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Publications (10 of 125) Show all publications
Westlund, H. & Nilsson, P. (2019). Agriculture's transformation and land-use change in a post-urban world: A case study of the Stockholm region. Journal of Rural Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agriculture's transformation and land-use change in a post-urban world: A case study of the Stockholm region
2019 (English)In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to address the hypotheses of complete urbanization and the post urban world with an emphasis on the agricultural sector. The paper studies spatial and temporal changes in land-use and agricultural activities in one rapidly growing metropolitan region, the Stockholm region. We explore the number and size of agricultural firms, changes in their main activity and trends of diversification and land prices for various types of land and location, all in a disaggregated spatial dimension. The results contribute to a deeper understanding of agriculture's function in metropolitan regions and shed new light on the possibilities of the agricultural sector to transform in a world where the traditional urban-rural relations are ceasing to exist.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45534 (URN)10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.07.002 (DOI)2-s2.0-85069668668 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-12 Created: 2019-08-12 Last updated: 2019-08-12
Farrell, K. & Westlund, H. (2018). China’s rapid urban ascent: an examination into the components of urban growth. Asian Geographer, 35(1), 85-106
Open this publication in new window or tab >>China’s rapid urban ascent: an examination into the components of urban growth
2018 (English)In: Asian Geographer, ISSN 1022-5706, E-ISSN 2158-1762, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 85-106Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Having gone from 11.8% of its population inhabiting urban areas in 1950 to 49.2% by 2010, China represents the most dramatic urban transformation the world has seen. With the contemporary urban narrative presenting new challenges, particularly in terms of its unprecedented pace and scale, this paper conducts an inquiry into the nature and causes of China’s rapid urban ascent. Making use of a new analytical framework, this paper maps out the changing stages of China’s urban transition and examines the components of urban growth underpinning it. It arrives at several notable findings. Rural to urban migration has been the dominant component of urban growth, followed by urban natural population increase and reclassification. Although China’s urban growth rates were high, it is the reduction in rural growth rates that underpinned China’s particularly rapid urbanization rates. China is currently in the latter part of the accelerated stage of its urban transition, and is expected to enter the terminal stage by 2030. In light of China’s ongoing urban transition, this paper concludes with reflections on China’s New-Type Urbanization Plan 2014–2020. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
China, components of urban growth, late-urbanizer, rapid urbanization, urban transition, urbanization curve
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40965 (URN)10.1080/10225706.2018.1476256 (DOI)000446189700005 ()2-s2.0-85047557569 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-07-06 Created: 2018-07-06 Last updated: 2018-12-19Bibliographically approved
Johansson, M., Nilsson, P. & Westlund, H. (2018). Migration and ageing in expanding and shrinking European Regions. In: R. R. Stough, K. Kourtit, P. Nijkamp, & U. Blien (Ed.), Modelling aging and migration effects on spatial labor markets: (pp. 107-131). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Migration and ageing in expanding and shrinking European Regions
2018 (English)In: Modelling aging and migration effects on spatial labor markets / [ed] R. R. Stough, K. Kourtit, P. Nijkamp, & U. Blien, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 107-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Europe is in a phase of vast transition regarded both from a demographic and economic-structural point of view. Studies have shown that demographic development differs a lot when comparing urban regions with more sparsely populated peripheral regions. These diverging patterns are shown to be especially strong in the northern and eastern parts of Europe where a redistribution of people contributes to a concentration process to the metropolitan or big city areas as well as to shrinkage and depopulating of rural and peripheral areas. This paper empirically addresses these differing demographic development paths by analyzing the influence of key underlying demographic factors on population change across European regions. For the stated purpose the paper applies typologies based on both economic and demographic structure and a cross-regional regression model. The economic-structural typology developed within the ESPON/EDORA-project is used to describe and analyze economic-structural factors and a typology based on demographic characteristics that classify regions as either shrinking or expanding in terms of population is used in the empirical assessment. Findings indicate that age structure is of importance with regard to population changes and there exists an east-west divide between the growing west and declining east where the declining sectors are more frequent. It is also shown that large and densely populated regions have better preconditions for growth and fewer risks for shrinking than small and sparsely populated ones. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018
Series
Advances in Spatial Science, ISSN 1430-9602, E-ISSN 2197-9375
Keywords
Ageing, Density and size-effects, East-west divide, Economic-structural factors, Human capital, Migration, Shrinkage, Typologies
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42437 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-68563-2_7 (DOI)2-s2.0-85059031922 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-68562-5 (ISBN)978-3-319-68563-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
Westlund, H. (2018). Railways and regional growth, dispersion and concentration in Scandinavia over 150 years. In: K. Matsushima, & W. P. Anderson (Ed.), Transportation, knowledge and space in urban and regional economics: (pp. 9-23). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Railways and regional growth, dispersion and concentration in Scandinavia over 150 years
2018 (English)In: Transportation, knowledge and space in urban and regional economics / [ed] K. Matsushima, & W. P. Anderson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 9-23Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018
Series
New Horizons in Regional Science
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42414 (URN)10.4337/9781785366062.00008 (DOI)000449400800002 ()978-1-78536-605-5 (ISBN)978-1-78536-606-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-02 Created: 2019-01-02 Last updated: 2019-01-02Bibliographically approved
Wixe, S., Nilsson, P., Naldi, L. & Westlund, H. (2017). Disentangling innovation in small food firms: The role of external knowledge, support, and collaboration. Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disentangling innovation in small food firms: The role of external knowledge, support, and collaboration
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper applies unique survey data on innovation and external interaction of small food producers in Sweden.The overall purpose is to test if firms that are more engaged in external interaction are more innovative. To disentangle innovativeness beyond new goods and services, innovation is measured as new processes, new markets, new suppliers, new ways of organization, and new distributors. Findings point to a positive relationship between firm innovation and external interaction, both in terms of collaboration, external knowledge and support from regional actors. In particular, collaboration regarding transports and sales is shown to enhance most types of innovation. Product and process innovation benefit from external knowledge from extra-regional firms as well as regional support from the largest firm. Findings suggest that current innovation policies can improve their efficiency by increasing their flexibility to enable tailor-made innovation policies at the local level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. p. 41
Series
CESIS Electronic Working Paper Series ; 446
Keywords
Innovation; collaboration; food industry; rural regions
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34879 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2013-276
Note

This paper has been produced within the EU-RURAGRI project “Towards a smart rural Europe” (TASTE), of which the Swedish part is financed by the research council Formas, grant 2013-276.

Available from: 2017-01-25 Created: 2017-01-25 Last updated: 2018-09-24Bibliographically approved
Haas, T. & Westlund, H. (Eds.). (2017). In the post-urban world: Emergent transformation of cities and regions in the innovative global economy. London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>In the post-urban world: Emergent transformation of cities and regions in the innovative global economy
2017 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the last few decades, many global cities and towns have experienced unprecedented economic, social, and spatial structural change. Today, we find ourselves at the juncture between entering a post-urban and a post-political world, both presenting new challenges to our metropolitan regions, municipalities, and cities. Many megacities, declining regions and towns are experiencing an increase in the number of complex problems regarding internal relationships, governance, and external connections. In particular, a growing disparity exists between citizens that are socially excluded within declining physical and economic realms and those situated in thriving geographic areas. This book conveys how forces of structural change shape the urban landscape.

In The Post-Urban World is divided into three main sections: Spatial Transformations and the New Geography of Cities and Regions; Urbanization, Knowledge Economies, and Social Structuration; and New Cultures in a Post-Political and Post-Resilient World. One important subject covered in this book, in addition to the spatial and economic forces that shape our regions, cities, and neighbourhoods, is the social, cultural, ecological, and psychological aspects which are also critically involved. Additionally, the urban transformation occurring throughout cities is thoroughly discussed. Written by today’s leading experts in urban studies, this book discusses subjects from different theoretical standpoints, as well as various methodological approaches and perspectives; this is alongside the challenges and new solutions for cities and regions in an interconnected world of global economies.

This book is aimed at both academic researchers interested in regional development, economic geography and urban studies, as well as practitioners and policy makers in urban development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2017. p. 346
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41966 (URN)10.4324/9781315672168 (DOI)2-s2.0-85050232331 (Scopus ID)9781317372349 (ISBN)9781138943926 (ISBN)
Note

Winner of the Regional Studies Association's Best Book Award 2018.

Available from: 2018-11-02 Created: 2018-11-02 Last updated: 2018-11-02Bibliographically approved
Westlund, H. & Haas, T. (2017). Introduction: In the post-urban world. In: T. Haas & H. Westlund (Ed.), In the post-urban world: Emergent transformation of cities and regions in the innovative global economy (pp. 1-12). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction: In the post-urban world
2017 (English)In: In the post-urban world: Emergent transformation of cities and regions in the innovative global economy / [ed] T. Haas & H. Westlund, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 1-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The complexities of contemporary global urban, political, economic, and environmental issues are evident. It is not hyperbole to say that human beings are now confronted with the greatest challenge that we have ever faced; in fact, it is a matter of life and death. The planet has recently been experiencing a convergence of natural and man-made crises that are unprecedented in our lifetime. We are also facing the consequences of accelerating and rapid urbanization, the scarcity of natural resources and their mismanagement, the impact of major errors in our responses to disasters, and the increasing demand for and complexity of greatly expanding transportation flows (Haas, 2012). Our societies have also undergone rapid and radical shifts in terms of age and class, increasing inequities between the rich and poor and intense demand for affordable and high-quality housing. All of these major challenges require immediate solutions from architects, urban planners, urban designers, landscape architects, and urbanists; actually, we need the combined efforts of all good people who are concerned with the physical condition and future of our cities. We need these professionals and experts to contribute their most imaginative, pragmatic, resilient, innovative, and just solutions. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2017
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41964 (URN)10.4324/9781315672168 (DOI)2-s2.0-85050179508 (Scopus ID)9781317372349 (ISBN)9781138943926 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-02 Created: 2018-11-02 Last updated: 2018-11-02Bibliographically approved
Lundgren, A. & Westlund, H. (2017). The openness buzz in the knowledge economy: Towards taxonomy. Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, 35(6), 975-989
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The openness buzz in the knowledge economy: Towards taxonomy
2017 (English)In: Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, ISSN 2399-6544, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 975-989Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the networked information and knowledge-based economy and society, the notions of ‘open’ and ‘openness’ are used in a variety of contexts; open source, open access, open economy, open government, open innovation – just to name a few. This paper aims at discussing openness and developing a taxonomy that may be used to analyse the concept of openness. Are there different qualities of openness? How are these qualities interrelated? What analytical tools may be used to understand openness? In this paper four qualities of openness recurrent in literature and debate are explored: accessibility, transparency, participation and sharing. To further analyse openness new institutional theory as interpreted by Williamson (2000) is used, encompassing four different institutional levels; cultural embeddedness, institutional environment, governance structure and resource allocations. At what institutional levels is openness supported and/or constrained? Accessibility as a quality of openness seems to have a particularly strong relation to the other qualities of openness, whereas the notions of sharing and collaborative economics seem to be the most complex and contested quality of openness in the knowledge-based economy. This research contributes to academia, policy and governance, as handling of challenges with regard to openness vs. closure in different contexts, territorial, institutional and/or organizational, demand not only a better understanding of the concept, but also tools for analysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
Knowledge-based economy, openness, institutional theory, policy, governance
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37155 (URN)10.1177/0263774X16671312 (DOI)000408391200003 ()2-s2.0-85028031754 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-09-04 Created: 2017-09-04 Last updated: 2017-09-14Bibliographically approved
Westlund, H. (2017). Urban-rural relations in the post-urban world. In: T. Haas & H. Westlund (Ed.), In the post-urban world: Emergent transformation of cities and regions in the innovative global economy (pp. 70-81). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urban-rural relations in the post-urban world
2017 (English)In: In the post-urban world: Emergent transformation of cities and regions in the innovative global economy / [ed] T. Haas & H. Westlund, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 70-81Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

I’ll begin with the following hypothesis: Society has been completely urbanized. This hypothesis implies a definition: An urban society is a society that results from a process of complete urbanization. This urbanization is virtual today, but will become real in the future. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2017
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41967 (URN)10.4324/9781315672168 (DOI)2-s2.0-85050209997 (Scopus ID)9781317372349 (ISBN)9781138943926 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-02 Created: 2018-11-02 Last updated: 2018-11-02Bibliographically approved
Wixe, S., Nilsson, P., Naldi, L. & Westlund, H. (2016). Disentangling innovation in small food firms: The role of external knowledge, support, and collaboration. In: : . Paper presented at Western Regional Science Association 55th Annual Meeting, February, 14-17, 2016, Big Island, Hawaii, USA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disentangling innovation in small food firms: The role of external knowledge, support, and collaboration
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34877 (URN)
Conference
Western Regional Science Association 55th Annual Meeting, February, 14-17, 2016, Big Island, Hawaii, USA
Available from: 2017-01-25 Created: 2017-01-25 Last updated: 2018-09-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2080-6859

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