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Backman, M. & Karlsson, C. (2020). Age of managers and employees –Firm survival. Journal of the Economics of Ageing, 15, Article ID 100215.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Age of managers and employees –Firm survival
2020 (English)In: Journal of the Economics of Ageing, ISSN 2212-828X, Vol. 15, article id 100215Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many developed countries will face a disproportionately large share of older individuals in the future. This change may lead to a labour force characterized by older employees and older operational managers. This paper contributes to the existing literature on the effect of aging on firm performance by performing an explorative analysis of how the age of the operational manager and the age composition of employees relate to the survival of Swedish firms during 2004–2013. We observe that the relationship between the age of the operational manager and firm exit changes functional shape when separated into different firm-size categories. Additionally, the age of the operational manager tends to be more important for new firms compared to incumbents. The share of older employees is positively associated with firm survival. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Age, Employees, Firm age, Firm size, Firm survival, Operational manager
National Category
Economics Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46863 (URN)10.1016/j.jeoa.2019.100215 (DOI)2-s2.0-85074492714 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-11-20 Created: 2019-11-20 Last updated: 2019-11-20Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, C., Rickardsson, J. & Wincent, J. (2019). Diversity, innovation and entrepreneurship: where are we and where should we go in future studies?. Small Business Economics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diversity, innovation and entrepreneurship: where are we and where should we go in future studies?
2019 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we review and comment upon the development of the literature on diversity, innovation, and entrepreneurship. In an overview of previous studies and various strands of literatures, we outline and argue that to better understand the intricate dynamic relationships between diversity, innovation, entrepreneurship, and regional development there is a strong need to further develop "the economics of spatial diversity." We further argue that this development may benefit from combining various literatures based upon sound economic micro-foundations, to develop a more absolute understanding of diversity and fulfill the need of more clear mechanisms for future empirical testing. Obviously, this is important both from a research point of view and in order to provide policymakers with a powerful set of analytical tools. We call for more analytical work and more high-quality empirical studies. With a set of papers, we believe this special issue to provide a contribution in this direction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Economics of spatial diversity, Diversity, Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Regional development
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46823 (URN)10.1007/s11187-019-00267-1 (DOI)000492318100001 ()2-s2.0-85074476027 (Scopus ID);IHHÖvrigtIS (Local ID);IHHÖvrigtIS (Archive number);IHHÖvrigtIS (OAI)
Note

HOA JIBS 20XX / SC

Available from: 2019-11-14 Created: 2019-11-14 Last updated: 2019-11-14
Backman, M. & Karlsson, C. (2018). Entrepreneurship and age across time and space. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, 109(3), 371-385
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship and age across time and space
2018 (English)In: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 109, no 3, p. 371-385Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies confirm an inverted U-shaped relationship between age and entrepreneurship. This paper deepens the understanding of this relationship by analysing how the relationship varies across time and across different types of regions, aspects often overlooked in the current literature. An individual perspective is taken, and the probability of starting a firm is expected to increase as individuals' age but at a decreasing rate. The results show significant differences in the relationship between the age of individuals and the rate of entrepreneurship across time and space. The age-entrepreneurship profile has shifted to the left over time such that individuals are younger when they start firms. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Keywords
Age cohorts, Ageing, Entrepreneurship, Fixed-effect logit estimation, Micro data, Urban-rural hierarchy
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38310 (URN)10.1111/tesg.12293 (DOI)XYZ ()2-s2.0-85035016190 (Scopus ID)
Note

Special Issue: Dossier: Ageing and the Economy

Available from: 2017-12-30 Created: 2017-12-30 Last updated: 2018-07-05Bibliographically approved
Gråsjö, U., Karlsson, C. & Bernhard, I. (Eds.). (2018). Geography, open innovation and entrepreneurship. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Geography, open innovation and entrepreneurship
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018. p. 400
Series
New Horizons in Regional Science series
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41881 (URN)10.4337/9781786439901 (DOI)978-1-78643-989-5 (ISBN)978-1-78643-990-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-10-23 Created: 2018-10-23 Last updated: 2018-10-23Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, C., Cornett, A. P. & Wallin, T. (2018). Globalization, international spillovers and sectoral changes: An introduction. In: C. Karlsson, A. P. Cornett, & Tina Wallin (Ed.), Globalization, International Spillovers and Sectoral Changes: Implications for Regions and Industries: (pp. 1-22). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Globalization, international spillovers and sectoral changes: An introduction
2018 (English)In: Globalization, International Spillovers and Sectoral Changes: Implications for Regions and Industries / [ed] C. Karlsson, A. P. Cornett, & Tina Wallin, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 1-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

As a consequence of globalization, news, ideas and knowledge are moving quickly across national borders and generating international spillovers. So too, however, are economic and financial crises. Combining a variety of methods, concepts and interdisciplinary approaches, this book provides an in-depth examination of these structural changes and their impact. Assessing the implications of globalization for businesses and sectors, chapters focus on the interdependencies between different economic and political layers, and explore topics such as human capital, creativity, innovation, networks and collaboration

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41067 (URN)10.4337/9781786432483.00005 (DOI)000449921500001 ()2-s2.0-85046508954 (Scopus ID)9781786432483 (ISBN)9781786432476 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-07-25 Created: 2018-07-25 Last updated: 2019-01-02Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, C., Cornett, A. P. & Wallin, T. (Eds.). (2018). Globalization, international spillovers and sectoral changes: Implications for regions and industries. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Globalization, international spillovers and sectoral changes: Implications for regions and industries
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

As a consequence of globalization, news, ideas and knowledge are moving quickly across national borders and generating international spillovers. So too, however, are economic and financial crises. Combining a variety of methods, concepts and interdisciplinary approaches, this book provides an in-depth examination of these structural changes and their impact. Assessing the implications of globalization for businesses and sectors, chapters focus on the interdependencies between different economic and political layers, and explore topics such as human capital, creativity, innovation, networks and collaboration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018. p. 340
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41069 (URN)10.4337/9781786432483 (DOI)2-s2.0-85046511457 (Scopus ID)9781786432483 (ISBN)978-1-78643-247-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-07-26 Created: 2018-07-26 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, C., Silander, C. & Silander, D. (Eds.). (2018). Governance and political entrepreneurship in Europe: Promoting growth and welfare in times of crisis. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Governance and political entrepreneurship in Europe: Promoting growth and welfare in times of crisis
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The economic crisis has had severe and negative impacts on the EU over the last decade. This book focuses on a neglected dimension by examining European political entrepreneurship in times of economic crisis with particular emphasis on EU member-states, institutions and policies. The main focus is on the role that the political entrepreneur can play in promoting entrepreneurship and growth. It is argued that the political entrepreneur and political entrepreneurship can positively influence the conditions for entrepreneurial activity and business.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018. p. 289
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42413 (URN)10.4337/9781788112765 (DOI)2-s2.0-85075301520 (Scopus ID)978-1-78811-275-8 (ISBN)978-1-78811-276-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-02 Created: 2019-01-02 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, C. & Tavassoli, S. (2018). Industrial policy in the post-industrial society: is the EU on the right track?. In: C. Karlsson, C. Silander, & D. Silander (Ed.), Governance and political entrepreneurship in Europe: Promoting growth and welfare in times of crisis (pp. 123-153). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Industrial policy in the post-industrial society: is the EU on the right track?
2018 (English)In: Governance and political entrepreneurship in Europe: Promoting growth and welfare in times of crisis / [ed] C. Karlsson, C. Silander, & D. Silander, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 123-153Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The authors discuss the controversial area of industrial policy which, after the 2008 crisis, faced the reaction that markets do not always perform optimally for society, generating a demand for new policy models. The chapter shows how the views on industrial policy have changed from a long-term perspective, with a special focus on the post-war period up to the current post-industrial society. The authors argue that industrial policies should be placed at the regional level and that small- and medium-sized regions need different policies than do large urban regions. In addition, this chapter briefly evaluates the EU’s current approach to industrial policy – the so-called smart specialisation – and sheds light on the problems related to this policy initiative.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42412 (URN)10.4337/9781788112765.00014 (DOI)000450548700007 ()2-s2.0-8507529945 (Scopus ID)978-1-78811-275-8 (ISBN)978-1-78811-276-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-02 Created: 2019-01-02 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, C. & Rouchy, P. (2018). Innovation, regions and employment resilience in Sweden. In: Hugo Pinto, Teresa Noronha, Eric Vaz (Ed.), Resilience and regional dynamics: An international approach to a new research agenda (pp. 81-103). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation, regions and employment resilience in Sweden
2018 (English)In: Resilience and regional dynamics: An international approach to a new research agenda / [ed] Hugo Pinto, Teresa Noronha, Eric Vaz, Springer, 2018, p. 81-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Lately, the concept of regional resilience has drawn some attention in academic and policies circles. In a macroeconomic perspective, resilience is essentially conceived through recovery from recession (industrial redeployment, path dependency) or external shock (economic crisis). In this chapter, we will adopt a mix approach of resilience associating economic geography with labour capital. We define the notion of regional resilience through labour characteristics (regional net employment, job accessibility defined as commuting surplus/deficit, employment resilience and labour dynamics) of the six most innovative Swedish regions (NUTS 3 level). We observed those regions under a 10 years period between 2004 and 2014. Our descriptive approach shows the relevance to consider regional resilience from the institutions of the job market in regard of business cycle, i.e. in line with regions’ abilities to adapt to continuous changes over time. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Series
Advances in Spatial Science, E-ISSN 1430-9602
Keywords
Employment, Innovative regions, Regional development and change, Resilience
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41505 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-95135-5_5 (DOI)000456559000005 ()2-s2.0-85052366163 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-95135-5 (ISBN)978-3-319-95134-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-09-19 Created: 2018-09-19 Last updated: 2019-03-20Bibliographically approved
Gråsjö, U., Karlsson, C. & Bernhard, I. (2018). Introduction: Geography, open innovation and entrepreneurship. In: U. Gråsjö, C. Karlsson, & I. Bernhard (Ed.), Geography, open innovation and entrepreneurship: (pp. 1-18). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction: Geography, open innovation and entrepreneurship
2018 (English)In: Geography, open innovation and entrepreneurship / [ed] U. Gråsjö, C. Karlsson, & I. Bernhard, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018
Series
New Horizons in Regional Science series
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41883 (URN)000456037000001 ()2-s2.0-85075674634 (Scopus ID)978-1-78643-989-5 (ISBN)978-1-78643-990-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-10-23 Created: 2018-10-23 Last updated: 2019-12-10Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1315-9753

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