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Johansen, K. (2023). A disruptive industrial environment – Aspects to reflect on as a manufacturing SME. Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, 13(2), 57-66
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A disruptive industrial environment – Aspects to reflect on as a manufacturing SME
2023 (English)In: Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, E-ISSN 1927-033X, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 57-66Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Resource-efficient production including life-cycle approaches was stated as early as 2002 as the only way forward for the industry. Now, twenty years later, this is a reality in many ways. This represents a challenge to manufacturing small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) due to a disruptive industrial environment as well as changing market needs that require more capability to manage predictable as well as unpredictable changes. This paper explores some aspects manufacturing SMEs must manage, such as developing new capabilities to stay competitive in a disruptive industrial environment with uncertainties in supply chains, technologies, energy costs, changes in customer demands, and circularity. This paper presents a conceptual guideline for assessing the capabilities to develop as a manufacturing SME in a circular industrial environment. One way to manage this transition towards circularity in an industrial environment can be to develop transdisciplinary collaborations between different stakeholders and competencies. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, 2023
Keywords
Manufacturing, SMEs, Circular economy, Transdisciplinary engineering, Assessment tool
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63138 (URN)001136838000001 ()
Funder
Vinnova, 2021-01313Vinnova, 2022-01285
Available from: 2024-01-02 Created: 2024-01-02 Last updated: 2024-01-29Bibliographically approved
Ettehad, M. & Johansen, K. (2023). Challenges for Textile SMEs to Reach Sustainability. In: F. G. Galizia, M. Bortolini (Ed.), Production Processes and Product Evolution in the Age of Disruption: Proceedings of the 9th Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production Conference (CARV2023) and the 11th World Mass Customization & Personalization Conference (MCPC2023), Bologna, Italy, June 2023. Paper presented at Proceedings of the 9th Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production Conference CARV2023 and the 11th World Mass Customization and Personalization Conference MCPC 2023 Bologna 20 June 2023 through 23 June 2023 (pp. 393-403). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges for Textile SMEs to Reach Sustainability
2023 (English)In: Production Processes and Product Evolution in the Age of Disruption: Proceedings of the 9th Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production Conference (CARV2023) and the 11th World Mass Customization & Personalization Conference (MCPC2023), Bologna, Italy, June 2023 / [ed] F. G. Galizia, M. Bortolini, Springer, 2023, p. 393-403Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The textile industry has a significant environmental impact while at the same time playing an important role in society. There is a need to improve the textile industry's sustainability. Textile SMEs encounter numerous challenges to reach sustainability. This paper aims at recognizing the challenges by collecting, analyzing, and discussing some theoretical and empirical data. At the end of this paper, six main groups of challenges are presented: lack of stakeholder knowledge about sustainability, lack of resources, lack of communication, and effective legislation. Also, recognizing the relevant needs and finding some conceptual solutions for textile SMEs to overcome the challenges and reach more sustainability are considered as future work of this study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
Series
Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, ISSN 2195-4356, E-ISSN 2195-4364
Keywords
Green transition, Production, SMEs, Sustainability, Textile industry, Environmental impact, Sustainable development, Textiles, Empirical data, Green transitions, Main group, SME
National Category
Mechanical Engineering Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62629 (URN)10.1007/978-3-031-34821-1_43 (DOI)2-s2.0-85172374294 (Scopus ID)978-3-031-34820-4 (ISBN)978-3-031-34821-1 (ISBN)
Conference
Proceedings of the 9th Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production Conference CARV2023 and the 11th World Mass Customization and Personalization Conference MCPC 2023 Bologna 20 June 2023 through 23 June 2023
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2023-10-10 Created: 2023-10-10 Last updated: 2024-02-09Bibliographically approved
Johansen, K., Jonsson, M. & Mattsson, S. (2023). Circularity Impact on Automotive Assembly: What Do We Know?. In: E. Alfnes, A. Romsdal, J. O. Strandhagen, G. von Cieminski, D. Romero (Ed.), Advances in Production Management Systems. Production Management Systems for Responsible Manufacturing, Service, and Logistics Futures: . Paper presented at IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2023, Trondheim, Norway, September 17–21, 2023, Proceedings, Part IV (pp. 144-158). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Circularity Impact on Automotive Assembly: What Do We Know?
2023 (English)In: Advances in Production Management Systems. Production Management Systems for Responsible Manufacturing, Service, and Logistics Futures / [ed] E. Alfnes, A. Romsdal, J. O. Strandhagen, G. von Cieminski, D. Romero, Springer, 2023, p. 144-158Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Assembly is crucial in the automotive industry, and regulations aimed to increase circularity impact the production systems. From this perspective different strategies are emerging related to sustainability and to the End-of-life Vehicles directive, perspectives often captured by “R-words” like Reuse, Recycle, Rethink etc. This paper is based on a literature search inspired by different R-words related to circularity and assembly in the automotive industry in combination with industrial workshops on the same theme. The results explore what challenges to manage during the ongoing green transition in the context of assembly in automotive. Recover, Repair, Reuse and Recycle are the most common terms found in the literature. Furthermore, Remanufacturing stands out as of particular interest to the automotive industry. However, based on the industrial workshops, Rethink as a collective word is an important perspective as well. The conclusions indicate that digitalization can be an enabler but also that there is a need for developing a common understanding about definitions and utilization of engineering tools supporting circularity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
Series
IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1868-4238, E-ISSN 1868-422X ; 692
Keywords
Assembly, Automotive, Circularity, Digitalization, Sustainability, Recycling, Sustainable development, Automotive assemblies, Automotives, End-of-Life Vehicles, Engineering tools, Green transitions, Literature search, Production system, Reuse, Automotive industry
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62810 (URN)10.1007/978-3-031-43688-8_11 (DOI)2-s2.0-85174445220 (Scopus ID)978-3-031-43687-1 (ISBN)978-3-031-43688-8 (ISBN)
Conference
IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2023, Trondheim, Norway, September 17–21, 2023, Proceedings, Part IV
Available from: 2023-10-30 Created: 2023-10-30 Last updated: 2023-10-30Bibliographically approved
Wlazlak, P. & Johansen, K. (2023). Development of sustainable remanufacturing systems: literature review. In: : . Paper presented at VII International Workshop on Autonomous Remanufacturing, Caserta, Italy, 18-19 October 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development of sustainable remanufacturing systems: literature review
2023 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Implementing remanufacturing as a strategy to achieve circularity in manufacturing companies offers significant benefits in terms of both environmental sustainability and financial performance. However, the development of sustainable remanufacturing systems is accompanied by various complexities and challenges. Companies engaged in remanufacturing must consider solutions that address the three dimensions of sustainability: economic, social, and environmental. Moreover, they need to tackle the unique characteristics associated with remanufacturing systems. This paper aims to investigate aspects covered in existing studies related to the development of sustainable remanufacturing systems. The methodology involves a literature review focusing on three aspects: (1) the triple bottom line of sustainability; (2) capabilities required for establishment of a sustainable remanufacturing system; (3) enablers that can support the development of a sustainable remanufacturing system. By classifying the published literature and conducting a thorough analysis, this paper provides valuable insights for practitioners and researchers, facilitating the creation and accumulation of knowledge in the field of sustainable remanufacturing systems. Furthermore, the paper aims to underscore the significance of this area of research and identify potential avenues for future investigation.

Keywords
remanufacturing, sustainability, circularity, manufacturing system development
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63323 (URN)
Conference
VII International Workshop on Autonomous Remanufacturing, Caserta, Italy, 18-19 October 2023
Available from: 2024-01-12 Created: 2024-01-12 Last updated: 2024-01-12Bibliographically approved
Bäckstrand, J. & Johansen, K. (2023). Non-virgin textile materials challenging the purchasing role in a circular industry. In: : . Paper presented at 30th European Operations Management Association Conference (EurOMA), Leuven, Belgium, 3-5 July, 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Non-virgin textile materials challenging the purchasing role in a circular industry
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the era of moving towards a Circular Economy (CE), companies are facing challenges in redesigning their supply chains, towards managing i.e., recycled material and new requirements. Today, the textile industry is one of the segments that affects environmental sustainability most. Therefore, this paper’s purpose is to explore how non-virgin textile materials challenging the purchasing role in a circular industry, especially related to the perspective from Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs). And the resulting research question is, therefore, what different challenges must a purchasing organization manage related to textile products in a circular industry.

National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63302 (URN)
Conference
30th European Operations Management Association Conference (EurOMA), Leuven, Belgium, 3-5 July, 2023
Available from: 2024-01-11 Created: 2024-01-11 Last updated: 2024-01-11Bibliographically approved
Ashourpour, M., Azizpour, G. & Johansen, K. (2023). Real-Time Defect and Object Detection in Assembly Line: A Case for In-Line Quality Inspection. In: Silva, F., Pereira, A., Campilho, R. (Ed.), Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing: Establishing Bridges for More Sustainable Manufacturing Systems. Paper presented at 32nd International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, FAIM 2023 Porto 18 June 2023 through 22 June 2023 (pp. 99-106). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Real-Time Defect and Object Detection in Assembly Line: A Case for In-Line Quality Inspection
2023 (English)In: Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing: Establishing Bridges for More Sustainable Manufacturing Systems / [ed] Silva, F., Pereira, A., Campilho, R., Springer, 2023, p. 99-106Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Identification of flawed assemblies and defective parts or products as early as possible is a daily struggle for manufacturing companies. With the ever-increasing complexity of assembly operations and manufacturing processes alongside the need for shorter cycle times and higher flexibility of productions, companies cannot afford to check for quality issues only at the end of the line. In-line quality inspection needs to be considered as a vital part of the process. This paper explores use of a real-time automated solution for detection of assembly defects through YOLOv8 (You Only Look Once) deep learning algorithm which is a class of convolutional neural networks (CNN). The use cases of the algorithm can be extended into detection of multiple objects within a single image to account for not only defects and missing parts in an assembly operation, but also quality assurance of the process both in manual and automatic cells. An analysis of YOLOv8 algorithm over an industrial case study for object detection shows the mean average precision (mAP) of the model on the test dataset and consequently its overall performance is extremely high. An implementation of this model would facilitate in-line quality inspection and streamline quality control tasks in complex assembly operations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
Series
Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, ISSN 2195-4356, E-ISSN 2195-4364
Keywords
Assembly Line, Computer Vision, Deep Learning, In-line Quality Inspection, YOLOv8, Assembly, Complex networks, Convolutional neural networks, Defects, E-learning, Inspection, Learning algorithms, Object recognition, Quality assurance, Statistical tests, Assembly operations, Defect detection, Line quality, Objects detection, Quality inspection, Real- time, Object detection
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62588 (URN)10.1007/978-3-031-38241-3_12 (DOI)2-s2.0-85171534189 (Scopus ID)978-3-031-38240-6 (ISBN)978-3-031-38241-3 (ISBN)
Conference
32nd International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, FAIM 2023 Porto 18 June 2023 through 22 June 2023
Available from: 2023-10-04 Created: 2023-10-04 Last updated: 2024-02-09Bibliographically approved
Carlson, A., Diener, D., Johansen, K., Kurilova-Palisaitiene, J., Nilsson-Lindén, H., Vogt Duberg, J., . . . Sundin, E. (2023). REMAnufactuRing – Key enABLEr to future business (REMARKABLE). In: : . Paper presented at 11th International Conference on Life Cycle Management, LCM 2023, 6-8 September 2023, Lille, France.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>REMAnufactuRing – Key enABLEr to future business (REMARKABLE)
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2023 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Circularity through remanufacturing

Remanufacturing can be described as a process of bringing used products to “like-new” functional state. It is an industrial process whereby products referred as cores are restored to useful life. During this process the core pass through a number of remanufacturing steps, e.g., inspection, disassembly, part replacement/refurbishment, cleaning, reassembly, and testing to ensure it meets the desired product standards’.

Remanufacturing involves not only new processes but also necessitates changes in product design, the adoption of new business models, advancements in information management, and the inclusion of sustainability assessments. These assessments ensure that the new designs and circular business models implemented are not only circular but also sustainable. All these aspects form a crucial part of the REMARKABLE project, contributing to the development of a comprehensive remanufacturing ecosystem.

The purpose of the REMARKABLE project is to support manufacturers to become more resilient, circular, and sustainable through remanufacturing and contribute to a more efficient use ofresources.

Project activities and initial results

The REMARKABLE project involves six highly engaged manufacturing companies from a variety of sectors that will collaborate during 2022-2025. At first, workshops have taken place with each company to identify needs, challenges and ambitions. In addition, five student projects have been conducted during spring 2022 along with two study visits at participating companies.

Initial company discussions shows that remanufacturing tends to question current business models and generate grounds for circular business models development (e.g. leasing, rental, deposit system). Remanufacturing often also questions the current value network and the actors in it, as remanufacturing flows can generate need of new business relationships whilst maintaining current business models.

Remanufacturing poses challenges due to small batch sizes, low automation, and reliance on manual labor. Flexibility and specific capabilities are needed to handle uncertainties, complexity in planning, and ensure efficiency. Tools, methods, and frameworks are necessary to effectively balance all three pillars of sustainability. The development process of remanufacturing systems plays a critical role in achieving sustainability performance which also requires effective information management.

Commonly, the products are not adapted for remanufacturing. Within the REMARKABLE project we are investigating how to make the products easier to remanufacture by design. This includes for example aspects of making the product easier to clean and disassemble.

National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63459 (URN)
Conference
11th International Conference on Life Cycle Management, LCM 2023, 6-8 September 2023, Lille, France
Available from: 2024-01-31 Created: 2024-01-31 Last updated: 2024-01-31Bibliographically approved
Säfsten, K., Harlin, U., Johansen, K., Larsson, L. & Rönnbäck, A. Ö. (2023). Resilient and sustainable production systems: towards a research agenda. International Journal of Manufacturing Research, 18(4), 343-365
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Resilient and sustainable production systems: towards a research agenda
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2023 (English)In: International Journal of Manufacturing Research, ISSN 1750-0591, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 343-365Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is widely recognised that manufacturing companies need to pay attention to sustainability aspects to be competitive. However, there is still no clarity on how to combine requirements for sustainability and profitability to achieve long-term competitive manufacturing. Furthermore, there is a need for knowledge on how to develop resilient and sustainable production systems. This paper aims to explore the state-of-the art and state-of-practice associated with the development of resilient and sustainable production systems, with a focus on challenges and enablers. To achieve this, a narrative literature review was carried out, combined with results from knowledge creation workshops with five manufacturing companies striving towards resilient and sustainable production systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InderScience Publishers, 2023
Keywords
production system development, circular economy, resilient production, resilience, sustainable production, sustainable work, technology-organisation-people
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-63163 (URN)10.1504/IJMR.2023.135651 (DOI)001128775300005 ()2-s2.0-85180992967 (Scopus ID)HOA;;923759 (Local ID)HOA;;923759 (Archive number)HOA;;923759 (OAI)
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2024-01-03 Created: 2024-01-03 Last updated: 2024-02-07Bibliographically approved
Montoya, T. S., Ashour Pour, M. & Johansen, K. (2022). A Conceptual Training Simulator for the Assembly of Electric Vehicle Batteries in Virtual Reality. In: A. G. Bruzzone, F. Longo, F. De Felice, M. Massei and A. Solis. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Modelling and Applied Simulation MAS 2022: . Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Modeling and Applied Simulation, MAS 2022, Rome Italy September 19-21 2022. Dime University of Genoa, Article ID 007.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Conceptual Training Simulator for the Assembly of Electric Vehicle Batteries in Virtual Reality
2022 (English)In: Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Modelling and Applied Simulation MAS 2022 / [ed] A. G. Bruzzone, F. Longo, F. De Felice, M. Massei and A. Solis., Dime University of Genoa , 2022, article id 007Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The growth of vehicle electrification is posing an increasing demand for electric batteries in the automotive industry. To respond to this growing demand, the automotive industry is starting to venture into the process of battery assembly. Multiple challenges arise from the complexities and the risks associated with these type of assembly processes. In this paper, the concept for a gamified virtual reality training system for battery assembly operators with the virtual representation of the risks is presented. A manual assembly process with automated assistance is considered. The results highlight the main aspects to consider for modeling a battery assembly process in a virtual environment. These aspects cover the areas of accurate modeling of risks, general user experience factors, and potential applications of the virtual reality training system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dime University of Genoa, 2022
Series
The International Conference on Modelling and Applied Simulation, ISSN 2724-0037 ; 20
Keywords
Assembly, Automotive industry, Battery management systems, E-learning, Electric vehicles, Secondary batteries, Virtual reality, Assembly process, Electric vehicle batteries, Gamification, Growing demand, Manual assembly, Training simulator, Training Systems, Vehicle electrifications, Virtual reality training, Virtual representations, Personnel training, Electric Vehicle Battery, Risks, Training
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-59130 (URN)10.46354/i3m.2022.mas.007 (DOI)2-s2.0-85143198489 (Scopus ID)978-88-85741-76-8 (ISBN)
Conference
21st International Conference on Modeling and Applied Simulation, MAS 2022, Rome Italy September 19-21 2022
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20200215_01_H
Available from: 2022-12-12 Created: 2022-12-12 Last updated: 2022-12-12Bibliographically approved
Salim, R., Johansen, K., Manduchi, A. & Säfsten, K. (2022). Automation Decisions in Manufacturing System Development Projects: The Wood Products Industry Perspective. BioProducts Business, 7(1), 1-12
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Automation Decisions in Manufacturing System Development Projects: The Wood Products Industry Perspective
2022 (English)In: BioProducts Business, ISSN 2378-1394, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The implementation of automated solutions in manufacturing commonly involves substantial investments in terms of both human and financial resources, and it exposes the firms to the risk of substantial losses if the expected benefits fail to materialize. It is therefore important that decisions related to automated solutions are well supported. The maturity level differs across industry sectors, and the wood products industry is lagging behind in some respects. The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential challenges the wood products industry is facing related to automation decisions when designing manufacturing systems and suggest strategies that can support such decisions, with inspiration from another industrial sector. A multiple case study was conducted, involving a development project carried out in the wood products industry and another in the presumably more mature automotive industry. Automation decisions were studied in the different phases prior to the implementation of the physical manufacturing system. The findings showed both similarities and differences between the development projects. For example, in both development projects, it was decided to reach out to automation suppliers for automation technology acquisition. However, the decision on to which degree to collaborate with the automation suppliers differed. Based on the similarities and differences pointed out, ideas were put forward that might support the wood products industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Society of Wood Science and Technology, 2022
Keywords
Decision-making, Development project, Empirical research, Manufacturing system design, Manufacturing technology
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-56153 (URN)10.22382/bpb-2022-001 (DOI)2-s2.0-85126750196 (Scopus ID)GOA;;805252 (Local ID)GOA;;805252 (Archive number)GOA;;805252 (OAI)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2022-04-04 Created: 2022-04-04 Last updated: 2022-04-05Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1646-5817

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