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Backman, M. & Karlsson, C. (2023). Ageing places: convergence and the role of the foreign population. Regional studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ageing places: convergence and the role of the foreign population
2023 (English)In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Using data for over four decades, we examine the ageing of Swedish municipalities and if there has been convergence or divergence across time and space, where we differentiate across the urban–rural hierarchy. As migration is claimed to be a moderating factor in the ageing of places, we assess how the share of immigrants relates to ageing patterns. Our findings show that the share of older individuals increases in more peripheral localities and that there has been convergence across municipalities. However, the share of foreign population is negatively related to the ageing profile of a place.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
ageing, convergence, international migration, J10, J14, location, R11, R12
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62258 (URN)10.1080/00343404.2023.2228347 (DOI)001043581800001 ()2-s2.0-85166920035 (Scopus ID)HOA;;898184 (Local ID)HOA;;898184 (Archive number)HOA;;898184 (OAI)
Available from: 2023-08-23 Created: 2023-08-23 Last updated: 2023-08-25
Karlsson, C. (2022). My Experiences of the COVID-19 Pandemic So Far. In: Audretsch D. B. & Kunadt I. A. M. (Ed.), The COVID-19 Crisis and Entrepreneurship: Perspectives and Experiences of Researchers, Thought Leaders, and Policymakers (pp. 147-169). Springer, 54
Open this publication in new window or tab >>My Experiences of the COVID-19 Pandemic So Far
2022 (English)In: The COVID-19 Crisis and Entrepreneurship: Perspectives and Experiences of Researchers, Thought Leaders, and Policymakers / [ed] Audretsch D. B. & Kunadt I. A. M., Springer , 2022, Vol. 54, p. 147-169Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this essay, I share my personal and my family’s experiences of living in the middle of a pandemic in Sweden. Interestingly, due to severe health problems in the family, the pandemic for half a year was a non-issue. As a background for my essay, I present information about the diffusion of the coronavirus in Sweden during the three first waves and about the special Swedish strategy to combat the virus. The Swedish strategy was criticized heavily abroad by politicians and media despite that there before the large outbreak of the pandemic in Europe had been a widespread agreement among the state epidemiologists in the EU to follow a strategy to combat the pandemic of the kind Sweden adopted. I also highlight how public policy authority is divided between the government, the central governmental agencies, the regions and the municipalities, which all according to the Swedish constitution have an independent standing and each have their own areas of responsibility. This explains why the governmental agency the Public Health Agency took the lead in the anti-COVID measures in Sweden and not the Swedish government. At the end, I also present my own preliminary personal evaluation of the way the Swedish authorities dealt with the pandemic. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022
Series
International Studies in Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1572-1922, E-ISSN 2197-5884 ; 54
Keywords
Central governmental agencies, COVID-19, Evaluation, Government, Municipalities, Pandemic, Public policy, Regions, Strategy, Sweden
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-58142 (URN)10.1007/978-3-031-04655-1_11 (DOI)2-s2.0-85134659231 (Scopus ID)978-3-031-04654-4 (ISBN)978-3-031-04655-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-08-09 Created: 2022-08-09 Last updated: 2023-02-17Bibliographically approved
Cicerone, G., Faggian, A. & Karlsson, C. (2022). Unlocking the potential of regions through entrepreneurship and innovation. The annals of regional science, 69, 555-557
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unlocking the potential of regions through entrepreneurship and innovation
2022 (English)In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 69, p. 555-557Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The special issue provides a stimulating set of results and theories on regional entrepreneurship and its fundamental role for growth and development. Although the spatial component is analyzed from different perspectives, all the papers highlight the importance of the regional differences in ensuring the appropriate design and implementation of policies aimed at unlocking the potential of regions through entrepreneurship and innovation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Regional development
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-58660 (URN)10.1007/s00168-022-01184-0 (DOI)000864351200001 ()2-s2.0-85139446097 (Scopus ID)
Note

Special Issue Editorial.

Available from: 2022-10-18 Created: 2022-10-18 Last updated: 2023-02-17Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, C., Rickardsson, J. & Wincent, J. (2021). Diversity, innovation and entrepreneurship: where are we and where should we go in future studies?. Small Business Economics, 56, 759-772
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diversity, innovation and entrepreneurship: where are we and where should we go in future studies?
2021 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 56, p. 759-772Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we review and comment upon the development of the literature on diversity, innovation, and entrepreneurship. In an overview of previous studies and various strands of literatures, we outline and argue that to better understand the intricate dynamic relationships between diversity, innovation, entrepreneurship, and regional development there is a strong need to further develop "the economics of spatial diversity." We further argue that this development may benefit from combining various literatures based upon sound economic micro-foundations, to develop a more absolute understanding of diversity and fulfill the need of more clear mechanisms for future empirical testing. Obviously, this is important both from a research point of view and in order to provide policymakers with a powerful set of analytical tools. We call for more analytical work and more high-quality empirical studies. With a set of papers, we believe this special issue to provide a contribution in this direction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2021
Keywords
Economics of spatial diversity, Diversity, Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Regional development
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46823 (URN)10.1007/s11187-019-00267-1 (DOI)000492318100001 ()2-s2.0-85074476027 (Scopus ID)HOA;intsam;1370094 (Local ID)HOA;intsam;1370094 (Archive number)HOA;intsam;1370094 (OAI)
Available from: 2019-11-14 Created: 2019-11-14 Last updated: 2021-12-19Bibliographically approved
Bernhard, I., Grasjo, U. & Karlsson, C. (2021). Editorial. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 42(1-2), 1-7
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Editorial
2021 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 42, no 1-2, p. 1-7Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InderScience Publishers, 2021
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-51562 (URN)2-s2.0-85099088864 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-01-18 Created: 2021-01-18 Last updated: 2021-07-23Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, C. & Tavassoli, S. (2021). Industrial policy in developed countries: A difficult but important policy area. In: I. Bernhard, U. Gråsjö & C. Karlsson (Ed.), Unlocking Regional Innovation and Entrepreneurship: The Potential for Increasing Capacities: (pp. 80-109). Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Industrial policy in developed countries: A difficult but important policy area
2021 (English)In: Unlocking Regional Innovation and Entrepreneurship: The Potential for Increasing Capacities / [ed] I. Bernhard, U. Gråsjö & C. Karlsson, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2021, p. 80-109Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this chapter is to review how industrial policy developed from mainly a ‘passive’ policy focusing market failures to a mainly ‘active’ policy focusing on creating better conditions for growth and international competitiveness. We have discussed the interpretation of the concept of the industrial policy and followed up that discussion with an overview of the arguments for and against the industrial policy. We have highlighted the the-oretical foundations for industrial policy and illustrated the difference between ‘old’ and ʼnew’ industrial policies. We paid particular attention to ‘spatial’ aspect of industrial policy by discussing whether industrial policies should be place-neutral or place-based. The paper ends with a discussion of the difficulties related to the formulation and implementation of industrial policies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2021
Series
New Horizons in Regional Science series
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-56602 (URN)2-s2.0-85129822560 (Scopus ID)9781800371248 (ISBN)9781800371231 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-05-30 Created: 2022-05-30 Last updated: 2022-05-30Bibliographically approved
Bernhard, I., Gråsjö, U. & Karlsson, C. (2021). Introduction to Unlocking Regional Innovation and Entrepreneurship: The Potential for Increasing Capacities. In: I. Bernhard, U. Gråsjö & C. Karlsson (Ed.), Unlocking Regional Innovation and Entrepreneurship: The Potential for Increasing Capacities: (pp. 1-13). Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction to Unlocking Regional Innovation and Entrepreneurship: The Potential for Increasing Capacities
2021 (English)In: Unlocking Regional Innovation and Entrepreneurship: The Potential for Increasing Capacities / [ed] I. Bernhard, U. Gråsjö & C. Karlsson, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2021, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

It is well-known that development is uneven across regions. The current academic and political consensus calls for policy interventions targeted towards a more balanced, inclusive and regionally cohesive growth. Yet, despite decades of sizeable policy efforts, there is no clear evidence of economic and social convergence across regions within countries. Entrepreneurship and innovation are proven to be strong drivers of regional economic development, and therefore they offer a source of potential solutions to the challenges imposed by an adverse international context. However, both entrepreneurial and innovative activity are themselves highly unevenly distributed in space, which might in itself be a main cause of the persistent regional inequalities in both developed and developing countries. A deeper understanding of the drivers and the implications of sub-national disparities in entrepreneurship and innovation is therefore a priority for implementing policies aimed at unlocking the potential of all regions in order to maximize their contribution to national growth and prosperity. In this introductory chapter, we create a background and a foundation for the rest of the chapters in this edited volume.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2021
Series
New Horizons in Regional Science series
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-56603 (URN)2-s2.0-85129809530 (Scopus ID)9781800371248 (ISBN)9781800371231 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-05-30 Created: 2022-05-30 Last updated: 2022-05-30Bibliographically approved
Backman, M. & Karlsson, C. (2021). Opportunity- and necessity- driven entrepreneurship in urban versus rural locations. In: B. Leick, S. Gretzinger, T. Makkonen (Ed.), The Rural Enterprise Economy: (pp. 147-161). Taylor and Francis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Opportunity- and necessity- driven entrepreneurship in urban versus rural locations
2021 (English)In: The Rural Enterprise Economy / [ed] B. Leick, S. Gretzinger, T. Makkonen, Taylor and Francis , 2021, p. 147-161Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Most rural areas face a range of challenges stemming from the loss of their traditional comparative advantages due to mechanisation, automation, and structural change. In comparison to urban regions, these areas face systemic structural problems, such as lower levels of formal education, ageing populations, and a low and shrinking market potential. Rural areas therefore tend to offer a less fertile environment for entrepreneurship than urban areas provide. In this chapter, we will explore various aspects of rural entrepreneurship by analysing how the volume of entrepreneurship varies in rural areas in Sweden depending upon the size of the local market potential and the development level of the local economic milieu. We will further share insights into rural entrepreneurship by analysing the relative shares of distinct types of entrepreneurship by separating unincorporated and incorporated firms and distinguishing new firms with multiple employees from one-employee firms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis, 2021
Series
Routledge Studies in the Economics of Business and Industry
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-55265 (URN)10.4324/9781003034001-10 (DOI)2-s2.0-85120026896 (Scopus ID)9781000465853 (ISBN)9781003034001 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-12-06 Created: 2021-12-06 Last updated: 2021-12-06Bibliographically approved
Tavassoli, S. & Karlsson, C. (2021). The role of location on complexity of firms’ innovation outcome. Technological forecasting & social change, 162, Article ID 120404.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of location on complexity of firms’ innovation outcome
2021 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 162, article id 120404Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper we analyze how the location of firms influences their innovation outcomes, particularly the complexity of the outcomes. Using three waves of the Community Innovation Survey in Sweden for a balanced panel of firms from 2006 to 2012, we identified a range of innovation outcome categories, i.e. simple and complex (low-, medium-, highly-complex). The backbone of such categorization is based on how firms introduce a combination of Schumpeterian types of innovations (i.e. process, product, marketing, and organizational). Then we consider three regional characteristics that may affect the innovation outcomes of firms, i.e. (i) qualified labor market thickness, (ii) knowledge-intensive services thickness, and (iii) knowledge spillovers extent. We find that regional characteristics do not affect firms’ innovation outcomes ubiquitously. They are only positively associated with those firms introducing the highly-complex innovation outcomes. For firms with less complex innovation outcomes, the regional characteristics do not seem to play a pivotal role. For these innovators, internal resources and formal collaboration with external partners have a significant role.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021
Keywords
Innovation outcome, knowledge spillovers, Community innovation survey, location, Agglomeration economies, Commerce, Community innovation surveys, Internal resources, Knowledge spillovers, Labor markets, Regional characteristics, Types of innovations, Service industry, complexity, industrial agglomeration, industrial location, innovation, labor market, spatial analysis, spillover effect, Sweden
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-50922 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120404 (DOI)000621378100019 ()2-s2.0-85093662042 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-11-02 Created: 2020-11-02 Last updated: 2021-03-25Bibliographically approved
Bernhard, I., Gråsjö, U. & Karlsson, C. (Eds.). (2021). Unlocking Regional Innovation and Entrepreneurship: The Potential for Increasing Capacities (1ed.). Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unlocking Regional Innovation and Entrepreneurship: The Potential for Increasing Capacities
2021 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Illuminating and timely, this book explores several theoretical and empirical issues related to the potential for increasing capacities for innovation, knowledge and entrepreneurship. It highlights the current academic and political consensus that calls for policy interventions targeted towards more balanced, inclusive and regionally cohesive growth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2021. p. 1-356 Edition: 1
Series
New Horizons in Regional Science series
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-56601 (URN)10.4337/9781800371248 (DOI)2-s2.0-85129906495 (Scopus ID)978 1 80037 123 1 (ISBN)978 1 80037 124 8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-05-30 Created: 2022-05-30 Last updated: 2022-05-30Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1315-9753

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