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Gopinath, V. & Johansen, K. (2019). Understanding situational and mode awareness for safe human-robot collaboration: case studies on assembly applications. Production Engineering, 13(1), 1-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding situational and mode awareness for safe human-robot collaboration: case studies on assembly applications
2019 (English)In: Production Engineering, ISSN 0944-6524, E-ISSN 1863-7353, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order for humans and robots to collaborate on an assembly line, safety of operations is a prerequisite. In this article, two assembly stations where a large industrial robots collaborate with humans will be analysed with the aim to 1. determine the characteristics of hazards associated with human-robot interaction and 2. design solutions that can mitigate risks associated with these hazards. To support the aim of this article, a literature review will attempt to characterize automation and detail the problems associated with human-automation interaction. The analysis points at situational awareness and mode-awareness as contributing factors to operator and process safety. These underlying mechanisms, if recognised by the risk assessment team as hazards, can mitigate risks of operator injury or production delays. This article details the function of visual and physical interfaces that allow operators to comprehend system-state in order to avoid undesirable situations. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Human-robot collaboration (HRC), Industrial safety, Mode awareness, Situational awareness, Accident prevention, Hazards, Human computer interaction, Industrial robots, Interface states, Man machine systems, Risk assessment, Risk management, Contributing factor, Human-automation interactions, Human-robot collaboration, Literature reviews, Operator injuries, Physical interface, Human robot interaction
National Category
Robotics Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46267 (URN)10.1007/s11740-018-0868-2 (DOI)000457944600001 ()2-s2.0-85058656783 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2019-09-19 Created: 2019-09-19 Last updated: 2019-09-19Bibliographically approved
Björnsson, A., Jonsson, M. & Johansen, K. (2018). Automated material handling in compostie manufacturing using pick-and-place systems - a review. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 51, 222-229
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Automated material handling in compostie manufacturing using pick-and-place systems - a review
2018 (English)In: Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, ISSN 0736-5845, E-ISSN 1879-2537, Vol. 51, p. 222-229Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

With increasing use of fiber reinforced polymer composites follows a natural pursuit for more rational and effective manufacturing. Robotic pick-and-place systems can be used to automate handling of a multitude of materials used in the manufacturing of composite parts. There are systems developed for automated layup of prepreg, dry fibers and thermoplastic blanks as well as to handle auxiliary materials used in manufacturing. The aim of this paper is to highlight the challenges associated with automated handling of these materials and to analyze the main design principles that have been employed for pick-and-place systems in terms of handling strategy, reconfigurability, gripping technology and distribution of gripping points etc. The review shows that it is hard to find generic solutions for automated material handling due to the great variety in material properties. Few cases of industrial applications in full-scale manufacturing could be identified.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46146 (URN)10.1016/j.rcim.2017.12.003 (DOI)000427208500021 ()
Note

Funding agencies: NFFP-program; Swedish Armed Forces; Swedish Defense Material Administration; Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems

Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2019-09-16Bibliographically approved
Gopinath, V., Johansen, K., Gustafsson, A. & Axelsson, S. (2018). Collaborative Assembly on a Continuously Moving Line - An Automotive Case Study. Paper presented at 28th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM) - Global Integration of Intelligent Manufacturing and Smart Industry for Good of Humanity. Procedia Manufacturing, 17, 985-992
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collaborative Assembly on a Continuously Moving Line - An Automotive Case Study
2018 (English)In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 17, p. 985-992Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Collaborative operation is a state in which a purposely designed robot system and an operator work within a collaborative workspace. To ensure a safe working environment, safety standards suggest conducting a task-based risk assessment followed by risk reduction to reduce the risks to an acceptable level. In this article, an automotive case study will be used to understand safety issues associated with collaborative operations with large industrial robots. Based on this case study, a layout of the collaborative workstation, in terms of workspaces and tasks, which is the outcome of a risk assessment program will be presented. The first critical step in risk assessment is hazard identification, which can allow the risk assessing team to evaluate the hazards and suggest measures to mitigate the risks. Therefore, the hazards identified during the risk assessment program will also be detailed along with measures to mitigate the risks and is expected to complement our understanding of the nature of hazards associated with collaborative operations with large industrial robots. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Human-Robot Collaboration; Safety Standards; Collaborative Operations; Risk Assessment; Industrial Robots
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46147 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2018.10.105 (DOI)000471035200121 ()
Conference
28th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM) - Global Integration of Intelligent Manufacturing and Smart Industry for Good of Humanity
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2019-07-23 Created: 2019-09-16 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Gopinath, V., Johansen, K. & Derelöv, M. (2018). Demonstrators to support research in Industrial safety - A Methodology. Paper presented at 28th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM) - Global Integration of Intelligent Manufacturing and Smart Industry for Good of Humanity. Procedia Manufacturing, 17, 246-253
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demonstrators to support research in Industrial safety - A Methodology
2018 (English)In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 17, p. 246-253Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Activities to support manufacturing research are carried out with the intention to gain knowledge of industrial problems and provide solutions that addresses these issues. In order for solution to be viable to the industry, research activities are carried out in close collaboration with participants from the industry, academia and research institutions. Interactive research approach motivates participants with multi-disciplinary perspective to collaborate and emphasizes joint learning in the change process. This article, presents a methodology, where participants with different expertise can collaborate to develop safety solutions. The concept of a demonstrator, which represents cumulative result of a series of research activities, is presented as a tool to showcase functioning and design intent in a collaborative research environment. The results of a pilot study, where manufacturing professionals evaluated design decisions that resulted in a demonstrator, will be presented. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Collaborative robots; Industrial Safety; University-Industry Collaboration; Risk Assessment
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46148 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2018.10.043 (DOI)000471035200031 ()
Conference
28th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM) - Global Integration of Intelligent Manufacturing and Smart Industry for Good of Humanity
Available from: 2019-07-16 Created: 2019-09-16 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Grahn, S., Gopinath, V., Wang, Xi, V. & Johansen, K. (2018). Exploring a Model for Production System Design to Utilize Large Robots in Human-Robot Collaborative Assembly Cells. Procedia Manufacturing, 25, 612-619
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring a Model for Production System Design to Utilize Large Robots in Human-Robot Collaborative Assembly Cells
2018 (English)In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, p. 612-619Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It has been shown that large robots can be safely installed for human-robot collaborative assembly cells in experimental setups. It has also been found that these installations require demanding considerations of a significant number of layout and safety parameters. This indicates that successful commercial implementations will require a resource efficient model for production system design that anticipates utilization of large robots in collaborative settings. Experiences from experimental setups have been used to explore a basic model for such production system design, to stimulate a discussion regarding what model characteristics should be tested and validated in future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46149 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2018.06.094 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-09-16 Created: 2019-09-16 Last updated: 2019-09-16Bibliographically approved
Henriksson, F. & Johansen, K. (2018). Integrated Product and Production Research on Introducing Internet of Things in Swedish Wood Industry Products. Paper presented at SPS2018. Procedia Manufacturing, 25, 10-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrated Product and Production Research on Introducing Internet of Things in Swedish Wood Industry Products
2018 (English)In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, p. 10-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To enable transitioning the Swedish economy into a bioeconomy, Swedish wood industry need to increase added value and introduce new products to market by introducing new technology and improving the product and production development processes. Research in automotive industry have shown the need for integrating product and production development when introducing new technology in existing production systems, and have indicated a possibility of using specifically designed student case projects in order to generate qualitative data. In this paper, one student case project on product and production development in the Swedish wood industry, involving IoT wood products, is presented and evaluated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Product system development, Case studies, Modularization, Smart products, Customer benefit, University as a Laboratory
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46150 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2018.06.051 (DOI)
Conference
SPS2018
Available from: 2019-09-16 Created: 2019-09-16 Last updated: 2019-09-16Bibliographically approved
Lindholm, J. & Johansen, K. (2018). Is Design Automation a Feasible Tool for Improving Efficiency in Production Planning and Manufacturing Processes?. Paper presented at 8th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2018), 16-18 May Stockholm, Sweden. Procedia Manufacturing, 25, 194-201
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is Design Automation a Feasible Tool for Improving Efficiency in Production Planning and Manufacturing Processes?
2018 (English)In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, p. 194-201Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The production planning is a repetitive process that demands engineering hours and expertise. Many parameters must be considered, and inefficiencies lead to increased lead times. The hypothesis is that valuable time within the manufacturing stages can be saved through improved engineering tools. This article will explore to possibilities to increase the utilization of digital tools to support the engineers in their production planning activities, and to improve the efficiency of manufacturing processes. Through study visits and interviews at a product owning company with manufacturing in-house, proposals for areas that could be improved with design automation will be presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46151 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2018.06.074 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065656842 (Scopus ID)
Conference
8th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2018), 16-18 May Stockholm, Sweden
Available from: 2019-09-16 Created: 2019-09-16 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Gopinath, V., Johansen, K. & Andersson (Ölvander), J. (2018). Risk Assessment for Collaborative Operation: A Case Study on Hand-Guided Industrial Robots. In: Valentina Svalova (Ed.), Risk Assessment: . InTech
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk Assessment for Collaborative Operation: A Case Study on Hand-Guided Industrial Robots
2018 (English)In: Risk Assessment / [ed] Valentina Svalova, InTech , 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Risk assessment is a systematic and iterative process, which involves risk analysis, where probable hazards are identified, and then corresponding risks are evaluated along with solutions to mitigate the effect of these risks. In this article, the outcome of a risk assessment process will be detailed, where a large industrial robot is used as an intelligent and flexible lifting tool that can aid operators in assembly tasks. The realization of a collaborative assembly station has several benefits, such as increased productivity and improved ergonomic work environment. The article will detail the design of the layout of a collaborative assembly workstation, which takes into account the safety and productivity concerns of automotive assembly plants. The hazards associated with hand-guided collaborative operations will also be presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InTech, 2018
Keywords
Hand-guided robots, industrial system safety, collaborative operations, human-robot collaboration, risk assessment, hazards
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46152 (URN)10.5772/intechopen.68673 (DOI)9789535137986 (ISBN)9789535137993 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2019-09-16Bibliographically approved
Wadekar, P., Gopinath, V. & Johansen, K. (2018). Safe Layout Design and Evaluation of a Human-Robot Collaborative Application Cell through Risk Assessment - A Computer Aided Approach. Paper presented at 8th Swedish Production Symposium, SPS 2018, 16 May 2018 through 18 May 2018. Procedia Manufacturing, 25, 602-611
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Safe Layout Design and Evaluation of a Human-Robot Collaborative Application Cell through Risk Assessment - A Computer Aided Approach
2018 (English)In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, p. 602-611Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Risk assessment is a sequential process which requires understanding the hazards and analyzing risks associated, to determine required safety measures, like safeguarding to mitigate the risks to an acceptable level. In this article a thorough task-based risk assessment process is conducted in the early stage of layout design and building of a collaborative cell for sealing application performed in aircraft industries using a medium sized industrial robot system integrated with safety control functions. This article will also discuss how simulation could contribute in eliminating the threats as required by the safety standards before investing in equipment for collaborative cell layout.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Collaborative Cell, Human-Robot collaboration, Safety Requirements, Task-based Risk Assessment
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46272 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2018.06.095 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065656158 (Scopus ID)
Conference
8th Swedish Production Symposium, SPS 2018, 16 May 2018 through 18 May 2018
Available from: 2019-09-20 Created: 2019-09-20 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Gopinath, V., Ore, F., Grahn, S. & Johansen, K. (2018). Safety-Focussed Design of Collaborative Assembly Station with Large Industrial Robots. Paper presented at 8th Swedish Production Symposium, SPS 2018, 16 May 2018 through 18 May 2018. Procedia Manufacturing, 25, 503-510
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Safety-Focussed Design of Collaborative Assembly Station with Large Industrial Robots
2018 (English)In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, p. 503-510Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The perceived benefits of large industrial robots for collaborative operations are characteristics such as long reach with heavy load carrying capability. Collaborative operations refers to situations where operators and robots share a workspace to complete tasks in close proximity. This mode of operation coupled with the physical characteristics of large robots represents high risks to injury and for these reasons, the safeguarding of the workspaces needs to be achieved in conjunction with the tasks to be performed within the workstation. This article will detail two workstations that was developed in a laboratory environment and are partial results of a research project titled ToMM2, whose aim was to understand safety issues associated with collaborative operations with large robots. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Collaborative Operations, Hazards, Human-Robot Collaboration, Industrial Robot Safety, Risks
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46270 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2018.06.124 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065654364 (Scopus ID)
Conference
8th Swedish Production Symposium, SPS 2018, 16 May 2018 through 18 May 2018
Available from: 2019-09-20 Created: 2019-09-20 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1646-5817

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