, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 440-462Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PurposeBuilding on Kavaratzis and Hatch's (2013) identity-based place branding model, this paper aims to explore the spatial and social dimensions of the place brand identity formation process and how residents used social media to participate in the process of shaping a city brand during a crisis. Design/methodology/approachAdopting an interpretive and social constructionist approach, this study analyses a sample of 187 short videos created and posted by Wuhan residents on the social media app Douyin during a COVID-19 lockdown. The authors read the videos as cultural texts and analysed underlying social processes in the construction of place brand identity by residents. FindingsThis study develops an adapted conceptual model of place identity formation unfolding in four sub-processes: expressing, impressing, mirroring and reflecting, and each sub-process subsumes two dimensions: the social and the spatial. In addition, this study empirically describes how residents participated in place branding processes in two ways, namely, their construction of city brand identity via communicative practice and their exertion of changes to a city brand during a crisis. The model reveals how place brands emerge and can be transformed. Originality/valueThis paper amplifies Kavaratzis and Hatch's (2013) identity-based place branding model by testing it in an empirical study and highlighting the social and spatial dimensions. This paper contributes to research about participatory place branding by exploring how residents participated in the place branding process. This study analysed short videos on social media, a new communication format, rather than textual narratives dominating past studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2023
Keywords
Place branding process, Place brand identity, Participatory place branding, Resident, City, Crisis, Transformation, COVID-19, Lockdown, Social media, Video, Douyin, TikTok
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62202 (URN)10.1108/JPMD-02-2022-0018 (DOI)001025925300001 ()2-s2.0-85164996187 (Scopus ID)HOA;;897559 (Local ID)HOA;;897559 (Archive number)HOA;;897559 (OAI)
Available from: 2023-08-18 Created: 2023-08-18 Last updated: 2023-08-23Bibliographically approved
Feng, S., Berndt, A. & Ots, M. (2023). Residents' videographic practices on TikTok (Douyin): Enacting and communicating social sustainability during a COVID-19 lockdown. Journal of Media Business Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Residents' videographic practices on TikTok (Douyin): Enacting and communicating social sustainability during a COVID-19 lockdown
2023 (English)In: Journal of Media Business Studies, ISSN 1652-2354Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the intersection between sustainability and social media activity by studying how user-generated content (UGC) creation enacted and communicated social sustainability in times of restricted social interaction. The context is Wuhan in China, a city that implemented a 76-day lockdown in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on a sample of 187 short videos created and posted by Wuhan residents on Douyin (TikTok) during the lockdown, this paper answers this question - how did UGC creators produce short videos on social media to facilitate social connections with others? UGC creators' video-making practices are conceptualised in the typology of Evoking, Performing, Collaborating, and Narrating, and each practice enabled creators to connect and socialise virtually with others, thus contributing to all participants' social sustainability in a pandemic. This study contributes to media management scholarship by adding knowledge to the understanding of two areas: the productive role of media audiences, especially their content production practices and logics; the nature of short videos as media products.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Short video, social media, social sustainability, UGC, lockdown, Douyin, residents, TikTok, >
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62165 (URN)10.1080/16522354.2023.2207160 (DOI)001022674000001 ()2-s2.0-85164529468 (Scopus ID)HOA;;897175 (Local ID)HOA;;897175 (Archive number)HOA;;897175 (OAI)
Available from: 2023-08-16 Created: 2023-08-16 Last updated: 2023-08-23
Ots, M. (2023). Sweden: Bibliographical database of Swedish journalism and media research related to risks and opportunities for deliberative communication (2000–2020). Tartu, Estonia
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden: Bibliographical database of Swedish journalism and media research related to risks and opportunities for deliberative communication (2000–2020)
2023 (English)Data set, Aggregated data
Abstract [en]

The dataset is produced within the framework of the HORIZON 2020 project called MEDIADELCOM (Critical Exploration of Media Related Risks and Opportunities for Deliberative Communication: Development Scenarios of the European Media Landscape) in 2021-2022. The dataset is one of the 14 single-country data sets included in the consolidated file of country data sets (with 5623 entries), all in msw.xlsx format. All tables are searchable by 20 variables: full reference, year of publication, nationall/international publication, language, country the publication deals with, time of empirical data gathering, type of publication, open access/not OA, where referenced, focus on journalism domain, focus on media-related competences domain, focus on media usage patterns domain, focus on legal and ethical regulations domain, type of the approach, original key words, main topic, comments, country. As the data has been gathered specifically about the research done in four mentioned domains concerning potential ROs emanating from the news media development for deliberative communication, this database does NOT cover ALL the academic publications in the fields of media and journalism research. Consequently, the above-mentioned conditions limit the generalizations and comparisons based on the current database. 

Place, publisher, year
Tartu, Estonia: , 2023. p. <p>Database consisting of data about media development in Sweden 2000-2020</p>
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62969 (URN)10.23673/re-395 (DOI)
Projects
Mediadelcom
Available from: 2023-08-09 Created: 2023-11-30Bibliographically approved
Berglez, P., Nord, L., Ots, M. & Rapado, I. (2023). Transformation of Swedish media landscape and conditions for deliberative democracy: Critical junctures, risks, and opportunities during 2000-2020. In: : . Paper presented at NordMedia Conference 2023, Bergen, Norway, 16-18 August 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transformation of Swedish media landscape and conditions for deliberative democracy: Critical junctures, risks, and opportunities during 2000-2020
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Keywords
media, experts, critical junctures, journalism, news, media use, media competence
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62982 (URN)
Conference
NordMedia Conference 2023, Bergen, Norway, 16-18 August 2023
Available from: 2023-12-04 Created: 2023-12-04 Last updated: 2023-12-04Bibliographically approved
Johnson, P. C., Laurell, C., Ots, M. & Sandström, C. (2022). Digital innovation and the effects of artificial intelligence on firms’ research and development – Automation or augmentation, exploration or exploitation?. Technological forecasting & social change, 179, Article ID 121636.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital innovation and the effects of artificial intelligence on firms’ research and development – Automation or augmentation, exploration or exploitation?
2022 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 179, article id 121636Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Digitalization has altered many assumptions underpinning research on innovation management. At the early innings of exploring how digital innovation management stands out, there is a need for further studies in this area. Previous research on how firms use artificial intelligence has distinguished between automation and augmentation of human activities. In this paper, we explore how firms implement artificial intelligence within research and development. Utilizing an international news database spanning 956 articles from 122 newspapers published in 2020, we find that artificial intelligence is primarily adopted to augment human activities (55%) within research and development, rather than to automate matters (11%). We observe differences across sectors where automation is more common in government, information and communication technology (ICT), and technology and software. Our systematic coding shows that artificial intelligence is primarily adopted for exploration research and development (64%), rather than exploitation (5%). Based on these findings, we conclude that research and development from artificial intelligence primarily focuses on novel markets and areas of operations, rather than enhancing existing product markets and activities. Moreover, it augments human labor rather than replaces it; hence, job losses related to artificial intelligence do not seem to be taking place within research and development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022
Keywords
Artificial intelligence, Augmentation, Automation, Exploitation, Exploration, Innovation management, R&D, Commerce, Employment, Natural resources exploration, Digital innovations, Government communication, Government information, Human activities, Information and Communication Technologies, Research and development
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-56148 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2022.121636 (DOI)000789632000002 ()2-s2.0-85126927972 (Scopus ID)HOA;;804942 (Local ID)HOA;;804942 (Archive number)HOA;;804942 (OAI)
Available from: 2022-04-04 Created: 2022-04-04 Last updated: 2022-05-12Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0301-9765

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