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Publications (10 of 213) Show all publications
Backman, M. & Karlsson, C. (2018). Entrepreneurship and age across time and space. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, 109(3), 371-385
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship and age across time and space
2018 (English)In: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 109, no 3, p. 371-385Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies confirm an inverted U-shaped relationship between age and entrepreneurship. This paper deepens the understanding of this relationship by analysing how the relationship varies across time and across different types of regions, aspects often overlooked in the current literature. An individual perspective is taken, and the probability of starting a firm is expected to increase as individuals' age but at a decreasing rate. The results show significant differences in the relationship between the age of individuals and the rate of entrepreneurship across time and space. The age-entrepreneurship profile has shifted to the left over time such that individuals are younger when they start firms. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Keywords
Age cohorts, Ageing, Entrepreneurship, Fixed-effect logit estimation, Micro data, Urban-rural hierarchy
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38310 (URN)10.1111/tesg.12293 (DOI)XYZ ()2-s2.0-85035016190 (Scopus ID)
Note

Special Issue: Dossier: Ageing and the Economy

Available from: 2017-12-30 Created: 2017-12-30 Last updated: 2018-07-05Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, C., Cornett, A. P. & Wallin, T. (2018). Globalization, international spillovers and sectoral changes: An introduction. In: Charlie Karlsson, Andreas P. Cornett, Tina Wallin (Ed.), Globalization, International Spillovers and Sectoral Changes: Implications for Regions and Industries: (pp. 1-22). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Globalization, international spillovers and sectoral changes: An introduction
2018 (English)In: Globalization, International Spillovers and Sectoral Changes: Implications for Regions and Industries / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Andreas P. Cornett, Tina Wallin, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 1-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

As a consequence of globalization, news, ideas and knowledge are moving quickly across national borders and generating international spillovers. So too, however, are economic and financial crises. Combining a variety of methods, concepts and interdisciplinary approaches, this book provides an in-depth examination of these structural changes and their impact. Assessing the implications of globalization for businesses and sectors, chapters focus on the interdependencies between different economic and political layers, and explore topics such as human capital, creativity, innovation, networks and collaboration

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41067 (URN)10.4337/9781786432483.00005 (DOI)2-s2.0-85046508954 (Scopus ID)9781786432483 (ISBN)9781786432476 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-07-25 Created: 2018-07-25 Last updated: 2018-07-25Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, C., Cornett, A. P. & Wallin, T. (Eds.). (2018). Globalization, international spillovers and sectoral changes: Implications for regions and industries. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Globalization, international spillovers and sectoral changes: Implications for regions and industries
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

As a consequence of globalization, news, ideas and knowledge are moving quickly across national borders and generating international spillovers. So too, however, are economic and financial crises. Combining a variety of methods, concepts and interdisciplinary approaches, this book provides an in-depth examination of these structural changes and their impact. Assessing the implications of globalization for businesses and sectors, chapters focus on the interdependencies between different economic and political layers, and explore topics such as human capital, creativity, innovation, networks and collaboration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018. p. 340
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41069 (URN)10.4337/9781786432483 (DOI)2-s2.0-85046511457 (Scopus ID)9781786432483 (ISBN)978-1-78643-247-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-07-26 Created: 2018-07-26 Last updated: 2018-07-26Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, C., Andersson, M. & Bjerke, L. (Eds.). (2017). Geographies of growth: innovations, networks and collaborations. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Geographies of growth: innovations, networks and collaborations
2017 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Today we can observe an increasing spatial divide as some large urban regions and many more medium-sized and small regions face growing problems such as decreasing labour demand, increasing unemployment and an ageing population. In view of these trends, this book offers a better understanding of the general characteristics and specific drivers of the geographies of growth. It shows how these may vary in different spatial contexts, how hurdles and barriers to growth in different types of regions can be dealt with, how and to what extent resources in different areas can develop and how the potential of these resources to stimulate growth can be realized. This book presents a collection of chapters, divided into four main parts, that together deal with these issues. The expert contributions provide numerous different perspectives on a new regional divide as well as exploring the inter-regional accessibility to human capital and its effects on productivity on both sides of the border. The book also investigates the speed of convergence and the fact that, when incorporating structural change, it is often quicker at the regional level compared to both the country and industry level. Other topics covered include institutional foundations and their influence on local social acceptance of entrepreneurship, the role of global value chains on bilateral trade and the determinants of cross-border innovation cooperation focusing on partner selection and location. Students, researchers and scholars will find this an important resource that fills numerous knowledge gaps and opens new avenues for research. It will also appeal to consultants, practitioners and planners at the international, regional and local level. Today we can observe an increasing spatial divide as some large urban regions and many more medium-sized and small regions face growing problems such as decreasing labour demand, increasing unemployment and an ageing population. In view of these trends, this book offers a better understanding of the general characteristics and specific drivers of the geographies of growth. It shows how these may vary in different spatial contexts, how hurdles and barriers to growth in different types of regions can be dealt with, how and to what extent resources in different areas can develop and how the potential of these resources to stimulate growth can be realized. This book presents a collection of chapters, divided into four main parts, that together deal with these issues. The expert contributions provide numerous different perspectives on a new regional divide as well as exploring the inter-regional accessibility to human capital and its effects on productivity on both sides of the border. The book also investigates the speed of convergence and the fact that, when incorporating structural change, it is often quicker at the regional level compared to both the country and industry level. Other topics covered include institutional foundations and their influence on local social acceptance of entrepreneurship, the role of global value chains on bilateral trade and the determinants of cross-border innovation cooperation focusing on partner selection and location. Students, researchers and scholars will find this an important resource that fills numerous knowledge gaps and opens new avenues for research. It will also appeal to consultants, practitioners and planners at the international, regional and local level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017. p. 460
Series
New horizons in regional science
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37826 (URN)10.4337/9781785360602 (DOI)978-1-78536-060-2 (ISBN)978-1-78536-059-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-06 Created: 2017-11-06 Last updated: 2018-02-06Bibliographically approved
Andersson, M., Bjerke, L. & Karlsson, C. (2017). Introduction. In: Geographies of Growth: Innovations, Networks and Collaborations: (pp. 1-15). Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction
2017 (English)In: Geographies of Growth: Innovations, Networks and Collaborations, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, p. 1-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017
Series
New Horizons in Regional Science series
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38758 (URN)10.4337/9781785360602.00007 (DOI)2-s2.0-85040586965 (Scopus ID)9781785360602 (ISBN)9781785360596 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-02-06 Created: 2018-02-06 Last updated: 2018-02-06Bibliographically approved
Backman, M. & Karlsson, C. (2017). Location of New Firms: Influence of Commuting Behaviour. Growth and Change, 48(4), 682-699
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Location of New Firms: Influence of Commuting Behaviour
2017 (English)In: Growth and Change, ISSN 0017-4815, E-ISSN 1468-2257, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 682-699Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the entrepreneurship literature, it is generally assumed that an individual establishes a new firm in a location in which they have strong ties, normally in the municipality of residence or employment. We scrutinise this general assumption and show that firm location depends on individual characteristics, such as the commuting experience. Our results show that commuting influences the firm location choice. The probability of establishing a firm in the work municipality increases if the entrepreneur is a commuter, holding constant the type of region and unobservable and observable individual features. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
Keywords
commuting, employment, entrepreneur, probability
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38482 (URN)10.1111/grow.12200 (DOI)000417281600010 ()2-s2.0-85014761553 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-01-12 Created: 2018-01-12 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
Acs, Z. J., Braunerhjelm, P. & Karlsson, C. (2017). Philippe Aghion: recipient of the 2016 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research. Small Business Economics, 48(1), 1-8
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Philippe Aghion: recipient of the 2016 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research
2017 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Professor Philippe Aghion is the 2016 recipient of the Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research, consisting of 100,000 Euros and a statuette designed by the internationally renowned Swedish sculptor Carl Milles. He is one of the most influential researchers worldwide in economics in the last couple of decades. His research has advanced our understanding of the relationship between firm-level innovation, entry and exit on the one hand, and productivity and growth on the other. Aghion has thus accomplished to bridge theoretical macroeconomic growth models with a more complete and consistent microeconomic setting. He is one of the founding fathers of the pioneering and original contribution referred to as Schumpeterian growth theory. Philippe Aghion has not only contributed with more sophisticated theoretical models, but also provided empirical evidence regarding the importance of entrepreneurial endeavours for societal prosperity, thereby initiating a more nuanced policy discussion concerning the interdependencies between entrepreneurship, competition, wealth and growth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017
Keywords
Economic growth, Entrepreneurship, Finance, Firm entry, Global Award, Innovation, Regulation
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-32123 (URN)10.1007/s11187-016-9801-2 (DOI)000392306200001 ()2-s2.0-84988667073 (Scopus ID)IHHCESISIS (Local ID)IHHCESISIS (Archive number)IHHCESISIS (OAI)
Available from: 2016-10-28 Created: 2016-10-28 Last updated: 2018-02-08Bibliographically approved
Tavassoli, S., Bengtsson, L. & Karlsson, C. (2017). Strategic entrepreneurship and knowledge spillovers: spatial and aspatial perspectives. The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 13(1), 233-249
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategic entrepreneurship and knowledge spillovers: spatial and aspatial perspectives
2017 (English)In: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 233-249Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The literature in the Strategic Entrepreneurship (SE) is increasingly embracing the concept and implications of knowledge spillovers. In this paper, we add to the theoretical repertoire on SE and knowledge spillovers by investigating the types of knowledge spillovers and what they imply for various dimensions of SE. On the one hand, we distinguish between spatial and aspatial knowledge spillovers. On the other hand, we distinguish between three dimensions of SE, i.e. inputs, resource orchestration, and output. Finally, we conceptually link the various types of knowledge spillovers and dimensions of SE and discuss the implications. Doing so, we argue that spatial knowledge spillovers (inter-firm) has received the major attention in previous research in increasing the amount of ‘inputs’ dimension of SE, while the aspatial knowledge (either inter-regional or intra-firm) has been relatively neglected not only for ‘inputs’, but also for ‘resource orchestration’ dimension. At the end, the paper provides suggestions for future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017
Keywords
Aspatial, Knowledge spillovers, Spatial, Strategic entrepreneurship
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31509 (URN)10.1007/s11365-016-0405-8 (DOI)000394301700011 ()2-s2.0-84980431476 (Scopus ID)IHHCESISIS (Local ID)IHHCESISIS (Archive number)IHHCESISIS (OAI)
Available from: 2016-08-25 Created: 2016-08-25 Last updated: 2017-04-19Bibliographically approved
Tavassoli, S. & Karlsson, C. (2017). The role of regional context on innovation persistency of firms. Papers in regional science (Print), 1-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of regional context on innovation persistency of firms
2017 (English)In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, p. 1-25Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper analyses the role of regional context on innovation persistency of firms. Using the Community Innovation Survey in Sweden, we have traced firms’ innovative behaviour from 2002 to 2012, in terms of four Schumpeterian types of innovation: product, process, organizational, and marketing. Controlling for an extensive set of firm-level characteristics, we find that certain regional characteristics matter for innovation persistency of firms. In particular, those firms located in regions with: (i) thicker labour market or (ii) higher extent of knowledge spillover exhibit higher probability of being persistent innovators up to 14 percentage points. Such higher persistency is mostly pronounced for product innovators.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
Keywords
Location, innovation, persistence, firms, Community Innovation Survey
National Category
Business Administration Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37529 (URN)10.1111/pirs.12315 (DOI)2-s2.0-85030643042 (Scopus ID)IHHCESISIS (Local ID)IHHCESISIS (Archive number)IHHCESISIS (OAI)
Available from: 2017-10-03 Created: 2017-10-03 Last updated: 2018-02-08
Backman, M. & Karlsson, C. (2016). Determinants of self-employment among commuters and non-commuters. Papers in regional science (Print), 95(4), 755-774
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determinants of self-employment among commuters and non-commuters
2016 (English)In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 95, no 4, p. 755-774Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We analyse the determinants of self-employment and focus on the contextual environment. By distinguishing between commuters and non-commuters we are able to analyse the influence from the work and home environment, respectively. Our results indicate a significant difference between non-commuters and commuters in terms of the role of networks for becoming self-employed. Our results indicate that it is the business networks where people work, rather than where they live that exerts a positive influence on the probability of becoming self-employed. These effects are further robust over educational and occupational categories.

Keywords
Entrepreneurship, individual attributes, regional attributes, networks, micro-level data
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25959 (URN)10.1111/pirs.12158 (DOI)000387615400005 ()2-s2.0-84922382096 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-03-11 Created: 2015-03-11 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1315-9753

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