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Jacobsson, M. & Linderoth, H. (2019). From Tools to Theories: Four Approaches to Construction IT Research. In: : . Paper presented at 35th Annual ARCOM Conference, Leeds, UK, 2-4 September, 2019. Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From Tools to Theories: Four Approaches to Construction IT Research
2019 (English)In: , Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM), 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Construction IT (CIT) has recently developed into a research field in its own right, with a unifying goal of enhancing the use of digital technologies to improve performance by enabling faster, cheaper, and better construction. However, we argue that CIT research has even greater potential. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to analyse the current state of CIT research and illustrate how its scope can be extended to make relevant and interesting contributions to the wider information systems (IS) community. Based on a phenomenology-inspired analysis of contemporary CIT research, we identified four streams of research. Each stream is characterized by its taken-for-granted assumptions, core audience, and assumed purpose of theories. The identified streams are: Building better buildings with IT; Building buildings with IT theories; Building theories of construction IT; and Building better IT/IS theories. For each stream, we discussed the general view on IT/IS and provided examples of potential publication outlets. This article provides a schematic overview of CIT research, as well as new insights into challenges and opportunities in extending CIT contributions, and making them relevant to a wider IS community.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM), 2019
Keywords
digital, theory, methodology, phenomenology, Construction IT
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45948 (URN)
Conference
35th Annual ARCOM Conference, Leeds, UK, 2-4 September, 2019
Available from: 2019-09-13 Created: 2019-09-13 Last updated: 2019-09-16Bibliographically approved
Linderoth, H., Jacobsson, M. & Elbanna, A. (2018). Barriers for digital transformation: The role of industry. In: : . Paper presented at ACIS2018, 29th Australasian Conference on Information Systems, UTS, Sydney, Australia, 3rd-5th December, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barriers for digital transformation: The role of industry
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Limited attention has been paid to why certain industries, like the AEC (Architectural, Engineering and Construction), is lagging behind in digital transformation. The question can be raised if there are characteristics on industry level that constrain digital transformation? The aim of the paper is to explore how the interactions among four industry key actors; architects, clients, contractors and consultants shape industry characteristics and the options for digital transformation through adoption and use of digital technology. The aim will be achieved through a combination of individual- and focus group interviews with representatives of the key actor groups focused on how they perceive Building Information Modelling (BIM). It is concluded that the characteristics of the industry; the focus on practical day-to-day action, a heterogeneous client side who have difficulties in putting demands on contractors and sub-contractors due to lack of competencies, and a product that raise barriers for process innovations do effectively constrain digital transformation.

Keywords
Industry analysis, Digitalization, Transformation, Building and Construction, ICT, Adoption
National Category
Communication Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45929 (URN)2-s2.0-85071666713 (Scopus ID)
Conference
ACIS2018, 29th Australasian Conference on Information Systems, UTS, Sydney, Australia, 3rd-5th December, 2018
Available from: 2019-09-11 Created: 2019-09-11 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Isaksson, A. & Linderoth, H. (2018). Environmental considerations in the Swedish building and construction industry: the role of costs, institutional setting, and information. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 33(4), 615-632
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental considerations in the Swedish building and construction industry: the role of costs, institutional setting, and information
2018 (English)In: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 615-632Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite increasing evidence that being an environment-friendly company not only benefits the environment but also makes long-term economic sense, the transition to a more sustainable society is extremely slow. This is true of the building and construction industry as well. At a strategic level, environmental issues have received more attention with the establishment of roles such as environmental managers and implementation of advanced environmental management systems. However, adoption has been slow in the absence of a holistic approach to environmental challenges, partly reinforced by a perception that giving more than the legally required level of environmental consideration will only add to costs without corresponding financial benefits. This raises the following question that the study aims to answer: What is the most important factor influencing decision makers’ in adopting environmental considerations? To this end, it analysed questionnaire data collected from decision makers in the Swedish construction industry along with an in-depth case study of a specific building and construction company. The results show that decision makers perceive informational and institutional constraints on the adoption of environmental considerations. Lack of information is perceived as the biggest obstacle to environmental considerations. If information and knowledge about clients’ and end users’ financial benefits from adopting environmental considerations need to be exploited, they have to be supported by contractual forms that discard a short-term focus on the investment costs of a building in favour of a focus on long-term operational and maintenance costs and benefits.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Building and construction industry; Decision making; Environmental considerations; Sustainability; Sweden
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38645 (URN)10.1007/s10901-017-9588-8 (DOI)000450224300003 ()2-s2.0-85040772982 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-01-25 Created: 2018-01-25 Last updated: 2018-11-30Bibliographically approved
Lennartsson, M., Movaffaghi, H. & Linderoth, H. (2018). Exploration of the BIM Development and Application: Identifying Key Areas for the Industrialized House-Building Sector. In: Mela, K., Pajunen, S. and Raasakka, V. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering. 5-7 June 2018, Tampere, Finland.: . Paper presented at 17th International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering, ICCCBE2018, Tampere, Finland, June 5-7, 2018. (pp. 1030-1037).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploration of the BIM Development and Application: Identifying Key Areas for the Industrialized House-Building Sector
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering. 5-7 June 2018, Tampere, Finland. / [ed] Mela, K., Pajunen, S. and Raasakka, V., 2018, p. 1030-1037Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Building Information Modelling (BIM) is claimed to transform the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry, whereas current research has argued that diffusion of BIM use proceeds at a slower rate than the optimistic predictions. Much of the research on BIM has focused on the traditional part of the industry and larger companies, whereas less attention has been paid to the industrialized house-builders. The underlying idea of industrialized house-building is to increase efficiency, both internally (do things right) and externally (do the right things), with repetitiveness in production facilities. Previous research indicates that there is a lack of demand for BIM, both internally and externally, and that BIM use is rather determined by an individual’s subjective positive or negative evaluation of BIM, which may be hazardous for industrialized house-builders. However, using BIM in repetitive processes is claimed to have potential to improve the output of industrialized housing building.

Hence, based on this background the aim of the paper is twofold: Firstly, to explore the current state of practice, and perceived constraints and driving forces of BIM-use with respect to industrialized house-building. Secondly; based on the results identify key areas for the continuous development of BIM within this sector of the construction trade. A mixed method approach was employed. To begin with, participant observations were carried out in connection to a regional development project, where managers from a selection of industrialized house-building companies assembled in order to identify key areas for development. Thereafter, interviews with managers in industrialized house-building companies were conducted to describe a state of practice within the industrialized house-building sector. Finally, a survey (n=52) was administered to employees at industrialized house-building companies on the Swedish market.

Deducted from the observations at the meetings, the vast number of different software that are used in a large variety of different processes and the need for integration between BIM and other systems was highlighted. Discussions mostly concerned technical issues that can be explained by the fact that meetings participants were technical and development managers. The interviews gave at hand that better connection between BIM and the Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is a topic that should be prioritized. The results from the survey showed that 63 per cent of the respondents have experience from working with BIM. The immediate results show similarities with previous studies of BIM use among mid-sized firms in the traditional building and construction industry regarding use frequency, perceived benefits and constraints, as well as perceived challenges. However, it is concluded that the industrialized house building sector need to adapt BIM aligned to their unique conditions in order to reap benefits, without looking too much at what is going on in the traditional construction industry.

Keywords
Industrialized house-building, Building Information Modelling (BIM), Surveys, adoption
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41553 (URN)
Conference
17th International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering, ICCCBE2018, Tampere, Finland, June 5-7, 2018.
Available from: 2018-09-24 Created: 2018-09-24 Last updated: 2018-09-24
Bosch-Sijtsema, P., Isaksson, A., Lennartsson, M. & Linderoth, H. (2017). Barriers and facilitators for BIM use among Swedish medium-sized contractors: We wait until someone tells us to use it. Visualization in Engineering, 5(3), 1-12
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barriers and facilitators for BIM use among Swedish medium-sized contractors: We wait until someone tells us to use it
2017 (English)In: Visualization in Engineering, ISSN 2213-7459, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The pace of diffusion of BIM (Building Information Modelling) use is considered to increase with governmentalinitiatives in which public clients in countries like Finland, Singapore, United Kingdom, and Sweden begin requiring BIM as apart of the project delivery. Currently, larger contractor firms use BIM to a certain extent. However, BIM use by mid-sizedcontractor firms (that is, firms with 50–500 employees that can successfully compete with larger contractors on projects costinga maximum of 50 million Euros) is relatively unknown. Hence, the aim of the paper is to explore current use and perceivedconstraints and driving forces of BIM-implementation with respect to mid-sized contractors.

Methods: A mixed method approach was applied, and data was collected through an interview study and a survey involvingchief executive officers or their closest sub-ordinates in mid-sized contractor firms in Sweden. The survey was based on atechnology-, organization-, and environment framework that is used in information systems research to study the use of inter-organizational information systems. The total population of firms in the survey corresponded to 104. The study presented thepreliminary results based on 32 answers (with a 31% response rate).

Results: Fifty-eight percent of the surveyed respondents stated that they had been involved in a project in which BIM wasused in some manner. The most commonly used application included visualization, which also facilitates coordination andcommunication. The biggest perceived constraints involved partners that did not use BIM, lack of demand from clients, andthe absence of internal demand in the company. With respect tothe two last obstacles, significant differences existedbetween users and non-users. The most common perceived driving forces included the fact that BIM is perceived as ameans to follow technical development and that BIMprovides competitive advantages to the company.

Conclusions: It is concluded that the main driver responsible for BIM-implementation is mainly determined by anindividual’s subjective positive or negative evaluation of BIM, instead of external pressure from clients and partners or by theinternal capacity and knowledge to use BIM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017
Keywords
BIM, Adoption, Use, Implementation, Medium-sized contractors, Sweden
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35238 (URN)10.1186/s40327-017-0040-7 (DOI)2-s2.0-85030610313 (Scopus ID)GOA JTH 2017 (Local ID)GOA JTH 2017 (Archive number)GOA JTH 2017 (OAI)
Funder
SBUF - Sveriges Byggindustriers Utvecklingsfond
Available from: 2017-03-21 Created: 2017-03-21 Last updated: 2019-06-07Bibliographically approved
Linderoth, H. C. J. (2017). From visions to practice – The role of sensemaking, institutional logic and pragmatic practice. Construction Management and Economics, 35(6), 324-337
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From visions to practice – The role of sensemaking, institutional logic and pragmatic practice
2017 (English)In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 324-337Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The emergence of a new technology like BIM is often connected with extensive discussions of industrial and organizational development and change. However, predicting the use trajectory of a technology has always been a difficult task. In understanding the adoption and use of information and communication technology (ICT), the way that people make sense of a technology is an important component. Even if sensemaking varies over time, studies of sensemaking processes over longer periods are rare. This paper has two aims. First, to develop a conceptual framework of how the development of sensemaking processes shapes the adoption and use of ICT. Second, to discuss the implications of this for research and practice, with a specific focus on the adoption and use of BIM. The research involves a case study of 12 years of telemedicine use in a Swedish county. These results are compared with contemporary BIM studies. The overall conclusion is that the use of technology is heavily shaped by the sensemaking of significant actor groups. This is grounded both an institutional logic and daily practice in relation to the benefits or disadvantages the group perceives from the use of the technology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
BIM; implementation; institutional logic; organizational change; sensemaking; telemedicine
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34060 (URN)10.1080/01446193.2016.1250930 (DOI)000400194700002 ()2-s2.0-84994291455 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-11-21 Created: 2016-11-21 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Linderoth, H., Isaksson, A. & Bosch-Sijtsema, P. (2017). The perceived usefulness of BIM – The mediating role of practice. In: S.-H. Hsieh & S-C. Kang (Ed.), Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Civil and Building Engineering Informatics: . Paper presented at 3rd International Conference on Civil and Building Engineering Informatics (ICCBEI 2017), Taipei, 19-21 April, 2017. (pp. 71-74). National Taiwan University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The perceived usefulness of BIM – The mediating role of practice
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Civil and Building Engineering Informatics / [ed] S.-H. Hsieh & S-C. Kang, National Taiwan University , 2017, p. 71-74Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

BIM is claimed to be one of the most promising developments in the industry and many researchers and practitioners seem to agree on BIM’s potential applicability in- and benefits for construction. However, what the potential, or full potential is, is a bit unclear. As well as for other Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), an objective full potential for BIM does not exist due to technology and knowledge development. But is there some alternative concept instead of potential that better captures the technology’s enabling features and the interpretive dimensions? The concept of IT-affordance has been used to describe the appropriation of open ended flexible technologies and is described as: a potential for action that emerges out of the interrelationships among the technical features of a system, people’s ability and predisposition to use these features in certain ways, and the organizational context within which this takes place. The aim of the paper is to explore how the combination of technology’s features, people’s abilities and predispositions, and the organizational context influence the perceived potential for action (PPA). This is achieved by a survey to three different groups: practitioners with and without experience of BIM-use, and final year’s bachelor students in civil engineering. It is concluded that experience of technology has a positive impact on PPA, but a combination of experiences from BIM use in practice and circumstances in practice has a strong negative moderating effect on users PPA. Among practitioners with experience of BIM, the PPA is aligned with the project logic. This is, PPA is strongly predicted by perceptions of BIM as mean for supporting decisions for cost reduction, at the same time as lack of internal competence is perceived as a constraint.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National Taiwan University, 2017
Keywords
Building information modelling (BIM), perceived potential, affordances, surveys, medium sized contractors
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35433 (URN)978-986-950-830-8 (ISBN)
Conference
3rd International Conference on Civil and Building Engineering Informatics (ICCBEI 2017), Taipei, 19-21 April, 2017.
Funder
SBUF - Sveriges Byggindustriers Utvecklingsfond, 13069
Available from: 2017-04-30 Created: 2017-04-30 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Isaksson, A., Linderoth, H., Bosch, P. & Lennartsson, M. (2016). BIM use in the production process among medium sized contractors: A survey of Swedish medium sized contractors. In: : . Paper presented at 16th International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering, ICCCBE2016, Osaka, July 6-8, 2016. (pp. 687-694).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>BIM use in the production process among medium sized contractors: A survey of Swedish medium sized contractors
2016 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Building Information Modelling (BIM) is claimed to transform the AEC industry, whereas current research has argued that diffusion of BIM use proceeds at a slower rate than the optimistic predictions. However, governmental initiatives where public clients in countries like Finland, Singapore, United Kingdom and Sweden start to require a Building Information Model as a part of the project delivery, are supposed to increase the pace of diffusion of BIM use. Today, larger contractor firms use BIM to a varying extent. But BIM use in mid-sized contractor firms, with 50 – 500 employees, which successfully can compete with larger contractors on projects up to 50 million Euros, is relatively unknown. The aim of the paper is to explore the current use and perceived challenges and driving forces of BIM-implementation among mid-sized contractors. The data used in this study is collected through a survey send to chief executive officers, or their closest sub-ordinates, of mid-sized construction firms in Sweden. The survey is based on a technology-, organization-, environment framework that is used in information systems research in order to study the use of inter-organizational information systems. The total population of firms in the survey is 136. The preliminary results presented in this paper are based on 31 answers (30 percent response rate). 58 percent of the respondents said that they have been involved in a project where BIM has been used in some way. The most commonly used application is visualization. The highest obstacles perceived are that partners are not using BIM, there is no demand from clients, and there is no internal demand in the company. For the two last obstacles there were significant differences between users and non-users. The most common perceived driving forces were that BIM is a means for following the technical development and BIM can give the company competitive advantages. Moreover, the results indicate that the main driver behind BIM-implementation is mainly determined by an individual’s subjective positive or negative evaluation of BIM, rather than by external pressure from clients and partners, or by internal capacity and knowledge to use BIM.

Keywords
BIM, adoption, use, implementation, medium sized contractors
National Category
Construction Management Building Technologies Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31158 (URN)
Conference
16th International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering, ICCCBE2016, Osaka, July 6-8, 2016.
Available from: 2016-08-02 Created: 2016-08-02 Last updated: 2016-08-02Bibliographically approved
Bosch, P., Isaksson, A., Lennartsson, M. & Linderoth, H. (2016). Hinder och drivkrafter för BIM i medelstora entreprenadföretag. SBUF-rapport 13069.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hinder och drivkrafter för BIM i medelstora entreprenadföretag. SBUF-rapport 13069
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31183 (URN)
Available from: 2016-08-08 Created: 2016-08-08 Last updated: 2018-09-21Bibliographically approved
Linderoth, H. & Elbanna, A. (2016). Understanding the creation of ICT-value in the building and construction industry. In: P W Chan and C J Neilson (Ed.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual ARCOM Conference, 5-7 September 2016, Manchester, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management: . Paper presented at 32nd Annual ARCOM Conference (pp. 103-112). Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM), 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding the creation of ICT-value in the building and construction industry
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the 32nd Annual ARCOM Conference, 5-7 September 2016, Manchester, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management / [ed] P W Chan and C J Neilson, Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM), 2016, Vol. 1, p. 103-112Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

ICT (Information and communication technology) creation of business value has become- for few reasons- a topic in need of closer scrutiny. Numerous governmental initiativesoriginate from a belief that digitization would improve the performance of the buildingand construction industry. But, there are evidences that expectations of positive effects ofuse of new ICT, for example BIM, may be too optimistic. In Information Systemsresearch (IS), ICT creation of business value presents one of the main concerns.Accordingly, by drawing on the literature on ICT value creation and characteristics of thebuilding and construction industry, the aim of the paper is to outline a conceptualunderstanding of ICT value creation in the building and construction industry. Theanalysis will take the point of departure in three perspectives on ICT-value creation: theresource-based, the process and capability building, and the multiple-firms perspectives.When ICT-value creation is analysed, a paradox is uncovered. In the industry, customervalue is co-created due to the need for a wide array of competencies and resources. But,at the same time there are very weak incentives for firms to co-create ICT-value due toexisting governance systems and institutionalized role systems. Research is needed inorder to uncover facilitators for building more long term relations among firms that in turncreates conditions for processes of building capabilities for creation of ICT-value.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM), 2016
Keywords
ICT-value, co-creation, capabilities, resources
National Category
Civil Engineering Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31948 (URN)2-s2.0-84991735048 (Scopus ID)
Conference
32nd Annual ARCOM Conference
Available from: 2016-10-08 Created: 2016-10-08 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7016-9360

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