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Wlazlak, P., Säfsten, K. & Hilletofth, P. (2019). Original equipment manufacturer (OEM)-supplier integration to prepare for production ramp-up. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 30(2), 506-530
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Original equipment manufacturer (OEM)-supplier integration to prepare for production ramp-up
2019 (English)In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 506-530Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Although prior research provides evidence that production ramp-up is often disrupted by supplier-related problems, it fails to discuss how the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) and various types of suppliers integrate their functions and operations to secure preparations for production ramp-up. The purpose of this paper is to investigate OEM–supplier integration in a new product development (NPD) project to prepare for production ramp-up.

Design/methodology/approach: The results presented in this paper are based on a real-time, longitudinal study of a single collaborative NPD project in the mechanical engineering industry. The NPD project involves seven suppliers and it is carried out in a large Swedish company (the OEM) and fits the theory-elaborating approach of this research.

Findings: This study argues that the aspect of timing in OEM–supplier integration, the OEM’s research and development (R&D) attitude toward collaboration and the OEM’s (R&D) operating procedure are challenges affecting the preparation for production ramp-up. The following three mechanisms to facilitate OEM–supplier integration in order to prepare for production ramp-up are also discussed: the mediator’s role, the OEM’s face-to-face meeting at the project level and suppliers’ formal face-to-face meetings with the OEM and internally.

Originality/value: This paper elaborates on and extends prior research on production ramp-up by conducting an empirical analysis that incorporates supplier integration in NPD. It bridges the gap between the literature on production ramp-up and on supplier integration in NPD and clearly indicates that supplier integration is an important prerequisite for successful production ramp-up. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019
Keywords
Integration, Product development, Production, Start-ups, Supplier relations, Suppliers, Manufacture, Design/methodology/approach, Face-to-face meetings, New product development, Original equipment manufacturers, Research and development, Supplier integration
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42406 (URN)10.1108/JMTM-05-2018-0156 (DOI)000459508200011 ()2-s2.0-85058096456 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-01-02 Created: 2019-01-02 Last updated: 2019-03-14Bibliographically approved
Wlazlak, P., Säfsten, K., Hilletofth, P. & Johansson, G. (2018). Integration of Suppliers’ Workflows in the OEMs’ New Product Development Process. Procedia Manufacturing, 25, 479-486
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integration of Suppliers’ Workflows in the OEMs’ New Product Development Process
2018 (English)In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, p. 479-486Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This research explores integration of the suppliers’ workflows in the OEM’s new product development (NPD) process, to support the production ramp-up. Based on multiple-case study approach, incorporating both the OEM and the supplier perspective, this research explains critical aspects for the integration of suppliers’ workflows in the OEM’s NPD process, and when these aspects need to be addressed. The results show that face-to-face meeting on a project level, standardized work model, readiness of the component specifications, role of Supplier Quality Assurance (SQA) engineer, quality assurance document provided to the suppliers, etc. are critical aspects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
integration, processes, supplier, workflow, OEM
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41284 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2018.06.127 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-08-28 Created: 2018-08-28 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved
Vestin, A., Säfsten, K. & Löfving, M. (2018). On the way to a smart factory for single-family wooden house builders in Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at 8th Swedish Production Symposium, SPS 2018, 16-18 May 2018, Stockholm, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the way to a smart factory for single-family wooden house builders in Sweden
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39270 (URN)
Conference
8th Swedish Production Symposium, SPS 2018, 16-18 May 2018, Stockholm, Sweden
Available from: 2018-04-26 Created: 2018-04-26 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved
Alayón, C., Säfsten, K. & Johansson, G. (2017). Conceptual sustainable production principles in practice: Do they reflect what companies do?. Journal of Cleaner Production, 141, 693-701
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptual sustainable production principles in practice: Do they reflect what companies do?
2017 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 141, p. 693-701Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A common understanding of sustainable production principles and the identification of sustainable manufacturing practices among practitioners are key starting points in studying how manufacturers are making their operations more sustainable. However, there is a lack of insight in the literature connecting conceptual sustainable production principles, and the practices reflecting these principles. Using semi-structured interviews founded on the sustainable production principles posed by the Lowell Center for Sustainable Production, this paper presents an outlook of how companies in different industries carry out manufacturing practices related to the sustainability production principles. Results showed that the majority of sustainable manufacturing practices remain strongly centered on the environmental dimension of sustainability, with the greatest number of practices emanating from principles concerning energy and material conservation, and waste management. Similarly, reactive sustainable manufacturing practices prevailed over proactive sustainable manufacturing practices, as most of the practices aimed to comply with regulatory and market pressures. Quality and environmental management systems were acknowledged as important tools for putting sustainable production principles into practice; while Swedish environmental and social regulations were found to drive sustainable manufacturing practices. This study connects sustainable production principles with sustainable manufacturing practices and opens the way for further studies on a global or sector-specific scale.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Sustainable production principles, Sustainable manufacturing practices, Manufacturing companies
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-32014 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.09.079 (DOI)000389090300063 ()2-s2.0-84994220079 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-10-18 Created: 2016-10-18 Last updated: 2018-09-20Bibliographically approved
Larsson, C., Syberfeldt, A. & Säfsten, K. (2017). How to visualize performance measures in a manufacturing SME. Measuring Business Excellence, 21(4), 337-350
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How to visualize performance measures in a manufacturing SME
2017 (English)In: Measuring Business Excellence, ISSN 1368-3047, E-ISSN 1758-8057, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 337-350Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify strengths and weaknesses in the communication of performance measures and propose guidelines for the visualization of performance measures supporting continuous improvement (CI) in manufacturing small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The goal is to help manufacturing SMEs improve their communication of performance measures, thereby improving performance, and strengthening the company.

Design/methodology/approach: This paper draws on both theoretical and empirical research. It begins with a literature review of theoretical guidelines for the visualization of performance measures. This theoretical information is then supplemented with a case study and a survey, both carried out at the Vara plant, a manufacturing SME with well-developed communication of performance measures. The case study involved all organizational levels in the company and focused on identifying strengths and weaknesses in visual communication of performance measures supporting CI. The information acquired from the literature survey and the case study was then used as the basis for a survey of the employees in one department as regards their perception, understanding and opinion of visual communication of performance measures. The analysis of the results led to the development of guidelines and a substantive proposal improving visualization of performance measures in this specific company, and in manufacturing SMEs in general.

Findings: A model for the visualization of performance measures supporting CI in the company was carried out. The guidelines proposed for all such visualizations are as follows: keep the visualization as simple as possible without compromising understanding, use symbols and colors consistently, use simple words and do not include too much information in the visualization. The study also shows that it is important to support a written visualization with an oral presentation to explain the results.

Originality/value: The originality of this paper lies in its focus on the visualization of performance measures in manufacturing SMEs and the guidelines and proposals developed. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2017
Keywords
Manufacturing, Performance measurement, Performance measures, SME, Visualization
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38298 (URN)10.1108/MBE-03-2017-0002 (DOI)000416120400004 ()2-s2.0-85035095667 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-12-28 Created: 2017-12-28 Last updated: 2018-09-20Bibliographically approved
Bäckstrand, J. & Säfsten, K. (2017). Rigor, relevance, funding and qualifications: The catch 22 of University – industry interaction research. In: : . Paper presented at 2017 University-Industry Interaction Conference, Dublin, June 7-9, 2017.. University Industry Innovation Network (UIIN)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rigor, relevance, funding and qualifications: The catch 22 of University – industry interaction research
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University Industry Innovation Network (UIIN), 2017
National Category
Business Administration Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35510 (URN)
Conference
2017 University-Industry Interaction Conference, Dublin, June 7-9, 2017.
Available from: 2017-05-15 Created: 2017-05-15 Last updated: 2018-09-20
Gustavsson, M. & Säfsten, K. (2017). The Learning Potential of Boundary Crossing in the Context of Product Introduction. Vocations and Learning, 10(2), 235-252
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Learning Potential of Boundary Crossing in the Context of Product Introduction
2017 (English)In: Vocations and Learning, ISSN 1874-785X, E-ISSN 1874-7868, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 235-252Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim is to explore challenges related to the integration between product development and production in product introduction and, given these challenges, to analyse the learning potential of boundary crossing in the context of product introduction. The paper draws on evidence from a Swedish manufacturing company. The theoretical framework is based on a boundary-crossing perspective, which in turn is framed by a workplace learning perspective. Data were collected through interviews with 19 employees from the product development department and 21 employees from the production plant, and 8 focus-group interviews. Within the company, there were many challenges related to product introduction, but the findings also show these challenges can provide learning opportunities by enabling the boundaries to be crossed between the product development department and the production plant. Several forms of intrapersonal or interpersonal boundary crossing were identified. Individuals acted as brokers, and prototypes, pre-series, DfA analysis and a crossfunctional team served as boundary objects and encounters. Nothing in our study indicates that the boundary crossing identified on the intrapersonal and interpersonal levels created learning potentials on the organisational level in the company. The conclusion is that it is necessary to consider the learning potential made available by boundary crossing in order to support learning, and thereby improve the integration between product development and production in product introduction. By seeing and using prototypes and pre-series production as learning opportunities you can create a better preparedness and provide collective access to knowledge required for successful product introduction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017
Keywords
Boundary crossing, Product development project, Workplace learning
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34847 (URN)10.1007/s12186-016-9171-6 (DOI)000402155100006 ()2-s2.0-85008474609 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-01-23 Created: 2017-01-23 Last updated: 2018-09-20Bibliographically approved
Säfsten, K. & Bäckstrand, J. (2016). Co-creation of knowledge: Key aspects for relevance in collaborative research projects. In: : . Paper presented at 23rd EurOMA International Annual Conference, Trondheim, 17th-22nd June, 2016. Trondheim: International Annual EurOMA Conference
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Co-creation of knowledge: Key aspects for relevance in collaborative research projects
2016 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

How can relevance for both industry and academia be achieved in collaborative research project? Despite the vast amount of literature on collaborative research, there is still a lack of empirically grounded studies on their practical use. We have investigated how the co-creation of knowledge was carried out in six collaborative projects, what was considered to be relevant results and what aspects that were found critical during the different phases of a collaborative research project. We found that joint activities during the initial phases, together with joint implementation of development initiates, was found most critical for relevance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trondheim: International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2016
Keywords
Interactive research approach, Co-creation of knowledge, Industry-academic collaboration
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30921 (URN)
Conference
23rd EurOMA International Annual Conference, Trondheim, 17th-22nd June, 2016
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

Conference Theme: Interactions

Available from: 2016-06-28 Created: 2016-06-28 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Abrahamsson, L., Bengtsson, L., Gremyr, I., Kowalkowski, C., Lindahl, M., Nilsson, A., . . . Öhman, P. (2016). Industriell ekonomi och organisering. Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Industriell ekonomi och organisering
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2016 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2016. p. 560
Keywords
Industriell ekonomi, Industriell organisation
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31907 (URN)9789147111831 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04 Last updated: 2018-06-12Bibliographically approved
Salim, R., Andersson, O., Schneider, C., Winroth, M. & Säfsten, K. (2016). Levels of Automation in the wood products industry: A case study. In: Proceedings of the 23rd EurOMA Conference: . Paper presented at 23rd EurOMA Conference, Trondheim, 17th-22nd June, 2016.. International Annual EurOMA Conference
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Levels of Automation in the wood products industry: A case study
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2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the 23rd EurOMA Conference, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The paper investigates the effect of the changeover in levels of automation (LoA) on the material utilization and the production flexibility in processing line systems, in the wood product industry. Further, the paper examines the applicability of the DYNAMO methodology in the chosen context. A case study was conducted where two processing line systems were analysed and compared in terms of LoA and performance. The results imply that consistency in quality and the ability to handle product complexity are affected by the changeover in LoA. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2016
Keywords
Levels of Automation (LoA), material utilization, production flexibility
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31437 (URN)978-82-303-3277-1 (ISBN)
Conference
23rd EurOMA Conference, Trondheim, 17th-22nd June, 2016.
Projects
ProWood
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2016-08-23 Created: 2016-08-23 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0216-4493

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